Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
1
BECCLES, NEWSPAPERS from 1917
1917

DEATH ON ACTIVE  SERVICE: Mr Andre  Levy-Strauss, who married  Lucy, daughter of the late
Clifford Smith, JP of Waveney House, Puddingmoor. He left South Africa for France on the outbreak

East Suff Gaz 2 Jan 

of War.. He was born in Paris in 1875, came from an Alsatian family & was a mining engineer. He
originally went to South Africa during the Boer War.

1917

UNLUCKY ACCIDENT: 3 boys walking up Grove Road saw  something  lying  in the road  in the
evening, struck a match to examine it, and it exploded. It was a detonator. One of the boys lost some
of his fingers..

East Suff Gaz 2 Jan 
1917

CONCERT: by the  Yeomanry Cyclists’ Regiment (by permission  of  Lt-Col Mytton) “Denbighs  in
Pierrotland”
HOUSE TO LET: 39 Northgate, apply Mrs WE Boulter, 4 Kilbrack

East Suff Gaz 2 Jan 

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 9 Jan 

CULTIVATION OF LAND Council  considering  acquiring  for  allotments to  increase home-grown
products.
DEATH  OF  John  Edwin  CRISP.  Born  11  December  1839,  died  7  January  1917.  Aged  77.  A

East Suff Gaz 9 Jan 
1917
East Suff Gaz 9 Jan 

prominent townsman. Son of Mr John Crisp, JP, was head of firm of John Crisp & Sons owners of
one of the largest maltings in the country. The building in Station Road was partly destroyed by fire
in  1912,  but  was  repaired  with  up-to  date  machinery.  He  was  a  JP  for  both  Norfolk  &  Suffolk,

attending with  unvarying  regularity the sessions  of Beccles  and  Loddon. He was a  member  of the
Town Council for several years, and retained membership of the Feoffees until his death. He was a

member of the Great Yarmouth Port & Haven Commissioners. He had practically the control of the
Waveney  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Beccles.  He  was  always  greatly  interested  in  the  freshwater

fisheries  and helped to preserve  it. He had a  long interest in the Beccles Hospital of which he was
Treasurer.  He  was  one  of  the  oldest  Commissioners  of  Taxes;  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Beccles

Waterworks Company &  a Director  of the Water & Gas Company. He  married  in 1865 Adelaide
Dashwood, daughter of Dr Robert Dashwood, JP of Geldeston, who survives him. His son John Crisp
of Kirby Cane Hall survives him, and daughters.
(24 April 1917: Estate valued at 109,906. Net personalty 80,743. Stock in Trust for his daughter,

 
 

Edith Hartley 16,400; an annuity of 500 to his daughter Eleanor Dashwood Crisp. Furniture valued
at 500 & 600 annuity to his wife; 100 to his faithful clerk, William Read.; the residue to his son.)
POTATO GROWING:  Scotch Seed Potatoes ordered through central supplier encouraged.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 9 Jan 

DEATH OF SUSANNAH PIPE  aged  47  at her house in 11  St George’s Road. There was no  bed,
only a  few rags  in  her  bedroom, with  a  coverlet too small to  cover her: so she  must  have suffered
much from the cold. She was a grand-daughter of late James Mullett, master tailor, and member of

East Suff Gaz 16 Jan 

the town Council On the  death  of her  mother  she succeeded to a  lie interest  in  her  grandfather’s
estate. She owned her own house and the neighbouring house. William Chatters, engine driver at the
Castle Mills had lived next door to her for 4 years.

 
 

Unfortunately she gave way to intemperate habits, and her husband separated from her. She got rid of
practically all her furniture to satisfy her craving for drink. She was seen picking up pieces of paper
and sticks in the streets to get a little warmth in the cold weather. She seemed very ill of late, and lack

of nourishment and exposure contributed to her death.
COUNCIL: 1)  People would now be allowed to keep pigs on their allotments during the duration of
the war. 2) Alderman Nathaniel Walter Pells, Deputy Mayor, had produced  a gown for the Deputy

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Jan 

Mayor of Beccles, which he presented to the Town.  3) The two Town Maces dated from the reign of
Queen Elizabeth. The Mayor’s robe was 45 years old and had first been worn by Mr TA Laws, when

invited to attend the Thanksgiving Service for the recovery of the Prince of Wales in February 1872.
The  chain was  given  by JP  Walton when Mayor; The  Pendant was the  gift  of Mr Harry  Seymour

Foster, MP for the Division. The Mayor’s  cocked hat was the  gift of the late Alfred Woods, when
Mayor.

1917

MILITARY CROSS: Lieut Wilfred Reeve, Royal Dragoons, for bravery. Son of late Inspector Reeve
of Beccles and a former pupil of Beccles College.
THE VOLUNTEERS: The Army Council  has stated that a  Volunteer should put in 14 drills  every

East Suff Gaz 23 Jan 
1917
East Suff Gaz 23 Jan 

month., four of which are to be battalion drills, one a mile march, four trench digging, and five rifle
shooting & musketry practice. There is also to be a medical examination.
DEATH OF Mr ROBERT READ, aged  89. He was  a Dairyman for 40 years &  arrived  in Beccles

1917
East Suff Gaz 23 Jan 

aged 12 in 1840. He was one of the first to join the Oddfellows in 1848 when it was established.
DEMONSTRATION OF MEATLESS COOKING at Sir John Leman School.
DANGEROUS BULLOCK bullock owned by WWT Youngman, being taken for slaughter, escaped.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 6 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 6 Feb 

It ran through the  streets  and  churchyard down the steps, made  a  double  circuit  of Puddingmoor.
Before  it was  captured  it  had  knocked  down  2 soldiers  & others. Mr Tilney’s  marksmanship  used
after it had been cornered in a former slaughter house in Ballygate. He shot it. 

Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
2

1917
1917

LICENSED PREMISES: 31 in the Borough & 10 beer on licences
BROTHEL: Mary Dowe  charged with permitting her house to  be used  as  a  brothel.  Supt Newson

East Suff Gaz 6 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 6 Feb 

prosecuted.  He  called  Elizabeth  Riches,  Edith  Barber  &  Elsie  Burgess  of  Mutford  (aged  15)  &
Edward  Hill,  inspector  for  the  NSPCC.,  who  gave  evidence  as  to  the  visit  of  soldiers  there  for

misconduct. Mary Dowe’s husband was in the army. sent to gaol for two months hard labour.
BURNING FURZE ON COMMON: 5 boys charged with setting fire to gorse on the Common. Said

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Feb 

they were told to do it  by Adams, the links keeper. The common was to have potatoes planted on it.
Fined 2s 6d each.
POST OFFICE:  Postmaster asks women to be postmen, on account of lack of men.. To leave their

1917
East Suff Gaz 13 Feb 

names at the Post Office.
WAR SAVINGS MEETING: Speaker stressed the importance of war savings for the war.
MEETING  OF  EAST  SUFFOLK  WOMEN’S  AGRICULTURAL  COMMITTEE.  Deputy  Mayor,

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 13 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 13 Feb 

NW Pells in the Chair, supported by Lady Rendlesham. There were thousands of women who could
not  work  a    whole  day  could  spend  an  hour  or  two  a  day,  particularly  concerned  with  growing
potatoes.

1917
1917
1917

SALE OF FURNITURE . Executors of Robert E Read at 11 Caxton Road.
TO LET: The Gables, London Road. Apply AR Block
TO LET: Lock-up Shop, Apply Garrett, 6 Hungate-

East Suff Gaz 20 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 20 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 20 Feb 
1917

LAND COMMITTEE: Acquiring  land for allotments: 1)  Land  in Upper Grange Road belonging to
Mr  AE  Burwood.  2)Land  in  Gresham  Road  owned  by  CH  Durrant;  3)  Land  in  Ashman’s  Road
belonging to Mr Petre. 4) 2 pieces of Land owned by EJ Hindes in Ashman’s Road. 5) Land behind

East Suff Gaz 20 Feb 

the Maltings
CINEMA, SALTGATE, ATTENDANT, Miss Aldred, who has worked there since it opened in 1914
had presentation, leaving to take up munitions work.

1917
East Suff Gaz 27 Feb 

1917
 

YOUELL FAMILY WAR RECORD: The 9 sons of William Youell, of 12, Mill Terrace.
Private  Walter  Youell,  5th  Suffolk’s,  in  landing  at  Sulva  Bay,  invalided  home,  since  serving  in

East Suff Gaz 27 Feb 
 

France.
Driver George Youell, 2/6th Midland Howitzer Brigade, RFA, serving in France

 
 
 

 
 
 

Private Herbert Youell, 1st Bedfords, serving in France
Private Percy Youell, King’s Royal Rifles, serving in Greece

 
 
 

 
 
 

Harry Youell, engineer, serving at Vickers, Ltd, Weybridge
Hector Youell, aged 16, working at munitions
Mack Youell, aged 15, working at munitions

 
 
1917

 
 

Jack Youell, aged 18, received notice to join the colours
William Youell, engaged on transport work.
TRIBUNAL: The final  appeal for the Borough  Engineer  had  been turned  down. [Charles Hamby

East Suff Gaz 27 Feb 

became a Captain in the Royal West Surreys]
LETTER IN DEFENCE OF BECCLES by a Beccles soldier replying to an earlier critical letter:
“I  know  that  at  the  17  stations  in  which  our  Company  has  been  billeted  not  one  has  made  the

1917
 

East Suff Gaz 27 Feb 
 

provision for soldiers that Beccles is doing today. I know a Suffolk Regiment that would like to have
the  use of  a recreation room  equal to the Public Hall, with its free papers, writing material,  games,
etc.,  or the free  membership  of  a Club  equal to the  Social Institute, with  its three  full-size  billiard

tables, baths, magazines, etc, not to mention the Conservative Club and such places, whose officials
gladly welcome any military.
SALE OF FURNITURE:“ ROOKWOOD,”LONDON ROAD, BECCLES:. READ,  STANFORD &

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

OWLES  are favoured with  instructions from ARTHUR PELLS,  Esq., F.S.I., to  Sell by Auction on
WEDNESDAY,  14th  March,  1917,  the  valuable  Household  FURNITURE  and  Effects,  including
Walnut Dining Room Suite and Sideboard, Antique Chippendale Card Table, Mahogany Dining and

Writing Tables, Drawing Room Cabinet, Easy and Occasional Chairs, Tray top and other Tea Tables,
COTTAGE PIANOFORTE in Walnut by Bord, Music  Stool  and Canterbury, two Violins, Mirrors,

Hall Stand, 25 OIL PAINTINGS, Water Colours, Old Engravings and: Prints, Massive Oak Bedroom
suite, Axminster, Brussels  and Kidderminster Carpets, Chenille  and  Lace Curtains, “Mimeograph”

Duplicator, Microscope, Architectural Books, Gentleman’s ‘‘Rover” Bicycle, Table Services, Glass,
Plated Articles, etc. also Lawn Mower, Garden Roll, Tools, and other Outdoor Effects. The Sale will

be held  in  a Marquee,  and will  commence punctually  at  ELEVEN o’clock. The  Furniture may  be
viewed between the hours  of 2  and  6 on the Afternoon prior to the  Sale, by holders of Catalogues
only, which may be obtained (Price 6d. each) of the Auctioneers.

1917

SURVEYORSHIP:  COUNCIL  MEETING:  The  Town  Clerk  read  a  letter  from  Mr  Arthur  Pells
offering his services during the absence of Mr Hamby. The Surveyor reported that he had approached
Mr  Pritchard,  the  Sanitary  Inspector  and  Surveyor  for  the  Loddon  and  Clavering  Rural  District

East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 
Council, with  a  view to  his supervising  and  carrying on  his duties  in Beccles  during  his period of
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
3

military  service;  and  that  Mr  Pritchard  had  obtained  the  approval  of  his  Council  to  the  proposed
course  of  procedure.  Resolved  that  Mr  Pritchard  be  appointed  as  Mr  Hamby’s  deputy  during  his

absence.
SURVEYOR: Mr CL Hamby has been granted a commission (2nd Lieutenant) as Technical Advisory

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

Officer to the Royal West Surrey Labour Regiment, and will be joining up in a few days.
CASUALTY  Private  A  Copeman,  MTASC,  youngest  son  of  Alderman  H  Copeman,  has  been

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

wounded  in  Flanders,  and  is  now  in  hospital  at Gravesend. He  has  been driving  a  motor  lorry for
some time and he had taken some men up to the trenches and was returning alone about 3 am when a
shell burst near him. His left arm was fractured, and his right hand damaged by shrapnel.

1917

JUVENILE BURGLARIES: Mr Holmes, shopkeeper, Ravensmere, had  a cash-box stolen containing
37-10s; from Mr Hipperson’s  house  in Puddingmoor a  gold & a  metal watch were stolen; from  a
lock-up shop in New Market cigarettes were  stolen; a silver cigarette case was stolen from a private

East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

house. Two Beccles boys were  found with filed down keys. Boys remanded.
CLERGY & NATIONAL SERVICE: Director-General to Clergy called clergy to volunteer. Rev WS
Andrews & Rev P Higham placed themselves  at the Bishop’s  disposal. Mr Higham to  be released

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

from  parochial  duties  in  the  week,  while  Mr  Andrew  to  take  up  weekday  work  amongst  troops
quartered in the town.
BECCLES VOLUNTEERS: Appeal to those over 42 to join. Every efficient Volunteer will release a

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

home defence soldier for active service abroad. They should attend at the Public hall on Wednesday
evening. 14 hours a week during training and ten hours a week afterwards.
WORLINGHAM WIN THE WAR MEETING: People could help win the war by 1) growing all they

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

could  2) by working all they could, including the evenings  3) saving all they could.
LICENCES:  Mr  Everitt  of  Watson  &  Everitt  formally  applied  for  renewal  of  licence  of  Hungate
Stores. The tenant had served in the South African War & was now fighting abroad.

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 
 
 

REFRESHMENT ROOMS, BLYBURGATE Tenant Henry Dickerson, who was also a basket maker.
About 4 lodgers a week were taken in. The nearest pub was 43 paces away. Police did not consider

house necessary.. The Bench referred the licence for compensation.
PRINCE OF WALES BEERHOUSE, Smallgate: Mr E Reeve (Mills & Reeve)  stated that the owners

 
 

Young,  Crawshay  &  Youngs,  agreed  that  the  licence  should  be  referred.  The  Bench  referred  the
licence for compensation.

 
 

THE LORD NELSON, , NORTHGATE:  a beerhouse  owned  by Messrs  E & G Morse, Mr Aldred,
the tenant for 25 years, said he got a living out of the premises & had brought up a family of seven.
The house was used by the working class living in the vicinity. There was only one other pub in the

street, the Cambridge  Stores, which did not do  a quarter of the trade he did. Mr McQueen, 3 times
Mayor of Beccles, said the house always appeared very well conducted. The rooms were fairly large,
well  ventilated,  and  always  clean  and  in  good  order,  and  every  comfort  was  provided  for  the

customers.  It  had  as  good  accommodation  as  a  club.  The  Bench  decided  to  refer  the  licence  for
compensation.
WITH THE BECCLES BOYS ON ~ THE DESERT IN EGYPT. I see from the East Suff Gaz that

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Mar 

one of our Company sent home a very good account of how we spent Christmas, and some time ago.
I read  in the same paper our  experiences on the  a Peninsula, also written by one of  our boys from
Beccles. I  am trying to send you  an  account of  how we spent the time,  and what we  did  between

arriving  in  Egypt from the Peninsula  and Christmas,  as far as is prudent, so that you  at home may
have somewhat of a rough idea of life out here. We arrived at Alexandria just before Christmas, 1915,
and went into camp at Sidi Bishe, staying there till February; then we shifted on to Cairo into another

camp at Mena under the shadows of the great Pyramids, and stayed there till the end of May. From
here we had a long ride and found ourselves on the bank of the Suez Canal. The outlook was not a
very cheerful one, for  as far as the  eye  could see was sand dotted here  and there with a patches of

white, which were camps. The strong sun shining on the sand was very painful to the eye, and with
the heat rising from the sand made a good many of us wish for the coffee and iced drinks we had left

behind at Cairo. Such was our first idea of the Sinai Peninsula.
Of course I  must not describe the  defence works, but these  are  of  such  a  character that no  enemy

 
 

could ever succeed  in  obtaining  a footing.  A rough outline of the eastern side  of the Canal where
once  our  fourth  line  camps  called  Bridge  Heads  laid,  for  a  name  was  given  to  all  places  of  any

importance with us, so that we could distinguish them. From here ran a light railway a long way into
the  desert, the  end  of which we  called Rail Head. From here  roads were made to  connect up other
camps which were called Road Heads. From  here you take to the sands,  into which you sink  ankle

deep. It is very difficult to walk on or in until you get a bit a used to it. Across a good way of this was
our first line camps.
After a spell  at this place we were sent back to the Canal,  and  enjoyed the  splendid  bathing  and

 
 
fishing which it affords. We were much interested in the shipping, and from the ships we had thrown
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
4

us all sorts of a papers and magazines. We would shout to the stars and stripes Is Cousin Sam getting
angry, or is he writing a Note?  But not till we got the papers. After a good rest we returned to our

desert  life.  Water  was  our  greatest  draw-back.  This  came  through  to  us  by  camel  transport  in  “
Fantasiers,” the supply being limited; but soon other arrangements were made, and we got a liberal

supply quite up to our advanced posts. The troops here have plenty of work, the nature of the sands
making  it  necessary for  us to use riveting  boards  and sandbags  in the trenches. To  get these  of  a

sufficient depth you start twenty feet wide at the top. We have observation posts with men always on
duty. Night duty in the dark has to be very carefully carried out, as a very small party of the enemy
could do a great deal of  damage by placing mines. It is surprising how sound travels over the sands

on the desert. When we get back from our turn of duty for a rest we have to keep the camp clean.
Our officers insist upon everywhere and everything being scrupulously clean, as fevers are so easily
contracted; and in this and other ways we are in kept at it. It would be awfully monotonous if we did

 
 

not  get livened up sometimes by  getting “the wind up “ as the  boys  call it,  at which of time  every
precaution is taken. Guards, patrols,  and pickets  are doubled. Then  over the sky  line  appears our
Camel Corps or the mounted scouts, who have been able to secure some Turkish prisoners. These are

pitiable looking beings. We turn out and watch them pass through our lines; if possible we get into
conversation,  and some tell  us they were  on the  Peninsula and fought  against  us there,  and many
other things that will interest the Beccles people when the “Boys come home”.

 
 

At other times there appears a flock of mountain goats, a few camels and donkeys, four or five men,
some women and children. These are Bedouin Arabs coming in from protection from the Turks, who
probably have stolen some of their goats. They are brought in by aeroplane escort, the plane whirling

above them,  or  by camel patrol. They are usually  badly in  need  of water,  and to see the children,
camels, donkeys and goats all trying to drink out of one bowl at one time would be highly amusing if
it were not so pathetic. There is very little vegetation on the desert. A few stunted  bushes which  at

some time of the year bear a small white blossom, tufts of dried grass, and a plant similar to heather --
these are all there are. Strange to say however there are plenty of snails. In some places the sand is

covered with them. They are much lighter in colour than the English snail, but about the same size.
We have plenty of mice especially near to the camps, the same colour as the sand, with long legs like

 
 

the kangaroo; lizards of  all sizes, from  a  few inches to two or three  feet, the latter  being  scarce;
snakes are often seen. The whip snake  and puff adder  are very common. Then there are scorpions,

spiders, ants and beetles of all kinds, including the sacred Scarab, which are easily found.
We are not always at one place.  We change  over to  get  better  fitted  for the work  before  us,  being
trained in every conceivable way for any eventuality. There is little twilight, but in what there is we

 
 

get football and boxing. Each platoon carries the essentials for these. After the capture of El Arish we
were soon on the move again, as  great possibilities are before us, the places for which  have been
carefully prepared.

 
 

Be it evacuation or occupation, the Beccles boys can be relied on to be there. I am sending home for
you to  safely keep the  card sent by the Mayor  and townspeople with the parcel  at Christmas,  and
should  like to  add to the thanks  of  Sergt. Harvey which  have  already  appeared those of  my own

section for this welcome reminder of our native town, and to quote from the neatly designed card that
we intend to “Go right on and at the end of the road victory and honour will be found.” 
DEATH OF Mrs GARTSIDE TIPPING:  The  death  occurred   on March  4th, “in the war zone  in

1917
East Suff Gaz 13 Mar 

France,  while  on  active  service”,  of  Mrs  Gartside  Tipping,  widow  of  Lieut-Commander  Henry
Thomas  Gartside  Tipping,  RN,  of  Geldeston,  Beccles,  who  was  killed  on  September  25th,  1915,
while serving  in the  armed yacht  Sanda,  off the Belgian  coast. It will be remembered that  in  his

despatch on the attacks on the Belgian coast Vice-Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon, in expressing regret
at the death of Lieut-Commander Gartside-Tipping, described him as the oldest naval officer afloat,
his  age  being  67.  “In  spite  of  his  advanced  age,”  Sir  Reginald  added,  “he  rejoined,  and  with

undemonstrative patriotism served  at sea  as  a  Lieutenant-Commander.” Mrs Mary  Stuart Gartside-
Tipping, who was the daughter of the late Captain Flynn, RA, married Mr Gartside-Tipping in 1890.

She was a lady of considerable musical talent, and frequently assisted in local concerts.
[continued 20 March]: a Requiem Mass for the late Mrs Gartside Tipping, of Geldeston, was said at

 
 

Farm  Street, Berkley  Square,  on Friday. Mrs Gartside Tipping  had worked  for nearly a year  at the
Munition Workers’ Canteen, Woolwich, and last January joined the Women’s Emergency Corps for

service in the war zone in France, where she was shot by a soldier whose mind was disordered. The
French  military  authorities  have done  everything possible to  express their sympathy, the  croix  de
guerre, which had been withheld from women since last November, was conferred at once; and a full

military funeral accorded.
NATIONAL SERVICE: 500,000 Men Wanted  at once for work of primary importance  --  essential
for the safety of the Nation. “There  are millions  of  gallant young men facing torture, terror,  death:

1917
East Suff Gaz 13 Mar 
Unless the Nation is prepared to take its share of sacrifice then theirs will be in vain.” Lloyd George.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
5

 
 

 
 

ALL MEN between 18 and 61 are urged at once for National Service.
There is AGRICULTURE -- many ex-ploughmen -- wanted most urgently of all -- are now engaged

in the towns, many farm-hands have left the  land. Their  return  is of urgent importance to farmers.
There  is  WORK  IN  THE  WOODS:  the  felling,  sawing  and  hauling  of  timber.  There  is  home

production    of    iron    ore.    There    is    SHIP-BUILDING,    BUILDING    CONSTRUCTION    and
ENGINEERING.

1917

“A MAN WHO WILL NOT HELP HIS COUNTRY IS HELPING THE ENEMY.” Enrol NOW for
NATIONAL SERVICE.
RETURNS OF EMPLOYEES: All employers to give tabulated list of all male employees of 16 and

East Suff Gaz 20 Mar 
1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Mar 

over, and state the number of female employees over 16.
KEEPING A BROTHEL: Esther Sayer, a married woman whose husband is a sailor, pleaded guilty
to  keeping  a  brothel  in  [9]  Newgate  [Charles  Sayer  was  in  HMS  Lucifer].  Margaret  Spalding,

1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Mar 

[perhaps the wife  of John  Spalding of   7 Grove Road  of HMD King George  V] pleaded  guilty to
aiding  and  abetting.  Subsequently both said the house was  not used for  any wrong purpose. Police
Sergt W Reeve & PC Bird gave evidence as to visits paid by soldiers to the house, and Supt Newson

said the women  had undoubtedly been  carrying  on with soldiers for  a long time. To prison for  3
months hard labour.
CATERPILLAR TRACTOR:  sent to the  district  by the Board  of Agriculture.. Arrived at Beccles

1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Mar 

and was  naturally  an object of  general  curiosity when  driven through the streets from the railway
station, and a crowd collected to watch some necessary adjustments opposite the garage works of Mr
W Robinson. It was taken to Worlingham to be used on the fields.

1917

PRISONERS IN GERMANY: On 15th August 1914, in ignorance that war had broken out, a fishing
vessel from Grimsby was engaged in its peaceful occupation of trawling, when a German destroyer  
came along, sank the trawler and took the crew prisoners. The crew included Harry Gilding, son of

East Suff Gaz 27 Mar 

Mr & Mrs Gilding, 63 Northgate & his brother-in-law, John HT Stanford. They have been detained
prisoners of war in Germany ever since.

1917
1917

YMCA HUT AT WORLINGHAM opened. Speeches by NW Pells etc.
NATIONAL SERVICE: RC DUNT said that there were still 300-400 men of military age resident in

East Suff Gaz 27 Mar 
East Suff Gaz 3 Apr 

the town. A canvass of all the streets to be completed within a week. There were 950 men in Beccles
between the ages of 18 & 61. There were 1214  in the services. Various men had already been posted

to jobs. A market gardener was going to Coventry munitions to work as a gardener to grow food for
the staff. Two maltsters had gone to works as ploughmen. A stonemason had gone to munitions work,
a cabinet maker was working in an aircraft factory.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 

USA DECLARES WAR on 6 April
DEATH OF CALEB CHASE aged 58. Suffering from asthma & bronchitis Stationer & Newsagent in
Market Street. As a young man he was employed in the Caxton Press, and was head clerk there when

East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 

he left to take  over the business previously run by Mrs Arnoup & Mrs Jordan. He was for several
years  Secretary  of  the  Caxton  Cricket  Club  &  was  one  of  the  organizers  of  the  Athletics  Sports
Meetings. Four of his sons are in the services.

1917
1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 

IMPORTANCE OF SPRAYING POTATOES.
REGIMENTAL SPORTS OF 3rd YEOMANRY CYCLISTS.
DEATH OF Mrs Sophia Walker aged  80, widow of Frederick Walker, brickmaker, living with her

East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 

daughter Florence Ulph at 8 St George’s Road. She caught her clothes alight getting out of bed and
died as a result.
NEED FOR FOOD ECONOMY: We must economise on foodstuffs. The real difficulty is centred on

1917
East Suff Gaz 10 Apr 

the wheat supply.  Potatoes  are practically  exhausted, but we  can  live without potatoes. All waste
should be eliminated. If every person will eat one pound of bread  less  a week we can laugh  at the
submarine.

1917
East Suff Gaz 17 Apr 

DEATH OF DAVID JUDE aged 84 at his house in St Mary’s Road. He retired nearly 25 years ago.
He was Relieving Officer for the Beccles District  of  Wangford, Vaccination Officer, Inspector  of

Nuisances & School Attendance Officer. Retired in July 1893, but remained Registrar of Births and
Deaths until 1896. He succeeded Charles Bobbett as Clerk to the Feoffees 1853 until 1896. Clerk to

the Mettingham Feoffees 1877-92 & for several years was Secretary to Beccles Hospital. He was the
oldest member of the Congregational Church & Trustee of the Mill Land Trust, which provides the

endowment  of  this  Church,  now  comprised  in  the  Manse.  Chief  Mourners:  Miss  Jude  &  Mrs
Cameron (daughters, Mr A King (son-in law)
BECCLES CADET CORPS: DC Smith, Hon Treas appeals for funds, from The Staithe, Northgate.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 17 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: Mrs K. Grimson, Smallgate thanks for patronage of late Mrs J Harper & hopes
for their support.
ADVERTISEMENT:  City  Flour  Mills,  Norwich.  Appointed  RW  Rawston  Manager  of  Beccles

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
branch in succession to Mr Lewell. signed Robert John Read.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
6
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: Wasley WT Youngman, butcher wants shop & slaughterman  & an improver
(both ineligible [for call-up]) his last two butchers have joined up.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: International Stores, the biggest grocers in the world. Smallgate
ADVERTISEMENT: Pearce’s Stores, Blyburgate: Teas, coffees, provisions, spirits, Ales etc.

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT:  Henry  G  Rose,  Agricultural  seeds,  corn,  cake,  coal,  fertilisers.  Coal  Depot,
Station

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: MW  Sparling, the People’s Clothier. Boots &  Shoes. The Red House, New
Market
ADVERTISEMENT: Macbeths for value. Fancy Draper, (Underwear drawing)., 17 New Market

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT:  China  &  Glass  Rooms,  1  Hungate,  For  sale  or  Hire:  Bath  Chairs,  Prams,
Trolleys, Cycles etc
ADVERTISEMENT:  Fauconberge  School:  Headmaster  T  Clifford  Smith,  MA,  open  scholar  of

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Hertford Coll, Oxford. Specially suited for boys from 8 years upwards intended for Public Schools.
ADVERTISEMENT:  Beccles  College;  Sound  Commercial  Education.  Practical  land  Surveying.
Individual Attention. Generous Diet. Produce from own Dairy Farm. Fees moderate.  CC Hall, BA

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Principal.
ADVERTISEMENT:   Highfield   School,   Upper   Grange   Road.   High   Class   Modern   Education.
Preparation for Public Examinations. Large newly built Schoolrooms. Special facilities for Hockey,

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Tennis, Dancing, Swimming, etc. Pupils from a distance can dine with the Principal. Vacancy for one
or two Boarders, Weekly or otherwise. Principal: Miss Frederica E Werner.
ADVERTISEMENT:  Miss Marion T Wells,  LRAM, gives lessons in Piano,  Singing & Theory,  2

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

South Road [called Bullock’s Lane then]
ADVERTISEMENT: William Steer, Watchmaker, Jeweller, Optician, 37 New Market.
ADVERTISEMENT: Brett’s for Furniture or Earthenware, 23, New Market

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: A McQueen, Boys’ Complete Clothier. 14,  New Market
ADVERTISEMENT:  Beccles  Gas  Co:  A  Gas  Cooker,  Saves  Time;  CG  Carpenter,  engineer  &

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Manager (drawing of child stirring cooking); 12, Smallgate
ADVERTISEMENT: WE Boulter, Ladies’ & Gents’ Tailor. Our cutter holds first-class Certificate of

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Cutting Academy, London. All garments made in his own workshop. 21, New Market. 
ADVERTISEMENT: S White, Ye Olde Shoppe, established 1804. Optician, Jeweller & Silversmith,

 
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Exchange Square
ADVERTISEMENT: G Sampson, House Furnisher, Clothier etc. The Walk, Beccles
ADVERTISEMENT: Arthur Dare, Draper & Outfitter, St Andrews House, 11, New Market

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

1917
1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

ADVERTISEMENT: AE Barwood, Curtains, Hearthrugs., 2 The Walk
ADVERTISEMENT: Camplings, dry cleaners, 8 The Walk
CASUALTY: Private William Soanes, South African Infantry, died of wounds in France. He joined

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Baden-Powell’s   Police  in   1901  during  the  Boer  War,  went  through  the  German   South-West
Campaign & afterwards volunteered for service in France. Mrs Suckling was his sister
COUNCIL WORKMEN applying for increase of 4s a week.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

PROMOTION:  Alderman  Copeman’s   eldest  son   William  H  Copeman   (late   Sergeant)   Suffolk
Yeomanry, 2nd Lieut 4th TF Reserve Battalion, Lincoln Regt.
PROMOTION: Sergt F Harvey of the Suffolk Regt, DCM, Croix Kara-Georg, awarded for services

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

in  Gallipoli  (3rd  son  of  Mr  &  Mrs  R  Harvey,  40,  South  Road)  2nd  Lieut  in  Egyptian  Labour
Battalion.
STREET ACCIDENT: Collision in Hungate between baker’s barrow belonging to the Co-operative

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

Society, which was standing by the road & a pony & cart. The barrow was upset & loaves of bread
scattered around, the pony was thrown down, 3 lady occupants with a lad were pitched out on to the
road. No one seriously hurt.

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

PEOPLE’S CONCERT:  The men of the 68th Welsh Division, assisted by Miss Garrood & the Glee
Party under W Warder Harvey on Saturday.

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

SOLDIERS’ SOCIAL HOUR: in the Public Hall on Sunday. Rev WE Davies presided. Songs  sung
by  Miss  Burton  &  soldiers.  Warder  Harvey  accompanied.  Address  given  by  JS  Palmer.  Said  the

priceless  heritage   of  the  British   Empire  we  have  received  from   our  ancestors,   and  the   great
responsibility of handing that Empire down to our children unsullied and intact. The true greatness of

an  Empire  does  not  consist  in  naval  and  military  prowess,  or  its  educational  attainments,  but  in
submission to the rule of Christ.
NORTH HOUSE ISOLATION HOSPITAL: It was supposed to be  for scabies  or  other  infectious

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

diseases.  Councillor  Mickleburgh  saw  13  children  playing  with  soldiers  there.  If  it  was  not  an
isolation hospital it did not matter. It did matter if it was.
WAR AGRICULTURAL COMMITTEE: FWD Robinson in the Chair.  900  acres near Ilketshall  St

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 
Andrew needed good drainage, then it would produce 2 or 3 times the amount of corn. It was water-
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
7

logged  and weeds,  speargrass  and  docks predominated.  In  Shadingfield   86  acres  of  badly farmed
land  now under cultivation & 133 acres of derelict land  might produce a crop in 1918.

 
 

Many  soldiers  who  were  ploughmen  were  free  to  be  used  after  1  March,  but  Ipswich  had  not
organized things properly  and  few  arrived in time. A ploughman was  asked for, but  a weaver was

sent!
FARMERS’ RED CROSS SALE: Mr GA Stanford wielding the hammer said that if any purchaser

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

bought  a  lot  of  dead  stock  which  did  not  suit  his  requirements  he  would  have  much  pleasure  in
submitting it again -- an offer which was repeatedly taken advantage of.. The total realised at the sale
was 548.

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

VESTRY MEETING: AR Clatworthy & Womack Brooks re-elected Churchwardens. Mr HG Read
was elected an auditor in place of Mr A Pells, who has left the Town, to act with Mr GA Stanford, at
a remuneration of 1 1s each. “Darkening the Church “ cost about 70.

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Apr 

FOOD SAVING CAMPAIGN: Necessity of reducing consumption of bread & flour. Committee set
up. On Monday one of the biggest firms in London quoted oatmeal at 41s per bag. Some of the other
merchants quoted 7s more. The original firm sent instructions to  travellers to raise the price to 48s.

1917

SALE OF REDISHAM HALL ESTATE: The agricultural portions of the 800 acre estate by direction
of Capt Thomas de la Garde Grissell.
DEATH O MRS HANNAH VINCE: widow of Rev Charles Vince, eminent non-conformist ministers

East Suff Gaz 1 May 
1917
East Suff Gaz 1 May 

of Birmingham.  She was the 10th  child of John Mayhew, bank manager  of Beccles..  She was born
Dec 1, 1823. Married 1852
CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs W Knights of Puddingmoor informed that their 2nd son Private John

1917
East Suff Gaz 1 May 

Knights of the  Suffolk Regt has died from wounds in Egypt. They lost their  eldest son,  William in
July last year. He was killed in action in France.
CASUALTY: Gunner William Clift of Shropshire RHA died of wounds in France. He was billeted

1917
East Suff Gaz 1 May 

with Mrs F Mann in Blyburgate.
WAR RELIEF COMMITTEE: Reading Room, Canteen & Voluntary Organizations.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 1 May 

FUNERAL OF G RAYNER, Gateman  of the  London Road  gatehouse. He had  been  in  employ of
GER 47 years, 10 in Beccles.

East Suff Gaz 8 May 
1917

DEATH FROM SCALDS: Robert Girling while removing  a  joint on the steam boiler  in the Gas
Works was scalded and died in the Hospital. William Gould was hurt. (details were given on 15th)

East Suff Gaz 8 May 
1917

DEATH OF Rev SAMUEL  SMITH, Curate at Beccles 1878-82; from 1883-1907 he was Rector Of
St Swithin with St Margaret, Norwich;  1907 Rector of Westhall., Aged 78. [in 1881 he lived at 14
Frederick’s Road]

East Suff Gaz 8 May 

1917
 

ESCAPED GERMAN PRISONERS ARRESTED IN SUFFOLK. 
Three escaped German prisoners from Pattishall Internment Camp, Northamptonshire, Corpl. Walter
Rivera, Lieut. Gustav Lutz, Sergt.-Major Wilhelm Landes were met by Police-constable Seaman on

East Suff Gaz 8 May 
 

the Lowestoft road at Southwold on Sunday afternoon. The policeman was in plain clothes.
The prisoners’ appearance aroused his suspicions, and he challenged them, and then discovered who
they were. Police-constable Seaman is to be highly commended for his action in this matter, as he had

 
 

no information of any prisoners being at large.  
The story told by the prisoners of their adventures is of exceptional interest. ‘They escaped from the
camp during the  night, notwithstanding that big  arc lamps were burning,  and that the sentries were

 
 

parading their accustomed beats. To get through the electric wires they had with them a stick forked
at  each  end.  which  they  placed  between  the  wires  with  the  aid  of  gloves.  This  opened  the  wires
sufficiently to let them get through, while the barbed wire offered a less dangerous if. more painful

resistance, for one received a scratch on the hand in trying to get past it.
Once clear they made for the station, and took train next morning, and, not even seeking the privacy
of  a quiet carriage, travelled for  40 miles with  a carriage full  of British soldiers, who spent a  good

 
 

deal  of the time  anathematising the Kaiser  and  all  other Germans. That they should  have  escaped
detection  on this  journey seems incredible,  for the NC.O,  although wearing  a  civilian  cap, had  his

field  grey  overcoat  on,  and the German  service top boots. However, fortune  helps those who help
themselves.  

 
 

Their first change was at a large  junction (Cambridge). Here,  although  no one  is supposed to leave
the station, they  got  off and walked  about the town  and  here the  officer’s  ability to speak  English

fluently came in very handy, for he made purchases in shops while his companions waited outside.
Regaining the station they took train  for Ipswich,  at which place,  although they  did not  leave the
station,  they  walked  about  the  station  regardless  of  the  military  and  other  police.  Still  escaping

detection they took train to Halesworth and from thence walked to Southwold, where they arrived late
on Saturday night.
After taking stock  of what would suit their purpose for the journey to the Continent, they left the

 
 
town and on Sunday afternoon were walking along the road towards Wrentham when they were met
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
8

by PC. Seaman, who is stationed at Reydon. Their appearance was not to Constable Seamen’s liking,
and although in plain clothes he stopped them and inquired who they were and what they were doing.

The officer’s  English  carried  him through the ordeal,  but his  companions were only able to speak
broken English, and on informing the  policeman  “that they were Breetish,” he told them they must

accompany him. and on that  they confessed that they were escaped prisoners.
They were conducted to the Southwold Police Station, where inspector Ruffles took charge of them,

 
 

and the message to Police-constable  Seaman  informing him  of the description  of the  escaped men
was just going to be sent when he brought them in. The Constable was heartily congratulated on his
smart capture,  as, but for  his vigilance, the men would  doubtless  have been  clear away during the

night.
The officer was  of  a type of  very superior German, being  a  Saxon — in fact, he was spoken of as
being   “a real  good sport’’. He said he regarded  it as  a soldier’s  duty, be  he British  or Gerona. to

 
 

escape if possible and get back to his country. He had served in the German Army on the West Front
since 1914, commencing as a corporal, and had been wounded seven times, being taken prisoner last
August. He  expressed  his  great  admiration of the British  soldier  as  a fighter.  but was  confident of

their inability to break through on the West Front.He had been in England previously, although not
since 1906. On being searched, it was found that they had a sailor’s compass and the German flag in
their possession,  by the  aid of which they hoped to reach  either the German  or Dutch  coast, taking

from the beach  at  night one  of the  small fishing  boats,  and  hoping by  daylight to be  clear  of the
patrol-boats that surround the coast.
The prisoners were conveyed to London.

 
1917

 

THE URGENCY OF FOOD ECONOMY. If in the  next 6 or 8 weeks there is no alteration for the
better  in  the  observance  in  the  voluntary  system  of  rationing,  particularly  with  regard  to  bread,
compulsory rationing will be put into force without further delay. “We must eat less”. Food Director,

East Suff Gaz 15 May 

House of Lords, April 25th.
COMMISSIONED: Mr AE Bunn, formerly in Mr JP  Larkman’s office  now  2nd  Lieut in Norfolk

1917
East Suff Gaz 15 May 

Regt.
POOR RATE: Rate 3s in . Precepts:. Guardians Wangford Union (including County Rate): 3038;

1917
East Suff Gaz 15 May 

Corporation 1200; Burial Board: 50
HONOURS:  Surgeon  Prob  Christopher  Helsham  “who  worked  with  great  energy  and  ability  in

1917
East Suff Gaz 15 May 

attending the wounded” to receive Distinguished Service Cross when he was on HMS Brooke which,
with HMS Swift, engaged a flotilla of five or six German destroyers, of which two were sunk.
RECRUITS: Men up to the age of 50, either married or single to voluntarily attest for military service

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 15 May 
East Suff Gaz 15 May 

CASUALTY  LIST:  Private  CB  George,  Norfolk  Regt  killed  in  action  in  France.  Wife  lives  in
Pleasant Place. He had completed 12 years service & was in Reserves when war broke out. He spent
three Christmases in the trenches.

 
 

Leading Gunner Albert V Seago, of 5 pleasant Place, had lucky escape, his ship being torpedoed and
sunk  in the  English Channel. He  jumped  into the sea, and was  ultimately picked up  by one  of the
ship’s boats. Mr & Mrs Seago have now lost one son, a son-in-law and three nephews.

1917
East Suff Gaz 22 May 

CASUALTY: 2nd Lieut WT Gibbons, formerly assistant teacher at the National Schools, now in the
Norfolk Regt, wounded in Palestine. He went out to the Dardanelles with the 5th Suffolks, granted a
Commission with the Norfolks

1917
East Suff Gaz 22 May 

APPEALS TRIBUNAL: Printers: The Manager said that before the War there were 366 men & 102
women employed. Now there were 198 males & 102 women. He said there were 48 men employed of  
military age employed. 21 rejected by the military. Four machine minders to go into services.

1917
East Suff Gaz 22 May 

SALE  OF  STOCK-IN-TRADE:  Mr  GP  Gardiner  joining  HM  Forces,  closing  down  for  duration:
Saws, planking etc.
CALL UP OF FARM WORKERS: Captain Lush told  War Agricultural  Executive that instructions

1917
East Suff Gaz 22 May 

received meant farm workers could be called up without replacement being found.
NORTH COVE HALL: Sale of Furniture of S Lister

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 22 May 
East Suff Gaz 22 May 

SALE:  SWINE’S GREEN,  Ingate Place: sale  by Miss H Copeman of  a Double Cottage  & Garden
occupied by Strougler & Smith   [Purchased by Mr E Darby 220, 17 July]

1917
East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 

PROMOTION QMS James Baker, son of Mr J Baker, 15 Caxton Road, now 2nd Lieut Suffolk Regt.
Before the war with Welsh Fuseliers in Cretan outbreak & the Boxer Revolution in Peking. He was

then  a Reader  at the Caxton Press. Re-enlisted in August 1914. Went with second British Army to
France. He was at Arras & Thiepval. He is expecting to return to France shortly.
SOLDIER IN PALESTINE: Private Harry Baxter  of  Suffolk Regt wounded on  advance  on Gaza.

1917
East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 

“We started  at  dawn, our Brigade being on the  right  next to  a  mounted Corps. The tanks started
followed by the Suffolks & another Regiment. Our object was to take a ridge held by the Turks about
2000 yards from our position, which we took and held an hour afterwards. The Turks retired as fast as

they could, but their artillery blazed away at us all day. Our Battalion seemed to be charmed as we
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
9

never  had  a  casualty,  although  shells  were  dropping  all  around  us..  During  the  night  our  camels
brought us two days’ rations, so I had an idea what was coming off in the morning.

 
 

At daybreak our artillery started bombarding for all they were worth. This time it was the Norfolks’
turn to make  an  attack, with another Regiment  in support and we in reserve. At 7.30 the Norfolks

were into it  and  having  a rough time and  getting  it hot. Then  up went the supports. It was  getting
hotter and hotter, and we could see the shells bursting into them as they went on. In the meanwhile

we got ready, and just before noon the order came and we went up in Companies. To our surprise we
didn’t come under a lot of shell fire at first, but we had not gone a long way before we were under
rifle fire as well as shells; and as one glanced about we saw hundreds of dead and wounded who had

gone before us.
Then I got my packet. I went down and lay there for about a quarter of an hour. Then I tried to walk
and hobbled to the nearest dressing station. It was far worse getting back. Their artillery had spotted

 
 

our  other Companies  coming up,  and were sending them over pretty thick. I  got back with  some
difficulty,  as my wound was very painful through walking. I was then removed to  clearing station,
then here by hospital train - in all about 20 hours ride.

 
 

I am getting on fine, and ought to consider myself lucky, as the bullet went through my right thigh
without touching the bone.”
AN EXCURSION: The wounded men in the VAD Hospital enjoyed a trip to St Olave’s through the

1917
East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 

kindness  of Mr & Mrs HE Hipperson  in their motor  launch “Colleen Bawn”. They had tea  at  St
Olave’s.
WEDDING: At St Benet’s: Dr JJ Ryan of Dublin to Maureen daughter of Captain  W Halpin. (War

1917
East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 

time) Reception at Carmel.
SALE: REDISHAM HALL ESTATE: only 1 of 10 lots sold. Mr B Stanford for 1,500
SALE: CHENERY’S FARM (To close a Trust) with House & Farm Premises 108 acres, now and for

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 
East Suff Gaz 26 Jun 

many years in the occupation of the executors of George King on a yearly tenancy.
AIRMAN KILLED: 2nd Lieut Fred W Evans of Muswell Hill, educated Beccles College. Aged 23.

1917
East Suff Gaz 19 Jun 

Shot down by Germans. Entered his father’s firm of Fred Evans & Co. Enlisted 1914.
COUNCIL MEETING: Mayor,  (Councillor Hindes), Deputy Mayor,  (Alderman  Pells), Aldermen:

1917
East Suff Gaz 26 Jun 

Buck [editor of  East Suffolk Gazette], Watson, Copeman; Councillors: Money, King, Mickleburgh,
Jolly, Brooks and White.  The Isolation Hospital inspected; very clean.

1917
East Suff Gaz 26 Jun 

BRAVERY HONOUR: Lieut WM Reeve, MC, Irish Dragoon Guards, awarded Military Cross. Went
out in August 1914 in the ranks of the Lancers, fought through the retreat. Given commission in 1914
“for services in the field”. He has taken part in all large operations, awarded MC for “rallying badly

shaken infantry who had lost their officers, and by digging in saved the situation at a crucial moment.
He showed conspicuous coolness and bravery under exceptionally heavy shell fire and machine gun
fire.” He is the eldest son of the late Inspector Reeve of Beccles.

1917
East Suff Gaz 26 Jun 

BECCLES COLLEGE  IN WAR:  W Morris Thomas,  an  old  boy, now 2nd  Lieut  in Army  Service
Corps. Formerly a Trooper in Suffolk Yeomanry, having joined up on the day war was declared. He
is now in Palestine. His brother also in the Suffolks was killed at Neuve Chapelle.

 
 

2nd  Lieut  Stanley Fishcel of  216  Siege Battery, RGA awarded MC for “gallantry and devotion to
duty”.
CASUALTY  LISTS:  Rifleman  Alfred  Shiplee  killed,  aged  27.  Employed  by  GER  at  Maryland

1917
East Suff Gaz 26 Jun 

Station and joined KRR at outbreak of war. Leaves a widow and one child. Mr & Mrs Shiplee have
now four sons & two sons-in-law serving with the colours.
SALE:  11  &  13  St  GEORGE’S  ROAD:  Executors  of  late  James  Mullett:  A  pair  of  well-built

1917
East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

Residences., “South Villas”, with flower & Kitchen Gardens, the whole 1r 31p. No 11 until recently
occupied by the late Mrs S Pipe; No 13 in occupation of Mr William Chatters.
3rd  BATTALION  SUFFOLK  VOLUNTEERS,  “C”  Company  Beccles,  Platoons  8  &  9.Monday:

1917
East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

Musketry on the Range at 7pm. It is imperative that members who have not commenced the course,
do so without delay. Wednesday. Musketry 7pm; Saturday 2.30 pm Signed Lieut Ed A Thompson.

1917
East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

No 1 BECCLES CADET CORPS:, RFA, Monday 7.30pm  Signalling, Rifle  cleaning. Wednesday:
Full Parade; Thursday: Practice Shooting at Range. Signed Capt DC Smith

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

Suffolk 37 VAD Sunday: Sunday 10.30 Parade with bicycles SW Rix, Commandant
PRESENTATION:  Mr  FS  Robinson,  manager  of  the  Co-Operative  Society’s  clothing  and  boot

East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

repairing department given presentation, leaving to join Forces.
CASUALTIES: Private AE Aldous, Royal Fuseliers, late manager of the International Stores, son of
Mr WG Aldous, Grove Road, wounded in France.

1917
East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 
1917
East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

THE WAR IN PALESTINE: BECCLES MEN IN ACTION
Writing to  his  father, from  Palestine,  a Beccles soldier  gives  an  interesting account  of the British
attacks on Gaza.  Starting  from  our camp  at Raft, says the writer, in the early hours of March 23rd,

 
 
and  marching  till  daybreak,  we  concealed  ourselves  in  some  gardens,  and  spent  the  day  there
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
10

endeavouring to keep out of sight of aeroplanes. At dusk we again moved on, and arriving at Wadi
Guzzeh, we  obtained a few hours’ sleep. Rations were then served out,  and water  bottles filled  up.

The order was “ full pack,” including blanket, but no overcoat, one day’s rations on the mobile scale,
and two days’ “iron” or emergency rations.

 
 

The next morning, March 25th, we  left the wadi,  and  after some  delay  caused  by fog  advanced  in
fighting order towards a ridge  named Sheikh Abbass, on the right of our attacking line. Strange to

say we reached our objective without opposition, and established ourselves by digging trenches from
which we would  command the road from Beersheba to Gaza. The only Turks we saw were those
brought  in as prisoners  by the  mounted troops. Meanwhile the  attack on Gaza was developing  and

going well ; also in the centre there was little resistance.
We held our positions on this ridge until about 9 p.m., and then withdrew to another ridge in a more
central position. Here we were in reserve to a brigade thrown into the attack. We stayed at Mansura

 
 

Ridge during the 26th and were under a good bit of shell fire and had a few casualties. Meanwhile the
troops on the left, working up the level strip of country along the shore called the plain of Philistia
had entered Gaza. They were, however, forced to withdraw; but later in the day they entered again.

Orders  for a  general withdrawal were  issued, and the Turks, seeing this  going  on,  advanced to the
attack. Our rearguards held them, and the artillery fire demoralised them. We dug in on the crest of
the ridge and waited, but no attack was made on them; and everything having been got safely away

we packed up about 10 p.m. and marched away. There were several halts on the way back, as Turkish
cavalry were  scouring the  country;  and we  held  our  breath once when  a Turkish column marched
across our front and wheeled  into the darkness. The troops we had protected had not been idle, and

when in the morning we marched into Inn  Seirat they had entrenched themselves on  a line  of hills
overlooking the Wadi juzzeb.
That ended the first attack. The second was to prove more costly, and preparations were commenced

 
 

on a large scale. During the first attack water was very scarce, horses being without it for two days
and mules had none for three. The sun was scorching, and we were without water for about twenty-

four hours. At Inn Seirat we were trained in the use of gas helmets, as the next affair was to include
gas shells and a smoke cloud was to cover our advance. Tanks were to be used, and the method of co-

operation had to be  learned.  When  not training we were  employed digging roads.  We were  about
seven  miles  from  Gaza,  and  cavalry  patrols  were  engaged  almost  every  day  in  the  area  of  Wadi

luzzeh, which lay between us and that place.
A Turkish aeroplane would often swoop down on our cavalry with machine gun fire. But in spite of
all  opposition,  roads  were  made  past  the  wadi,  hills  levelled  and  gullies  filled  up  to  enable  our

 
 

artillery to get up. Water pipes were laid by the side of the roads, and a big reservoir dug and lined
with cement. Dugouts were made, and every preparation was carried out for the attack, which was to
be made in two phases. The special task of our own Division was to capture and hold Sheikh Abbass

Ridge, and to go over the ridge and attack an entrenched position on the south plain of Gaza, about
2000 yards from the ridge. While we still laid  at Inn  Seirat the railway was  extended and hospitals
established.  The  enemy  brought  up  heavy  guns  and  shelled  the  railway  and  the  hospital,  causing

several  casualties  and  a lot of  damage. But  eventually everything was  ready,  and  everybody knew
what he had to do.
In  our  first  attack the maps  had been  at fault. They were  of German  origin and  very  old;  but the

 
 

R.E.’s  surveyed  the  country  and  up-to-date  Maps  were  issued.  On  the  night  of  April  16th  we
concentrated  at Dumbell Hill. where we were  joined  by two Tanks which were to precede  us by  a
thousand yards. Just before  dawn we started, the Tanks  signalling  all  clear. Before long we  came

under rifle fire from an outpost which was rounded up by the Tank and another Regiment. The ridge
was in sight, and we wondered what was awaiting us there. The Tank was moving along the top, but
not firing; so we advanced and got shrapnel and H.E.’s for our trouble. But no one was hit, and the

few snipers the Tank had missed on the ridge soon cleared out. We captured the hill again with a rush
and without loss, and at once dug in on the crest. There we came in for a deal of shell fire, but it was

not accurate enough to do us damage.
The  first  phase  was  over.  The  other  Divisions  on  the  left  had  all  reached  their  objectives,  and

 
 

everybody was in good spirits. On the 19th the second phase began. We were in reserve, and at dawn
another Regiment went over against the position of the Turks, about 2000 yards distant, consisting of

redoubts between which were perfectly straight trenches. The redoubts had already been subjected to
a fire  of  gas  and tear shells. Our men had to  cross perfectly  open country, and for l500 yards they
were exposed to rifle and shell fire, from which they suffered heavily. The Tank (the other one was

more  to  the  left)  was  across  the  trenches  and  doing  a  lot  of  damage.  About  500  yards  from  the
trenches there was a slight ridge  and the  advancing  infantry were able  by lying flat to obtain  cover
from rifle  fire,  and  here they  gained  a breather. Then  up and over with the bayonet,  and  from the

straight trench  between the  redoubts the Turks scurried in full  view of  our men, who occupied the
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
11

trench, after cutting the wire entanglements.
Up till now the machine guns had been silent. It was estimated there were seven to each redoubt, and

 
 

three from each started to pour an enfilade fire down this trench. The other four swept the slight ridge
in front ; while the Turks, who had retired, advanced and counter-attacked. The three Regiments who

were there  could  not  get back  over the ridge; so we went  over with the  intention  of  covering the
retirement, Beccles men leading the way. Our lines were as straight as if we were on parade, and as

the shells made gaps in our ranks we opened out. The boys were fine, never wavering, although they
knew what had happened to the other Regiments who had gone in front of them.We lost about 100 in
covering the ground to the ridge, and got into a position where we could neither advance nor retire.

An Australian officer, lying wounded, advised our officer to get us down flat, which we did, and this
undoubtedly saved a great many from being hit. We soon dug ourselves in where we were, and our
people got in most of the wounded, though the Turks were sniping at our stretcher-bearers. Then we

withdrew  about  200  yards  to  a  better  position  and  dug  all  night.  The  Turks  were  out  after  our
wounded, and one poor fellow crawled back to our lines with three bayonet wounds in the chest, and
nothing on but his shirt. He said the Turks were bayoneting and stripping the wounded, and the cries

we heard certainly seemed  like it. Just before dawn we again withdrew to  Sheikh Abbass ridge. At
dawn the Turks charged the trenches we had just left. Since then we have been from place to place
extending our line, and a force has gone against Beersheba and done well. Twice as many prisoners

gave themselves up this month as last. They state that their Army is on short rations. Prisoners taken
had pockets full of wheat, and only the officers had brown bread.  We are all quite happy. Good news
from France cheers us up.

 
 

P.S.—It will interest you to know that the paper this letter is written on is a gift from the Australians,
which with biscuits and sardines they presented to us to show their appreciation in the work we did in
the effort to capture Gaza. We held on long enough to enable them to get all their wounded in. Our

battalion also received congratulations from the officers of the Camel Corps, and the Generals of the
other Divisions who saw our work.

1917
 

East Suff Gaz 3 Jul 

SUFFOLK DIOCESAN CONFERENCE.
The  annual Conference of the Diocese of  St.  Edmundsbury  and  Ipswich, took place at  Ipswich  on

 

Thursday. The  Lord Bishop (Dr. Hodgson)  in his presidential address spoke of Church reform, and
said the  reformers  did not  desire  another  gospel, but to  clear  away  hindrances  and to supply  new

methods  by which the Church’s witness  and work might he made  effectual. It was most important
that  any changes  and  reform in the machinery of  any particular diocese  should  be  in line with the
principles and methods of the main national scheme.

 
 

Referring to the consolidation of small benefices and pensions for the clergy, he said the two subjects
were akin and both related to the very life of the Church. The glory and hope of the English Church
were in the parish system. Yes, and its shame and. weakness, too, were to be found there. What was a

vigorous man to do, limited to a flock of some 200 or 300 people. How was he to live and maintain  
very often a large rectory on a net income of 200 per annum or less? Week in, week out, the same
narrow round  of duty to tread;  not  enough to occupy the mind;  constant money  anxiety. To  unite

permanently two  or more of such  small  livings,  and so to  give  a  clergyman  a wider sphere,  more  
work, and a more adequate income, this was the remedy which they had in view.
But there was  another hindrance to  effective work in their parishes. The  case  he  meant of a parish

 
 

priest, who, it might be, had done good work, but was now aged and infirm. Clearly he should retire,
but retirement meant penury and starvation. He  could, indeed,  apply to resign “under the Act,” and
receive  an  allowance  from  the  income    of  the  benefice,  which  meant  partially  starving  two  men

instead of entirely starving one. The Act of Parliament reflected shame on the Church, and the need
was urgent that this matter of pensions should be taken in hand.
The report of the Diocesan Board of Finance showed there had been an increase both in subscriptions

 
 

and parochial contributions; and it was decided to  do  away with ear-marking  altogether during the
current year.

 
 

The Rev. J. 0. H. Darling moved for the appointment  of  a Committee to  consider which  benefices
might  be  advantageously  consolidated,  and  to  get  information  from  patrons  and  others  as  to  the

carrying out of such consolidation.— Mr. W. R. Wolton, in seconding, said there were in the diocese
56 livings held in plurality and 156 permanently consolidated. In 1916 there were over 100 benefices

in the diocese with an income of  under 200  a year; more than  half were under 150, and  12 were
under 100. The Rev. Cobbold spoke strongly  against the motion, and said  he  knew  of instances
where the consolidation had been most unhappy. If an income was too small to provide for a resident

incumbent,   an   appeal  should  be   made  to  the  laity  to   increase  the   endowment..—Finally   an
amendment moved by Dean Carter was adopted as follows: ‘ That the interests and necessities of the
Church at the present time make the union of benefices a subject of pressing importance, and that a

Committee be appointed to gather information on the subject and report to next year’s Conference.”
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
12
 
 

On the subject of clergy pensions it was resolved that the Conference generally approved in principle
the report of the Pensions Committee of the Central Board of Finance, that ruri-decanal Chapters and

conferences  be  requested to  consider  its provisions in  detail and  report to the Diocesan Board  of
Finance, and that the Board of Finance, prepare and present a final report to the next sitting of this

Conference.—  Archdeacon Hodges hoped the scheme would  be compulsory, and was in favour of
fixing the compulsory age at 65 —A voice: What will the bishops say to compulsory retirement at 65

— The President: I shall not give you an answer. (Laughter.)
NAVAL HONOUR: Gunner H Batterbury (late HMS King Edward VII) and now on the Royal Oak
decorated by the French Government for bravery in the Battle of Jutland.

1917
East Suff Gaz 10 Jul 
1917
East Suff Gaz 10 Jul 

A  DANGEROUS  DOCK:  Children  were  playing  at  the  Dock  near  the  back  of  Mr  Hipperson,s
premises in Puddingmoor and three of them fell in. Miss Marjorie Hipperson, in spite of a motor-boat
being  in the way,  dived  in with her  clothes  on,  and  swimming  under the  ropes  of the  motor-boat

rescued them from drowning. Ever since the dredger has removed the little bank that ran out at this
spot, there has been a drop of several feet and the children who paddle there do not know this. Some
years ago the Coroner asked if something could not be done to prevent children falling in and getting

drowned. The danger is greater now than it was then.
WAR BREAD WHOLESOME: The Food Controller set up committee to examine the quality of war
time bread. Considered to be wholesome if baked properly.

1917
East Suff Gaz 10 Jul 
1917
East Suff Gaz 17 Jul 

DEATH OF ROBERT MIDDLETON, son -in-law of George Aldous, Peddars Lane,  aged  33. Had
business  in  Lowestoft  as  carpenter  &  undertaker..  Joined  the  Royal  Naval  Air  Service  and  was
engaged in France for a year. He became ill, returned to England and died.

1917
East Suff Gaz 17 Jul 

ON THE WEST FRONT.  A BECCLES OFFICER’S NARRATIVE. A Beccles  officer, who took
part in the recent offensive on the Western front in France, writes :—Never, even  in my somewhat
varied  career,  have  I  experienced such  untold  depths  of feeling, of wonder, such sensations, such

fighting  as I have witnessed and taken part in during the past fortnight. Of course I knew long  ago
what  was  coming,  and  although  I  vaguely  hinted  thereat  I  could  give  no  information  to  anyone

outside the circle of those immediately concerned.
If I were to set forth the things that mine eyes have seen, the deeds of heroic valour, the humorous,

 
 

the pathetic  incidents, and leave nothing untold, I should be writing  for weeks on  end. However,  I
think I may tell quite a lot of what actually happened as I saw it, sans fear of censor, for such things

are already known to the multitude. You have probably read it all in the newspapers, but the personal
touch may now be able to reintroduce interest, although the incidents of which I write are spread out
over the last fortnight.

 
 

To start almost from the beginning. I was sent up two days before the show with an advance party to
prepare the way for my battalion when it should arrive. For forty-eight  hours we worked with  only
one break of three hours, during which I managed to get one hour’s sleep, and one and a half hours’

dozing. On the glorious June 7th, at 1 am., I was guiding my company into our kicking-off positions.
By 2 a.m. we were ready and resting, so I got in two or nearly two hours’ sleep. I awoke with a start
at 3.10 a.m.

 
 

During the night things had been astonishingly quiet—-the calm before the storm. At 3.10 precisely a
cataclysm broke forth. In one stupendous crash nineteen mines and countless guns belched forth all
the fiendish weapons of Hell upon the partially unsuspecting Bosche. Luckily I was not sleeping with

my  a  mouth  open,  for  the  terrific  shudder  of  the  earth  following  the  explosions  of  the  mines  (a
sergeant said he felt the earth move six inches under him) It brought down huge chunks of earth on
my reposeful body. I was up with  a start,  and such  a pandemonium was let loose that is  absolutely

impossible to describe. We had seen guns assembling for weeks, and knew that in some places they
stood wheel to wheel and in rows one behind the other. But even seeing them come up in batteries
had given no idea of their numbers. At 3 a.m. on June 7th we knew. It was yet dark when the battle

started,  and  the  livid  flashes  from  guns  firing  and  shells  bursting  lit  the  sky  as  one  continuous
flickering sheet of lightning. Nowhere did darkness seem to reign undisturbed. And the noise! I had

to shout to the Captain, who stood next to me, to make him hear.
As soon as it broke loose we were all out on top of our trenches, watching in little danger ourselves,

 
 

and our time to move was not yet come. The immensity of the beginning was so overpowering that
for five or ten minutes we were all shaking as with ague. Not that we were afraid. Rather jokes were

flying everywhere, The first words the Captain said to me when I scrambled out of the hole where I
had  been sleeping were, “—,  I believe there’s a war on.” “Wot war?”  I asked,  and so on—banter
throwing right and left at the top of our voices. He was wounded later in the day. With the first burst

the first wave was  over   and  away to the Bosche  front  line,  and  as the pallid  light  of dawn took
precedence over the flashes of the guns, groups of prisoners, white faced and terror-stricken, began to
stream back  along the previously arranged  routes. Our own slightly wounded  in the first rush were

also strolling easily back, most very cheerful and sanguine of ultimate success.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
13
 
 

Meanwhile  countless  aeroplanes whirred overhead on their various missions,  and tanks stood by to
help the later advances. By 8 a.m. the  first three lines had been taken absolutely up to time, and the

only thing to be done then was to await our own orders to move. My battalion - with others - was to
take the fourth line at a time to be arranged, so all the morning we laid about in the open, basking in

the fierce heat of the sun - waiting. Towards eleven our bombardment died down, and we began to
think that we weren’t to go over after all; but at 12 noon the order came, and in half an hour we were

formed up and ready, and away to the fourth German line, which was 4000 yards from our kicking-
off point. And we were neither Colonials  or Irish,  but simply lads  of  London  and the  country who
were to do this.

 
 

The first 3000 yards were easy. That bit was already captured by the preceding waves. Of course the
whole  distance  was  simply  a  climbing  from  one  shell  hole  to  another,  so  pitted  was  the  ground.
Meanwhile the fierce heat  of the sun,  and heaviness  of  our  equipment, the distance to the  enemy

barrage were exacting their toll, and glad were we to get a moment or two’s rest while we laid out in
the  open waiting for  our own  barrage to lift. Then the fatal  hour  arrived,  and up and over we went
again,  this  time  actually  attacking  over  fresh  country  from  the  third  to  the  fourth  objective.  The

distance  we  covered  actually  attacking  was  950  yards,  and  all  the  way  we  seemed  to  be  wading
through  machine  gun  bullets.  Then  the  marvellous  pluck  of  the  British  Tommies  showed  itself.
Nothing could stop them - not a thousand  machine guns. Marvellous luck was with me. Somehow I

had forgotten about fearing. There wasn’t really time to  be  afraid,  and I felt such  a wealth of pride
rising up within me at being a British officer leading such magnificent Tommies that the capturing of
two machine guns and thirty prisoners en route to our final line seemed easy.

 
 

I shall never forget the abject terror-stricken faces of those prisoners as my boys rooted them out of
their  dug-outs.  It was  all Mercy, Kamarad! Mercy, Kamarad  ”’ with lolling tongues  and trembling
limbs. Two minutes  before they  had  been attempting to  rake  us  down with their  guns, but yet we

spared  them;  I  don’t  know  why  I  think  I  pitied  them;  some  of  them  were  so  young.  During  the
remainder  of the charge individual men were splendid: Machine guns still swept across us, but one

sergeant  walked  quite  calmly  along  to  the  Germans’  trench  with  a  smile  on  his  face  and  waving
“wash-outs” to the Bosche with his Rifle. Another man calmly walked about encouraging and helping

men caught in little of pieces of wire, etc. And so at last we came to the trench and found nothing but
dead and wounded and a few scampering away for dear life. 

 
 

After  the  necessary  measures  for  safety  had  been  taken,  there  was  such  a  shaking  of  hands
in that trench as never was. Laughing, grimy, filthy—in some cases bloodstained—Tommies joking
and quipping with the spirit of victory in their eyes, although the very last ounce of strength had left

their  limbs. Tanks went  over and beyond and assisted the retreating  enemy on their  journey,  and  a
few hours after darkness fell we called the roll. As always must be, some of our bravest and best were
gone out in the “Great Adventure,” but the majority of casualties were only quite slight wounds that

will heal in a couple of months.
I never was so thirsty as I was that night, and never a drop of water could we get till almost daybreak.
Then we moistened our parched lips and settled down for fifty hours. Friend Bosche tried, but didn’t

 
 

get back a yard.
Then came an incident, pathetic, but in a measure grand. About midnight on the second night we had
a little burial service which (unworthy) I conducted. But next day in broad daylight our Padre came

 
 

walking  over the top,  and when I pointed  out the  grave he stood  by it  and said the Burial  Service
there. The other officer and I went and stood by, and so did a few men who were nearest. We were in
full view of any Bosche patrols - and we had seen several - but I knew inside me somewhere that we

were safe enough. Poor Padre wept, although he is a strong man. A fine man! “Sincerity” in reality.
An Irishman with a great brogue, and a great way with the boys. If he holds a voluntary service the
boys flock to hear him, a thing I’ve never witnessed before. the whole of that first stunt he was right

up with us, helping with the wounded ...
RED CROSS HOSPITAL: The new wards will be open to visitors for 2 days.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

ACCIDENT: Mr Smith, pork butcher, was standing in Hungate opposite his shop, talking to a man on
the  east side of the street, he was  knocked down by  a four-wheeler  and one of the wheels ran  over

him. He was bruised & attended to by Dr Wood-Hill.
CHEAPER BREAD AND MEAT: Decision by the food controller. Beccles meat was selling for 2s

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

2d per lb.
MILITARY CROSS: 2nd Lieut Allan Darby, London Regiment and Machine Gun Corps, third son
of late AW Darby, JP of Beccles. “He commanded his Machine Gun Company with the greatest skill

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

and  energy. Throughout he  displayed the  utmost coolness  and determination under heavy fire,  and
rendered the greatest assistance to the infantry.”
CASUALTY: Private F Larke of the Royal West Kent Regt killed. In civil life he was busman for the

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 
King’s Head Hotel. He leaves a widow.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
14
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

TOWN COUNCIL: 1) Shed on Quay lately used by Darby Bros, in need of repair. Bill to be sent to
Darby’s.  2)  Red  Cross  Society  given  permission  for  two  seats  to  be  placed  in  New  Market  for

wounded soldiers. The Gas Company asked to remove the lamp in the centre of New Market
POLICE COURT: 4 boys summoned by Mr CC Hall for malicious damage to the Grandstand on the

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

College meadow. Fined 2s 6d each.
CROWN and ANCHOR: Mrs Elizabeth Freestone to carry on running the pub in Ballygate while her

1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

husband is in the Forces. 
SUFFOLK HOTEL,  Station Road,  William Carter has licence will  Lois Beard is doing  munitions
work.

 
 
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 
1917
East Suff Gaz 24 Jul 

WHITE HORSE  INN, New Market. Maurice  Woolnough  guilty of serving drinks out of hours.  1
Fine
HONOUR  FOR  SOLDIER:  Bombadier  Leslie  Crisp,  serving  with  a  signalling  section  in  France

1917
East Suff Gaz 7 Aug 
awarded  a  Military  Medal  for  bravery.  Before  being  called  up  he  was  a  journeyman  butcher
employed by Mr H Copeman.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 7 Aug 

WAVENEY HOUSE, Puddingmoor: Concert in the Garden.
BECCLES  VOLUNTARY  ORGANIZATION:  Have  sent  3751  articles  from  Beccles,  comprising

East Suff Gaz 7 Aug 

socks, shirts, mufflers, mittens, helmets, cardigans etc to troops.
VISIT  OF  SUFFOLK  ARCHAEOLOGICAL  SOCIETY  to  Beccles:  Sir  Maurice  Boileau,  Lady

1917
East Suff Gaz 7 Aug 

Haggard, Mr JF Farrell, Mr & Mrs WM Crowfoot. They visited  St Michael’s Church  and saw “  a
very nice copy of Edward VI’s Prayer Book., printed in 1549, though unfortunately, the title page is
missing. In 1549 there were at least eight impressions of this first issue of Edward VI’s Prayer-book

differing  in the  colophon  and  also textually. The Beccles  copy was printed  on May 4th,  1549,  by
Edward Whitchurch, and was the fourth of the eight impressions.”
BECCLES STREET NAMES: article by WM Crowfoot

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 7 Aug 
East Suff Gaz 14 Aug 

SALE:  NEWGATE:  late  JW  Thacker,  Block  of  three  Dwelling  Houses  and  Shops:  Nos  6,  8,  10
Newgate. In the occupation of RH Elwood, WA Brown, Mrs E Jessup [Purchased RH Elwood 375]

1917
East Suff Gaz 14 Aug 

SALE NEWGATE: late JW Thacker: a corner block of 4 Dwelling Houses, Nos 37, 39 Newgate & 8
& 9 Manor House Lane. [Purchased RH Elwood 205]

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

BECCLES SWIMMING CLUB: Loss of five of its foremost members: Sergt Victor Bellward, of 8th
Suffolks from Geldeston. Born 1887. joined the GER service in June 1902.. Enlisted in August 1914,

and went through safely until the attack on Delville Wood on 19 July, 1916, wounded by shrapnel.
Recently died of the wounds.
Ralph  Thurling,  William  Waters,  Edmund  Betts  (past  winner  of  swimming  championships)  &

 
 

Herbert Hall (although only 17, showed great promise)
DEATH OF WALTER DAMANT, youngest son of Charles Damant of Bocking Hall, Helmingham, .
Aged 54. For 33 years in the employment of Messrs Smith & Eastaugh.

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 
1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

DEATH OF JAMES BUCK: aged 76. Was a shoemaker. Member of the Foresters for 50 years. An
old Volunteer of the 14th Suffolks.
CASUALTIES: Gunner EJ Byford, RFA, killed in action. Employed in jobbing Division of Caxton

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

Printing Works before joining the Colours. He leaves a widow.
Private Edmund G Farrow, of Artillery, husband of Bella, eldest daughter of Mr CC Hall, of Beccles
College. Killed in Belgium. He had been recommended for a Commission.

 
 
1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

POLICE  COURT:  Albert   Foyster,  munitions  worker  &   Samuel  Wyatt,  blacksmith,   drunk   &
disorderly, lying in the street.
HOUSEBREAKING: Three  boys:  Edward Alden  (16),  Ernest  Lowe  (17) & Frederick Allen (21).

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

Stole money from house of Alexander Ward, dairyman at 18 the Quay. Miss Sophia Ward kept house
for her brother. Hid money in a book before she went out. Locked the doors and windows. When she
came  back,  found  kitchen  door  open    and  30s  stolen.  Alden  broke  in  while  the  others  watched

outside. Alden to reformatory, the other two 3 weeks hard labour.
HEMP WEAVING:  Letter from HC Botwright, Bungay.  70 years  ago I  remember seeing the hand

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

loom in use in my grandmother’s house at Mettingham, as well as in some of her neighbours’ houses.
These old world folk were manufacturers  in their day.  -  growing, mardling,  beating, spinning  and

weaving the hemp, and had the satisfaction of wearing garments of their own manufacture. In some
of the old Almshouses, where the Chaucer Institute now stands, [in Bungay] I have seen the loom in

active  use  by a Mrs Mickleburgh,  old Miss Gaffer,  and  another woman. Our  old  nurse, Mrs Tom
Puttick  (whose  husband  was  a  well-known  herbalist)  lived  in  one  of  these  almshouses,  and  we
children  used often to  go  and  see her,  seldom  missing the  chance  of watching the  hemp-weaving

going on.
Worsted knitting and stay-making were thriving industries among our womenfolk. In her early days
my wife’s mother got her living by stay-making. These hand-made stays were very stout and straight

 
 
articles too, supported as they were with plenty of thick whale bone - vastly different from the dainty
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
15

corsets of today.
DEATH OF BARONESS BERNERS:  Emma Harriet Tyrwhitt at Ashwellthorpe  aged  81.  She was

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

the only surviving child of late Rev Hon Robert Wilson. She married Sir Henry Thomas Tyrwhitt in
1853, 3rd Baronet, who died in 1894. The son Sir Raymond owns 12,000 acres.

1917
East Suff Gaz 21 Aug 

CORPORATION’S POSSESSIONS: The Fen, the Gildhall, the Public Hall, 21 &  23 Grove Road,
the  cottage  and  premises  on  the  Plantation  on  the  Common;  the  Bathing  Place  and  cottage  in

Puddingmoor.
PALESTINE  DISCOVERIES:  Rev  Maitland  Woods,  son  of  Alfred  Woods,  one  time  Mayor  of
Beccles, senior Chaplain with the Anzac Mounted Division, found the remains of an early Christian

1917
East Suff Gaz 28 Aug 

Church and a fine mosaic, also a casket containing the bones of St George.
SALE OF FURNITURE: Instructions from Mr AE Barwood (who is called for Military Service) in
THE WALK

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 
1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 

ADVERTISEMENT:  Sir  John  Leman  school,  Beccles.  Headmaster  Mr  Geo  Watson,  BA,  BSc,
Prizeman,  London University. A  Splendidly  equipped  and healthily situated  Secondary  School for
Boys  and  Girls,  with  a  Staff  of  14  fully  qualified  Masters  and  Mistresses.  Fees:  7  per  annum,

including necessary books, etc. To meet the demand for places in the School, arrangements are being
made to increase the accommodation so that a limited number of applicants can still be considered.
Next term begins on 19th September.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 

ADVERTISEMENT: Campling’s, 8 The Walk. Laundry
BECCLES COLLEGE: Former pupil, Bernard C Oldham obtained a Cadetship at Sandhurst as result
of army examination. He came 32nd out of 1000 candidates, 300 of whom were successful.

East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 
1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 

STREET  NAMES:    Old  Beccles  -  that  is  from  the  church  to  the  bridge  and  the  quay  -  is  most
distinctly  marked  in  every  way  from  the  newer  part  of  the  town,  that  extending  from  the  church
towards the south.

 
 

Swine’s Green: The name is still pronounced in its uncorrupted Anglo-Saxon form. Its situation still
shows that paths from all the surrounding parishes there converge; and that it is still  pubic property;

all seem to clearly mark the spot as the meeting place of the sweins, or freeholders of the Hundred,
when they foregathered in the open air in the forest court known as the sweinmote, for the settling of

disputes as to boundaries, to administer the forest laws, and for other purposes of general importance.
UNOBSCURED LIGHT in Ballygate. Col Augustus Baillie of the Lovat Scouts. Bright light from an

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Sep 

incandescent burner through badly fitted blinds causing stream of light across the road. Fined 1.
RATIONING  OF  SUGAR:  After  30  December.  Register  now.  (Advert  by  International  Stores)
Essential to fill in a form for the household.

1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Sep 
1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Sep 

FOOD CONTROL 1630: in Norwich: Corn prodigiously scarce that wheat was sold from 30s to 40s
a  coomb,  upon which  an  order was issued that no  corn  should pass the  boom  or  chain without  a
licence from the justices; that no maltster should make any malt, and that all barley should be sold in

the  corn  market;  that  the  bakers  should  make  only  three  sorts  of  bread  -  white,  wheaten  and
household, but no spice bread. Great care was taken to prevent the making of starch, and every person
was  obliged  to  declare  what  quantity  of  corn  he  had  in  his  possession.  The  treasurer  of  the  city

granary was directed to buy what corn he  could, and to deliver weekly to the  aldermen some of  it,
two parts barley, one part wheat, one part rye, which was to be sold at 18s a coomb.
CASUALTY LIST: Signaller Frederick Brown, third son of Mr Martin Brown  of 30 Denmark Road,

1917
East Suff Gaz 18 Sep 

missing presumed killed. He was clerk in the employ of Messrs  John Crisp, maltsters, before joining
the Colours,  and  had been serving for  about  16 months on the Western Front with the Oxford  &
Bucks Light Infantry.

 
 

Corporal-Fitter  William  Croft  killed  in  action  in  France.  A  native  of  Wickham  Market,  came  to
Beccles 16 years ago to work at Elliott & Garrood. He joined the old Garrison Artillery Volunteers,
and   continued   service   with   the   Howitzer   Battery,   RFA   when   taken   over   by   the   Territorial

Association., and was mobilised at the outbreak of war.. He leaves a widow & 3 young children.
Lance Corporal  EG  Pipe,  of the Oxford  & Bucks  Light  Infantry, youngest son of Mr & Mrs WD

 
 

Pipe, 9 Queen’s Road, killed by a shell. Five others were killed by the explosion - a whole group of
signallers  being  wiped  out.  He  was  employed  in  the  Monotype  Department  at  the  Caxton  Works

before he joined the Colours. Mr & Mrs Pipe have now lost two sons in the War.
ADULT  SCHOOL:  Harvest  Thanksgiving   Service   held   on   Sunday   evening.   Large   audience,

1917
East Suff Gaz 18 Sep 

completely filling the two large rooms. In the  absence of Dr Fox the service was  conducted by Mr
Arthur Pye
SHOP  CLOSING  HOURS:  Shops  to  close  generally  at  6pm,  but  1  pm  on  Wednesday.  Before

1917
East Suff Gaz 18 Sep 

Christmas longer hours permitted some days.
BECCLES  COUNTY  COURT:  Walter  Green,  miller,  applied  for  possession  of  a  cottage  in  St
George’s Road in occupation of George Ellis. Defendant said he could not get another house. He left

1917
East Suff Gaz 18 Sep 
Mr Green’s service in 1915 and had due notice to quit. Mr Green wanted the house for his employee.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
16

Said he had 3 in the family, one at the Front. Possession in 14 days.
POLICE COURT: Maurice Woolnough of the White Horse guilty of serving drinks after hours. 2.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 18 Sep 
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

ORGAN RECITAL: by W Warder Harvey, FRCO in aid of the darkening of the Church Fund. The
Rector,  Rev  GF  Millar,  who  has  resumed  his  parochial  duties  after  lengthy  absence  as  an  Army

Chaplain opened the service with prayers. Songs sung by Miss Muriel Garrood.
COUNCIL:  1) Government  needs for paper  increased  for munitions purposes. Collection  of waste

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

paper. 2) The YMCA given permission to use the Public Hall for use of soldiers.
WAR DEAD: On Sunday afternoon a muffled peal was rung upon the bells of the Parish Church (by
kind permission of the Rector)  as  a tribute  of  respect to the  memory  of  Lance-Corporal  Edwin G

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

Pipe, for several years  a member  of the Beccles Company of Ringers. As is  customary for ringers,
short touches were rang with the bells “full muffled”, “half muffled”, and “open”, after which the age
of the deceased was tolled on the tenor bell. The Company Was: Treble: T Holmes; 2nd:  C Parnell;

3rd: J Spalding; 4th: G Baxter; 5th: R Goate; 6th: E Etteridge; 7th: H Ling; Tenor: R Freestone & R
Rush.
WELSH CHOIR: Grand Evening Concert under Patronage of Brigadier-General F Lee & Officers of

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

1st Yeomanry Cyclist Brigade. Welsh Choir of about 40 voices of the Glamorgan Yeomanry (by kind
permission of Lieut Col HW Marsham)
CASUALTY LIST: Mr FT Peachey, Victoria Cottage, London Road, has been notified that his son,

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

Sergt Frederick Peachey, RFA, was killed in action The Co of his Battery writes: “He was hit on the
head by a piece of shell which killed him instantly. He had been in the army for 15 years and came
from India with the Expeditionary Force in September 1914, since when he had been engaged on the

Western Front. He was mentioned  in  one of  Earl Haig’s despatches,  and was recommended for the
DCM. This was in connection with an episode which left him the only survivor of his gun, which he
nevertheless served throughout the action. He was 31

 
 

Corporal Frank Oxborough, Suffolk Regt (Nightingale Place) died of wounds. Formerly employed in
the jobbing department of the Caxton Press. - the third employee in that room who has died for the

country. He leaves a widow and one little girl aged 4.. He was 27.
DEATH OF MAJOR MILES BARNE of Sotterley. Born 1874, educated at Eton & RMA Sandhurst.

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Sep 

Scots Guards.. Inherited in 1898. Married 1904 Miss Violet Orr-Ewing. His eldest son Michael is 12.
BE CAREFUL! SAVE BREAD. Mr Prothero on our food supplies: “If we do our duty as a nation,

1917
East Suff Gaz 2 Oct 

and if as individuals we each of us try to economise in breadstuffs, then Germany cannot starve us,
even if her submarines triumphed completely over the Allied fleets, and not a grain of cereals came to
this country.” Be Careful! Save Bread!

1917
East Suff Gaz 2 Oct 

DEATH OF THE REV. R. A. J. SUCKLING.  The Rev. Robert Alfred John Suckling, who died at
Ascot  Priory  on  Monday,  was  born  in    1842,  and  belonged  to  an  old  Suffolk  family,  which  has
possessed lands at Woodton in the County of Norfolk since the 15th century. Sir John of Suckling,

the poet,  and Captain Maurice  Suckling, the patron  of his  nephew,  Lord Nelson, were  among  his
ancestors. His father was the Rev. R.A. Suckling, who, after serving some time in the Royal Navy,
was ordained in 1843. R. A. Suckling was a friend of John Keble, who was godfather to his son. The

latter entered St. Edrnund Hall, Oxford, in 1861, when Liddon was Vice-Principal, and after leaving
the University he went to Cuddesdon, thus also coming under the influence of Dr. King, afterwards
Bishop  of  Lincoln.  Mr.  Suckling  remained  an  earnest  and  faithful    adherent  of  the  views  these

teachers did so much to emphasise. He was ordained deacon in 1865  and priest in 1867 by Dr. W. K.
Hamilton, the Bishop of  Salisbury, with  a title to the parish of Rowde, Wilts. After serving  in this
parish or for three years he became Rector of Barsham, Suffolk, his old home, and gave himself to

the  duties  of  his  pastoral  office  with  complete  devotion  for  12  years.  In  1880  he  accepted  the
Vicarage of St. Peter, London Docks, in succession to Father Lowder, but he was scarcely two years
in this parish when the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul’s nominated him Vicar of St. Alban’s,  Holborn,

in succession to Mr. Mackonochie, who had resigned in circumstances which aroused acute feeling.
Mr. Suckling was more  conciliatory  in  his methods than his predecessor,  and probably  desired to

 
 

emphasise  the  distinction  between  the  Church  of  England  and  the  Church  of  Rome  rather  more
obviously than had been the case at St. Alban’s. But the change of Vicars made no difference in the

ritual  of  the  church,  while  the  parochial  organizations  went  on  as  before,  and  Mr.  Mackonochie
continued to visit the parish until his death. Mr. Stanton, who had been ordained with  a title to  St.

Alban’s about twenty years before, also continued to act as curate, and with the Rev. E. F. Russell,
these three earnest men steadily developed the work of the church. New schools and a parish room
were built, a great rood, a new altar and elaborate triptych were erected in the church, and while Dr.

Temple remained Bishop of London the  clergy at St. Alban’s were allowed to work in their own way
undisturbed.
When, however, Bishop Creighton  came to  London fresh trouble  arose. Certain  agitators  adopted

 
 
militant measures, and in consequence what was called the “crisis” of 1898-9 took place. It must be
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
17

confessed the Kensitite agitators were often unreasonable, and Mr. Suckling, with others, refused to
consider any suggestion that their services should be revised “until the intimidation of mob law was

at an end.” When, somewhat later, Dr. Creighton declared that in his opinion the occasional services
at  St.  Alban’s  were  framed  in  a  spirit  which  disregarded  the  intentions  of  the  Prayer.  book,  and

suggested that they should be recast or discontinued, the  Vicar loyally complied with the Bishop’s
directions, and no doubt the sub. mission at St. Alban’s did much to allay the anxieties of a troubled

time. Mr. Suckling was naturally peace-loving, with a high sense of being under authority, and on his
obedience  on  this  occasion  he  received  the  warm  commendation  of  Bishop  King.  But  when  the
Lambeth Opinion of 1899 and 1900 against the ceremonial use of incense and the Reservation of the

Sacrament were published he found it difficult to submit, and the position became  acute. It relaxed
considerably  on  Dr.  Winnington  Ingram  becoming  the  diocesan,  and  when  Dr.  Lang,  who  had
become Bishop of Stepney,  conducted a Confirmation service in the church, it was understood that

the general sanction of the Bishop of London was given to the ceremonial practices of. St. Alban’s. In
1908 Mr. Suckling celebrated the 25th year his incumbency, and a large sum of money was collected
and presented to him by his congregation. This money he devoted to a beautiful font-cover which is

one of the most striking ornaments of the church. Mr Suckling was compelled by illness to resign his
incumbency in the summer  of last year. He was  Warden of the Priory at Ascot in succession to Dr
Pusey, and Superior-General of the Confraternity of the Blessed Sacrament.

 
 

Mr Suckling  did not attract so much public  attention  as his former  colleague, the Rev AH Stanton,
but  his  influence was probably as  great  as   any of the  notable men who were  his  colleagues. His
evident piety and unmistakable humility, combined with quiet strength, endeared him to his people,

and  many  men  and  women  in  every  part  of  the  kingdom  were  glad  to  accept  his  guidance.  His
memory will be  gratefully  cherished by  a large number  of people to whom he was both priest and
friend.

 
 

The  internment  of  Mr  Suckling  took  place  at  Brookwood,  on  Friday,  and  was  attended  by  many
prominent Churchmen besides his former Curate, Father Stanton.

1917
East Suff Gaz 9 Oct 

ACCIDENT: At 7  o’clock  on Tuesday morning two lads from  Ellough Hall  Farm were  driving  a
pony and milk cart down Blyburgate, intending to turn into Grove Road on their way to the Railway

Station. They failed, however, to negotiate the corner safely, and crashed into the double doors of Mr
JJ King’s confectionery shop, smashing one of the doors, and the glass of both, with a report which

alarmed the neighbours. Fortunately, that was the  extent  of the  mischief,  neither the boys  nor the
pony being injured.
St MICHAEL’S Arrangements on  return of Rector:  The Rector attending the Parochial work; Rev

1917
East Suff Gaz 9 Oct 

WS Andrews devoting himself to the soldiers; Rev P Higham continuing  his  national service work
and coming in on Sundays to carry on the Ingate Mission services.
ENTERTAINING  THE  WOUNDED:   34   Soldiers   entertained  by  Mr  &  Mrs  Jackson  in  the

1917
East Suff Gaz 9 Oct 

Gymnasium,  St Mary’s, Ballygate, kindly lent  by Mrs TC Smith. Originally planned to  go on the
river, but downpours of rain prevented this. Sumptuous tea provided.
MINESWEEPER BLOWN UP. Mrs WF Alexander, 5  Sandringham Terrace, near Ingate, informed

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Oct 

that  her  husband,  William Alexander,  aged 28, killed while mine sweeping near  Spithead. He  had
been engaged in this work for six months. Previously he was a skipper of a Lowestoft fishing boat.
WAVENEY VALLEY DRAINAGE ACT OF 1866: a commission set up to cleanse and improve the

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Oct 

river between Beccles and Hoxne. German prisoners of war to be used to do necessary work.
FEARED  LOSS OF BECCLES MEN: George Alexander,  of  41 Frederick’s Road, Dickerson  and
Gibbens,  aged  44,  on  board  a  fishing  boat,  the  SD  Reliance,  sailing  from  Lowestoft  sailing  on

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Oct 

October 6th. Not been heard of since. Thought that they were  blown  up by a mine. All three were
married men, the last two with families.
CASUALTY  LIST: Private Harry Bloomfield, of the Gloucester Regt killed  in  action, his wife , of

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Oct 

Ingate has been informed. Previously he was employed in the white paper warehouse at the Caxton
Press. He leaves five small children.

1917
East Suff Gaz 16 Oct 

PUBLIC HALL: Dispute  arisen about the  letting of the Public Hall to the YMCA and taken away
from  the  Troops  Recreation  Committee.  This  was  decided  at  a  meeting  of  the  Urban  Sanitary

Committee, not at a meeting of the Town Council. The Mayor signed the agreement with the YMCA.
Councillor  Robinson  objected  about  it  being   done  in  this  way,  without  full  consultation  and

explanation. He was not allowed to put a motion rescinding the arrangement.
PUBLIC HALL: Protest Meeting  held in the Corn Hall. Councillor Robinson elected Chairman. On
the platform also Rev WE Davies, secretary of Troops Recreation Sub-Committee, Mr A Elliott and

1917
East Suff Gaz 23 Oct 

Councillor  AE  Mickelborough.  70  people  present..  Resolution  carried  unanimously:  The  meeting
regrets the action of the Council and ask the Council to reconsider the question.
SALE OF STOCK IN TRADE of Outfitting & Grocery of Mr WC Hawes, Blyburgate.

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 23 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 23 Oct 
PROMOTION:  Lieut  RC  Bolingbroke,  DCM  of  Suffolk  Regiment,  son  of  Mr  C  Bolingbroke,  
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
18

appointed Captain
TOWN COUNCIL: Mr FF Garrood retiring from Council

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

BANKRUPT: William Hawes, grocer, draper, outfitter, Blyburgate.
MILK TRADE: Dairymen not following instructions of Local Food Control Committee. Charging 6d

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

a  quart instead  of  regulated  5d. They then  charged  5d,  but said people would  have to  collect it,  it
would not be delivered.

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

SURPLUS   PRODUCE:   Surplus  Garden  Products   can   be  sold  to   firm   under   control  of   Lady
Rendlesham. Mr FT Peachey the Beccles agent.
COAL SUPPLIES to be ascertained and stocks ordered for the town from the coal controller. Meat

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

problems. Butchers unable to  buy pigs  at a price that would  give them any profit,  because  of meat
price control.. Milk producers must sell milk at the shop at 4d 1/2d a quart.
BECCLES COLLEGE: Old Boy  Signaller  W Buck of  East  Surrey Regt  killed  by German sniper.

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

Enlisted in 1914. Second son of Mr H Buck, Stationmaster, Clare.
BANK CHANGES: Mr EE  Larkman  resigned  as manager  of Capital and Counties Bank.  Leaving
town to take up voluntary work with the YMCA at Ipswich. Mr AP Nicolle, of the Cirencester branch

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 

the new manager.
CASUALTY  LIST: Mr & Mrs  Spalding’s  5th .  Private C  Spalding  of  Suffolk Regiment killed  in
action. He was 21.

1917
East Suff Gaz 30 Oct 
 
 

Mr & Mrs Cushion, 17 Alexander Road, son Private Alec Cushion, Suffolk Regt, died from wounds.
Formerly employed in the Monotype department of the Caxton Press
ECONOMISE  FOODSTUFFS!:  “The  harvests  of  the  world  will  not  meet  the  requirements  of

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

ourselves and  our Allies  during the next twelve  months  unless  our present  rate  of  consumption is
materially  reduced.  The  need  for  the  strictest  economy  is   intensified   by  the  steps  which  the
Government have taken  by reducing prices  of  essential  foodstuffs. Unless these plain  facts  can  be

brought home promptly to every household, the coming winter will be a time of the gravest anxiety. I
see  no  alternative  between  a  rigid  economy  voluntarily  effected    and  a  compulsory  system  of

rationing.” Lord Rhonda, Food Controller, October 13th, 1917
SALE:  BLYBURGATE:  by  Mortgagees:  LOT  1:  [No  63  &  65]  Brick  &  Slated  Corner  Shop  &

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

Dwelling House, together with Cottage adjoining. In the rear a brick & tiled Warehouse, Washhouse,
boarded and tiled Stable, Cartshed, Hay House, range of boarded and tiled Sheds, and Poultry House.

 
 
1917

 
 

LOT 2: [Ingate 1- 9] A range of Five brick and tiled Cottages, with Gardens.
[Sold as ONE LOT:  Purchased by Messrs Owles & Son, Bungay 700]
WOUNDED  SOLDIER:  Sergt Charles Wiggett  of  Suffolk Regt, writing: “I was  lying  in reserve,

East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

staying  in one  of the pill-boxes and if Old Fritz sent one shell over  he sent  a thousand; in  fact  he
made it a bit too hot, and I had to shift. On Thursday night we had orders for the front line,which was
about three and a half miles away. Everything was quiet when we started, and we had nearly got there

when he started to shell us with gas shells; but it was raining and the wind was strong, so the gas did
very little harm. We arrived at our place about 2 am the next morning, and had to lay about in shell-
holes. It was raining cats and dogs.

 
 

We all knew we were going over the top, but there was another lot going over in front of us at 5.25
am.  We were to follow later.  Well,  at 5.25 the  guns started,  and we  expected to  get shelled  very
heavily; but I am pleased to say we did not. The time  came for  us to start, and away we went, the

enemy dropping his shells thickly in front of us. I got through most of them and had a rest beside a
pill-box; but had not shifted more than six yards from it when a shell dropped only a foot off me. It
blew me yards in the air, and when I came down I felt my leg and arm, and then my head, to ascertain

if I had lost any of them. My steel hat was blown into the next shell hole. Picking it up I made for the
nearest piece of cover, and having done up my wounds I lay there for a short time and then made my
way back towards the dressing station. I walked the best way I could for a mile, and had another rest;

but when I tried to start again I  could not move  as my leg  had  got stiff, so I had to wait until the
stretcher bearers arrived.” Eventually he arrived back in England. and Wharncliffe War Hospital.

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

CASUALTY  LIST:  Mrs  S  Pipe,  31  Fen  Lane  notified  of  her  husband’s  death,  Private  S  Pipe  of
Middlesex  Regt,  “when  working  in  the  trenches  by  a  shell,  which  also  wounded  several  of  his

colleagues. He was at the time acting as stretcher-bearer for the platoon. His body has been brought
down the line and will be buried by our own Chaplain, and a cross erected on the spot.”

 
 

 
 

He was aged 29..  the Death notice states that he had children.
Mr & Mrs Barber  of  21 Pound Road, informed of the  death  of their  only son,  Private George JR
Barber, of the Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regt.. He was killed in action. He was employed for 10 or

12 years  by Messrs Darby Bros.  He was 28. He Joined the  3rd  Suffolks in  September 1914,  after
being in the Beccles Company for five years without missing a drill or a camp, He went out to France
in  July  1916,  was  sent  home  with  frost-bitten  feet  in  December  and  on  recovery  was  sent  to  the

Queen’s.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
19
 
 

Their son-in-law Private Ambrose Warnes, of 1 Thurlow’s Yard, Northgate, of the Norfolk Regt was
killed  in  action  on  14  October.  He  worked  at  Raveningham  and  was  a  bell  ringer  at  the  Parish

Church. Aged 30 and had 4 small children.
FOOD CONTROL: COMMITTEE:  Milk: Mr Self said that the controlled prices of the Committee

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

made it impossible for them to supply milk except at a serious loss. There were only about 46 cows
kept in the town, which yielded about 40  gallons a  day, whereas the normal sales were  400 to 500

gallons  a  day.  They  had  to  pay  1s  9d  a  gallon  for  their  milk  in  November  and  1s  10d  1/2d  in
December, and under the present orders they were limited to 1s 6d and 1s 8d a gallon.. They would
resume deliveries at 6d a quart until the end of December and 7d a quart January to March. Dr Fox

(Medical Officer  of Health) wrote  that  lack  of milk  in the last week   had  caused  hardships to the
young and old. The Committee accepted the prices suggested by Mr Self as those to apply.
BUNGAY HERO’S  ESCAPE  FROM GERMANY. Private  H. King, of the  1st Battalion, Norfolk

1917
East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

Regiment, of Nethergate-street, Bungay, was captured by the Germans on August 26th, 1914 in the
retirement from Mons. He was fettered to  a comrade back to back, and the prisoners were made to
march thus to the German frontier. Asked how he managed to march he replied “I walked forward for

about  200  yards  dragging  my  comrade  backwards  as  best  I  could,  then  he  turned  round  and  he
dragged me along the along the line of march, and so on for four days until we reached the end of the
route march.” He next entrained four days.

 
 

During these days hardly any food was offered them. Eventually English speaking Red Cross Nurses,
or  so  called  Red  Cross  Nurses,  offered  them  sandwiches  ;  but  when  the  food  was  about  to  be
conveyed to the mouth sand and dirt were flung into their faces rendering the sandwiches uneatable.

Later on he with others were marched on to  ploughed fields, where they were exposed to all kinds of
weather without shelter of  any kind. This lying  out in the sodden fields was one  of the most trying
experiences of his captivity.

 
 

After that tents were provided, which  ameliorated  conditions somewhat. Next they were placed  in
stables, and  afterwards housed in huts built of single matchboarding which formed very inadequate

protection against the weather. It was a welcome change to be taken to Stamull, since conditions there
were slightly less  heart-breaking, for  he  found  better food  and  better  accommodation. However,  he

returned to  Sennelaager,  and there  he refused to work,  and was sent  in  consequence to  Saltau. As
punishment for this insubordinate attitude to his German taskmasters he was shaved from head to foot

(December 24th, 1916), and clothes were a terror to wear. Asked how it was possible for the Germans
to perform such an operation he replied, “It was done under a guard of 10 men with fixed bayonets.”
From Saltau he was taken to Bexten Sistrup. There he worked for 14 hours per day, from 6 o’clock in

 
 

the morning to 8 o’clock in the evening, on one meal at 12 o’clock mid-day, the meal consisting of
boiled preserved swedes and black bread, 15 men to a loaf. Private King spoke with emotion when he
said, “The only thing which kept the British prisoners of war alive was the parcels sent from home.”

He was removed from Bexten Sistrup to — since he had volunteered to form one of a working party
to work on a farm. He desired to go there because he had got the hint that men had escaped from that
place.

 
 

Before  going  there  on  March  1st,  1917,  he  was  unable  to  swim,  but  whilst  there  he  took  every
opportunity of learning, often having to evade the vigilance of the guards in order to do so. This had
all been pre-arranged according to his plan of escape. After learning to swim be tested his powers by

swimming   across  the   river   fully  dressed.  He  refused  to  work   any  longer,   and   escaped  from
confinement on the following Friday, at 10 minutes past one in the morning. under the very nose of  
the sentries, after waiting for the patrols to pass, who came every hour to see if any prisoners were

missing.  He  swam  the  river,  and  after  hiding  by  day  and  travelling  by  night  he  at  last  reached
Holland. There he was most warmly welcomed by the Dutch, as if Holland were his native country,
people travelling twenty miles to see a British soldier.

 
1917

 

It may be added that Private King lost his eldest son at the battle of Jutland.
WORKING MEN’S CO-OPERATIVE: 2083 members. Dividend of 1s 9d in the

East Suff Gaz 13 Nov 

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 6 Nov 

YMCA Urgent appeal for magazines, illustrated papers, books, games, etc.
PROMOTION: Company  Sergt Major J Meen, of the  5th  Suffolks (Beccles Company) to be 2nd

East Suff Gaz 13 Nov 

Lieut, Royal  Engineers. Before the Territorials were mobilised  he was  in the office  of Mr Arthur
Pells, architect of this town.

1917
East Suff Gaz 13 Nov 

TOWN COUNCIL:  Alderman Buck proposed that Councillor Hindes should  be re-elected Mayor.
for his sixth term. The duties of Mayor had increased enormously as a result of the war. The Mayor
had undertaken them with admirable courage, wise forethought, patience, forbearance, diligence and

devotion which  could not be too  highly extolled. Unanimously adopted. Alderman  Pells re-elected
Deputy Mayor.
Mr SL Skevens elected to fill the vacancy on the Council on the resignation of Mr Garrood.

 
 

 
 

Mr  RS  Norman  re-elected  mace  bearer  even  although  he  was  over  eighty,  but  was  as  fresh  and
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
20

vigorous as ever
DANGEROUS LIGHTS. Letter: On Sunday last from 7.30 to 8.30 pm something like three to four

1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Nov 

hundred people were  loitering between Ballygate and  Sheepgate, and  about every tenth person was
carrying a light.

1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Nov 

YMCA IN BECCLES: Since May 1917 the YMCA has run two centres, one on the Common, with
the  Lovatt  Scouts,  and  the  second  with  the  Montgomerys  and  Denbigh’s  at  Worlingham.  The

Worlingham Hut was  opened  in April  of this year,  and  is  of attractive  design and well  equipped,
costing  altogether (with furnishings) 900. It is  open from 10am to  9.30pm. Concerts  are  arranged
weekly.. There  are  lantern  and  other lectures,  and the Red Triangle  Library of 500  volumes. Huge

quantities of writing paper, envelopes and postcards are given away, as well as ink, pens and blotting
paper.
Too  much  cannot  be  said  about  the  devotion  and  self-sacrifice  of  the  voluntary  lady  and  other

 
 

helpers, who under the able direction of Miss Nellie Pells for Worlingham, and Miss Julia Pells for
the Common, are responsible for the counter and kitchen duties.
Worlingham: Average number of men in the camp: 650. number of letters written: 61, 552; number

 
 

of postal orders cashed 4874.
The Common Marquee: average number of men: 700. Number of letters: 38,454.
The work begun on the Common under Mr & Mrs Benns, assisted by Miss Julia Pells & Mr Womac

 
 

 
 

Brooks is being continued in the Public Hall.
CEREMONIAL PARADE to present the Military Cross awarded to Lieut William S Field, who has
since been killed in action,  to his father, Mr WS Field, in New Market. The Glamorgan Yeomanry,

1917
East Suff Gaz 20 Nov 

the  2/1  Lovat  Scouts & the Beccles Cadets were on parade. The medal was handed to Mr Field by
Brigadier General Lee
[see details of his experiences 17 July 1917]

 
1917

 
East Suff Gaz 27 Nov 

DEATH OF MR WC KNIGHT CLOWES, MA, JP:  Eldest son  of George & Mary Clowes, Born
1838, Eton & Christchurch, Oxford. Joined the printing firm in which his father was a partner. In the

early years of the Volunteers he raised and captained a Company of his firm’s employees. With his
father  he  helped  to  establish  “The  Law  Reports”.  He  was  connected  also  with  the  publishing  of

“Hymns  Ancient  and  Modern”  since  its  first  issue.  He  was  founder  and  first  Chairman  of  the
“London  Master  Printers’  Association.  He  was  Master  of  the  Stationers’  Company  in  1909.  Mr

Clowes founded Clowes and Clowes at Beccles with his cousin, William Clowes, junior, and when
the businesses were amalgamated in 1880 he was appointed Chairman, until 1915. He was one of the
oldest members of the Athenaeum & Oxford & Cambridge clubs and a Fellow of the Royal Society

of Arts. He was a man of strong personality, and of a notably genial and courteous manner.
FIRST SNOW OF WINTER. A thick carpet of snow covered the ground on Sunday night.
PROMOTION: Sergt P Garnham of the 4th Gloucesters to be 2nd Lieut in that Regiment. Previous to

1917
1917

East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 

the war he was an assistant at the Beccles Boys’ Council School under Mr JS Palmer, and at the time
of the outbreak of war a student at St Luke’s Training College, Exeter.
BECCLES TOWN WAR  SAVINGS ASSOCIATION to be  formed. At present only a tenth of the

1917
East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 

people of Beccles were paying into War Savings.
WAR TIME GARDENING: Meeting of the Committee. Prizes given for the best gardens. Spraying
of potatoes been finished.

1917
East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 
1917
East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 

URBAN  SANITARY  AUTHORITY:  Deputy-Inspector  visited  premises  in  New  Market  [No  20]
occupied by Mrs Mobbs, which were reported overrun with rats. The drain to be disconnected to the
sewer.

1917
East Suff Gaz 207 Nov 

CASUALTY  LIST: Mr W Barnard,  46 Fairclose Road  notified  of the  death  of  his son  in  action,
Lance  Corporal  Stanley  Barnard  of  the  Suffolk  Regt.  He  had  just  had  his  21st  birthday.  Before
mobilisation he was in the machine department of the Caxton Works. He was a member of the Parish

Church Choir, solo  chorister  for two or three years,  and  in 1909  and  1910 won  first prize for solo
singing in the annual competitions in East Suffolk.

 
 

Mr & Mrs G Holland  lost their youngest son, Private Francis Holland  in  action  aged  25. He was  a
market gardener at Blundeston before he joined up in March 1917 and went out to Egypt in July with

the Northamptons
DRILL HALL: The  Lovat  Scouts seem to  have obtained the Drill Hall by dubious means from the

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Dec 

Suffolk Territorial Association.
MARRIAGE  OF  Rev  WS  ANDREW,  senior  Curate  of  Beccles,  with  Gladys  Barnard  Smith,
daughter of Rev BG Barnard Smith, of the Uplands, Carlton Colville, Rector of North Cove. He was

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Dec 

given 103 by parishioners as a mark of appreciation.
WAR AGRICULTURE. Concerned with getting workers exempted from military service, or obtain
soldier labour for farming.

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Dec 
1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Dec 
ACCIDENT: A lad Clark found a detonator on the Common, took it home to Peddars Lane, showing
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
21

it to a soldier billeted on them, when it exploded and blew off two of his fingers.
CURATES  LEAVING: Rev  WS Andrew to  get  a Commission  as  a Chaplain to the  Forces. He is

1917
East Suff Gaz 4 Dec 

sorry to  leave Beccles  after  a stay of six  and  a  half years. Rev  P  Higham  is  returning to his old
school, Clifton College to work as Assistant Chaplain.

1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Dec 

BANKRUPTCY:  William  Hawes,  started  trading  in  1887,  value  of  business  57.  In  1904  he
purchased property for 730. [He sold it in 1917 for 700] Had a mortgage of 650.

1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Dec 

POLICE COURT: Charges of assault preferred by Harriet Oxborough against Maria Knights, Emma
Beales  against  Ethel  Rayner  and  Ethel  Rayner  against  Emma  Beales  The  volubility  and  counter
charges  of  the  women  made  things.  exceptionally  lively  in  Court.  Someone  made  provocative

remarks about Mrs Beales’ brother and her children when the women came out of or were near the
fish shop in Ravensmere. There were high words and a general scrimmage, during which the women
rolled over each other, and dealt out blows as opportunity offered.

 
 

Mrs Beales asserted that Mrs Rayner seized her hat and pulled it to pieces, and that three women got
on top  of her when she was thrown to the  ground. Two witnesses were called  by Mrs Oxborough.
They said Mrs Beales started on Mrs Rayner and struck the first blow. She denied having struck Mrs

Beales herself.
The Bench dismissed all three cases. The Mayor said they should help their husbands by keeping the
peace, when they were away fighting their country’s battles.

 
 
 
 

[William Beales lived at 56 Northgate; William Rayner 10 Shaws Yard;  Daniel Knights lived at 21
Old Mill Terrace;  Frank Oxborough lived at 64 Blyburgate  or  James Oxborough at 22 Old Mill
Terrace.]

1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Dec 

STOLEN  MONEY:  Rowland  Meadows,  aged  13  charged  with  stealing  2  10s  from  Edith  Last,
milliner in the employment of Mr JC Macbeth.  The boy was employed as an errand boy. He took a
purse from Miss Last’s  drawer in the workroom and hid it under a brick in the White Lion Yard. He

went to Lowestoft by train with two other boys who he met at the Public Hall corner  They also went
to Yarmouth and bought apples, sweets, cockles, mussels and cigarettes. He was put on probation for

a year, on condition that he be home at night at 8 o’clock and that he attend Sunday School regularly.
SALE  OF  FURNITURE:  New  Market:  White  Horse  Inn.  Mr  LM  Woolnough  (who  declines  the

1917
East Suff Gaz 11 Dec 

business)
CHRISTMAS CHEER: While the duty of practising strict  economy is being preached  everywhere,

1917
East Suff Gaz 18 Dec 

householders  are  finding  it is being  enforced, willy-nilly, by  limited supplies  of  foodstuffs, which
make the business of shopping very trying, for necessary articles are all very scarce and dear. Even
the  Christmas  plum  pudding  is  threatened,  not  because  the  housewife  would  willingly  forego  its

preparation, together with the Christmas  cake  and mincepies so reminiscent  of the season,  but for
sheer lack of material to make them. Raisins in small quantities only are to be had at 2s 4d per lb if
the  customer  is  fortunate;  but  currants  and  sultanas  are  practically  taboo.  Butter  is  2s  6d  per  lb,

margarine 1s 4d;  cheese  1s 6d, hams  2s,  bacon  2s 6d, sugar  6d, tea  3s,  coffee 2s,  eggs  4d  each,
oranges (practically off the map) 4d each. Turkeys are 2s 6d per lb, chickens 2s. The traders in the
town  are  doing  their  best.  Indeed  the  drapery  and  fancy  shop  fronts  are  displaying  a  marvellous

variety and assortment of goods considering the fact that this is the fourth year of a world-wide war.
PROMOTION: Thomas Turner, assistant master at the National School, late of 28 Station Road, to
be 2nd Lieut in the Bedfordshire Regt

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Dec 
1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Dec 

CONGRATULATIONS  to  Mrs  Matilda   Stanford,   of  Ravensmere  House,  the  oldest  &  much
esteemed resident in the borough, attained her 99th birthday on Tuesday.
WATERWORKS COMPANY There are now 1618 houses supplied by the company. Mr TH Pearce

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Dec 

was Chairman
MEATLESS DAYS The Food Controller decrees that on one day a week no meat to be sold raw or
cooked

1917
East Suff Gaz 25 Dec 
1918

ECONOMISE  FOODSTUFFS!:  “The  harvests  of  the  world  will  not  meet  the  requirements  of
ourselves and  our Allies  during the next twelve  months  unless  our present  rate  of  consumption is

East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

materially  reduced.  The  need  for  the  strictest  economy  is   intensified   by  the  steps  which  the
Government have taken  by reducing prices  of  essential  foodstuffs. Unless these plain  facts  can  be

brought home promptly to every household, the coming winter will be a time of the gravest anxiety. I
see  no  alternative  between  a  rigid  economy  voluntarily  effected    and  a  compulsory  system  of

rationing.” Lord Rhonda, Food Controller [repeat of announcement on  October 13th, 1917]
NOTICE:   EAST  SUFFOLK  GAZETTE:  Owing  to  the   greatly   augmented   cost  of  paper   and
production we  are obliged to  increase the price of  our paper to Twopence  from  and  including our

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

issue  of  January  8th,  1918.  We  trust  to  have  the  continued  support  of  our  readers.[was  Three
Halfpence]
THIS YEAR’S END: Two events alone would suffice to make the year through which we have just

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 
lived one of the most striking of the last two thousand years - the Russian Revolution and the entry of
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
22

America to the Great War. Which is the greater of these who shall say? The Russian Revolution has
hitherto  given  us  little  but  “red  ruin  and  the  breaking  of  laws.”  But  the  most  appalling  political

tyranny in the world has fallen, and much  will depend on what ultimately takes its place. America’s
tradition of isolation from the affairs of Europe has been broken down. War, the great divider of men,

is also a great uniter. 
PROMOTION: Sergeant FH Barton of the London Regiment , has been gazetted a 2nd Lieutenant in

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

the 6th Fuseliers. He was recommended for a commission for good work in the field in France.
DIAMOND  WEDDING:  Mr  &  Mrs  J  Ellwood  of  1a  Caxton  Road  celebrated  their  Diamond
Wedding on Christmas Day. They have twelve  grandsons fighting in the War; ten  in the army and

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

two in the Navy.
APPOINTMENT:  Cadet  CE  Pells,  No  15  Officers’  Cadet  Battalion,  a  2nd  Lieut  in  the  Special
Reserve of Officers, and posted to the 3rd Battalion Devonshire Regiment.

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 
1918

SALE OF ONIONS: The Food Controller  has made an order limiting the retail price of home-grown
onions  to  3d  per  lb.,  and  prohibiting  the  retail  sale  of  more  than  7lbs  in  any  one  week  to  any
purchaser, household, institution or catering business. Sales by wholesale may only be made for the

East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

purpose of resale in the raw state and to regular dealers or retailers.
HOME KILLED BEEF PRICES. The Food Controller has authorised the addition of a half-penny per
lb. to the maximum wholesale home-killed beef prices. No cattle may be bought for slaughter except

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

at markets, and provision is made for grading the cattle at certain fixed prices payable to he farmer.
A MISSING  LADY  Mrs  Wilson,  of  Quilter  Road,  Felixstowe,  on  a  visit  and  intending  to  spend
Christmas  with  her  sister  Miss  Pells,  The  Walk,  has  been  missing  since  the  evening  of  the  21st

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

December. The discovery of her furs and gloves on the edge of the river led to the fear of drowning.
Search has been made, but up to the present without avail.
MENTIONED FOR GALLANT SERVICE on the Western Front in Sir Douglas Haig’s dispatch is

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

Lieutenant (temporary Captain) FC Mower, RFA. This officer is well known in Beccles, having prior
to the war held the post of Drill Instructor to the Beccles Battery and also Brigade Sergeant-Major of

the 3rd East Anglian (Howitzer) Brigade, RFA
WHITE CHRISTMAS for the first time for several years. On Boxing Day  there was a thick carpet of

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

snow, but it did not prevent a charitable farcical football match being carried through on a meadow
near London Road, between munition lady workers and a team drawn from the RAMC, who played

in  skirts,  while  the  ladies  assumed  more  convenient  football  attire  for  the  occasion.  There  was  a
crowd of people, who derived much amusement from the display..
FOOD COMMITTEE H Copeman, WWT Youngman &  W Woolner represented the butchers. The

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

grading of cattle is fixed by the Food Controller, but butchers are unable to purchase at remunerative
prices and were  opposed to any reduction in the present scale. Application for registration of retail
sales of bacon, ham and lard and also of sugar were dealt with.

 
1918

 

One firm had 50 customers who had not signed the new forms for sugar and had to do with no sugar.
THE PARISH CHURCH bells were rung at intervals on Christmas Day, the peals sounding the more
pleasantly to the ear after the long silence which war-time conditions impose. Carols were sung in the

East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

afternoon. The decorations were of the scantiest.
SUDDEN DEATH of Alice Hurren employed in the bindery department of the Caxton Press for 44
years. She lived with her mother in Newgate.

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 
1918

Rev P HIGHAM LEAVING, after 6 years as curate, most of the time in charge of the Ingate district,
with its Mission Church. Taking up post as chaplain and assistant master and house tutor at his old
school Clifton College. Mr JS Palmer & Mr C Watson  gave presents from the  congregation. Their

East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

present  gathering  had been  arranged by Miss Betts. Mr FT Peachey, Co-secretary of the Gleaners
Club also gave a present.
LOCAL  HONOUR  for  Roger  C  Dent,  scholar  of  Felsted  School,  formerly  of  the  Fauconberge

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

School, open scholarship of 100 a year to Hertford College, Oxford.
CHOIR OF LEAGUE OF HONOUR conducted by Miss Champion gave Carol Concert, raised 4 for

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

Dunnstan’s Home for Blinded Soldiers.
CASUALTY  LIST:  Ernest  Robert  Branford,  of  the  London  Royal  Engineers  son  of    James  S

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

Branford, reported missing in August was killed in France on 31 July 1917.
Mr & Mrs Shiplee, New Market,  youngest son Private James Shiplee, of Suffolk Regt attached to /4

 
 

Royal  Berks,  died  of  wounds  in  France  6  Dec  aged  21.  Before  being  called  up  in  August  1914
employed by Mr Frost, the painter. This is their second son killed in the War
GRAND EVENING CONCERT in Congregational Schoolroom, kindly lent by Major Mowatt of the

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 

RAMC. The largest available building in the town at the present time. Three singers of “Queen’s Hall
Concerts”.
A SHOCKING INCIDENT. Such a sight as I witnessed on the night of Sunday 23v December ought

1918
East Suff Gaz 1 Jan 
never to be allowed to recur. On a certain road, in a length of less than a quarter of a mile, and within
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
23

ten minutes, no less than eight drunken soldiers passed along, all of them so intoxicated that they had
to be supported by their comrades on either side. Now I say nothing of the outrage to public decency

in such a spectacle on a Sunday or any other night. there were others on the road , and I heard one
lady  exclaim “What  an  awful thing! They  are mere boys,  and their  mothers  anxiously praying for

them  at  home!”  Evidently  better  supervision  of  public  houses  is  needed.  Where  are  the  military
police,  the  regular  police,  the  Army  officers,  and  above  all  the  publicans,  that  such  things  can

happen?
WANTED GENERAL SERVANT by Mrs TJ Self, 14, Frederick’s Road.
PRICE OF MILK by order  of the Local Food Controller increased to 7d a quart. Sugar ration to be

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 

half a pound a week.
LOCAL  HONOUR  Lieut  (now  Capt)  Roland  Charles  Bolingbroke  DCM,  Suffolk  Regt  awarded
Military Cross. He was wounded in the shoulder at the time of winning this distinction..

1918
East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
1918

LONGEVITY. Death of Miss Tufnell, of Endbourne House aged 89. Her neighbours in Saltgate are
Mr R Norman aged 88 & Mr D Merrell 77.
THE NEW YEAR: In the New Market as the passing of the old year into the new approached, a large

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
1918
East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 

crowd  of people  assembled as aforetime, and the birth of the new year which it is  fervently hoped
may bring peace to sorely tried nations was welcomed with  cheers, while the pipers piped  cheerily
and good wishes were exchanged.

1918

DERELICT LAND  3,000 acres between Saxmundam & Beccles, would cost 15 an acre to bring it
into  cultivation.  It  once  let  at  44s  an  acre,  good  corn  crops  grown  on  it.  County  Agricultural
committee suggested Nationalisation of the land.

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
1918

PENAL SERVITUDE for three years for George Mead, aged 46, obtaining money by false pretences
at Beccles. Since 1892 constant course of crime, stealing, fraud, false pretences etc. Numerous times
in prison.

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
1918

CASUALTY LIST: Mrs J Forder, 9 Pound Road told her husband Corp J Forder was missing. Had
letter from him as prisoner of war at Munster., Westphalia

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
 
 

Mrs Samuel Norman informed that her youngest son, Private Reginald Norman, the Welch Regiment,
died at a stationary hospital in Egypt on Jan 3. He was severely wounded in the neck & spine on 28

Dec. He was a brother of Inspector Norman, formerly of Beccles, now of Aldeburgh. He had been in
Egypt nearly 2 years and was twice wounded

1918

FOOD CONTROL COMMITTEE. Proposed by AH Pye a scheme of rationing introduced for butter,
margarine, tea and cheese, each householder given a card for use at one retailer only, of their choice
LICENCES: The White Horse, New Market, to George Sharman; The Bear & Bells, Old Market, to

East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 
1918
East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 

Horace Broughton of Kirkley
GREAT DEEDS BY NORFOLKS  AND SUFFOLKS. A graphic story of the part played by the East
Anglian Troops in the fighting that preceded the fall of Jerusalem is told by a staff officer who has

1918
East Suff Gaz 8 Jan 

just reached London with despatches after an exciting journey by rail, camel, aeroplane, steamer and
submarine.
“Some of the most brilliant fighting of the operations which brought about the fall of Jerusalem was

 
 

done by the  East Anglians. After the success of the second battle  of Gaza  our line moved forward
steadily  until  it  was  brought  to  a  standstill  by  superior  enemy  forces.  The  enemy  then  attempted
heavy counter-attacks, and made some headway until they came up against the Norfolks, who were

holding a vital line which had just been consolidated. The enemy delivered a furious attack, hurling
four separate battalions against the one of the Norfolks. A particularly fierce action developed, in the
course of which the Norfolks had to withstand five successive attacks, two of which resulted in hand

to hand fighting of the most desperate description.
The  Turks  fought  their  way  into  our  trenches,  and  refused  to  be  driven  out.  They  held  on  with
wonderful tenacity, and several Companies had to be shot down to a man, because they would neither

 
 

run  nor surrender. Very soon the position  immediately  around  us was like  an  upturned  graveyard,
with the dead bodies littered about in heaps. Every second live men were running up, coming against

our fire and toppling down to add to the heaps of dead.
“In  spite  of  their  terrible  losses  the  Turks  kept  pouring  in  fresh  troops,  and  by  the  afternoon  the

 
 

outlook was exceedingly serious. The battalion of Norfolks was all but hemmed in, and the one line
by which retreat was possible if the worst happened, was swept by the  enemy  guns, and they were

also  moving up machine-gun teams to  harass  us  as well. To ease the pressure on the Norfolks, the
Suffolks were ordered forward, and they made their attack at a point where the enemy were develop-
ing their enveloping movement. The Suffolks moved steadily forward under a hail of bullets, giving

the impression of troops manoeuvring in the training camps at home. As they moved forward three
squadrons of Turkish cavalry came to the attack at the gallop. They were on the Suffolks before the
latter  knew  fully  what  was  happening,  but  the  battalion  quickly  formed  square  in  the  good  old

English fashion, and in that formation met the fierce onset of the enemy horsemen, and many saddles
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
24

were emptied among the oncoming horsemen.
Some of the horses took fright, reared back, wheeled round and rode off, spreading confusion among

 
 

the  ranks  of those  coming  after. That broke the  full force  of the impact when the  opposing forces
came  together,  but  some  of  the  Turkish  horsemen  were  plucky  fellows,  and  they  actually  hurled

themselves and their horses on the upraised bayonets of our men.
“The mere advance of the Suffolks had eased the pressure on the Norfolks, and the latter were now

 
 

able to make a diversion in favour of the Suffolks. Swinging smartly to the left under very heavy fire
they flung back the enemy forces massing behind the cavalry to hold up the Suffolks, and before the
enemy could recover from this setback the Norfolks were on them again. The Suffolks advanced at

the  same  time,  both  battalions  making  good  for  a  considerable  distance  and  carrying  successive
positions of great strength.
No sooner were these gained than the enemy counter-attacked, but so well did the two East Anglian

 
 

battalions work together that they beat back all attacks, and gradually levered their way through until
they were well  astride of the  main road to Jerusalem. Once the  East Anglians  reached that point it
was a comparatively simple matter for our men to work forward until all the hills encircling the Holy

City were in our hands, and the fall of Jerusalem was only a matter of time.
‘General Allenby personally thanked the East Anglians for their work, and in recognition of it they
were given the post of honour when the city was entered later.”

 
 
1918

CASUALTY  LIST Atificer-Electrician  E Fryer Jones  of the Army  Service Corps  killed. Formerly
employed as electrical engineer at the Caxton Works
LABOUR REPRESENTATION: A meeting convened by the Lowestoft & District Trades & Labour

East Suff Gaz 15 Jan 
1918
East Suff Gaz 15 Jan 

Council to agree to adopt a Labour candidate for North Suffolk. and to adopt candidates for the town
council.
MINISTRY  OF  MUNITIONS  Free  Training  for  Munitions  Workers  (men  &  women)  at  Leiston

1918
East Suff Gaz 15 Jan 

Secondary  School.  in  Machine  &  Bench  Work  to  women  (ages  18  to  35)  &  men  ineligible  for
Service, who undertake to enter Munition Factories on completion of training. The Course is for six

weeks, during which a maintenance allowance is paid.
WINTRY WEATHER  The coldest days of the year, with snow that had drifted a foot deep.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 15 Jan 

FOOD CONTROL COMMITTEE: Butchers only able to buy 6 beasts this week compared to 10 last
week.  Ministry  of  Food  instructed  that  butchers  must  have  certificate  to  purchase  half  what  they

East Suff Gaz 15 Jan 

purchased in October 1917 and no more.
Application approved for two bakers to purchase potatoes for use in bread.
MILK SELLERS TO BE LICENSED

 
1918

 
East Suff Gaz 22 Jan 
1918

CASUALTY LIST Mr & Mrs Samuel West, 27 Newgate, received letter from their son, Private John
West, Norfolk Regt, saying he has been wounded in the face & is a prisoner of war in Germany.
LOCAL HONOUR: In General Allenby’s list of “mentions” was the name of Major (temporary Lieut

East Suff Gaz 22 Jan 
1918
East Suff Gaz 22 Jan 

Col) C Wood Hill, British West Indies Reserve.
FOUND  DEAD:  Mr  Charles  Elvin,  retired  engine  driver,  aged  67,  found  dead  in  his  house,  11
Shaw’s Yard, Ravensmere. He lived alone.

1918
East Suff Gaz 22 Jan 
1918

PUBLIC MEALS ORDER applicable to boarding houses and hotels. Two meatless days, no poultry
or game to be served in any public eating place. No meat between 5am & 10.30 am any day. No milk
to be served as a drink, except in tea or coffee and to children under 10.

East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 
1918

THE VOLUNTEERS will be called out for actual military service in the event of imminent invasion,
and very little notice will be practicable
EXPENSIVE INMATE Recently died at Shipmeadow Union House an old lady who was admitted to

East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 
1918
East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 

the Workhouse in 1856. Prior to 1856 she had been an occasional inmate.
OLD SOCKS The Beccles Volunteer Organisation has received a requisition for a  large  number of
thumbless mittens for soldiers with directions for making them out of old socks, also for converting

1918
East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 

cycling, golfing & shooting stockings with worn feet for hospital use.
DEATH AFTER ACTIVE  SERVICE  Seaman Kenneth Gower,  aged  21,  eldest  son  of Mr & Mrs

1918
East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 

Carlton Gower of Blyburgate. Taken ill and came home in ambulance 7 weeks ago.
A LABOUR COUNCIL held, AH Pye (typographical Association) elected President. Representatives

1918
East Suff Gaz 29 Jan 

of 700 Beccles Trade Union Workers present.
MARMALADE & JAM PRICES FIXED

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 

CASUALTY LIST Mr J Girling, 35 Puddingmoor notified that his son Private FW Girling of Notts &
Derbyshire Regt has been wounded & in hospital at Dannes, Camiero.
RESCUE ATTEMPT BY BECCLES  LADY. Miss Rix, daughter  of Mr FS Rix was  cycling  along

East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 
1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 

Riverside Road, Norwich, saw an 11 year old  boy in difficulties in the water, swam out twice fully
clothed to try to rescue him. He drowned. She was highly praised by the coroner.
NEW CURATE: Rev WE Duxson arriving soon.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 
PARISH QUOTA for St Michael’s is 60.
East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
25
1918

SALE OF TIMBER on island on the Common for 495 to Messrs Darby. 83 oaks, 17 felled pieces of
elm and poplar, 24 standing pollards on the Avenue & 2 ash

East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 

1918
1918

MILITARY MEDAL to Private BA Curtis, Norfolk Regt 
MILITARY MEDALISTS.—Writing to Mr. J.  S. of Palmer, from Palestine,  under date December  

 
 
East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 5 Feb 

25, 1917, Gunner F. L. Finch gives some interesting personal experiences. “After weeks and weeks of
stiff preparation we carried the Turks’ first line of trenches and a few days later he ‘imshied,’ or ran

away.
Our particular piece of his line was El Arish Redoubt, and I met Sergt. Freeman there. He was merry
and  bright, but had a bad cold. I had the opportunity of looking through Gaza. The Turk had taken

 
 

practically  all  the  wood—doors,  &c.—for  his  trenches,  and  the  houses  and  streets  were  we  very
dilapidated. Of course the natives had left months ago, and we met families going  back again on our
forward march.

 
 

We made good progress after the Turk, and were again in action on November 24th, only a few miles
from Jaffa. We had several tough days fighting here, and then moved further right to a new position.  
We  attacked  again  on December  15th,  and  I   again  met  Sergt.  Freeman. He  received the Military

Medal for good work at Gaza, and I am pleased to say I also have won the Military Medal for being
useful in establishing communications under fire on December 15th.
We pushed still further on December 22nd, and the Turk did not wait for us, and so we are enjoying a

 
 

Christmas at rest. We are at present established in a barn in a lovely orange grove, so we are not short
of oranges. The weather has been  particularly vile this last six weeks. Very cold nights and four or
five days’ rain on end.

 
 

This is the first time  I have slept under a  roof since August. Our line of communications being so
long we are cut very short in rations. Our Christmas dinner consisted of three quarters of a tin of bully
beef and one biscuit! We are truly thankful for the oranges, as they fill up many a gap.

 
 

We are about two miles from a village, and marched there this morning for a church parade and Holy
Communion, which was very nice indeed. One can buy bread, or brown bread, off the Jews for 2s.,

2s. 6d., and 3s. a loaf, according to size, and a species of  cake, almost black, at 1s. per lb. Honey is
3s. a teacupful, so you see we suffer from the profiteers out here.

 
 

We have not received mail for weeks, and parcels are being hung up  till such time as the A.S.C. can
get them up here Our last newspapers were dated the beginning of November, so we are not very well

up in the happenings elsewhere. When is the war going to end ‘? I hope we shall be all home before
another Christmas, and  get back to  civilisation once more. I don’t expect I shall know many of the
boys at school now, but should like to wish them a happy and successful new year.

1918
 

SALE: 25 February 1902:  Mrs Elizabeth Tilney & Mr Harry Tilney
LOT 1: Block of Brick & glazed tile Houses with plaster fronts: ‘Gresham House’: Two large front
Sitting Rooms, cloak room, Kitchen, Scullery, Pantry, four good Bedrooms, three Attics, Bath Room  

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 
 

[Smallgate 6] and
Dwelling House: two Living Rooms, Scullery, two bedrooms with passage under. [Smallgate 6a]
and on north side: in same style, Dwelling House & Shop, Kitchen, three Bedrooms.

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

The whole having a frontage of 66ft to Smallgate.  
Occupied as two tenements, Comprised a dwelling house on the south side, and a dwelling house and  
shop on the north side.  [Withdrawn at 400]

Rent 54   
 
[Smallgate 8]

 
 
 

 
 
 

LOT 2: Well built brick and tile Double Residence Nos 18 & 20 Smallgate:
No 18: Front Sitting Room, Back Sitting Room, Kitchen, Pantry, Cellar, four Bedrooms
No 20: Two Front Sitting Rooms, Back Room with small Conservatory adjoining,  Scullery, Cellar,

four Bedrooms; Yard with brick and tile stable & brick corrugated iron Lean-to, Poultry House.
Frontage of 53ft. Rent 33.
[ Sold to Mr GM Riches for the Co-Operative Society which the property adjoins for 525]

 
 

 
 

1918
 

SALE :21  QUEEN’S ROAD by Executors of  Miss Elizabeth Friston
A brick, stone and slated Modern Dwelling House, containing six rooms. Freehold

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 

 
 

 
 

Built by Miss Friston for her residence in 1898 called Harleston Cottage.
[Purchased by Mr F Brown 255]

 
 

 
1918

A poultry house in the Garden was sold to Mr Hopson for 60s.
MAN HONOURED  Captain Albert Colin Darby, son of the late Albert Darby & Mrs Darby awarded

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 

Military Cross for conspicuous gallantry and resource during operations which led to the capture of
the “Khurweiljeh Heights” in Palestine.
DEATH of Mr JA Wilkinson, aged 22, son of Mr & Mrs John Quinton Wilkinson of Ashman’s Road.

1918
East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 

In  delicate  health for  9 years was in office of  Elliott & Garrood. Went to  London  for operation  at
Guy’s Hospital & died.
CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs J Clark of 8 Station Road notified of the death of their son, Sergt DA

1918
East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 
Clark of the Suffolk Regt killed on 17 April, 1917. Had been employed in the clothing department of
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
26

the Co-Op before the War.
THE BUNGAY MILLIONAIRE.

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 
 

As no one else has replied to the letter “A Bungay Millionaire,” and as I had the pleasure of knowing
intimately an old lady who had known Matthias Kerrison in her youth, perhaps the following account

may prove of interest.
“Old  Matt”  Kerrison,  as  he  was  always  familiarly  called,  was  a  person  of  great  character  and

 
 

individuality. Burke’s Peerage  1848  describes him  as “of Hoxne Hall,”  but I  do  not think  he  ever
lived anywhere except at his residence at Bungay Staithe, called “the Staithe House,” and now pulled
down.

 
 

He is said to have begun life as a cooper, and carried on his business at Bungay Staithe, and one story
goes  that  when  his  grandson,  Sir  Edward  Kerrison,  was  visiting  Bungay,  some  man  came  and
presented him with a small cask which he said his grandfather had made.

 
 

“Old Matt” may have had “other children,” but I never heard of any but his only son, Edward, later
General Sir Edward Kerrison, K.G.B., of whom it was said, his father tried to induce him to follow
his own trade, &e., but the military instinct was too strong and the young man left home and enlisted

in the Army. No one was more angry than his father at the time, but no one was prouder later on of
his son’s well-earned rank and honours. He bought largely in landed property, and all with a view to
making this beloved son a large landowner, and there is a story that he made his son ascend one day

the steeple of a church (probably Hoxne) with  him, and pointing to the country round, he said, “It’s
all yours, hey, it’s all yours!”
General  Sir  Edward Kerrison  had  one son,  another  Sir  Edward, who  died without issue,  and three

 
 

daughters  who  married  respectively  Lord  Henniker,  Lord  Mahon,  and  Lord  Bateman.    The  third
daughter, Lady Bateman, is still alive, happily, and inherited much of her brother’s landed property.
The Kerrison family have not, however, owned any property at Bungay for many years past. There is

a tablet to  “Matthias Kerrison and Mary his wife” on the north wall of Holy Trinity, Bungay, which
states they are  buried beneath.

 
 

Mat Kerrison was not indebted to any “schooling” for his success in life, and perhaps there is still in
existence the account book, in which he was expected to keep an the accounts of disbursements for a

charity, but  all the statement he presented was, “I  gov  all this away and a lot more out of my own
pocket “ and so well known was he, that no one complained or grumbled at this.

 
 

In these days Bungay Fair was a fashionable thing, and people came to attend it for miles round, and  
“Old Matt” used to  keep  open house and have large parties  of  his friends;  but he still  clung to the
customs  of  his youth,  and when  a  large  and fashionable party were sitting  round the  dinner table

waiting  for something to  drink, the  host  called  out  audibly to his old  man  servant, “Beer  ‘em  all
round, bor, beer ‘em all round.” He had a keen eye for beauty, and at one of these parties for Bungay
Fair, a  very pretty girl was  among the  guests. The old  gentleman  eyed her with much  interest, and

finally asked her to allow him to show her the prettiest thing he had in his house.”
The young  lady of course  consented,  and to her surprise was led  up to a looking-glass,  and he told
her, her own fair reflection was this “ prettiest thing,’’ and promptly (in the fashion of the day) gave

 
 

her  a kiss, and she, while  appreciating the compliment, resented the latter,  and  I believe boxed  his
ears, or tried to.
Another story tells how one of his great aversions was Mr. Sparrow, of Worlingham hall, and on one

 
 

occasion they met at a public dinner,  and  as was then the  custom the  guests were asked in turn to
propose a toast. When it came to “Old Matt’s “ turn, he announced, “ Gentlemen, I  give you a toast
we’ll  all  drink,  “Mair  corn  and  fewer  Sparrows,”  looking  hard  at  Mr.  Sparrow,  meanwhile.  His

aversion was so well known that the toast was received with roars of laughter, and no one is said to
have appreciated the joke more than did Mr. Sparrow.
I cannot say I ever heard how “Old Matt” amassed his large fortune, bet he was a shrewd and clever

 
 

man,  and  no doubt the Napoleonic  and Peninsular  Wars  gave  opportunities which he was quick to
take advantage of; but there was never any suspicion of unfair dealing attached to his name, and his

wealth  was   always   considered  fairly   and  honestly   earned,   and   his   charities  were  said  to   be
extensive.What better report could any man leave behind him?

 
1918

 

Yours, &c A lover of Old Bungay
KELTIC PLACE NAMES IN GELDESTON by J Chambers & 19 Feb

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 
1918

BECCLES  SOLDIERS IN PALESTINE. A JEWISH COLONY. Writing from Palestine, a Beccles
soldier refers to a visit by Turkish aeroplanes, dropping bombs, and adds that the day aftertwenty-five
of ours went over and dropped a few “for luck.” We don’t stay anywhere long now (in December),

East Suff Gaz 12 Feb 

we are backwards and forwards all round Jaffa. I should like you to see the orange groves out here,
and  also  to  taste  them  fresh  plucked  from  the  trees—altogether  different  to  those  you  get  it  in
England.

 
 
Jaffa looks a lovely place at a distance, but like all other places in the East it is all outside show. We
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
27

have had some more bad weather, and since I last wrote we have had another go at the Turks, or at
least the artillery have, and the Turks had enough of it. They re cleared out and went back 30 miles.

Even our aeroplanes lost them—we could not follow them quick enough. So we went to a range of
hills and stayed there. The Turks came back about 20 miles, when they found we were not following  

them  up.  Well,  we  went  to  a  village—Petach  Tikwah,  meaning  in  Hebrew”  The  Gate  of  Hope”,
where we had a great surprise, as it turned out to be a Jewish colony.

 
 

When the people knew we were coming they dressed  up in their best  clothes, lined the streets, and  
gave us a very hearty welcome. Nearly all the men could speak English, and a lot of the women and
children too. We  stopped  in the  centre  of the  village,  near the pumping  - station,  and soon  had  a

crowd round us. You should  have seen the fashions. There were hobble skirts  and all sorts of hats,
starched collars, silk ties, serge suits, black end brown boots, furs, muffs, and umbrellas—and all the
people were eager for news about the war. I gave an old man an old copy of the Times, and he soon

had  a  crowd pressing  around  him while  a  he read to them. They were all  greatly  relieved to  find
Russia and Italy had not got a separate peace, and that England was not invaded.
The German officers with the Turks had told them all sorts of tales. The village folks said the Turks

 
 

had treated them badly, going into their houses and taking anything they fancied; things that were no
good to them they smashed. The people seemed a bit nervous of us, so we asked them what they were
afraid of. They replied that they were  afraid we should take  all the food, as they had been told we

were starving. Of course we told them different, and our looks must soon have undeceived them.
We had had a few days rough, and when we got there we found plenty of water, &e., so we shaved
and washed, &c., tea was made. A lot of the people seemed to be knocking their heads together about

 
 

something, some were crying, and all were excited over something, so we (that is myself and another
corporal) asked the interpreter whet was wrong. He said they were crying because they were pleased
we had come.

 
 

When the Turks entered their colony the first thing they did was to go into the houses and demand
bread. When that was given they wanted tobacco, and then wine; and they took whatever they fancied

and went  off. But, he  added, when you  come you shake hands with us, salute  our women, wash
yourselves and ask us where you can buy tobacco. We had not had a smoke for about a fortnight, and

everyone was asking about cigarettes and tobacco.
It was Saturday when we marched in, and that is the Jews Sunday, on which day they neither sell nor

 
 

buy;  but  they  gave  us  tobacco  and  cigarette  papers.  Then  we  had  a  walk  round  the  village,  and
everyone  had  something  to  say  to  us,  if  it  was  only  “good  morning.”  The  -  Jewish  greeting  is”
Shalom,” and means “Peace be with you.” One old boy called us into his house, and brought out wine

for us to drink with him. They  grow a  lot of  grapes  and squeeze  out the  juice,  sweetening  it with
honey. They have had no sugar for two years;  but use  honey  and some  jam  stuff they make from
crushed raisins. At another house we had tea in glasses without milk, sweetened with raisin jam. Next

day the shops  opened,  and we were  able to  buy   a variety of  articles. We were put  into  an  empty
house, and a good job for us, for it did not half rain. The rain made the roads so bad that we had to go
on emergency rations. On Christmas day we had a glorious dinner of  “bully” and biscuits. But we

did not stop there long. We are now at an Arab village.
All this country is covered with deep wadis, and when it rains they get full of water which rush along
like mad. In one the water rose

 
 
1918
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 

DROWNED: Body of Mrs Elizabeth Agnes Wilson, aged 68, widow of Frederick Wilson, formerly
of the Old Abbey Farm, Leiston and 14 Quilter Road, Felixstowe. Mr Nathaniel Pells, retired miller
of The Hollies, Frederick’s Road identified the  body  of  his  sister.  She  came to stay with  him  on

November 26th 1917 and stayed until 10th of December when she went to stay with her sister, Miss
Pells at 5, The Walk. During her stay she had complained of depression and nervousness, but he had
never known her to threaten her life. She had been very upset by air raids and firing of anti-aircraft

guns when living at Felixstowe. Beyond that he knew of nothing to trouble her.
Miss Julia Pells:- On December 21st Elizabeth accompanied her sister to a social concert at the Public

 
 

Hall. They both sat together until about 8pm, when she left her to go and make coffee for the soldiers.
She was gone away only a short time, but when she returned Elizabeth had disappeared and she had

not seen her since.
Miss Rosa Kellam, 81 Grove (Ingate) Road had sat next to her in the concert and noticed she was

 
 

looking very strange. Elizabeth got up at the same time as her sister and she had not seen her since.
Jury found that deceased took her life, and she was of unsound mind at the time.
WEDDING Captain Sydney L Webber of Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry,  son of Dr ML Webber  

 
1918

 
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 

& Mrs Webber, of Turleigh House, Bradford  on Avon & Miss Rose C Banham,  4th  daughter  of
Francis E Banham (a former Mayor of Beccles) & Mrs Banham, at St Benet’s Church
BECCLES  MOTHER’S  NEGLECT  Kate  Francis  of  Frederick’s  Road,  wife  of  soldier  on  active

1918
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 
service, neglecting  five of  her  children.  She  lived  in  a six  roomed house  and had enough  money
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
28

coming in. The house was in an indescribably filthy condition and unfit for a human habitation. the
children were removed to the Workhouse after visits by Dr Fox. Sentenced to prison for three months

with hard labour.
DEATH OF SERGEANT-MAJOR C BARKHAM, aged 79, was drill instructor in Beccles for many

1918
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 

years and resided in the town for nearly 40 years, moving to Woolwich 10 years ago. He returned to
Beccles until the death of his wife in 1915 became a Chelsea Pensioner. In his early life served with

the Royal Artillery in America & then in East India. He took part in the Nile Expedition.
LOCAL  HONOUR The  Belgian  decoration  of  Croix  de  Guerre  to  Sergt  Basil  Hall,  Kings  Royal
Rifles, 5th son of Mr Sidney H Hall of 118 Denmark Road. He volunteered from South America in

1918
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 

the early days of the war. Mr Hall, who has lost one son in the war, killed in Mesopotamia, has 5 sons
still serving, four in the army and one in the navy.
FOOD COMMITTEE Decided to adopt Home Counties scheme for rationing butter, margarine and  

1918
East Suff Gaz 19 Feb 

meat.  67 beasts brought to market, 24 pigs & 1 sheep.
WASLEY YOUNGMAN, butcher thanks for support of 21 years in Beccles. He had decided to close
his shop, owing to ill health,. “Stafford House” Beccles

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 
1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 

NATIONAL  WAR  LOANS    urgently  needed.  Sum  of  100,000,000  required.  Hoped  to  raise
17,500 from Beccles, sufficient to pay for seven aeroplanes
BECCLES LIBRARY, 2 London Road. For 2s 6d people can borrow 4 books at a time & have full

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 

use of Reading Room
FOOD CONTROL COMMITTEE: Room available at the Fire Station for the storage of Margarine..
The schools to  be  closed  for three days to  enable the teachers to  visit every house in the town to

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 
 

secure information for the issue of ration Books.
WEDDING:  Miss  Violet  Cameron  Betts,  younger  daughter  of  Mr  CC  Betts  &  Sergeant  Arthur
Murray Jones of RAMC,  elder son of Mr AS Jones of 10 Bournemouth Gardens, Folkestone

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 
1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 

AEROPLANES WEEK AT BECCLES: March 4 - 9: Hanging boards to be attached to lamp posts;  
First class speaker, Major Rigg, on Wednesday, when two concerts would be held in the Public Hall.

He  offered  to  speak  at  Printing  &  Engineering  Works.  Circular  letter  to  be  sent  by  Mayor  to
townspeople. Window  bills  for schools  and shops.. Big  board  outside the  Public Hall. Advertisers

asked  to  bring  in  War  Bonds  in  their  advertisements  [many  did]  .  Cinema  to  advertise  them.
Aerodrome Authorities asked to drop leaflets on the town.. Aeroplane exhibited in the New Market if

possible.. Processions of children & military to be arranged.
SOLDIER KILLED BY HORSE. Driver in the RFA attached to the Army Veterinary Corps, aged 45,
kicked  by  horse  in  Blackboy  Meadow,  died  from  blood  poisoning..  Dr  H  Wood-Hill,  surgeon  in

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Mar 

charge of Red Cross Hospital gave evidence.
FOOD  CONTROL  COMMITTEE  The  Elementary  Teachers  had  completed  their  house  to  house
visits  for  information  on  ration  cards.  Meat  rationing  would  start  on  11  April..  Many  of  Mr

1918
East Suff Gaz 12 Mar 

Youngman’s customers who had received emergency cards entitling them to supplies by Mr Chase &
Mr Sampson had been unable to get any meat during the week.
WAR BONDS WEEK Advertisers  and the  East  Suffolk Gazette thanked for their  advertisements.

1918
East Suff Gaz 12 Mar 

Two first class  concerts were  held. The Glamorgan  String Band played.  Miss Gladys Riches sang
“The Valley of Laughter”, Violin solos with Piano accompaniment of Mendelssohn by two Private
soldiers,  In  the  evening  the  Public  Hall  was  packed  for  the  “Wing  Boys”  Concert,  many  people

unable to gain admission. The final section was “an absolute scream”.
Aeroplanes  circled  over Beccles  on Friday afternoon   and  again on  Saturday  and  dropped  leaflets
asking the people to buy War Bonds.

 
 

 
1918
1918

 

The Total Sum raised in the Week  35,754 [see 19 Mar].
MILITARY MEDAL awarded to Private RA Self, West Yorkshire Regt for bravery in the Field.
PROMOTION: Lieut & Quartermaster JL Driver, son of Mrs E Driver, late of Suffolk Inn appointed

East Suff Gaz 19 Mar 
East Suff Gaz 19 Mar 

Captain in RAMC
BILLIARDS FINAL; Mr A McQueen won the game by 21 points, played at the King’s Head.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 19 Mar 
East Suff Gaz 19 Mar 

CASUALTY LIST  Mr J Balls, 51 Ingate informed that his son, Lance Corp J Balls reported missing
on 3 May 1917 was killed on that date.

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

POTATOES IN 1918: Last Year Suffolk Produced 24,500 Tons & Consumed 42,400 Tons. Deficit
17,900 Tons.  Lord Rhondda & Mr Prothero  appeal to every man who has  a Farm, a Garden, or  an

Allotment to plant more Potatoes and make the County Self-supporting.
MAXIMUM FISH PRICES SET for producers, wholesale merchants & retailers.
MILK DEALER FINED, Mr John Wells, wholesaler dealer of  Strathville, Beccles  guilty of selling

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

milk containing added water. Fined 20 or 6 weeks in prison.
FAUCONBERGE  SCHOOL:  Mr  TC  Smith  retiring  from  Headmastership.  His  tenure  of  office
marked with conspicuous success, school greatly increased in numbers.

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 
1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 
RESTRICTIONS ON LIGHTS etc: to reduce use of coal. No lighting for shop windows; no food to
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
29

be cooked or hot meals served  in hotels, restaurants etc between 9.30pm &  5am next morning. No
music-hall, cinema etc to continue after 10.30 pm. All users of gas & electricity restricted to 5/6ths of

their use last year. Rationing of coal to be extended.
TRACTOR PLOUGHMEN ENTERTAINED by Mr W Robinson. Men told of serious food position

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

owing to shipping crisis: “plough or perish”.
URBAN  SANITARY  AUTHORITY  1. Most  of  the  trees  in  the  Avenue  had  been  cut  down  and

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

young trees planted. 2. Register of  blind to be made. 3. Mr Curtis  employed  as rat  catcher for one
week at 5, but a further week may be necessary. 4. The military state that they will require the use of  
the Common again this summer. 5. The Deputy Surveyor, Mr CW Pritchard resigned. on account of

his extra duties on Food Control Committee at rural District of Loddon & Clavering. 6 Mr Hamby,
the Borough Surveyor (in the forces) offered the services of his father, retired Borough Surveyor of
Lowestoft for the duration of the war. Accepted.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

RESTRICTIONS ON SALE OF HORSES. Horses may be taken over for essential services.
AWARD OF DCM to L/Cpl  Robert  Lawrance for  conspicuous  gallantry  and  bravery  during the
attack on Gaza on 2 Nov last year. He is 3rd son of Mr & Mrs HG Lawrance of Beccles. He joined

East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

the army two years ago, and having been wounded in France was drafted to Palestine.
CASUALTY  LIST: Mr HG Lewell of Ditchingham Mills,  formerly of Beccles, heard that his son
Sergt  Leslie  Lewell killed in  action  in Palestine. He had been  nine years in the  Suffolk  Yeomanry,

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

and served at Gallipoli. Before the war he was clerk for Mr HG Rose, corn merchant of Beccles.
FOOD CONTROL:  Letter from Mr Chase saying that  his  man  could not  carry on single handed.
Suggested he {Mr Chase] was demobilised. With the closure of Mr Youngman’s butcher’s business

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Mar 

the Committee would press the military for his release
SALE: BALLYGATE: Builder’s Stock in Trade of Mr E Davey.[not listed in 1913 Directory]
ADVERTISEMENT:    INTERNATIONAL    STORES:    Registration    for    food    being    extended.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 

Customers have to nominate their supplier. Suggest regular customers register with International.
PROMOTION: Lieutenant & Quartermaster E Boulter, ASC, son of Mrs Boulter, Kilbrack Road, to

1918
East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 

be Captain in the Army Service Corps. He is with the forces at Salonica.
WILL  OF  Mrs  SUSANNAH  BOWEN,  lately  of  Hermon,  Waveney  Road  left  55,300.  A  lot  of

1918
East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 

money to Catholic Charities (none to Beccles)
EASTER OFFERING: The Rector does not wish there to be one during the war.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 

BRITISH  WOMEN’S  TEMPERANCE  MOVEMENT,  Beccles  sent  protest  to  Prime  Minister:
“Protests  at continued  use of barley in the manufacture of  beer, bearing  in mind the need of using
such for the increase of supply of food for human consumption.”

East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 
1918

PARISH CHURCH AT EASTER The bells rang  out joyously. Communicants  numbered 443. The
Volunteers under the command of Lieut CC Hall attended the morning service. There was no sermon.
CASUALTY  LIST: Mr JJ King, baker,  2 Grove Road  informed his son Private Bertie King, of the

East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 
1918
East Suff Gaz 2 Apr 

RAMC, was killed in France
Page Missing
SALE:  SALTGATE:  Hill  House;  3  Reception  Rooms  (Dining  Room  18x12ft)  6  good  Bedroom,

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 9 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 

numerous  cupboards,  Cellar,  Stabling  block  adjoining  suitable  for  Garage;  Coal  &  Stick  Houses;
Small Garden. Particulars: Read, Stanford etc
AN EYESORE: Sir, As every available space is being made use of for the cultivation of vegetables,

1918
East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 

cannot the owner of a building plot at the east end of Frederick’s Road be compelled to either remove
the unsightly  erections  and  cultivate  it  himself,  or  allow someone  near by to  make use of  it  as  a
garden?  This  ground  has  been  an  eye-sore  to  the  townspeople  for  a  considerable  length  of  time.

Yours etc  GA Stanford.
NEW  CALL  UP  from  Director  General  of  National  Service:  wholesale  withdrawl  of  Tribunal
exemptions (as distinct from certificates held by miners, transport and munition workers) Thousands

1918
East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 

of men  hitherto exempted in scores of trades will receive seven day calling up notices, and by 1 May
many of them will be in the army. They & their employers will have no right to apply for renewal of

exemptions  on  occupational  grounds.  Men  born  in  or  after  1875  in  luxury  trades  are  deprived  of
exemption:  domestic servants,  commercial travellers,  bill-posters,  barbers, jockeys, shop  assistants,

carpet repairers, furniture makers,  upholsterers,  jewellers, auctioneers,  bespoke tailors, monumental
masons etc are deprived of exemption.

 
 

Men of Class 1 in engineering, boot and shoe repairing, flour mills, bakeries, wholesale meat and fish
trades, clerks, collectors of house refuse etc are deprived of exemption.

Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
30

1918
 

FUNERAL OF MR. William Miller  CROWFOOT.
The flag  flying  half-mast over  St. Michael’s Tower, the tolling  of the muffled bell, the shading  of

East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 
 

windows of shops and private houses, and the large congregation assembled at the Parish Church at
noon, on Wednesday, the 10th inst., bore testimony to the universal desire to pay honour and respect

to the memory of the late Mr. W. M. Crowfoot, whose body was interred in the cemetery that day.
The Lord Bishop of the diocese honoured the family and the town by taking part in the funeral rites,

in which he was assisted by the Rev. Canon V. Barker, Rector of Hanstead-with-Hulver, and the Rev.
F. G. Millar, Rector of Beccles. The Mayor  (Councillor  E. J. Hindes)  and Corporation  attended  in
State, and nearly all the local clergy and magistrates were present at the funeral. We are asked to state

that Dr. Beverley, an intimate associate of the deceased, Mr. J. P. Larkman, Registrar of the Beccles
and Bungay County Courts, and Mr. G. Watson, Headmaster of Sir John Leman Secondary School,
were unable to be present.

 
 

The Mayor, preceded  by mace-bearers  (Mr. R.Norman  and Police-Sergt. Clark, the maces  draped
with crepe) and  Supt. J. E. Newson, was  accompanied by the Deputy-Mayor (Alderman Pells) and
Town  Clerk  (Mr.  W.  Bryan  Forward)  in  their  robes  of  office,  Aldermen  Buck,  Watson,  and

Copeman,  Councillors  Money,  Wilkinson,  Self,  W.  Robinson,  Mickleburgh,  I  Jolly,  White,  and
Skevens;  Mr.  A.  R.  Scott  (borough  auditor),  Mr.  Bryant  (Food  Control  Inspector),  and  Mr.  A.
McQueen,  CC.  While  the  congregation  were  assembling,  the  organist  (Mr.  Warder  W.  Harvey)

played suitable music, “Blest  are the departed’ (Spohr), “But the  Lord is mindful  of His  own” (St.
Paul, Mendelssohn), and “O rest in the Lord” (Mendelssohn), the beautiful melody of the last-named
sounding sweetly  and reposefully  as the  body was borne  into the  church, preceded  by the Bishop,

clergy and choir, the Rev. Canon Barker pronouncing the opening sentences of the funeral service.
The  90th  Psalm  was  chanted  by  the  choir  to  Turton;  the  Lesson  from  the  1st  Epistle  to  the
Corinthians was most impressively read by the Bishop, and then a hymn was sung, “O God, our help

 
 

in  ages past,”  in which the  congregation  joined. The Rector  read the prayers following, the  choir
singing the responses. The hymn, “For all the saints who from their labours rest,” was next sung, and

on  the  conclusion  of  this  portion  of  the  service,  while  the  coffin,  with  its  covering  of  beautiful
flowers, was wheeled down the centre aisle  and  out  by the west door of the  church, the organist

played Chopin’s Funeral March  in B flat minor. The  chief mourners were Miss Crowfoot  (sister),
Mrs. Wood Hill (daughter), Dr. H. Wood Hill (son-in-law), and the Rev. R. Nevill (cousin); others in

attendance were Miss Dowson, Miss de Horns Best, and Mrs. Mingaye, Dr. G. R. and Mrs. Fox, and
Mrs. Macdonald. A procession was formed outside the church, and included, several private carriages
sent by Mr. and Mrs. Edward Ellis, of Shadingfleld Hall, and others. Amongst those who followed to

the cemetery, or were present at church, were the Rev. P. Higham (late curate at Beccles), Rev. W. E.
Duxson (curate), Rev. A. Coates (Barsham), Rev. E. Davis (Worlingham), Rev. Canon G. F. Smith
Rewse,  R.D.  (Southelmham  St.  Margaret),  Rev.  Morley  Smith  (Geldeston),  Rev.  A.  Huddle  (St.

Andrew’s), Rev. A. C. Pearson (Ringsfield), Rev. W. Stephens (Stockton), Rev. L. W. H. Andrewes
(Beccles),  Rev.  H.  J.  Ferrall  (Heckingham),  Rev.  H.  E.  Bucke  (Mettingham),  Rev.  A.  Garner
(Ellough), Rev. Guy Clowes  (Weston),  and Rev. C. A. Green (Wesleyan  minister); Mr.  F.  W. D.

Robinson,  Alderman  C.  H.  Jacobs  (Lowestoft),  Mr.    C.  Mann  (Ditchingham),  Colonel  E.  H.  H.
Combo, late 2nd Vol. B.N.R. (Ipswich), Colonel Lockhart Smith (Ellingham Hall), Mr. and Mrs. J.
A. Bezant (Mettingham), Mr. W. B. Easter, Mr. F. S. Rix (late Clerk to the Beccles Bench), Mr. S.

W. Rix (Clerk to the Beccles Bench), Mr. T. C. Smith (Headmaster of the Fauconberge School), Mr.
C.C. Hall (Beccles College), Mr. S. F. Pells (Brighton), Mr. H. A. Grimmer (Mettingham), Mr. G. A.
Stanford, Mr. L. G. Laws, Mr. W. T. Campling, Mr. C. Martin, Mr. J. S. Palmer, Mr. H. C. Dunt, Mr.

H. Reynolds. Mr. Edgell, Mr. C.D. French St. John, Mr. H. Frankland, Mr. H. T. Palmer, Mr. Wright,
Mr. D. C.  Smith, Mr. W.  E. Downing, Mr. R. Tilney, Mr.  Lister  (late North Cove Hall), Mr. A.
Robinson  (Shipmeadow).  Mr.  Frost.  Mr.  Kellam,  Mr.  Grayston,  Mr.  C.  Betts,  Mr.  C.  Carpenter,

Mr.Howlett  (Shipmeadow),  Mr.   W.   Woolnough,  Mr.  A.  H.  Jordan,  Mr.  A.  Chaston,  Mr.  F.
T.Peachey,  Mr.  Garwood  Ingate,  Mr.  J.  F.  Morris  (Kirby  Cane),  Mr.  W.  Peck  (Gillingham),  Mr.

Rokeby (Kirby Cane), Mr. H. G. Read, Mr. W.Read, Mr. S. Le Grice, Mr. J. Tracy, Mr. F. Clarke,
Mr. T. H. Pearce, Mr. G. Grirnson, Mr.Ayres, and lady officers of the Salvation Army,

 
 

 
 

APPRECIATIONS.
At a meeting of the Town Council, on Monday evening, the Mayor said: You will, I know, wish to

take this—the first opportunity that you have of giving expression to your sense of the loss that the
town  has  sustained  by  the  death  Mr.  William  Miller  Crowfoot.  It  is  indeed    a  great  loss.    Mr.
Crowfoot throughout his long life, and from early manhood quite up to the end was always prominent

in any movement which was set on foot for the welfare of the country, the interests of the town, and
for the betterment in every possible way of its inhabitants. Amongst the many services to the town he
filled  the  office  of    Mayor  on  two  separate  occasions.  If  I  may  be  allowed  to  offer  my  personal

appreciation, I would say that as a lad  half a century ago—-I learnt to look upon him as a great and a
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
31

good man, and have  all  along  esteemed him  as such.  In recent years I  have proved him  a tower of
strength. He has given much valuable aid in my office as Mayor in these times of stress. We shall not

see him any more, but we shall always have him in remembrance as having left the sweet fragrance
of  a   life spent  in the fear of God  and in the service  of  his  fellowmen. The Mayor moved that  a

message  of  sympathy  be  sent  to  the  widow  and  family  of  the  late  Mr.  Crowfoot,  and  this  was
unanimously agreed to in silent upstanding.

1918

CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs WD Pipe, 9 Queen’s Road informed their 3rd son, Robert Henry Pipe,
aged  26,  Sergeant in the Ox & Bucks  Light  Infantry died from wounds  received  in  action. He was
assistant master at the Council  School at Woodbridge  before  joining up in  Sept 1914. This is their

East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 

third son killed in France during the last 11 months.
CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs Filby, 2 Ballygate received news that their son Private Alan Filby had
been  killed  in  action.  He  had  previously  served  in  East  Africa  &  France  &  had  previously  been

1918
East Suff Gaz 23 Apr 

wounded
Mrs Leon, 1 Queen’s Road told that her  husband, Private H Leon  of the  Essex Regiment had been
killed  on the  Western Front. He was  a  compositor at the Caxton  Press,  and took  an active part  in

 
 

football.
SALE OF STOCK: ROOK’S LANE: Mr G Sampson disposing of surplus stock.
MEAT RATIONING Offal can be obtained at twice its value on the ration

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 16 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 30 Apr 
1918

NEWS  FROM  THE  FRONT— Mr.  A.  Ward,  102,  Denmark  Road  had  a  letter  from  his  son,  a
signaller on the West front “after the most strenuous and dangerous fortnight,” he writes, “that I have
experienced the last three years. Been quite impossible to write, and almost impossible to get a field

East Suff Gaz 30 Apr 

card  away. The  only  method was to  get  a passing DR  to take  it  and chance   if he  could post  it
anywhere. We were suddenly  rushed down into the thick of it -- a 50 mile journey by motor-buses.
After  a  considerable walk,  established  headquarters  in  a  farmhouse,  and  from that period we were

simply shelled from one farm to another. By a series of  lucky happenings we just managed to clear
out before the farm buildings were shelled and  set on fire. Altogether we had 14 headquarters in six

days. Have had some remarkable escapes.
On several  occasions  have turn  out  and  line  hedges  and ditches,  assisting  infantry;  but  fortunately

 
 

retired just before the Bosche arrived, although subject no  a shower of machine-gun  bullets. Thank
goodness  I  have  come  through  it  safely,  and  none    the  worse  for  a  trying  time,  except  a  natural

fatigue.
It was almost impossible to sleep for any length of time. One would try and settle down, Bosche start
shelling,  and  away we  go,  and so  on  ad  infinitum. Don’t think   averaged more than three  or  four

 
 

hours’  rest per day the whole time. Am now well  out  of  it  and  enjoying  a well-earned rest. You
would, scarcely have recognized me a few days ago.  No chance of washing or shaving. I had a brief  
swill about twice during the fortnight. Didn’t take anything off, not even boots or equipment. Guess I

presented a sorry spectacle. One ceases to trouble about such things, though, and officers and men .
muck  in  together.  On  one  occasion  I  was  dozing  next  to  a  Brigadier,  and  on    anther  a  Colonel
apologized for disturbing me in the same ditch. Rather reversing the usual order of things, isn’t it ?

 
 

Perhaps the most remarkable thing was the absolute open warfare. Our first headquarters were at  a
farm  about 500 yards behind the  line, or what corresponded  for the  line. This  farm was  occupied,
cultivated, and the land practically untouched by shells; and even farms 100 yards from the front line

were occupied. I got some milk at one of them myself. I‘m afraid a good many of these people were
captured  when  the  Bosche  advanced—mostly  old  folk  who  steadfastly  refused  to  evacuate,  too
ignorant to appreciate their peril.

 
 

On one occasion a dozen of us were cut off  in No Mans Land but fortunately managed to get back
behind a bit of cover before  they spotted us, and eventually got away all right -- a nervy experience.
Our boys did splendidly. True to their great reputation, they scarcely yielded an inch even when both

flanks had fallen  back. Casualties  have  of course  been  heavy, inevitably so;  our signals were  very
fortunate  in that  respect,  very  few losses. I think the most unfortunate  hardship has been   lack  of

smokes,  absolutely  could not  get  hold of  any. Hooray,  all serene  once  again!..  I Hear that slightly
wounded men  are being  granted  14 days  leave to Blighty  upon  discharge  from  hospital ... several

times  passed  ambulances with slightly wounded cases,  all singing  away  at the top of their  voices,
quite happy with visions of Blighty.”

1918
1918

DEATH of Mrs R Tilney, widow of late Robert Tilney, who died 16 years before. She was 76.
CALL FOR WOMEN WORKERS : Colonel Miller: “Important to get every woman possible to take

East Suff Gaz 30 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 30 Apr 

the place of a man. Women had come up in their thousands and tens of thousands to help the men and
had done invaluable work; but there were still thousands of women in this country who were really
doing  nothing  to  help  in  the  war.  He  happened  to  be  in  France  when  war  broke  out.  Motoring  

through several villages two days after war was declared he could not see a single able-bodied man
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
32

about. The women of France  had  been accustomed  for  generations to take their  men’s places,  and
they had done it in the most able and fearless manner. It was wonderful to see how the farms went on,

run by women.
He remembered once coming out of Arras. As he turned a corner which was known as Dead Man’s

 
 

Corner, where the shells were apt to fall, he galloped as hard as he could past this corner. At the end
of the corner he saw  a farmer’s wife leaning  against a  gatepost, knitting  a sock, and she looked up

with  an  amused  smile.  Her  daughter  was  milking  a  cow  in  an  adjacent  field.  They  took  not  the
slightest notice of the firing.
Women  were  wanted  as  volunteers;  but  he  was  perfectly  certain  if  they  did  not  come  forward

 
 

voluntarily, there would have to be conscription of women, for the last man would  be taken before
they could finish this war.
DEATH OF Mr William B England. Corn and  Coal merchant and general forager in succession to

1918
East Suff Gaz 7 May 

the late Mr S Gibbs. For several years he was a member of the Town Council.  He was 62.
CASUALTY  LIST:  Mrs  Harper,  60  Ingate  notified  that  her  son,  Private  F  Harper  of  the  Suffolk
Regiment has been killed in France. She has now lost both her sons. Formerly he was employed by

1918
East Suff Gaz 7 May 

the Co-Op as a porter.
Mrs Gooderham, 1  Sandringham Terrace  has learnt that her  husband,  Sergt JT Gooderham, King’s
Liverpool Regt has been killed. He was night watchman at the Caxton Press: prior to that he was a

 
 

police constable at Beccles and subsequently licensee of  the Three Horseshoes, Ringsfield. He leaves
8 children.. He was buried in Borne Cemetery. 
Mr Amis,  18 Old Mill Terrace  informed that his son, Private  Ernest Amis  of the Royal  Fuseliers

 
 
 

killed in action. He was 36.
BECCLES BOYS IN PALESTINE
the  hilly  country in which  military operations  have  been  carried  out,  and the  splendid work  of  his

1918
An N.C.O. in Palestine, writing to a friend a Beccles, describes
East Suff Gaz 7 May 

battery. On one occasion they had to move  into  a huge plain  before some  hills  held by the Turks,
where the battery “dug in” so as to obscure themselves from view. The ground was like iron, but after

several  hours’  strenuous  night  work,  the  battery  were  down  4  1/2  feet,  guns  in,  nets  up,  and  the
position  camouflaged. “It was  a  brilliant piece of work,” the writer says, “but  our  men  are  bricks

when they know it must be done.” Shortly after sunrise they were welcomed by the dull roar of one of
“  Johnny’s”  guns.  Then  “bang,”  and  the  remnants  of  their  previous  night’s  cookery  fire  took  an

excursion into the air. “Didn’t our George Long thank the Lord for his deliverance.” When the battery
opened  fire,  the  enemy  retaliated,  and  gave  them  battery  fire,  sending  60  shots  in  less  than  30
minutes.  The  battery  remained  in  that  position  for  14  days,  being  shelled  every  day.  The  enemy

searched, swept, and crept for them, but with the exception of one slightly wounded man did them no
harm, although they secured  a 25 yards  bracket. “It  gave  us a turn on more than  one  occasion, but
they found us not,” and ultimately the enemy suffered a complete rout.

 
 

“Up to the present we have always carried out objectives at the first time of asking, and in the words
of our Colonel, whom we are now leaving, and whom we have been under since the first attack on
Gaza, I quote them as spoken; ‘N.C.O.’s and men, I am indeed sorry to lose you, for the work of —

Battery — it has been the battery under my command, and has won for me the decoration I wear and
made the name for my Brigade that it now holds. You are the best battery of its kind on this front. My
best wishes go with you, and I hope the day will soon come when you are again brought under my

command. FarewelL’ Thus spoke our gallant Colonel, whom we have learnt to love so well. May the
best of wishes go with him.”
“I will  now bring you to  our  last  engagement, which took place  about ten days  ago. We  received

 
 

orders  to  take  up  a  position  to  oust  the  enemy  from  the  villages  that  proved  to  be  very  strong
strategical points of advantage. We took our guns out of position and advanced two miles on to the
plains, taking up a position behind a long belt of sparse wood. We did not dig in, but got everything

ready to open by 11 p.m. The zero time for hostilities was 6 a.m. the following morning.
Precisely  at the hour  ‘Johnny’.  gave us  a  reception  by dropping  a  few 5.9’s,  an  aeroplane  having

 
 

spotted us  at dawn. Nevertheless we  opened out,  and  it proved a  hard  day for us. They shelled us
mercilessly for some time, and it was then we saw for the first time the result of counter battery work.

We expected it, and we got it. Hostile shells blew the earth up in front, behind; and all around us; out
our little guns barked with a fierceness spelling death to our would-be destroyers. Our luck was again

in; no casualties did we receive. The best of it was the riflemen from our old town were in reserve,
occupying the trenches in the wood; and they have nothing only praise to bestow upon their brothers
of the artillery, who did so well on this occasion, and as they told us afterwards they were surprised to

witness the steadiness of our men under such a hurricane of shell fire.
Bob Harvey, young Laws, Shiela Walker, Alfonzo Arbon were there, and warmly shook the boys by
the hand before we left them. We shelled our foes out by 9 a.m., and the infantry were consolidated

 
 
on the  vacated positions  by nightfall. The running  of  our supply was  again  carried out in masterly
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
33

style under fire. The 5th —  have now seen us  in  action, and they  are not surprised at the name we
hold.  It pleased them to  see  us  open  fire  on  a  large  convoy retreating  from the scene  of  action.  It

could plainly be seen by the naked eye, and they were loud in our praises as they witnessed horses
and waggons follow one after another into mid-air, so accurate were our gunners in laying. As night

came  on  we  withdrew  from  the  scene  of  action,  having  once  more  carried  into  effect  the  work
mapped out for us, and are now enjoying well earned rest before the next stunt, which will be in full

swing before you are reading this.
Before I conclude I have the pleasure to state that Tom Judge has been -promoted to B.S.M. to a new
battery being formed. Good luck to him, but it is a hard parting for me. Nelson Dunn has just been

 
 

promoted to R.S.M. Old Nelson is a good old sort, and deserves his advancement. Please remember
me to  all I know, and tell G. L. he  has missed  a  great deal  by not being .with us—for  one thing  a
great number of shells, and other fancy things too numerous to mention.”

1918

LOCAL  MEN  IN  THE  WAR.  Our  Beccles  readers  will  be  interested  in  the  following  narrative,
written  by  an  officer  in  a  battery  of  R.H.A.  which  was  stationed  for  a  considerable  time  in  this
neighbourhood before being sent out to France. The reference is to battles on the West front which

East Suff Gaz 7 May 

began on March 21st. “We lost four of our guns on the third day, unfortunately,” he writes. “As you
know the show commenced on the 21st, and all that day we hammered away hard. Our “D” Battery
lost two of their guns and “C” lost four, but that night got them back again— a fine piece of work..

That night our Colonel rang up and said that owing to the situation we should withdraw before dawn.
Of course there was  chaos behind the lines, transport  and traffic  on the  move.  Well,  at 4  am, the
teams had not arrived, so our Colonel said we must remain that day and stick it till the last, and do

our best. All that day we were hammering away hard at 1600 yards range, with the Bosche just over a
ridge.  It was  grand work,  and we did  very  good shooting—the men  being splendid. The General
congratulated my battery,  and said that out fire and that of two  guns of “D” Battery, had saved the

situation on that section.
We had then two good guns, the rest being out of action. We went into a field, and lay down from 3

 
 

to 7. The battle began again and we let them have it—masses of Huns, in thousands. By 10.30 a.m.
we had used all ammunition and must have ‘done in” heaps of Huns. They seemed to be all round as.

Later we had to leave the  guns,  damaged, hoping to be  able to  get them  away that night, ,  but we
could not. Lieut. D. was hit in the ankle, but walked six miles, then went to C.C.S.. and I quite expect

he is in hospital now.
One  other was hit  in  both  legs  and  is  now in  England. We walked to the new waggon  line,  eight
miles, and got down about 4 p.m. Captain M. in the meantime bad collected two more guns, so we

 
 

took them up at 11 p.m. to “B” and “C” Batteries. The Colonel was awfully pleased with us—he had
heard that we  had really been “done in” this time.  We wanted  guns,  guns,  guns! The Huns were
pouring  along.  Next  morning  the  Brigade  pulled  out  and  marched  to  another  spot.  This  time  the

Brigade  consisted of five 16 pounders  and two  4.5 howitzers. That night we moved  again, though
very slowly, because there were quite 12 miles of troops transport, etc.,  going the other way. Next
morning  at dawn we moved  again—every  one was fagged out. That  day the Brigade was still  in

action, gradually moving backwards every six hours or so. Next morning there was chaos; The Huns
were  said  to  be  just  outside  the  village,  so  I  slung  a  rifle  over  my  shoulder  and  collected  some
“rounds;” but no Huns—a false alarm. It took a long time to collect the battery because we were all

so scattered. We moved again that night and slept in a farmhouse, the good lady supplying us with
eggs, cream, butter and bread. It was good—we had been living on bully and biscuits when we could
get them. Next day we rested at the waggon line, but that night we received orders to go into action

the following night. It has been raining all day. We had one killed and six wounded amongst the men.
1918

LAND COMMITTEE; 1 ) 45 acres of land as allotments in the town. 2.) Land for food production:
most of the meadow on the east side of the pumping station.
PUBLIC HALL to be let to YMCA on same conditions, but town to have it available 2 evenings a

East Suff Gaz 14 May 
1918
East Suff Gaz 14 May 

week if needed by the town.
CALL UP OF MEN AGED 45 and 46.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 14 May 

CASUALTY LIST: Private Walter Prime killed  while working in a wood, when he was struck down
by shrapnel. He was employed  as a Compositor at the Caxton Press,  and was  a bandsman with the

East Suff Gaz 14 May 

Salvation Army. Husband of Catherine & son of Mr & Mrs W Prime of Swines Green. Aged 35..
Mrs  Lawson,  12  Lady’s  Meadow  notified  her  husband  Gunner  Alfred  G  Lawson,  RGA  killed  in
action. Formerly employed by Mr G Johnson.

 
 
 
 

Mr & Mrs Wiggett, 14 Queen’s Road news of death of Sapper W Wiggett from wounds. Their son
Lance Corporal Benjamin Wiggett, West Yorks Regt reported missing. [Prisoner of War]
MOTOR VOLUNTEER CORPS FORMED: Suffolk Volunteer Regt would have to take first line in

1918
East Suff Gaz 14 May 
defence of coast and its value depended on speed with which it could reach the coast. Heavy section
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
34

formed of 5 three ton Lorries, 4 thirty cwt, & 6 light vans, one motor car & one motor-cycle.  The
Light Section to bring machine guns to the coast or the Volunteer Field Ambulance. Men would do

two drills  &  attend  2 lectures  a month. They would  enrol  as soldiers for the war. Petrol would  be
supplied when needed. Forty men wanted tonight. Eight enrolled.

1918

FWD  ROBINSON  HONOURED:  JP,  Roos  Hall.  Admitted  to  Freedom  of  City  of  London  in
Worshipful  Company  of  Feltmakers..  He  received  his  education  at  the  Fauconberge  School.  He

East Suff Gaz 14 May 

achieved a national reputation as athlete as a young man. He was champion pole vaulter of England
in 1879. For 15 years he was an officer in the 2nd Norfolk Volunteer Battalion, Norfolk Regiment.
He retired  as senior Captain  in  1892, when he went round the world,  visiting his wife’s relation in

Australia. Member of  East  Suffolk County Council for 6 years, Chairman  of the Conservatives  &
Chairman   of   the   local   War   Committee,   &   member   of   the   Great   Yarmouth   Port   &   Haven
Commission. Now senior Magistrate of Beccles bench. Has farmed his own land, one of the leading

agriculturalists of East Anglia. Has herd of pedigree Friesian cattle.. Although nearly 60 he joined the
local force in 1914 and became a Captain, but had to retire owing to ill health.
YOUTHS OF SEVENTEEN: Join the Beccles Volunteers! Apply Mon or Wed evening at the Drill

1918
East Suff Gaz 21 May 

Hall, Peddar’s Lane 
WOMEN OF BRITAIN: Will you come & cook for the men who are defending your Home? 7,000
cooks & waitresses are wanted now.

 
1918
East Suff Gaz 21 May 

1918
1918
1918

BUY NATIONAL WAR BONDS & WIN THE WAR.
SALE OF IRONMONGER’S STOCK IN TRADE; EM Harper.
OFFAL OFF COUPONS: Horseflesh, & Meat Pies. Meat ration increased.

East Suff Gaz 21 May 
East Suff Gaz 21 May 
East Suff Gaz 21 May 
1918

PROMOTION: Private RB Allen of the American Motor Mechanic Regt now in France  promoted to
Sergeant.  He  is  youngest  son  of  Mrs  FJ  Allen,  37  Station  Road  &  was  formerly  of  the  Beccles
Artillery Volunteers. He left Beccles 11 years ago & has been home only once (7 years ago) when he

East Suff Gaz 21 May 

was married to a daughter of Mr H Berry.
DEATH OF MRS WOOLNER aged 73, wife of a retired member of the Journal’s Staff. She was the

1918
East Suff Gaz 21 May 

daughter of Robert Martin, for  40 years  carried  on  a  large  business  in the town  as millwright  and
engineer.

1918

GALLANT SOLDIER: Cpl Percy  Laker, youngest son of Mr & Mrs Laker, 11, Providence Place
awarded the Military Medal. He was sent to hold a canal bridge with his Hotchkiss machine gun and

East Suff Gaz 21 May 

crew, and although in a very exposed position and under terrific shell fire, continued to fire his gun,
repulsing  repeated  enemy  attacks  and  inflicting  severe  casualties,  until  all  his  crew  had  become
casualties  and  his machine was put out of  action. He the  commanded  an  infantry Lewis  gun  until

relief came. He was wounded later in the day. He was also in the battle of Mons.
DEATH OF Mr MW SPARLING, aged 59. Carried on business as clothier & outfitter at Beccles for
35 years..

1918
East Suff Gaz 21 May 
1918

BECCLES VOLUNTEERS 3rd Volunteer Battalion Suffolk Regt paraded at Halesworth, CO Major
ER Cooper. Inspected by General Percival.
CASUALTY  LIST:  Mrs  Burgess,  3  Shelton  Place  heard  that  her  husband,  L/Cpl  TG  Burgess  of

East Suff Gaz 21 May 
1918
East Suff Gaz 21 May 

Norfolk Regt (son of Mr George Burgess, 35 Queen’s Road) died of wounds in France.
Mrs Harper, 60 Ingate notified that her eldest son, Private FT Harper, Suffolk Regt, killed in action in
France. Her other son died of wounds in Egypt a few months back.

 
 
1918

LAND  ARMY  RECRUITING  RALLY  AT  BECCLES.  Procession:  The  Lovatt  Pipers,  Suffolk
Volunteer Regt, the Girl Guides, the Land Army with banners, a tumbril containing two pigs, a milk
float and workers in uniform, carrying food produce, forks, spades and hoes. One was leading a sheep

East Suff Gaz 21 May 

dog,  another a  goat,  another carried a docile hen; a horse waggon with  greenery & sheaves & lady
workers. The rear was brought up by the Denbigh Yeomanry bugle Band..
To service in the Parish Church, the to tea in the Rectory Garden.

 
1918

 

PROMOTION:  Lieut  Bertie  Brindy,  son  of  Mr  James  Brindy,  42  Frederick’s  Road,  who  joined
Kitchener’s  Army  as  a  Private  and  was  recommended  for  a  Commission  for  a  daring  exploit  in

East Suff Gaz 28 May 

France has now been placed in command of some forces in Mesopatamia.
DEATH OF DAVID MERRELLS, farmed at Barsham for 20 years, and was Churchwarden. Took

1918
East Suff Gaz 28 May 

over the Cross Keys, Hungate, retiring in 1904.
MENTIONED IN DESPATCHES: Capt HCN Trollope, MC, Suffolk Regt

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 28 May 

LARGER BUTTER RATION
VOLUNTEER MEDICAL CORPS: North Suffolk requested to provide 68 men. The unit would be
mobilised only in the event of invasion. 10 Drills a month. Dr GR Fox & Dr GH Ransome in charge

East Suff Gaz 28 May 
1918
East Suff Gaz 28 May 

of Companies. H Wood-Hill .
WAR-TIME CLUB: A place where Soldiers and girls might meet and .visit in comfort. Committee
formed.

1918
East Suff Gaz 28 May 
1918
PROMOTIONS:  Private  Albert  Wyatt,  son  of  Mr  Edward  Wyatt,  Ingate,  of  Ox  &  Bucks  Light
East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
35

Infantry commissioned as 2nd Lieut in Suffolk Regt. He has been twice wounded in fighting on the
Western Front, formerly of the Caxton Press.

 
 

 
 

Sergt Stephen White, 35 Alexandra Road, RFA appointed 2nd Lieut. Formerly of Caxton Press.
Capt HCN Trollope to be Brigade Major, Suffolk Regt

1918

DEATH OF SAMUEL  LARKE  of  Lowestoft,  aged 75.  Eldest son  of Mr Robert  Larke, builder of
Beccles, whom he assisted with his business until 1874, when he went as foreman to James Nelson,

East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 

builder of Lowestoft, who built the Caxton Arms & the terrace, Douglas Place.
BOARD OF GUARDIANS: A letter from Mr T Bent, landlord of the Children’s Home consenting to
the letting of the whole of the Children’s Home at Beccles to a sub-tenant. A portion of the Home had

1918
East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 

been let to Gordon Meadows for 11 a year.
GAS COMPANY: Chairman, Mr JP Walton. Dividend of 5% less tax. JR Crisp appointed in place of
later WM Crowfoot.

1918
East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 
1918

LATE CURATES: Rev WS Andrew close to the firing line. Rev P Higham will probably have joined
up.
CASUALTY LIST Mrs Bickers, 31 Smallgate notified that her husband, Bombadier G Bickers of the

East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 
1918
East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 

West Lancashire’s  died  of wounds. He  had served in France for two and  a  half years..  husband of
Minnie Bickers  & eldest son of Mr & Mrs George Bickers of St Benedict’s Road.
TEA TO BE RATIONED ?

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 4 Jun 

CASUALTY  LIST: Mrs Gordon Barnes,  72 Blyburgate told her  husband QMS Gordon Barnes  of
London Fuseliers killed by shrapnel. Formerly employed in the jobbing department of Caxton Press.
That department has now lost 4 of its members. She is left with four young children. He was 33.

East Suff Gaz 11 Jun 
 
 

Mrs SM Taylor, Queen’s Road, told that her youngest son, Private Percy Taylor of Grenadier Guards
killed. He was a student at St Mark’s College, London. Aged 22.
ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE: Miss Ivy Mitchell, a munition worker at Beccles given Order

1918
East Suff Gaz 18 Jun 

of British Empire for services in connection with the war: “for courage and high example shown on
the  occasion  of  an  accident  at an  iron works.”  [Elliott & Garrood]  She  is the  daughter  of   Mr G

Mitchell, 11 Ravensmere
WITH THE TANKS IN WALES: Sergt Hugh McQueen, Tank Corps Battalion, wounded in Cambrai

1918
East Suff Gaz 18 Jun 

in  November  is  now  with  the  tanks  touring  South  Wales,  selling  War  Bonds    &  War  Savings
Certificates. Five places visited last week took  in 1,395,214. They  are to remain another 6 weeks.

Sergt McQueen is still blind in one eye.
SALE: FEN  LANE: by  Executors  of Mr Henry Toll Business Premises  having frontage  of  50ft on
Fen Lane & within 60 Yards of the River Waveney, comprising Brick, Boarded & Slated Corn Mill

1918
East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 

with Crossley’s 15hp  Suction Gas Engine, Two Pairs of French Burr Mill  Stones, Oat Crusher and
spacious granaries and Store Rooms, Brick & Tiled Cart Shed, Workshop, Counting House, Stabling,
Small   Garden   &   Yard   in   which   an   extensive   business   has   been   carried   on   many   years.

[Withdrawn at 170]
SALE OF HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE: late Mr MW Sparling
SALE: Nos 11  & 13 CAXTON ROAD:  by executors  of Mr Robert Bloomfield; A pair  of  Small

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 
East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 

Residences known as Bloomfield Place, having a frontage of 42ft, in the occupation of Mr A Thurtell
& Mr GW Simmonds, with  a very fertile  garden in rear,  having  choice fruit trees and  a stable, hay
house, cart lodge and cow house for ten, the garden being now let to Mr John Brown. Contains about

1 rood 8 perches. [Sold to Mr SL Skevens for 550]
PROMOTION Mr Francis Finch, before the war was an assistant master at Beccles Council School,
where  he  had  been  scholar  and  pupil  teacher,  Second  Lieutenant  in  Royal  Horse  Artillery  and

1918
East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 

attached to Leicestershire Battery in Palestine. He has received the Military Medal.
WAR WEAPONS WEEK: To start 13 July. Hoped to get a Gun & an aeroplane, for exhibition, with
a band and a speaker. Invite Ladies to hold garden meetings; to open centre for sale of War Bonds.

1918
East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 

To invite the  clergy to  make  reference to it  in  church; special posters  &  advertising.  Surrounding
villages invited to participate. The target 17,000.

1918

LIEUT-COLONEL T. PELHAM JOHNSON, D.S.O., A.S.C. Lieutenant-Colonel T. Pelham Johnson,
who  died  on  active  service  in  France  on  June  12th,  was  the  youngest  son  of  the  late  Rev.  F.  A

East Suff Gaz 25 Jun 

Johnson, Rector  of  Stratford  St. Andrew,  Suffolk,  and of Mrs. Johnson,  Stratford Cottage, Beccles,
and was born at the Rectory, Stratford St. Andrew, on June 16, 1871. His home from his fourth year,

the time of the death of his father, was at Beccles. He was educated at Woodbridge Grammar School,
Queen’s College, Cambridge, and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He passed out of Sandhurst
with honours in 1891, and after a few months in Dresden acquiring a practical knowledge of German,

he was  gazetted to the Bedfordshire Regiment (XVIth), with which  he went to India  in 1892. He
served with Sir Robert Low’s Force in the relief of Chitral, being awarded the Indian Frontier medal
with clasp, after the storming of the Malakand Pass and the action near Khar at the descent into the

Swat Valley.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
36
 
 

In 1895 he transferred to the Army Service Corps and was stationed at Aldershot. From 1898 to 1903
he was on Staff Service in the Uganda Protectorate, being employed in the opening up of the country

consequent upon the construction of the railway from Mombasa. For his services in connection with
the Uganda Rising he received the medal with clasp. Later he was Acting Director of Road Transport

during the Nandi Punitive Expedition, being twice mentioned in despatches and receiving the British
Central Africa medal with clasp. During his stay in Africa, Captain Johnson, as he became in 1900,

had many opportunities of big game hunting, and a large elephants tusk, several lion’s skins, and the
heads of hartebeestes and other tropical animals were among the trophies he brought back to England.
In 1901 he married Lilian Dora, elder daughter of the bite Colonel H. Vero Hunt, Indian Staff Corps,

 
 

by whom  he has  one daughter,  born  in  1903. After  a period  of home service,  he was stationed  in
South Africa at Wynberg and Potchefstroom from 1904 to 1909, obtaining his Majority at the end of
this term of service.

 
 

At the outbreak of the Great War, he had been serving for some time in Newcastle and Woolwich. He
went to France with the first Expeditionary Force in August, 1914, was in the Retreat from Mona, and
took part  in the miraculous turn  of the tide on the Marne. He was mentioned  in  Viscount French’s

first  despatch  in  October.  1914,  and  was  promoted  Lieutenant  Colonel  in  April,  1915.  With  the
exception of a few months spent on  Salisbury Plain training the new troop , and short absences on
leave, he was at the Front during the whole of the present war, being again mentioned iii despatches

on  January  1,  1916,  January  4,  1917,  and  December  24,  1917.  In  February  of  last  yeas  he  was
invested  by  His  Majesty  with  the  D.S.O.  About  the  same  time  he  received  from  the  French
Government  an  award  of  the  Order  “Pour  le  Merite  Agricole,”  in  recognition  of  his  services  in

safeguarding the interests of French proprietors near the fighting line. At the time of his sudden death
he had recently been recommended for promotion as Brigadier-General.
His General writes: “To me it came as a very great shock. Only the other day I saw him apparently in

 
 

perfect health. He was laid to rest among many of his comrades who had gone before him as a result
of the fighting which has taken place since April year in this area. I shall miss him very much. As a

soldier he will be most difficult to replace, and as Officer Commanding Train he was beloved by all
under him, with the result that the work of the A.S.C. in this division has always been perfection. I

 
 

believe it has never broken down in the greatest strain. Colonel Johnson came out to France with the
division, and was one of the few officers left still who had done so. I have seldom met any man so

conscientious about the discharge of his duties. He never rested while there was anything to be done
by him or that he should see done by others. Only the other day I had a long talk with him about his
future, and although he never expressed a wish that I should do so, I wrote a letter to the authorities

asking that he might be early considered for a higher appointment, much as I should have regretted
losing him. I little dreamt he would be taken so suddenly by the will of Providence.”
MILITARY MEDAL: Corporal WE Bird, Somerset Light Infantry

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 
 

Battery Driver A Smith, , youngest son of Mr & Mrs G Smith, 106 Grove Road, for bravery in the
Field in France. He is 18 and has been in the army 3 years. Before he was employed by Mr WWT
Youngman, butcher.

1918

CASUALTY  LIST:  RW  Snowden,  36  Newgate  received  news  that  his  fourth  son  Private  Cyril
Snowden, East Yorkshire Regt posted as missing. He had been in France only 6 weeks. He is 18. Of
the 3 sons in the war, one has lost his leg, one is a prisoner of war in Germany, and one is missing.

East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 
1918

DESERTER CAUGHT A young man dressed in mixture of Khaki & civilian clothes seen by Private
Peters on the Worlingham Road, who asked him where he was going. The reply was “To London”.
He wanted to know the way to the railway station, so Private Peters took him to the Police Station.  

East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 

The deserter had been in the Middlesex four months and had deserted.
ORDER FOR “COMPULSORY VOLUNTEERS”. Certain men exempted from military service must
join the Volunteer Force and attend parades.

1918
East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 

1918
1918

NATIONAL RATIONING being introduced on 14 July, taking over from local schemes.
BRITISH RED CROSS APPEAL  for silver  and  gold  objects to  be  given  for funds to  help sick  &

East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 2 Jul 

wounded and prisoners.
CASUALTY LIST Mrs Arthur Scowen of Commercial Hotel, Pier Terrace, Lowestoft & Khaki Cafe,

1918
East Suff Gaz 9 Jul 

New Market, Beccles news that her husband Private Arthur Scowen killed in action
Mrs Simmonds, 37, Queens Road notified that her son Gunner Edward Simmonds, RGA died in the

 
 

hospital  ship Carrisbrooke Castle on his way from France to England. He was buried with military
honours in Beccles Cemetery.. He was 31.
FUEL RATIONING based on number of rooms to house, with maximum quantity allowable.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 9 Jul 

INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC caused closure of one elementary school.
SUDDEN DEATH of Peter Kearns,  one  of  5 brothers  in the Navy sons of Mrs Kearns, Avondale,
Waveney Road, came home on leave , became ill from influenza, went to the Red Cross  Hospital in

East Suff Gaz 9 Jul 
1918
East Suff Gaz 9 Jul 
Station Road, moved to the Red Cross Hospital in Frederick’s Road where he died.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
37
 
 

He was in the “Sandy” patrol boat  with Commander Gartside Tipping when the ship was blown up
by a shell on 25 Sept 1915. The Commander was killed and Mr Kearns was badly wounded, but lived

to be picked up with a few other survivors. After his recovery he served on the hospital ship, Garth
Castle, stationed with the Grand Fleet.. He was 27.

1918
1918

BANK AMALGAMATION between Barclays & the London Provincial & the Southwestern Bank
YOU CAN HELP TO SAVE OUR MEN. Our Borough must help to send a gun to the Front. Shall

East Suff Gaz 16 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 16 Jul 

we do it? The Answer rests with You. Buy all the National War Bonds or War Savings Certificates
that you can afford during the Suffolk War Weapons Week.
SALE: NEW MARKET

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 
 

LOT 1.—A well-built modern RESIDENCE and BUSINESS PREMISES known as Market House,”
with  Two  Reception  and  Seven  Bedrooms,  a  Spacious  Shop  and  Garden.  Excellent  position  and
Frontageof 42 feet. suitable for Boarding House, Garage, etc.

 
 
 

 
 
 

LOT 2.—A HOUSE and SHOP, known as The Red House,” with two Cottages adjoining.
LOT 3.—A detached Cottage with walled-in Garden.
LOT 4.—On the Cliff, a block of 3 capital COTTAGES with Garden in Puddingmoor.

1918
 

SALE: INGATE .
READ, STANFORD & OWLES are favoured with instructions from Mrs. C. BARKER, af Thirak, to
Sell by Auction at the KIND’S HEAD HOTEL, BECCLES, on Wednesday, 7th August, 1918, at 4

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 
 

o’clock in the Afternoon,
A range of well-built COTTAGES with good Gardens, being Nos. 15 to 21, Ingate-street. Tenure—
Freehold.

 
 
1918

BANK AMALGAMATION: Lloyds Bank to amalgamate with Capital & Counties Bank, which has
a Branch at Beccles.
LOCAL HONOUR Mr & Mrs F Bryant, 6 Swines Green have heard that their son Sergt AG Bryant

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 
1918
East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 

of the  Suffolk Regt has  been  awarded the Military Medal for  conspicuous bravery. He  has been in
France 29 months and has been twice wounded, once on the Somme and once at Arras.

1918

THUNDERSTORM About an inch of rain fell  on  Wednesday evening, blocking drains  and  gullies
and flooding some of the low lying houses near the black Boy in Ingate to a depth of several inches.

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 

The water ran down Peddar’s Lane and Blyburgate like a mill stream.
DEATH  OF Mr  GARWOOD  INGATE  from  Influenza.  He  was  63.  He  was  a  Bungay  man.  He

1918
East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 

entered  the printing office of Charles Childs in the reading department. He became Congregational
Minister at Brandeston for many years, He was a proof reader at the Caxton Press & Secretary of the
Liberal Association. His Daughters:: Mrs Lindley Watson & Mrs Quinton Robinson.

1918

SUMMONED FOR NOT SUPPORTING WIFE. Maria Wyatt sued her husband, Samuel Wyatt  for
16s owed in support. Police said she led an immoral life. They had seen soldiers visit the house  in
Stepping Hill at night on several occasions.

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 
1918

WAR WEAPONS WEEK: Obtained loan of a 18 pr quick-firing gun (lent by the GOC 68th [Welsh]
Division) on view in New Market. Shop lent by Mrs Gipson for purchase of War Savings. Procession
of Boy Scouts, Girl Guides etc. Entertainment put on in Rectory Garden. On Tuesday a gathering at

East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 

Roos  Hall.  A  mass  meeting  in  New  Market  on  Wednesday,  Sir  Edward  Beauchamp,  MP  spoke.
Military Band played. On Thursday  evening  meeting  at the Hollies, Frederick’s Road. On Friday  a
military display, two batteries of artillery, headed by the Lovat Scouts Pipe Band. 43,000 raised for

War Savings
TOMMY’S LIFE IN HOSPITAL  The following letter from a Beccles soldier with an Anti-Aircraft
battery in Italy is of interest to our readers:

1918
East Suff Gaz 23 Jul 
 
 

“Just a few thoughts and experiences jotted down anyhow. June 6th, the “umpteenth day of the War,”
and my 19th day “in dock”’ Have just had a visit from the doctor doing his usual morning rounds at
about 10am. You will probably have received my letter by now, telling you that I had left the Counter

Battery.”  To  resume—I  was  taken  into  Hospital  when  I  reported  sick,  on  being  sent  down  to
S.M.T.O., for I wanted to find out why I couldn’t drive, and how my nerves were affected. Instead I

was “docked” as suffering from ‘ bronchitis;’ and so have been under treatment for that ever since. I
was in bed seven days at  a Field Amb., a fine roomy building, situated some way up the side of a

mountain.  From  our  ward  we  could  see  the  surrounding  valleys  and  slopes,  and  the  view  was
splendid. Our ward was a fine lofty room, about fifty feet long and twenty broad, with windows on

two sides. There were  about twenty-four  stretchers  as beds,  and we were  each supplied with three
blankets, so were fairly comfy. The centre of ward was occupied by a long table, on which were the
various  dressings  and  medicines,  etc.  About  5.30  am.  we  were  awakened  each  morning,  and  the

orderly  took  our  temperatures;  then  followed  a  wash,  after  which  we  had  breakfast.  As  soon  as
breakfast was over medicine and dressings were dispensed, the beds were made up, the room swept,
and everything put in order. These operations generally took till about 8am. We were then at rest till

the doctor came at 9.30 am After the doctor’s rounds we frequently had to keep everything Al, ready
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
38

for  inspection  by  O.C.  of  Hospital.  At  12  noon  we  had  dinner,  then  another  sweep  up  of  room,
medicine  for  the  ‘  3-times-a-day”  patients,  and  then  rest  till  4  p.m.,  which  was  our  tea-time.

Medicine, etc., again between tea and supper. Supper came along at 6 p.m., and then we could settle
down whenever we liked for the night. Breakfasts generally consist of porridge (“ burgu “) and bacon

and bread  and tea. Dinner  varies, sometimes stew (“shrapnel soup”), sometimes roast and potatoes,
afterwards followed by “ duff “—rice, tapioca, sago, etc. For tea we get bread and butter (?) , jam or

cheese and tea. For supper we have a basin of coffee or cocoa. There were also frequent supplies of
cigarettes given out, and oranges. Oranges could also be bought. Plenty of books and papers, so we
are altogether fairly well seen after.

 
 

My next trip was to the D.R.S.  (Divisional Rest  Station),  about five  kilometres further  down.  had
been  “up’  about  a  day  and  a  half,  so  was  allowed  to  be  about  the  premises  at  this  station.  ‘The
accommodation was a bit of contrast from previous Hospital. We were housed in an old barn in a big

lean-to  roofed  chamber  about  sixty  foot  long  and  eighteen  feet  wide.  Two  openings  in  one  wall
served as doors and windows, and one had to walk the floor,  carefully watching for holes and rotten
boards. You can guess none of us stayed in there longer than necessary, but soon got into the fresh

air.
Altogether. my experiences there were not pleasant. We had a bath first thing on arrival and clean (?)
shirts and pants. etc., given us, also a stretcher and two blankets. After a couple of days I found rest

 
 

was out of the question, for I had got -
literally alive with nests of eggs and newly-hatched arrivals. You can guess I was soon after another
change, and fished out some underlinen from my pack in the store that I had washed myself; but it

- visitors,” and upon examination found the seams of my shirt

had never been dried properly. I aired it in the sun for a few minutes, and then put it on, and soon felt
a bit more comfortable.. My next move was to the C.C.S. (Casualty Clearing  Station),  on the  31st.  
On arrival there my -. Med. Card “ was examined, and I was put to bed again in a. large tent situated

amongst the trees, in grounds of a very handsome chateau, very highly painted and decorated all over
its outside walls, and also I was told, a very handsome place inside.

1918

TOMMY’S LIFE IN HOSPITAL. Our tent really consisted of a series of five tents, two poles to each
tent, the sides looped up and lashed together, making a long tent about a hundred feet long, holding

East Suff Gaz 30 Jul 

about 20 beds on  each side, with  a 4-foot corridor dawn the centre. Proper beds this time, mattress
and  3 blankets, with a suit of pyjamas for  each patient. Here we were  attended  by lady nurses and

men  orderlies. The routine was much the  same  as  at the  Field Ambulance. The  nurses were  very
cheerful,  and  to  the  patients  it  was  amusing  to  hear  the  various  comments  of  the  men  and  their
questions  in trying to find out where the nurses came from. A great number of the men were north

countrymen,  and you  can  guess what  a fuss they made when  one  of the  nurses  declared  herself as
coming  from  the  same  district  as  some  of  them.  It  was  very  amusing  to  hear  them  chatting  and
dropping  into the  north  country  brogue  and  expressions Again we had plenty of papers  and mags,

also  a  gramophone,  and cigarettes were  frequently handed round. During the  day the walls of tent
were rolled up,  and it was very  nice  looking out  amongst the many kinds  of trees  and listening to
some  splendid  song  birds.  I  could  not  recognize  the  kind  of  bird  but  its  note  was  very  like  the

nightingale. It used to sing all day, very sweet warbling notes, which were answered by its chums all
round, sometimes in repetition, like an echo, almost, at others in another refrain, just as if they were
talking to one another. The second day we had a very heavy hailstorm. I’ve been through a few heavy

storms on top  of the  mountains  during this  last two months,  but nothing  has  ever  come up to this
storm, for the hailstones were as large as walnuts, and even after they had fallen several minutes, we
could pick up some that fell into tent as large as those glass marbles in the “pop” ‘ bottles. In fact,

some one thought they were eggs,  I believe, for whilst I was leaning over one side of my bed to pick
some up, he put a few into my bed, so that when I rolled back I found myself “sitting “ on some!
After a few days in bed at C.C.S. the order came along that an amb. train was coming for us, so on

 
 

the evening of the 4th June we got up and dressed ourselves, walked out to some rows of stretchers
placed on paths round chateau, laid down on them, were covered with blankets, and then loaded into

ambulances  by  the  stretcher-bearers,  and  taken  to  the  train  awaiting  us  at  station.  Here  we  were
unloaded on our stretchers, put into train, and placed in the  bunks ranged on each side of the long

corridor carriages, the stretchers being taken back again with the blankets. These ambulance carriages
are very fine. They are about 50 feet long, with three tiers of cots on each side, holding 36 patients in

all. The corridor is fairly wide, about 4 feet, and at the end of carriage there is a small compartment
for the orderlies  and stores, etc., also  a lavatory.  Electric light.  In  attendance were doctors,  nurses,
and orderlies,  who each came round in their turn, “registering” us, for their various duties, etc. The

doctor to see that we were going on all right.. The nurse to attend to “dressings,” etc. The orderlies to
arrange for food and to make us comfortable generally. After loading up, a start was made, and the
next that I recollect was that  an orderly was shaking me  and telling me to  le hurry up and  get my

breakfast,  as we were stopped  at  a detraining station,  and  15  of  us were to be  got off  quickly.  We
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
39

were  put  into  ambulances  again,  and  soon  found  ourselves  travelling  some  distance  through  the
streets  of  a  large town. After  a  ride  of  about  a  quarter  of an hour, we found  ourselves  at  a  large

stationary hospital. We were unloaded from our stretchers,  our cards were  examined as we entered
the hall, and then we were despatched to our various wards .My ward was C 12, ~ about 25 feet by 20

feet,  containing  a dozen  beds with white sheets  and  coverlets. Here we  changed into suits of white
pyjamas, and were soon going through the usual routine again. This hospital had a good supply of red

tape, so you can guess all of us were very comfy! The Sister never comes into the ward but what she
cleans up someone, with the result that  all their  nerves  are on  edge,  and  she  gets some  very  nice
expressions and wishes every time her back is turned. The orderlies are a pleasant set m of fellows,

and so are the nurses, so our plight  is tempered a  bit  and made more bearable  during the intervals.
Today, the 7th, our Cards were collected and written up-to-date, and I find that mine is marked ‘‘BL’’
Several others are also marked the same. This I believe augurs another move - that’s to be found out

shortly. These medical cards of ours are about a quad large folder, and are enclosed in a strong manila
bag-shaped  envelope. Both  card  and  envelope  are  used as a  record  of the patients in  hospitals  and
transport, train  or ship. Each hospital adds a history of case. Mine is as follows... . That’s as far as it

goes  at present, the twentieth day.  I  am still  kept in  bed, but hope to  be  getting about soon, for  it
makes one fearfully weak lying round in bed day in day out. Shall be glad when I get in touch with all
at home again, for ever since my arrival in hospitals no letters have come to hand.

1918

PROTECTION AGAINST GAS. Required stones &  nut shells for  conversion into  charcoal to  be
used  in  respirators  for  protection  of  troops  against  poison  gas.  No  other  substance  gives  equal
protection.

East Suff Gaz 30 Jul 

1918
1918
 

BOARD OF GUARDIANS: Chaplain, John Clegg to have pay rise.
SALE OF PROPERTY of Mrs Guy
LOT 1 New Market: Residence & Business Premises known as Market House [YMCA 900]

East Suff Gaz 30 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 6 Aug 

 
 

 

LOT 2 New Market House & Shop known as the Red House with 2 cottages adjoining [withdrawn
425]

 
 

 
 

LOT 3 New Market (behind) Detached cottage with walled-in Garden [Mr H Shiplee, occupier, 70]
LOT 4 Puddingmoor On the Cliff: A Block of 3 Cottages with Garden. [Mr L Beard 170]

1918

PRISONER OF WAR: Mrs E Piper of 56 Frederick’s Road has received a card from her son, L/Cpl
A Piper, stating that he was captured on March 28 7 is now a prisoner of war in Stammlager Parchin

East Suff Gaz 6 Aug 

in Mecklenburg, Germany. This is the first time that he has been allowed to write home.
SUPPLEMENT: PHOTO: Munitions work 80 & 18
LEMAN SCHOOL SPEECH DAY reported

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 6 Aug 
East Suff Gaz 6 Aug 
1918

Lot  1.  Villa  Residence,  No  49  London  Road,  with  large  Garden  in  occupation  of  George  Rouse   
(Bought John Edwards 505)
LOT 2 Villa Residence, No 47 adjoining in occupation of Miss Shardalow   (Bought Miss Shardalow

East Suff Gaz 13 Aug 
 
 

400)
LOT 3  Building Plot  adjoining Lot 1, having frontage of 54ft upon the London Road, suitable for
the erection of one or two villa Residences, with ample space for gardens.(Withdrawn)

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
 

LOT 4 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn] 
LOT 5 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn]
LOT 6 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn]

 
 
 

LOT 7 Building Plot  in  rear of Plot  3, with  frontage  of 30ft upon  Pleasant Place  near  St George’s
Place, suitable for the erection of small Residence with good Garden space
LOT 8 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn]

 
 

 
 

LOT 9 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn]
LOT 10 The adjoining similar building Plot [withdrawn]
LOT 11 Productive Market Garden near Grove Road, containing  one  acre  15 perches  now in the

 
 

 
 

occupation of Mr J Spratt at the Rent of 7. [Mr J Spratt 180]
LOT 12 The Post Office  and  Postmaster’s Residence,  centrally situated in  Exchange  Square  in the

 
 

occupation of the Postmaster General at the rent of 100 [withdrawn at 1,400]
LOT 13 Two well situated Shops & Dwelling House, Nos 4a and 6 Hungate in the occupation of Mrs

 
 

T Garrett at the rent of 37.[Mr Larkman 450]
LOT 14  Well-built & commodious Residence, No 14 Northgate, in the occupation of Mrs Anderson,

 
 

whose tenancy expires at Michaelmas. Small Residence adjoining, No 16 Northgate; Builder’s Yard
&  premises  in  rear,  with  entrance  from  Ravensmere,  in  the  occupation  of  Mr  H  Catling,  at  the
aggregate annual rental of 20 10s [Mr Mickleburgh 410]

 
 

LOT  15  Double  Cottage  Nos  19  &  20  Ravensmere,  in  occupation  of  Messrs  AE  Andrews  &  W
Simmonds, at the aggregate rent of 17 7s 4d  [Mr Mickleburgh 225]
PRICE OF BUTTER (on ration) 2s 4d lb.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 13 Aug 
EAST ANGLIANS IN THE BATTLE. To the British  county regiments  generally  and the  Eastern
East Suff Gaz 13 Aug 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
40

Counties men particularly, a striking tribute is paid by a British Staff officer who has been engaged in
the fighting since Thursday last.

 
 

“The county regiments of England (he writes) have done splendidly in this push. They have borne the
brunt of the fighting, and borne it well, none better than the men of East Anglia, who were engaged in

a vital part of the battle and carried themselves with honour to their counties and to the old regiments.
Norfolks  have the honour of carrying  an  important position  in the shortest possible period  of time

taken  to  obtain  objectives  of  value  on  their  part  of  the  front,  and  the  Suffolks  got  beyond  their
objectives well  in  advance  of time,  seizing  a position  and  enabling the tanks to,  come  into  action
sooner than would otherwise have been the case. if there was a question of a forced march to a point

where  it  was  possible  to  cut  off  the  Germans  retreating  from  an  adjoining  sector.  The  Norfolks
advanced  by  one  road  and  the  Suffolks  by  another,  making  a  forced  march  which  was  entirely
successful,  our men reaching their  destination  ahead of the Germans  and  meeting the latter with  a

heavy fusillade when they tried to fall back through this town. The Germans went to the right in great
disorder, and here he came under fire from our tanks, which had moved on the left of the Suffolks.
Airmen  also were on the scene from  an  early stage,  and bombed the demoralized Huns with  great

vigour.   completing their  rout  at every point. The Germans  fell  back to new positions, where they  
were assailed front and flank by the Norfolks, who advanced in the teeth of fire fiercest opposition,
capturing guns and machine-guns, great quantities of ammunitions and other material, besides many

prisoners.  Counter-attacks  of   great  power  were  developed  at   different  points,  but  they  failed
everywhere because of the tenacity with which our East Anglians held on to what they had won. A
daring  attempt  was  made  by  the  enemy  to  outflank  the  Suffolks  where  they  were  in  position.  A

supporting  battalion  was  suddenly  attacked  and  forced  to  give  ground,  but  the  Suffolks  promptly
changed  front  to  meet  the  new  menace  and  held  the  enemy  fast  until  the  Norfolks  and  another
regiment attacked them in flank and put them to flight.

 
 

There  was   a  two   hours   lull,  with  the   East  Anglians  holding  the  trenches   in  face   of   fierce
bombardment, and then the whole battle front blazed up once more, the Germans attacking all along

the line with fresh troops of good quality brought up from reserve. These troops succeeded in getting
to close quarters with our men, and desperate hand-to-hand fighting ensued, the enemy maintaining

for nearly an hour a footing which they secured in our first line trenches.
Their first failure came when the Norfolks attacked and cut off the German reserves hurrying to the

 
 

aid of the attacking troops. While the reserves were being held the Suffolks attacked with great dash,
and  drove  the  Germans  in  headlong  flight  from  the  whole  line.  Bitter  fighting  continued  until
nightfall, the Germans attacking and counter-attacking with unabated fury. The rout of the Huns was

completed by a charge of East Anglian Yeomanry, who dashed in to attack the Huns in the rear after
a forced march,  and the  enemy took to  flight pursued by  our horsemen, and also by  our tanks and
airmen.  The  combination  of  tanks,  airmen,  and  cavalry  in  this  stage  of  the  battle  was  a  most

impressive sight to us, but terrifying to the Germans, who had absolutely no chance of escape. They
were short down, ridden down, and bombed down. Hardly more than a handful of the men caught in
front of our lines escaped. 1 have never seen such slaughter as there was that day, and the Germans

were terribly punished at all points during the battle, which is undoubtedly the greatest ever fought”
WM CROWFOOT’S ESTATE: left 22,822 gross, of which 10,583 is net personalty. Probate to his
widow  Mrs  Catherine  Crowfoot  &  daughter  Mrs  Amy  Wood-Hill  &  her  husband  Henry  Gilbert

1918
East Suff Gaz 13 Aug 

Wood Hill, Surgeon. He left his collections: 1 Butterflies Nottingham University Museum 2. Shells
from the Paris Basin, crag shells etc to Norwich Museum. 3. Shells from Pliocene Basin to Ipswich
Museum. 4, 100 to Beccles Hospital 5. 100 to Beccles Nursing Institute.

1918

GUARDIANS OF THE WORKHOUSE: Get estimate from Messrs Hindes of Beccles of dilapidation
and caused by German Prisoners of War when they occupied part of the building.
FAILURE TO CULTIVATE Ground in Grange Road next to Mr Banham’s house rented by  James

East Suff Gaz 13 Aug 
1918
East Suff Gaz 20 Aug 

Crickmore  of the Cross Keys in Hungate. Notice was  served  on him to plant potatoes, but  he did
nothing. He said there were 10 loads of bricks & rubble on the land. He had no plough or horses and

he considered  it too difficult. He was  fined 5  and  costs of  2  2s. He said  he would  appeal  as  he
considered he had do no wrong.

1918

DISABLED  SOLDIERS  INSULTED. Three soldiers writing  saying that they were walking  down
Station  Road  when  girls  passed  saying  they  would  not  lower  themselves  to  talk  to  discharged

East Suff Gaz 20 Aug 

soldiers. To be insulted in this way is a scandal as we have all three been discharged through wounds
received in  action. I think it would  be more to these  girls’  credit to join the WAAC or  Land Army
instead of parading the town at night jeering at people who have done their duty for their country.

1918
 
1918

NEW FILMS WANTED  Criticism of the quality of the films presented in the Cinema.
LONDON ROAD  20-08-1918  Late Nathaniel Pells
POTATO GROWING Large Potatoes grown by Mr ED Pyne of White House, Ashman’s Road

East Suff Gaz 20 Aug 
 
East Suff Gaz 27 Aug 
1918
CASUALTY LIST Mrs Fairhead of  37 Smallgate has been notified that her youngest son Sydney of
East Suff Gaz 27 Aug 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
41

7th Norfolks, reported wounded and missing, has been killed.
ADULT MEETING addressed  by Mr Rowntree Gillett the Quaker Chaplain  in the Forces. He had

1918
East Suff Gaz 27 Aug 

visited the detention barracks in London for conscientious objectors, and introduced a conscientious
objector  who  told  of  the  almost  incredible  punishments  meted  out  to  him  and  his  companions  in

Britain and later in Egypt.
HEADS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS to start a scheme of blackberry picking by school children.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 27 Aug 

MEAT SUPPLY short because of harvest, Limited supply to butchers, has to be made up with frozen
meat. Does not always arrive in good condition.
ASSISTING THE FOOD SUPPLY: Mr Irah Read, cowkeeper, lost a sow a few days ago since after

East Suff Gaz 27 Aug 
1918
East Suff Gaz 3 Sept 

farrowing, and he is bringing up the 11 pigs by hand.
GOLDEN WEDDING: Mr & Mrs CT FIELD. He was for many years in business in the Boot & Shoe
Stores in Exchange Square. He is 75 & she is 74. They have 5 sons & 1 daughter, all married. Two of

1918
East Suff Gaz 3 Sept 

the sons are in the army. There are 10 grandchildren, one of whom was killed in France. There is one
great grandchild.
WHITE ELEPHANT SALE in aid of Suffolk Prisoners of War at Roos Hall. There will be Concerts,

1918
East Suff Gaz 3 Sept 

Side-Shows and an auction of valuable gifts and livestock. Entries to Mrs HJ Leake, Roos Hall.
THE POST OFFICE BUILDING IN EXCHANGE SQUARE. Letter suggesting that at the end of the
lease after the war, should be pulled down and the site thrown into Exchange Square, which would

1918
East Suff Gaz 3 Sept 

considerably improve a dangerous thoroughfare.
YMCA MANAGER, Mr Owen Paige,  in  charge  of the  YMCA Huts at Worlingham & Beccles is
going to Russia on the Murmansk coast. for the YMCA.

1918
East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 
1918

BECCLES  SWIMMING  BATHS  Swimming  taught  to  girls  for  a  number  of  years  by  Madam
Darnley  Reynolds,  who  is  employed  by  the  Corporation.  She  had  opened  baths  at  Ilfracombe,
Margate,  Yeovil  &  Andover;  taught  swimming   at  the  Crystal  Palace,  Noorwood,  Brixton   &

East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 

Westminster etc.
CASUALTY LIST: Private H Withington of the Glamorgan Yeomanry shot through the left leg by a

1918
East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 

bullet. The second time he has been wounded. He was the talented violinist who played at Concerts
last winter.

1918

HONOUR FOR BECCLES MEN: Chief  Stoker  ST WADE  of 23  St George’s Road  awarded the
silver medal of the Order of St George (Russia).

East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 
 
 

The  Belgian  Croix  de  Guerre  awarded  to  Sergt  Basil  Hall,  King’s  Royal  Rifle  Corps  son  of  Mr
Sidney Hall, 118 Denmark Road, for distinguished service in the war. Mr Hall has 5 surviving sons in
the Forces.

1918

BECCLES CHILDREN’S HOME: the children to be transferred to Bungay, and the house should be
let.
CONSERVATIVE CLUB: Smoking Concert given

East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 

TRADE UNION RALLY Decided to form a Labour Party in Beccles. Mr AH Pye, President.
WAR MEMORIAL:  A Correspondent did not agree with the idea of a Public Library as a memorial
He  remembered  the  previous  attempts:  Mr  WW  Garnham  opened  an  Institution  in  Manor  House

East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 
1918
East Suff Gaz 10 Sept 

Lane, where books & newspapers were liberally supplied for the working classes. There was a similar
attempt in Station Road. The more recent history of the Institute & Reading Room which after a brief
existence  passed  into  oblivion.  There  is  also  the  Public  Library  today.  The  Co-Operative  Society

provide a good library free of charge. All experience goes to show that in small towns is esteemed a
privilege by the few and neglected by the large majority.
A new Hospital is what is needed.  The present one in Fair Close is out of date and unadaptable.

 
1918

 

NEW RATION BOOKS on 2 November
RALLY BY DISCHARGED SOLDIERS March round Beccles with two bands and end in Exchange
Square. Collection to be taken. [About 50 or 60 in the Parade.

East Suff Gaz 17 Sept 
1918
East Suff Gaz 17 Sept 
1918

WHITE ELEPHANT SALE: Bad Weather. 36 Beccles men Prisoners of War.. Objects not sold were
auctioned by Mr GA Stanford afterwards. Sale reached 185.

East Suff Gaz 17 Sept 
1918

HONOUR FOR SOLDIER: Sergt L Rix, Suffolk Regt, son of Mr Rix of the Brick Works, who has
been twice wounded awarded the Military Medal for bravery. Mr Rix has another son, Sergt Albert

East Suff Gaz 24 Sept 

Rix also serving.
Mr SPRATT, SWINE’S GREEN given permission to open greengrocer’s shop at 6 Blyburgate.

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 24 Sept 
 

Mrs Lanchester given permission to open fresh fish shop at 26 Northgate.
HONOURABLE MENTION: Quartermaster-Sergeant  E Baker, RFA,  eldest son  of Mr  E Baker,  7
Old Mill Terrace. Before the War he was a GER signaller at Belton. He joined up on the outbreak of

1918
East Suff Gaz 24 Sept 

was & has seen service in France, Egypt & Palestine, where he is now serving.
CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs W Crisp, 30 Peddar’s Lane have received news that their son Private
F Crisp, Irish Kings Liverpool Regt was killed on September 11th. His Company had just gone over

1918
East Suff Gaz 24 Sept 
the top  at 6.15 pm when he was hit by a machine-gun bullet. In  civil  life he was a fireman on the
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
42

GER. He was 19.
WAR MEMORIAL HOSPITAL    Sir,—The  East  Suffolk Gazette of May 10th,  1914,  contained  a

1918
East Suff Gaz 24 Sep 

draft  plan  of  a  proposed  new  hospital  for  Beccles.  The  war  swept  in  upon  us  and  for  the  time
frustrated all hopes of rebuilding.

 
 

Great  as  was  our  need  then,  in  effecting  improvements  in  our  accommodation  for  the  sick,  still
greater  and more urgent will  it  be  in the time that lies  before  us, when our disabled soldiers  and

sailors return to their native town still needing hospital attention. Surely it is our duty to see that we
are prepared to receive them, and that the care and comfort they receive does not compare adversely
with that which they have obtained in  other  hospitals. If our  hospital  accommodation  is  not  up-to-

date, and does not meet the standard required by the Pensions Commissioners, our wounded will have
to be sent elsewhere to the nearest approved hospital. I gather that no grant for maintenance will be
paid for a discharged soldier while in a hospital which has not been approved. Before going into the

details of the hospital we require, we must be satisfied that the hospital which has done such excellent
work for nearly forty years is really out-dated, that it does not admit of the necessary alterations.
A country hospital should be  built with  all the wards  on the  ground  floor, to  enable patients to  be

 
 

wheeled in their beds on to a veranda overlooking its own garden, if possible, with an uninterrupted
view of the country. The practice of treating cases in the open air has made rapid advance in the last
few years, and the effect on the general condition of the patient is remarkable. We have found out at

the local Red Cross Hospital that the rapid improvement of wounds exposed to the air and sunlight
has  been  little  less  than  astonishing.  In  the  garden  we  should  have  rotating  shelters  for  cases
undergoing open-air treatment.

 
 

These methods are quite impossible in our present civil hospital, and no reconstruction of the existing
building could effect them. It is also undesirable to have a critical case in a general ward. The effect
on the other patients is most depressing. There should be a sufficient number of separate wards where

such cases could be treated apart.
Cheerful and happy surroundings, especially when dealing with sick persons, are more than desirable.

 
 

No one acquainted with our wards could be content with them in this respect. We have no children’s
ward, and when it is necessary to admit a child, it is not hard to imagine the distress a crying infant

can cause in a ward of sick people. There should be a separate ward for children.
The nurse on night duty should be in a position to keep watch on the patients under her care. They

 
 

should be able to call her without disturbing the others; this is not possible in the present hospital.
There are other important defects in the existing building. The operating room would certainly fail to
meet the  approval  of  any  inspecting body.  We  are  deficient  in the proper number  of bath-rooms,

 
 

store-rooms, rooms for electrical treatment, massage, and X-rays. I have by no means exhausted the
defects of the existing building. No doubt in some minor points alterations could be effected, but if
the general public appreciates the serious nature of  the irremediable defects, I feel sure it will come

to the  conclusion that the  only  course to pursue  is to  build  a  new hospital as soon  as we  are  in  a
position to do so.
A WAR MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. As a memorial to our fallen, as a tribute to our fathers, husbands,

 
 

brothers, sons and comrades who have died for the triumph of an Ideal, I can imagine many tributes,
but none more in keeping with the cause for which they died. As defenders of the weal in their hour
of tribulation they rallied round Belgium, France, and Serbia when destruction burst the gates. Let us

in memory rally round our sick when death and disease knock at the door.
A War Memorial Hospital  has  great  advantages,  offering  as  it does  opportunity for  each to render
homage to our fallen countrymen. Friends, families, villages and the town could in perpetual memory

 
 

of their sacrifices  and  bereavement endow  beds, wards or particular  installations  for the  relief  and
cure of the sick.— Yours, etc.  H. WOOD HILL

1918

A VISIT TO PALESTINE. Pioneer G. Coggle, R. E., in a very interesting letter to Mr J. S, Palmer
from Palestine, under date August 1st, says :— “I thought I would let you know of the doings, etc., of

East Suff Gaz 24 Sep 

one of your “old boys.” No doubt you are aware of the fact that I have been in the East for the past 28
months. I haven’t been here all that time without seeing some interesting things, so will endeavour to

describe to you some of them. Early in 1916 I crossed over on the “Transylvania,” a very comfortable
and  fast  boat.  She  has  since  been  sent  to  the  bottom  of  the  “deep  blue  sea.”  After  unloading  at

Alexandria we were dished out with blankets, ammunition, etc. This being the ordinary infantry kit,
including kit bags, was no light weight to carry through the streets of Alexandria. We left Blighty all
covered over with a mantle of snow, but at this place we first realized the effects of a hot country. My

first impression of the streets of Alexandria was that they were the filthiest and most evil smelling of
any I had ever entered. Since then II have got used to this “beautiful” Eastern odour and never notice
it in the slightest. After about ten days at Sidi Bishr (just outside Alexandria) the draft I was with got

orders to proceed to Mina, where the 1/5th Regiment was then stationed. We did this journey across
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
43

(or along) the Nile Delta in open trucks, and for the first time I saw what a vital necessity the Nile
was to such a thirsty land as Egypt. On arrival at Cairo station we were presented with refreshments

by some English ladies, after which we prepared for a ten-mile march to Mena Camp. Our way laid
along a very straight road, which  leads from the Nile

 
 

In the moonlight we  could see these  great monuments, the Pyramids, when  quite  a  great  distance
away.  We  kept  plodding  on  and  on,  but  still  they  didn’t  seem  to  get  much  nearer.  Eventually,

however, they were comparatively near, and we reached our camp, which was practically at the foot
of them. I was very pleased to be once more with the  good  old Beccles Company of that  good old
regiment, and to see some of the lads who had been in the “Pen.” Not long after this we were put on

the  Canal  defences,  where  I  remained,  although  at  different  points,  from  April  until  the  end  of
December. In May we had the “Khamseen” winds, which  nearly outed most of us. It seemed more
like the hot wind from an oven when the door is opened suddenly.

 
 

All  this  long  period  I  was  engaged  on  my  old  job,  namely,  that  of  Regimental  Signaller.  On
December 31st I was sent down to Zestoun on a six-weeks’ course of signalling. I did rather well at
this, and got recommended for an Advanced Course of Telephony, which meant another three weeks.

I thoroughly enjoyed myself during the evenings and week-ends, when we were from study. Zestoun
is the next place to Heliopolis and only half a piastre from Cairo by electric car. I paid a visit to the
Pyramids  and  Sphinx,  also to the Zoological Gardens. By this time I was beginning to rumble this

“backsheesh”  game  and  became  my  own  guide  to  these  places.  After  so  long  on  the  desert  we
welcomed the “glorious” feeds that we were thus enabled to obtain. Even Eastern civilization seemed
a veritable heaven to us. We went to revues in French and other languages, parts of which we could

understand and some not.
I was successful  in  obtaining two 1st Class Certificates  at the  School of Instruction,  and  instead of
being  sent  back  to  the  Regiment,  I  was,  to  my  surprise,  sent  to  the  Royal  Engineers’  Base,  near

 
 

Alexandria. At this place I had six weeks in the School of Telegraphy, at which I did very well, but
was not allowed to finish as I was required as Visual Signaller in the Signal Squadron of a Yeomanry

Division. Being an infantryman I could not ride, so was sent to a Remount Depot with 39 others to
learn this art.

 
 

We were  expecting to learn to ride on horses, but had to do it on mules. My word, we did  get the
wind up, and no mistake! After a few days, however, we could see the comic side of the affair and

laughed  heartily  at each other’s misfortunes—such  as trips through the air over the  animal’s  head,
rides where the animal decided the destination, to say nothing of taps from their hoofs. I went up the
line with the  Squadron some time in June,  1917,  and save  a month in hospital with septics, I have

been with them all the time.  
CANDLE RATIONING
SHOP  HOURS  IN  THE  WINTER:  Mr   TH  Pearce  speaking  with  the  experience  of  50  years  of

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 1 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 1 Oct 

trading said that the shorter hours, the greater volume of business. As manager of the Gas Company
he said their consumption of coal was 3521 tons. Of the gas produced 40% was used for munitions &
50% for industrial purposes. He emphasised the importance of economy, the Water was dependent on

the Gas Co & the success of the sewerage of the town depended on the gas supply. There were 900
cookers  in the town. The Government controlled the Gas Company. Already 100 tons  of  coal  had
been diverted to a town more urgently in need. He urged economy & 5pm closure of shops.

 
 
Mr  Forward,  Coal  Overseer:  since  the  last  meeting  he  had  an  urgent  message  from  the  Coal
Controller saying what  a serious position the  country was placed  regarding  coal.. The best thing

they  could  do was to use  as  little  light and coal  as possible. Better to  close at 5 &  get through the
winter, than close at six and find in December that they must close at sunset. You mark my word, if

this proposition to  close  at 6 is  carried, you may have to  close  at sunset..  You  cannot blame me if
troubles arise. It was decided to close at 5.

1918
1918

BECCLES HORSE SALE: 270 entries. The highest price 129 guineas.
DEATH OF LIEUT HK DUDLEY-SCOTT, RAF, accidentally killed while flying, aged 19. He was

East Suff Gaz 1 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 1 Oct 

the only son of the  late  John Dudley-Scott,  of Horsley Priory, Gloucestershire & of Mrs  Lush  &
stepson  of Major RF  Lush,  (late  of West  Yorks Regt)  of Montagu House,  62, Northgate. He was

educated  at Roydon Hall & Bedales. He  joined the RNAS for kite  balloon service  in May 1917,
transferred to aeroplane service in April 1918. He was 19. 

1918

MILITARY DANCE: The WOs, staff sergeants &  Sergeants  of the Glamorgan Yeomanry  held  a
farewell Dance at the Public Hall, which was very nicely decorated for the occasion. The officers &
their ladies were present. and the Adjutant acted as MC. The company numbered about 130

East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 

1918
1918
1918

CONTROL OF PIG SALES by Government, similar to that of cattle & sheep.
WAR BONDS - another campaign for funds starting.
SHORTAGE OF RATIONED COAL. Not enough arriving.

East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 
1918
CHILDREN’S HOME AT BECCLES: Mr George Robinson, the tenant.
East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
44
1918

PALESTINE: Lieut-Col C Wood Hill, brother of Dr HG Wood Hill commanded a Battalion of West
Indians who fought with the Anzacs. Their gallant bayonet charge on the banks of the Jordan helped

East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 

drive the Turks & Germans out of Amman.
CASTLE FARM: Sale of live & dead agricultural stock. Mr E Holt has sold the Farm.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 

WITH THE EAST ANGLIANS.  In the desperate fighting  en the British  front from  St. Quentin to
Ypres  during  the  last  few  days  different  battalions  of  East  Anglian  regiments  have  distinguished

East Suff Gaz 8 Oct 

themselves. In the article below, furnished from a semi-official source, a British Staff Officer tells of
the great work done by these war-wise men from the East.
Slowly but surely our men are fighting their way forward, and in doing so getting a firmer grip on the

 
 

enemy and  his  famous Hindenburg  line. The troops taking part  in the operations  are fighting with
wonderful spirit,  and  none more so than the men  of  East Anglia. The other  day a  battalion  of the
Norfolks  stole  out  from  their  positions  across  marshy  and  shell-indented  ground  until  they  came

within striking  distance of a  chain of  enemy positions  of  great strength —  an  important buttress or
breakwater of the Hindenburg line. For an hour or so the Norfolks lay in front of that line, ready to
pounce as soon as the word came. One by one the commanding machine-gun positions were occupied

quietly and unobtrusively. At last came the signal, and our men swooped down and over.
Never was surprise more  complete. The Germans were simply caught  in  a whirlwind  and whirled
away out of their positions before they could offer resistance. When the first line troops were thrown

 
 

back new formations came into line, and as they were prepared for what was taking place they put up
a better fight. Resting for  a few minutes the Norfolks were merely  gathering strength for their next
onset,  and the Germans thinking they had stopped our advance, came sweeping towards the strangely

silent line occupied by the Holy Boys. Suddenly there was a shout from the silent line, and before the
line  of  advancing  Germans  rose  a  white  tipped  wall  of  steel,  which  glistened  brightly  in  the
moonlight. The wall surged forward to meet the advancing Germans, and the two met in the open, the

Germans being flung back in headlong rout after the first sharp encounter.
To east and west the positions held by the Norfolks, men of the Essex and Cambridgeshire regiments

 
 

now came into play, and linked up with them were men of the Suffolks, so that in every way it was an
East Anglian Day, being made more so when Norfolk and Suffolk Yeomoanry came into the battle

later in the day. The Suffolks were assailed by strong enemy forces, and for nine hours were held by
these attacks, until they broke the enemy’s resistance by a magnificent bayonet charge, which cleared

the way for an advance of the Essex men and the dismounted Yeomanry supporting them.
In this fighting a machine-gun party from the Essex Regiment went forward almost a mile in advance
of the main body of our troops, and established a post which was held all through the night until the

 
 

advance of the Suffolks the next morning forced the enemy to fall back and eased the pressure. These
men had to fight all through the night, the enemy succeeding in encircling the little post and cutting
off its communication with the brigade headquarters, but in spite of that the men held on, and beat off

every attempt to rush the post. In the concluding stages of the operations Norfolk, Essex, Suffolk, and
Cambridgeshire  troops,  supported  by  three  squadrons  of  dismounted  Yeomanry  drawn  from  the
Eastern Counties, withstood  counter-attacks,  in which the  enemy  employed four  divisions  and the

greater part of  a  fifth, with the  object  of  arresting  our continued advance. For  nearly twenty-four
hours these attacks were broken in quick succession, and at the close our line was still further pushed
by  the  valiant  East  Anglians.  The  East  Anglians  have  also  been  engaged  in  the  battles  around

Cambrai. The enemy had made elaborate preparations to break any assault, and all approaches to the
positions he held were strongly defended by machine-guns in greater  profusion than had been seen
before in that region

 
 

For part of their way the Suffolks, who opened the attack, were screened by dense clouds of smoke,
but very soon this was useless as a protection, and the full fury of the storm broke over the devoted
troops. There was no  faltering.  Steadily the  Suffolks pushed,  overcoming the  enemy resistance  at

every point,  and  inflicting severe  losses  on the Germans, who were  unable to withdraw from their
first line positions, because while the advance of the Suffolks was being disputed, men of the Essex

and  Cambridgeshire  Regiments  had  pushed  on  to  points  where  they  were  able  to  bring  under
machine-gun  fire  the  whole  of  the  ground  by  which  retreating  Germans  could  alone  reach  their

reserve  positions.  Further  away  the  Norfolks  were  attacking,  supported  by  dismounted  Yeomanry
from the Eastern Counties. These troops fought their way into the enemy reserve positions in record

time. It was here that there was an approach to panic and surprise. The Germans at first took the new
arrivals to  be men  of their  own  army  come to  relieve  or reinforce them,  and  actually  received the
new-comers with cheers, which were quickly changed to something else when the Norfolks poured in

heavy machine-gun fire, and followed this up with an attack with bayonet and bomb, which had the
effect of  clearing the whole  of the positions in record time. The  enemy fell  back  in haste,  mowed
down by the British guns as they retired. Fresh German troops were subsequently brought up and a

desperate attempt was made to save the day, but such was the stout fight put up by the East Anglians
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
45

that the Germans could do nothing, and were in fact forced to accelerate their retirement.
Bitter fighting continued until the close of the day, positions changing hands three or four times in the

 
 

interval;  but the  East Anglians fought magnificently, and made it impossible for the  enemy to hold
the lines that were vital to him. A high official of  the American Department, who watched the attack,

said he had never seen troops fight better than did these East Anglians.
JAM RATIONING NEXT MONTH

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

COAL SHORTAGE: The Coal Yard of the Co-Op was besieged on Saturday at noon, by members
clamorous for  a supply of  coal. A man  from Barsham  had brought a horse  and  lorry for coal for
himself and neighbours in that village; but the crowd would not allow him to take away his rationed

East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

quantities. They closed the yard gate and forcibly removed several hundredweights before they would
allow him to proceed home..
TEA & ENTERTAINMENT TO WOUNDED SOLDIERS by Beccles Co-Operative Women’s Guild

1918
East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

in the Public Hall, last Tuesday. About 60, including friends sat down to a well-laden table at 4.30 &
it was much enjoyed. After tea the time was passed with music, singing and table-games, those who
were able joining in the dancing, musical chairs etc. During the evening refreshments and cigarettes

were handed round. The “boys” returned to hospital at 9pm. Grapes, biscuits and cigarettes were sent
to those who were too ill to attend.
HARVEST FESTIVAL in St Michael’s on Thursday, The Mayor & Corporation attending, also the

1918
East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

Volunteer Corps, the Cadet Corps, Special Constables, Boy Scouts, Girl Guides and Brownies. The
church was very tastefully decorated with flowers and vegetables.
Mrs AW Freeman, late of 6 Saltgate, now residing in Bungay has heard that her eldest son, Douglas

1918
East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

A Freeman, of the Suffolk Yeomanry Battalion died from gunshot wounds. This is the second son of
the late AW Freeman  & Mrs Freeman, who has laid down his life for his country.
BECCLES CORPORATION TO LAY IN STOCKS OF WOOD because of Coal Shortage.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

PRESENTATION OF MILITARY MEDAL  by the Mayor to  Sapper [Benjamin] Tills, [9  Shaw’s
Yard]. He was educated at the National School, and amongst the first to join the Colours in the early

East Suff Gaz 15 Oct 

days of the War. He belonged to the 17th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers. On Whit Monday
1916 in Railway Wood, during the Battle of Ypres, he and a companion were at work for 24 hours

making a tunnel 12 yards long under heavy bombardment, to rescue three men who were practically
buried owing to the sap having been blown up by the enemy, shutting off their exit from the sap.

1918
1918
1918

THE MAYOR RE-ELECTED for the sixth time by unanimous decision.
BANKRUPTCY? Dividend on William Hawes, grocer & draper, Blyburgate, 7 3/4d in the
TRIBUNALS  TO  BE  CHANGED:  Beccles,  Wangford  &  Bungay  to  form  single  tribunal.  The

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 

Mayor, Deputy Mayor & Mr AH Pye nominated from Beccles.
DAYLIGHT CHURCH SERVICES. to be held in daylight to save fuel, because the present situation
required immediate & drastic treatment.

1918
East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
1918

Private Edward Goffin writing to his brother & sister in Ingate said it was “us” the 63 Naval Division,
who took Cambrai. They had a rough time for a month “up night & day” but it gave them heart once
they got the enemy on the run, and for every shell he sent they returned twenty.

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
1918

PLUCKY  BECCLES  GIRL:  Miss  Ivy  Mitchell  of  11  Ravensmere  presented  with  the  OBE  at  a
ceremony  at  Ipswich.  It  was  given  for  “courage  and  high  example  shown  on  the  occasion  of  an
accident at an ironworks. The accident took place last September, when Miss Mitchell was working

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 

at a circular saw cutting up brass fuse billets. Her glove became entangled in the machine, with the
result that the fore finger of the left hand was severed, and before the machine could be stopped the
saw had split her hand badly. Although only 17 years of age, Miss Mitchell was the least perturbed of

any on the spot, and while first aid was being rendered (she had to wait for a conveyance to take her
to hospital) she neither cried nor allowed any sense of her suffering to be seen, and her fine example
of courage was the admiration of the whole Works.

 
1918

 
The presentation was made by the Lord Lieutenant of the County, Sir T Courtenay Warner.

LABOUR PARTY INAUGURATED IN BECCLES Mr AH Pye was in the Chair.  “Great changes
had taken place in the last four years, and tremendous problems presented themselves for solution in

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 

the  future. Neither of the two  great  historic parties, the Conservative &  Liberal Parties  could now
claim to adequately represent the views and aims of the working classes, and it was essential to get
these views  recognised that a strong  Labour  Party should be returned to the House  of Commons.

Further, in consideration of the fact that six million women had been added to the register, the large
majority of whom were the wives of working men, it was the duty of the Labour Party to give them
an opportunity for voting for a candidate who would be the more likely to represent their views and

understand their position. The future government of the world was in the hands of democracy.”
Mr Harris,  chairman  of the  newly  formed  Lowestoft  Labour Party:  First  and most important was
education. Those who showed  ability should be  able,  by State  aid, to enter Universities.. They also

 
 
stood  for  insurance  against  unemployment.;  also  for  the  abolition  of  the  Poor  Law.  An  excellent
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
46

speech by Mrs Harris, his wife dealt with such questions as maternity, care of infant children, housing
and the importance of religious training. At the close of the meeting several enrolled themselves.. Mr

Tye was elected Secretary. Mr P Durrant also spoke.
CASUALTY LIST  Mrs Chilvers, 15 Old Market received news that her son, Private H Chilvers of

1918
East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 

the 1/5th Suffolk Regiment was killed in action on September 19th. The Battalion went against some
Turkish positions among the hills and drove the Turks before them in a most successful way. Your

son died nobly doing his duty and was buried in a big grave about two miles within the hills that run
along the plain that passes by Antipatris.
Mrs Jane Poll, 17 Douglas Place  has been notified that her son, Private AS Poll of the 15th Suffolk

 
 

Regiment was killed in action on September 23rd. He had previously been wounded. He was 32.
LAND COMMITTEE. The YMCA asked to store their heavy equipment in the open shed adjoining
Baxter’s house on the Common. Granted

1918
East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
 
 

Lovat Scouts wrote with reference to buildings they were occupying in the Island. The shed now used
as a barber’s & tailor’s shop was in a state of collapse, and would not have occupied it if a charge was
to be made.

1918

FIRE BRIGADE COMMITTEE The occupant of Home Lodge, 33 Northgate, asked them to remove
the  fire  engine from his  garage  as  he required  it for storage. The  fire  engine to  be restored to the
Engine House. 

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 

1918
1918

PUBLIC LIGHTING COMMITTEE They were considering the lighting of the town by electricity.
HONOURS TO BECCLES MEN: Corporal Walter Paddle of the Canadian MR Battalion mentioned
for his highly courageous and efficient work during the attacks on Demuin & Quesnoy on August 8th

East Suff Gaz 22 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 29 Oct 

& 10th 1918 and  has  been  awarded the Croix  de Guerre. He  is the  grandson  of Mr W Paddle  of
Smallgate and a son of Mr W Paddle who emigrated to Canada 10 years ago.
The Military Medal awarded to Sergt AG Bryant, Suffolk Regt, of 6 Swine’s Green.

 
1918
1918

 

SLAUGHTER OF PIGS by 25 January because of the shortage of feeding stuffs.
DEATH FROM INFLUENZA 2nd Lieut Garnham, formerly known as Cpl Percy Dowe, an assistant

East Suff Gaz 29 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 29 Oct 

master at the Council School has died in Italy from Influenza. He was wounded in France & received
a commission after gallant service in the field.

1918

CASUALTY LIST : Mrs E Walpole of 3 Stepping Hill, Puddingmoor received news of the death of
her only son, Corporal Olly Walpole,  of  a Canadian Cyclist Battalion  killed  in  France  11 October,

East Suff Gaz 29 Oct 

aged 23. He joined up at the beginning of the war and prior to going out to Canada was employed as a
compositor at the Caxton Press. He received his wounds whilst trying with others to help another who
was wounded and bring him under cover.

 
 

L/Cpl Harry Drewitt, Ox & Bucks Light Infantry, eldest son of Mr & Mrs H Drewitt of Aylesbury,
killed in action on 1 October, aged 28. Before joining up he was employed in the Mono Department
at the Caxton Press. He lost his life during an attack by the Bucks men just outside Cambrai.

1918

OFFICER’S DOWNFALL  William John Powley,  a  native of Beccles,  of  5 Fairclose  charged with
stealing 200 from money received from an exhibition of coloured battle photographs at the Mappin
Art  Gallery,  Sheffield  of  which  he  was  in  charge,  Formerly  a  Lieutenant  in  the  army.  He  was

East Suff Gaz 29 Oct 

educated at Beccles Council School; he joined the Cadets, of which he was a sergeant in 1912, and
Sergeant Major in 1913-14. He joined as a Private in  1915. He won the DCM while in the ranks and
the MC for  his work  and personal bravery. He was twice wounded  and  also  gassed. He  had  been

court martialled and dismissed from the army.. He was 21. He was given 6 months imprisonment.
SALE: 40 BLYBURGATE, containing 2 Sitting Rooms, Kitchen, 4 Bedrooms, Coal House & other
offices  and  a piece  of  very productive  garden, now  in the occupation  of Mr GF Elliott at the low

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

annual rental of 11.[Mr JP Larkman 210]
SALE  by Durrants for Mrs HE Baxter:
15, CAXTON ROAD, Rent 10 [Mr R Hindes 130]

1918
 

East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

 
 
 

 
 

17 CAXTON ROAD, Rent 10 {Mr R Hindes 130]
19 CAXTON ROAD  Rose Cottages, with large Garden, two tomato & cucumber forcing and  cold

houses in the occupation of Mr George Fiske  annual rent 20 [Mr Fiske 350]  
96 DENMARK ROAD, Rent 13, [JC Read 160]

 
 
1918

 
 

98 DENMARK ROAD. Rent 13 [JC Read 160]
INFLUENZA:  Several  cases  having  occurred  affecting teachers and  children, the National  Schools

East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

were closed last week. St Benet’s School was also closed by order of the Education Committee. The
military authorities have prohibited soldiers from attending the Cinema. public houses, concerts and
whist drives; the YMCA have closed down the Public Hall, and the soldiers’ canteen has also been

closed for a time by orders
TIMBER FOR FUEL The Coal Controller  makes an  appeal to  all who  have the  command  of the
timber in their gardens to fell, lop, and use it for fuel. Many people by so doing are saving almost the

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 
whole of their coal ration, but the practice is capable of a very great extension, which in the aggregate
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
47

would secure an immense saving of coal. The use for fuel of the timber at one’s own door has this
also to commend  it - it helps to relieve transport which, both  by road  and rail,  is very much over-

taxed.
BECCLES TRADE COUNCIL: Mr AH Pye was congratulated  for his appointment as Labour JP for

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

the County.
INGATE MISSION CHURCH: Rev WE Duxson, curate  thanks for supplces, cassocks and a lectern

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

and states that a Choral Society has been  formed to give two cantatas, one at Christmas and one on
Good Friday.
CASUALTY LIST: Mr & Mrs Quinton Wilkinson, Ashman’s Road have heard that their second son,

1918
East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 
Eric W Wilkinson, who was taken prisoner by the Germans on March 21, 1918 at Jussy, France died

in a Prisoner of War Hospital at Haumont, France on June 9, 1918. He was 19.
Mrs Wiggett, 34 London Road, has received news that her son, Sergt Charles  G Wiggett, MM, 8th Suffolk Regt was wounded

in the head while in action on 1 October. This is the second time he has been wounded. He has since
received  a  bar  to  his  Military  Medal  on  17,  February  1917,  during  the  operations  against  South
Miraumont trench.

1918

INFLUENZA There were 10 deaths of Influenza in Norwich last week, and thousands were reported
to be suffering from the disease. Twelve wounded soldiers and one nurse at the Norfolk War Hospital
at Thorpe have died of influenza.: This included the death of JW Fenn, Labour Corps died on 29th

East Suff Gaz 5 Nov 

Octobe at Thorpe Hospital, husband of Gertrude Fenn of 25 Ingate. He was 35.
Private Herbert Rackham  at Brighton Hospital,  6th Queen’s Royal  West  Surrey Regt  of Influenza,
husband of Marion. He was 32.

 
 
1918

PEACE REJOICINGS  IN BECCLES: As soon  as it  became known on Monday that the Armistice
with Germany had  actually been  signed, not only was there  a  general  display of  flags, but drapers
experienced  a  run  on  their  stocks  of  tri-colour  ribbon  &  nearly  everyone  was  seen  wearing  the

East Suff Gaz 12 Nov 

national colours.
Motor cars & other vehicles were beflagged, and the Lovat Scouts Pipe Band paraded the town with

 
 

their popular music. A novel feature  of the demonstrations was  a motor-car lavishly adorned in the
national  colours,  its  driver clothed in red  uniform of  a now discarded type, with  a real  live “bear”

inside the  car,  and  a  group  of nondescripts on the top representing  a  lady  (WREN  or  WAAC?)  a
policeman  and  a  Chinaman.  The  car  was  driven  through  the  principal  thoroughfares  and  then  on

through  Gillingham  etc.  At  Bungay  the  “bear”  descended  (for  refreshment)  and  danced  its  own
peculiar footed rhythmic steps & soldiers gathered round and joined in the frolic.
Things eventually reached their climax in the evening at Beccles when there was a mass meeting in

 
 

the New Market  and the Pipes, Town &  Salvation Army Bands were heard in turn. The Pipe Band
with lighted torches paraded the streets; while the other two Bands remained in the  Square to play
patriotic airs alternately.

 
 

At 7 o’clock the Mayor  & Town Clerk made their  appearance  and the crowd led by the  Salvation
Army Band joined in singing “God Save The King”.
Coloured lights, squibs & crackers were much in evidence & a beautiful display of Very lights was

 
 

made  from  the  Church  Tower.  Short  touches  on  8  &  10  Bells  were  rung  during  the  evening,  &
altogether the scene was one of exhilaration & joyful acclaim.
There was a short service at the Parish Church at 8 pm. It was attended by the Mayor & Corporation

 
 

in  state. The  bells started  ringing  again  after the  Service.  It was  quite  late  before the town settled
down to its customary quietude.
Page Missing

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 19 Nov 

SALE:  WORLINGHAM:AND ELLOUGH ROAD CAMPS:  Lieut-Col H Marsham  of Glamorgan
Yeomanry: 5 Military Sheds
DEMOBILISATION will not start yet on account of the military situation.

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

1918
1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

VOLUNTEER ENROLMENT SUPENDED and attendance at training voluntary.
COAL SHORTAGE REMAINS

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

1918
1918

POTATO BREAD The use of bread in potatoes will not be compulsory.
PRISONERS OF WAR: Some have returned home. Sergt Oxborough who arrived home on Sunday

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

after being a prisoner for two and a half years, was met by fellow workers at Elliott & Garood at the
Railway Station, with hearty greetings and disengaging the horse from the landau, attached ropes to

it, and dragged him round the town to his home in Ravensmere with much jubilation and bellringing
ELECTRICITY offered a supply to town by Messrs Clowes & Sons, deferred until next meeting.
INFLUENZA The Medical Officer of health reported that during the last four weeks an epedemic  of

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

a severe type had been prevalent in the Borough, followed in many cases by pneumonia. There had
been eight deaths.
URGENT NEED FOR HOUSES for working classes.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS TO REMAIN CLOSED for another week.
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
48
1918

LOCAL  HONOUR;  Lieut-Col  WA  FitzGerald  Kerrich,  MC,  RE,  Italian  Expeditionary  Force  has
been awarded the DSO.

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
1918

CASUALTY LIST: Mrs T Mills, 10 Ballygate,  has been informed that her only son , Private Herbert
Mills, Manchester Regiment died of wounds in France on November 10th. He was 36.

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
 
 

Mr Richard Sporne, 106 Grove Road has received information that his only son, l/Cpl W Sporne of
75th Canadians was killed in action on September 30th. He was formerly of the Beccles Loco; and

left seven years ago for Canada He joined up at the beginning of the war.
DEATH OF CAPTAIN WILLIAM HALPIN, of Carmel, Ashman’s Road,  a well known figure  in
the town for nearly twenty years, and a greatly esteemed member of St Benet’s congregation. He first

 1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

joined    the  Royal  Munster  Fuseliers  and  saw  much  service  in  India.  He  later  transferred  to  the
Norfolk Regiment. He was 73.
DEATH OF Mr R FREESTONE. He was a native of Ditchingham, but had lived in Beccles for 36

1918
East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 

years, for the whole of that time he had been employed  by Messrs Crisp & Son. Bell-ringing was his
favourit hobby and practised it for nearly fifty years. He was a member of the Beccles Company of
Change Ringers,taking the tenor bell. He was  one of those who rang for the Armistice on 11th. He

died on 17th. He was 74.
SERGEANT OXBOROUGH PRISONER OF WAR
SALE OF FURNITURE: 32 NEWGATE of LM Woolnough (who has left the town)

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 26 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 
1918

EXPERIENCES  OF  A  BECCLES  PRISONER  OF  WAR.  Sergeant  W.  Oxborough,  of  the  2nd
Suffolks, who was taken prisoner by the Germans, in July, 1916, has favoured us with the following
narrative of his experiences in German camps. That he has arrived home sound in mind and body is

East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 

in no way due to the Germans, who adopted a consistent policy of starvation in the treatment of their
prisoners,  but  rather  to  the  opportunities  to  recuperate  afforded  him  during  five  months’  stay  in
Holland as a repatriated prisoner of war.

 
 

In the early hours of July 20, 1916, a battalion of the Suffolks attacked the Germans in their trenches
in Delve Wood, near Longueville; but we could not get near enough to take them. Our orders were to

hold on as long as we could, but we had no supports, and the enemy surrounded us, and 60 N.C.O.’s
and  men were taken prisoners.  1 was  among the  number.  We were forthwith  marched  about  eight

kilometres to the hack of the German lines, and lodged in a big building, near Headquarters, where
they got all the information they could out of us, and then marched us off to a small railway station

some eight or nine kilometres distant. From there we were sent by train to Cambrai. For three days
after  our  capture we were  kept entirely without food. Civilians  gave  us water  as we passed  on the
road, but the food they offered us the German guards would not allow us to receive.

 
 

At Cambrai we got our first meal a small loaf of black bread divided between four men. We lodged in
big barracks at Cambrai for about three days, and then were sent by train to a camp at Dolman. When
we got there they put us into a big wooden hut, where we had a bath and all our hair was cut off. We

looked some rum ‘uns after that! They gave us about half a ladle of partly cooked soup, which was
more like barley stuff than anything else I can compare it with. I remained there five or six weeks. ~
Our rations consisted of a ladle of coffee (about quarter of a pint) at 7 a.m. ; a ladle of vegetable soup

(made of swedes, turnips, and at chance time a piece of potato) at 12 ; two pieces of dry bread one-
eighth of an inch thick at 4 p.m., and a ladle of soup made of some kind of meal flavoured with salt at
5 o’clock.

 
 

We  Went Down in Weight tremendously on that scanty fare. I left there with about 600  others on
August 24th, and went by train to a place called Minden, in Westphalia. When we got off the train we
had a march of about ten kilometres to the camp, which was situated in an out-of-the-way place. We

were accommodated in wooden huts, and our sole business was to clean up the camp every day. The
officer in charge was kindly disposed,  and allowed us to  go to the back of the  camp three times  a
week to play football. We were also taken out by the sentries for a walk on Sunday afternoons, but it

was  a dreary time  on the whole,  and the  food was  quite inadequate, our rations being the same as
Minden. However, we were helped along by parcels from home, which came fairly regularly. I well

remember longing for a piece of white bread, and how disappointed I was on opening my first parcel
from home to find that the bread was all gone bad.

 
 

We stayed at Minden for twelve months, and leaving Minden on August 26th 1917, we next found
ourselves at Saltau, where we stayed for seven days. The camp was about one and a half miles from

the railway station. We got a little better food there, the soup at dinner and tea being of better quality
and in more liberal supply. Still the rations were not sufficient to keep us in a healthy state: and we
should have fared very badly but for our parcels from home. From Saltau we were moved to a camp

officially styled Hamelyn 17, but its real name was Post Bohmte.
It was surrounded by marshes, and proved a cold, comfortless, punishment place. The camp was built
with huts to accommodate about 2,000. About a thousand of us were locked up in two huts with room

 
 
for only about 300. We were not allowed any blankets, the first night, and slept on the bare boards.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
49

The next morning  about  8 o’clock, the sentries opened the  doors and let us out to have  a drink of
coffee  and  a ladle of vegetable soup. About 10  o’clock we were called out by name,  and searched.

Everything was turned out of  our kit bags and we were stripped, to see whether we still possessed
anything of value. After being searched we were again locked up in the two hut till 4 o’clock. Then

we had more soup handed round.
On the third morning after we came to this camp an incident occurred which I shall never forget. The

 
 

officer in charge came into the camp and blew his whistle as a signal for us to turn out. Not knowing
exactly what was meant we did not turn out quickly enough, and the officer sent the sentries into the
huts to hurry our movements. Two men did not move quick enough to their liking, and they stabbed

them with the bayonet. The men had to go into hospital, but no notice was taken of the brutality of the
sentries. On parade the officer asked us if we would volunteer for work. We were all  NCOs and said
“No”. When he found we would not volunteer he tried what punishment would do, and gave us no

peace day or night. At 8 o’cock in the morning, when we had to parade with our two blankets, he kept
us for two hours awaiting inspection, and then dismissed us to get our eating bowl and spoon. Then
we had to wait another two hours,  and  afterwards were  required to  bring out the straw mattresses

from the huts and stand for another hour or two. And that went on for two months, until the chaps got
so weak they could hold out no longer. During all this time we were refused our parcels from home.
Some of the men would fall down, unable to walk, so much was their strength reduced by this system

 
 

of prolonged  inhumanity. When we  eventually  gave  in we were  sent  outside the  camp to  dig,  and
after  a time parties of  about 40 men were sent out five or six  kilometres to dig  or  load and unload
trucks. We used to go out at 7 in the morning, and work till 5 at night. we got no better food, and but

for our parcels from home we could not have carried on. After a hard day’s work away from the camp
we would be sent on foot to the railway station, a distance of ten kilometres there and back, to fetch  
parcels. The sanitary arrangements in camp were very bad, and a number of the men became very ill.

They were allowed to remain in the huts for a day or two, and then if no better they would be sent off
to the hospital at the back of the camp.

 
 

The agreement for an interchange of prisoners enabled some men to get away early in the year, and in
June  I was  one  of  about 250 to  get  free of the  camp. We went to Holland on June  13th,  and were

billeted  in  Schvenengen  where  we  were  treated  very  kindly.  I  was  there  when  the  armistice  was
signed.  

1918
1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 

A MIDSUMMER NIGHT’S DREAM performed by Sir John Leman School
FREE ENTRY TO FELIXSTOWE, HARWICH etc hitherto barred
BUNGAY INFLUENZA EPEDEMIC, has been the centre of a serious outbreak, which happily now

East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 

shows signs of abatement. The schools have been closed for several weeks.
SHORTAGE OF MILK; Tea no longer rationed; Extra Christmas Sugar.
BECCLES ELEMENTARY SCHHOLS CLOSED until 7 January, because of influenza.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 
1918
East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 

Dr BARNARDO’S HOMES:  10,595 boys who  have passed through the homes  are serving in the
Forces. 1000  casualties.  15  officers,  one  a Major. The  average  number in the  homes is  7,131. One
boy from Beccles was admitted earlier in the year, two more will be admitted because both parents

have died of influenza.
Page 8 missing
2/1st  LOVAT SCOUTSthank the Council for its  kindness in  giving them use of the Garden on the

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 3 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 10 Dec 

Common at the disposal of the troops during their stay in Beccles. They now hand the Garden back to
the Council with about 1,000 young cabbage plants growing there.
THE YMCA give one month’s notice to terminate the tenancy of the Public Hall.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 10 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 10 Dec 

FLOUR RESTRICTIONS LIFTED
PUBLIC LIGHTING AGAIN. 50 lamps in use. Full number awaits the end of power shortages.
DEATH  OF Mr  HENRY  GOWER  aged  75,  who  had  lived  in  Beccles  43  years.  Greengrocer  &

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 10 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 10 Dec 

fruiterer in Denmark Road.
MILITARY  MEDAL  to  Private  James  B  Harris,  Suffolk  Yeomanry  son  of  Mr  Alfred  Harris,

1918
East Suff Gaz 17 Dec 

Northgate, for gallantry as a stretcher bearer on the Somme during the final struggle in the war.
ALSO L/Cpl  John Clarke, 5th Suffolk Regt, son of John Clark, 8 Station Road

 
 
1918

 
 

AND Private FGK Chapman, 5th Suffolk Regt, formerly in the employ of Mr H Copeman.
SHOP HOURS extended over Christmas. Afterwards shops to close at 6pm.

East Suff Gaz 17 Dec 
1918
East Suff Gaz 17 Dec 

HOUSING FOR THE WORKING CLASSES: Building of 36 houses. Suggested sites: land leading
from Grove Road to the Common; Land on the south side of Common Lane near the Pound. To be
surveyed.. Plans to show six rooms of ample dimensions and including a bath.

1918
1918

East Suff Gaz 24 Dec 

Page 5 missing
CHRISTMAS SHOPPING: To judge from a queue seen at the door of a Gocery Store on Tuesday,
shopping is still a wearying and tedious business. It is also disapointing so far as many of the good

East Suff Gaz 24 Dec 
things  associated  with  the  Christmas  Festival  are  concerned.  Tis  true  double  rations  of  meat  are
Beccles, Newspapers from 1917 
David Lindley, July 2002 
50

allowed, the quantity obtainable for the week’s  rations  being  increased to 2 lbs per  head,  but the
quality is far removed from pre-war standards, butchers having to take whatever beasts are allotted to

them. The Christmas pudding may be available, but it must necessarily be a small one, owing to the
scarcity of dried fruits. Nuts, and oranges, apples etc can be had at a price, and the Christmas cake

has made its reappearance; but whatever may be said commodities  still run very short in the feasting
line.

 
 

The aftermarth of the war will be felt for some time to come, and even to drink to the good health of
our best friends must continue to be an expensive luxury.
POSTHUMOUS  HONOUR:  The  Military  Medal  has  been  awarded  to  Cpl  Olly  Walpole  of  the

1918
East Suff Gaz 31 Dec 

Canadian Corps Cyclists Battalion: During the  operation  of October  10-11.  at Naves  near Cambrai,
when his platoon sergeant was wounded, he assumed command of the platoon, which was operating
1200 yards  in  advance  of  any support troops on the left flank. Under heavy shell  and machine-gun

fire he showed great coolness and held an exposed position until reinforcements arrived, although his
platoon suffered heavy casualties. Later he was severely wounded while endeavouring to rescue one
of  his men who had been severely wounded, and lying  out  in the open. He was the  son  of Mrs  E  

Walpole, 3 Stepping Hill, Puddingmoor.