Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
1
BECCLES, NEWSPAPERS from 1914

1914
1914

ADVERTISEMENT: WA Dowsing, Hungate, Furnishing Stores 
SCHOOL:  Fauconberge  School,  Headmaster:  Clifford  Smith,  MA,  from  8  years  old  upwards,

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

intended for Public Schools or a Professional career
SCHOOL: Beccles College; C Hall, BA , Principal; Sound Commercial Education

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

Gresham School, Shaftesbury Lodge; The oldest established Boarding & Day School in Beccles for
Girls, Kindergarten for Boys & Girls; Principal: Miss Grant Hayes. Private lessons in the Tango as
danced in modern Ballrooms.Dancing Classes held in the Public Hall; Music & Singing a speciality;

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

Classes in oil & water-colour painting; Laeesons in Ballroom  & Fancy Dancing.
SCHOOL: Highfield for Girls & Kindergarten, Upper Grange Road;  High class Modern Education.
Preparation for Public Exams. Large newly- built Schoo;rooms. Special facilities for Hockey, Tennis,

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

Dancing,   Swimming.  Principals  from  a   distance  can  dine  wth  the  Principal   by  arrangement.;
Principal, Miss Frederica Werne.
ADVERTISEMENT: Cycles: PJ Gibbons, 13 & 15  Blyburgate: Cycles  are Cheap & Good, Never

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

Break. 300 in stock to choose from.
ADVERTISEMENT: Ye Olde Shoppe, S White, optician, Jeweller & Silversmith
ADVERTISEMENT  Bretts  for  Furniture:  Largest  Furniture  Manufacturer  in  Eastern  Counties.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

Employ 200 hands; Beccles, Norwich, Yarmouth, Lowestoft, etc.
ADVERTISEMENT: A McQueen for Autumn & Winter Wear, Special Shows Daily. New Market.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

ADVERTISEMENT: WH Sturgess & Son (late J Clements) Established 26 years. Exchange Square;
Hand-sewn Anatomical Bootmakers. Repairs. Ladies’ Fitting Room.

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
1914

ADVERTISEMENT:  William  Steer,  Watchmaker,  Jeweller,  Optician,  37  New  Market.  “Onoto”
Fountain Pens & Jones’ Sewing Machine.

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

1914
1914

ADVERTISEMENT: Wright for Boot Repairs, next the Co-Op, Smallgate.
ADVERTISEMENT:  WE Boulter,  Ladies’ & Gentlemen’s Tailor,  21 New Market  (over 50 years
occupied by Mr D Soanes)
EMIGRATION: Canadian Government Lecture, ilustrated by Lantern Slides in the Schools, Barnby.

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

ADVERTISEMENT: MW Sparling, The People’s Clothier, The Red House.
ADVERTISEMENT:  Beccles  Co-Op;  Bargains  for   everybody;  A  superb  Collection  of  China,
Earthenware & CoarseBrown Ware. Rock bottom prices. Smallgate

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
1914

ADVERTISEMENT:  The  Beccles  Gas  Co;  Gas  Fires  may  be  obtained  on  hire.  CC  Carpenter,
engineer & Manager. [with photograh of fire]
ADVERTISEMENT: Pearce’s Stores, for Choicest Quality & Best Value in all kinds of Fruits.

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

ADVERTISEMENT: International Stores The biggest Grocers in the World; Sylvan Glen Butter 1/2
Pure & Perfect Regular Quality [fuzzy photograph of assistant]
BECCLES ILLUSTRATED ALMANACK for 1914 issued by AE Mickleburgh

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

NEW YEAR WELCOMED by several hundred people in New Market. The Church Bells sent forth
joyous peals & the crowd joined in snatches of popular songs and a sance round the lamppost.
WORKHOUSE LIFE: Married couples over 60 will be given the right to live together. Children over

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

three must no longer be keptin Institutions.
WEATHER: Heavyfall of snow, followed by severe frost, tbogganing & skating on New Year;s Day,
followed by a thaw.

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
1914

ADVERTISEMENT Albert  E Barwood  gives the  utmost value for all kinds  of Drapery, Millinery,
Dressmaking

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 
1914

ADVERTISEMENT: WH Delf, 1 New Market, New Year Bazar & Fancy Fair. remaining Stock of
Christmas Presents at Great Reductions.

East Suff Gaz 6 Jan 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 

SALE of FURNITURE of R Humphrey, Esq, who has left the Town. “Shanrahan”, Northgate.
CIRCULATING LIBRARY of Harmer’s, New Market. 2d per week per volume.

East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 
1914
East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 

ENTERTAINMENT: Mr Bromley Davenport will present “My Sweetheart” a Play in 3 Acts, with a
cast of nine & the Harleston Orchestra. at 2.30 & 7.30 in the Public Hall.
COUNCIL:  Plan for  a new Cinematographic  building in  Saltgate  by  Eastern Counties Cinema Co

1914
East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 

diapproved by Committee.
SALVATION ARMY:Ensign & Mrs McBeth taken charge of Beccles Corps.
LONDON TRIP: Special Pantomime trip to Drury Lane to “Sleeping Beauty” includes meal on the

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 20 Jan 
East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 

train for 16s 6d. Leaves Beccles 12.40 pm.
COUNCIL: EJ Hindes, Mayor [builder, Station Rd]; Aldermen Pells [miller],Mark  Buck, [reporter,
21  St  George’s  Rd,  JP]  Edward  Watson    [chemist,  Blyburgate];  Councillors:  Henry    Copeman

1914
East Suff Gaz 13 Jan 

[butcher 4 New Market] William , Money [corn chandler & baker, 4 Hungate], Herbert King [builder,
Station  Rd],  Robert  Wilkinson  [grocer,  china  &  frruiterer,  33,  Blyburgate],  William  J  Fuller,  [?],
Thomas   Self   [Market   Gadener,   Frederick’s   Road],   William   Robinson   [motor   manufacturer,

Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
2
Newgate],  Crowfoot [], George Johnson [builder, Queen’s Road], Albert Mickleburgh [printer, 18

Northgate].
Dr Fox, Medical Officer of Health.

 
1914

 
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 

SALE: 4 Newgate, brick & tiled Dwelling House & Shop, with Yard & Offices in rear, as occupied
by the late owner, Mrs Sarah Turner, Frontage of 46ft on Newgate
ALSO: Office, Warehouse, Stable, Sheds & spacious Yard with separate entrance, in occupation of

 
 

Messrs Wigg & Sons (withdrawn 220).
SALE: LOT 1.29 Station Road, “Pretoria Villa”, semi-detached bay-fronted residence, with offices,
shed & small garden now in occupation of Henry Rose, whose tenancy expires in 1916. (withdrawn

1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 

at 425)
ALSO LOT 2: 13 Station Road, semi-detached, bay-fronted residence, with greenhouse, offices and
good  garden, with frontage  of  35ft on  Station Road  now  in the  occupation of Mr Henry Horne  by

 
 

Executors of Henry Hopson. (purchased by Supt JE Newson for 370)
SALE;  50  Grove  Road,  very  conveniently  fitted  up  Villa  Residence,containing  spacoius  entrance
hall, Dining & Drawing Rooms, Kitchen, Five Bedrooms, Dressing Room, Bath Room with hot &

1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 

cold water, with Garden in Rear (withdrawn 395)
SALE:  27  & 29 Blyburgate, with small Gardens  in rear, now occupied by  Stephen Adams &  WC
Riches at aggregate rental of 25 (purchased by Mr Artlett for 230)

1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 
1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 

DEBATE: at Adult  School: Dr  Wod-Hill will  move “That it  is the Duty of  every man to prepare
himself for the Defence of his Country”. Arthur Hughes will oppose.
Report 3 Feb: Defeated  40 to  10..  Speakers AH Pye, E Byford, J Riches, W Crawfoot, WJ Grieve,

 
 

AE Pye, AE Mickleburgh.
LIBERAL ASSOCIATION; Dr GR Fox, President. 120 subscribers., Garwoo9d Ingate, secretary., W
Read, treasurer

1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 
1914
East Suff Gaz 27 Jan 

CONSERVATIVE  MEETING:,  Capt  Barne,  presiding,  supported  by  EE  Noon  of  Tariff  Reform
League, Mr & Mrs Clowes,  Larkmans, FS Rix, WJ Money, Mr Tracy. Had the Government done

their work for the benefit of the British Empire & of the world? Was Home Rule being fairly dealt
with? It was of the greatest importance to the Peace o the World to keep a strongnavy. The intentions

of the Insurance Scheme were good, but its details were bad and they werte rushing into bankruptcy.
Importance of protecting British  capital  and labour against foreign  competition.. Mr HS Foster the

candidate spoke. - [All about dangers of Free Trade. No sign of futuire troubles]
ENTERTAINMENT: A Comedy adapted from “Our Mutual Friend” by Dickens in the Public Hall
TO LET: 5 Dacre Place. Apply Wm Clowes.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 3 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 3 Feb 
1914

BECCLES MUSICAL SOCIETY; Rehearsal in large Hall of Adult School for Chorus & Orchestra.
W Warder Harvey, Conductor.
ATTEMPTED SUICIDE by Mrs Larke of 13 Puddingmoor. Jumped into river, saved from drowning  

East Suff Gaz 3 Feb 
1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Feb 

by young man beside river.
MARRIAGE  of  the  RECTOR  Presentation  by  sidesmen  of  St  Michael’s  on  the  wedding  of  the
Rector,  FG  Millar  in  Norwich  Cathedral.  His  father  was  the  late  FC  Millar,  QC  His  bride  was

1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Feb 

Dorothy Ann, daughter of the late Rev A Aldred, Rector of Worlingham
CINEMA IN SALTGATE: During construction bones found near the Puddingmoor end. The house
pulled  down  to  make  way  for  the  cinema  had  been  occupied  by  the  Stimpson  family  (church

1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Feb 

Bellringers)  for  several  generations,  next  door  was  the  Prince  of  Wales  Inn,  which  long  ago
disappeared, the site forming the garden of premises occupied by SW Rix. 5 Skulls unearthed & other
bones.

1914

SALE:  by  CW   Fowell:  Mill  Bank,  very  substantially  built  and  charmingly  situated   Freehold
Residence,: 3 Reception Rooms, 5 Bedrooms, Dressing Room, 2 Attics. Stable accommodation for 2
horses, 2 Garages & larg Garden in London Road (sold by Mr Stanford to Mr Youngs of Tattingstone

East Suff Gaz 24 Feb 

for 630 on 23 March)
BECCLES MUSICAL SOCIETY: Handel’s Acis & Galatea & Gade’s Spring Message.24 Feb.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 24 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 24 Feb 

BECCLES WOMEN’S CONSERVATIVE ASSOCIATION: AGM Meeting
PIKE FISHING: One caught by Mr SJ Arlett weighing 12lbs, 35 ins in length.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 24 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 24 Feb 

Police Court: Many cases of drunk & disorderly, using filthy language, refusing to quit Lord Nelson
pub when landlord, Henry Aldred asked him+

1914

MILITARY:  3rd  EAST  ANGLIAN  (Howitzer)  Brigade,  Lieut  RW  Brooks  OC  Beccles  section.
Parades: Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday
5th BATTALION Suffolk Regiment., Capt HH Johnson, commanding.

East Suff Gaz 10 Mar 

 
1914

 

ULSTER: Those prepared to protest  against Home Rule Bill, sign  at Conservative Club or  Staithe
House.
FLOODS.  Waveney  flooded  owing  to  heavy  rain.  Only  the  well-protcted  Corporation  Marshes

East Suff Gaz 20 Mar 
1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Mar 
escaped.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
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1914
 

East Suff Gaz 17 Mar 

FAUCONBERGE SCHOOL: C Dunt offered 70 Scholarship at Felsted
WORKS OF Ellioott & Garrood tea & Entertainment of 400 at Public Hall

 
1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Mar 

GRANGE  ESTATE:  Objections  to  making  up  roads  on  the  estate.  Objectors:Mrs  Elliott,  Messrs
Petre,  WE  Downing,  A  Pells,  HC  Hopson,  Cornelius  Elliott,  FWD  Robinson,  Capt  Halpin  &  A

Woods,  exors. Upper Grange Road made  up in 1911-12;  Waveney Road  1912  & were  admirable
roads. Objected to the lavish demands of Surveyor. Should not cost so much. Objection not proved,

court in favour of Council.
Overseers re-elected: Edward Hindes, Wj Money , JQ Wilkinson & PJ Jolly. New asseessment about
to be made.

1914
East Suff Gaz 24 Mar 

1914
1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 24 Mar 

Crisis in Ulster at Home Rule Bill. Local MPs divided.
Death of WE Boulter aged 39, tailor. Built up business. Leaves widow & young children.
PASSION PLAY at OBERAMMERGAU, lecture given on the play of 1910, using many slides.

East Suff Gaz 24 Mar 
East Suff Gaz 24 Mar 
1914
East Suff Gaz 31 Mar 

AEROPLANE  passed   over  Beccles  travelling  south,   descended   near  Benhall   Lodge   owing  to
shortage of petrol, damaged on landing.
GOVERNMENT,  A  NEW  APPROACH  (in  the  light  of  the  Irish  Question)  Suggested  in  leading

1914
East Suff Gaz 14 Apr 

article Third Party, an Imperial Parliament supported by Federal Assemblies. “The events of the past
few years, capped by what has happened during the last few weeks, have made many men convinced
that party government has reached the limit of absurdity & unreality.”

1914
East Suff Gaz 14 Apr 

BRETT & Co; Wanted respectable young man used to upholstering & repairing furnitur. Also Young
Man to see after pony & do odd jobs.
TO LET: Burton Ale Stores (beer house) Hungate. Ind Coope, Burton on Trent.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 21 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 21 Apr 

SALE:  Dwelling  House,  26  Fair  Close  Road  [renumbered  since]  Owner  left  the  town.  William
Johnson?
National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies - the non militant party. Largely attended meeting in

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Apr 

sympathy with the aims, but several interruptions took place at the back of the hall during the early
part  of  the  evening..  Dr  Worthington  of  Lowestoft  in  the  Chair.  Mrs  Worthington  addressed  the

meeting also Mrs Rackham in an eloquent & forceful speech. Women had to pay taxes & obey the
law, they  had  votes  in the  borough  &  county  council  elections, why  not parliamentary  elections?

Questions  of   education,   insurance,   healthy  homes,   infant  mortality,   home  sanitation,   housing
problem, sweated industries, property, divorce etc concerned women as well as men  Dr Fox gave the

vote of thanks.
DEATH of JH Bolton, formerly head of bookbinding department at Caxton Press.
COUNCIL: Public to be allowed to use the Island on the Common for picknicks & walking.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 21 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 28 Apr 
1914
East Suff Gaz 28 Apr 

COUNCIL:  Surveyor  to  plot  the  river  wall  on  Little  Common  in  boathouse  plots  with  entrances
straight into the river. to be let.
MUSIC  LIENCE:  newly  erected  Cinema  Palace  in  Saltgate  given  licence  forpublic  singing  &

1914
East Suff Gaz 5 May 

dancing
Mr RJ Read of Norwich, formerly of Beccles Presidentof Association of British & Irish Millers.
Sir  John  Leman  School.  Mr  Christopher  Lambourne,  MA,  assistant  master  at  Howard  Gardens

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 5 May 
East Suff Gaz 5 May 

Secondary  School,  Cardiff   appointed  Headmaster.  In  1910  the  County  Council  took  over  the
foundation. Purchased a field of 6 acres near the waterworks & a modern secondary school is being
built, which when finished  in  September, will  be  as perfect  in  design  and  construction as modern

science  can suggest. The old  Leman  School was for boys only. The  new building will provide for
both boys & girls, and will, where suitable provide for their education in the same classes.The tuition
fees  are  2 6s 8d per term  and  include books, stationery,  chemicals, mathematical instruments,  as

well as games and library subscriptions. The school will be open to boys and girls in the preparatory
department from 8 to 12 years of age, and in the senior department from 12 to 16 years of age and
upwards.  County  Council  Scholarships  are  tenable  at  this  school,  and  some  free  places  will  be

awarded  annually on the result of examinations held  in May. Miss Wright and two of her assistant
mistresses at the very successful Pupil Teacher Centre at Beccles have accepted the offer to become

mistresses at the new building. The Governors: Miss SH Barlow, Mrs P Ateman, Colonel Wilson &
Mr MF Buck (Council) Mr Ch Lomax, Capt Miles Barne, Mr WM Crowfoot & Mr CH Jacobs (E

Suffolk CC)
SALE: by Executors of Mrs Harriet Block:

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 12 May 
 

LOT 1: 26 Station Road, Salisbury Terrace, pleasantly situated, white brick & slated residence, now
in the occupation of Mr EE Darby at the annual rent of 20
LOT 2: 28 Station Road adjoining in the occupation of Mrs RN Turner at 20 pa.

 
 

 
 

LOT 3: Ballygate, 10,  12 &  14,  a range  of Three well-built Dwelling houses &  Shops, with  large
Yard, now in the occupation of Mr T Mills, General Post Office (Telephone Exchange) & Mr Trundle
at rents of 43 16s, Landlord paying Rates.

1914
East Suff Gaz 12 May 
Sir John Leman School: Caretaker Wanted, 1 per week with house & coal free. Wife must be able to
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
4

cook  children’s  dinners, for which she will  receice  1s  a day, &  free dinner for Caretaker  & wife
during term time. No one will be appointed who has more tha two children living at home.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 12 May 

Wanted strong girl, about 16. Apply 16, Blyburgate.
WANTED Strong Lad, for work in Blacksmith’s Shop. Blowers, Blyburgate.

East Suff Gaz 12 May 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 12 May 

WANTED Dressmaskwe, good bodice or all-round hand, Mrs Carter, 22 Station Road.
WANTED Apprentices for first-class trade. SA Bloomfield, Gable House.

East Suff Gaz 12 May 

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 19 May 

NEW HOSPITAL PLAN produced by Dr Wood-Hill in letter to the Editor. [a plan included]
No extension or alteration to the present building, or rebuilding on the present site would enable us to
evolve  an  effective  modern  hospital. A  country hospital should  be  built with  all  its wards on the

 

ground floor to avoid carrying critical cases up the stairs, and to enable patients to be wheeled in their
beds to a verandah facing south and with an unobstructed view of the country.
We have no chilrens’ ward, and when it is necessary to admit a child it has to be placed inthe general

 
 

female ward. It  is  not hard to imagine the distress a  crying  infant can  cause  in a ward full  of sick
people. It is most undesirable to have a critical case in a general ward. The effect on the other patients
is most depressing.The nurse on night duty should be in a position to keep constant watch on all the

patients under her care and each patient should be able to cry out without disturbing the  

 
1914

 
others.Need of a new operating room with an ante-room of more bathrooms [Plan provided]
East Suff Gaz 26 May 

SALE OF FURNITURE: 60 NORTHGATE: Will of Mrs Julia Owles, deceased.
WANTED: nice respectable girl, (14) kitchen maid; Mrs T Clifford Smith, Fauconberge School.

1914
1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 26 May 
East Suff Gaz 26 May 

WANTED An Apprentice to Dress Making. Mrs High, 15 Blyburgate.
DEATH Miss Suckling at Barsham.

East Suff Gaz 26 May 
1914
East Suff Gaz 2 Jun 

DEATH: Mr Tom Plowman Angell, Town Clerk. Son of  George Bellamy Angel, solicitor & former
town  clerk  of Beccles.  Educated  at the Fauconberge  School, won  a  number of prizes,  excelled  in
Cricket & Rugby Football. Captain of the Town Cricket Club & a keen golfer and good shot. Great

antiquarian interests, collection of things old and rare.
Studied  Law & articled  under  his father, and at  his  death  20 years  ago was elected Town Clerk  &

 
 

Clerk of  School Board.. Joined the  Volunteers  in  1883,  became Captain of the  local  contingent  &
then Lt-Col & second in command of Norfolk Battalion.. Leaves a widow & twin sons.

 
 

The Mayor spoke  of  his  great  abilities  as town  clerk  and his  genial presence  and  his kindliness of  
heart would long be remembered

1914
 

SALE: GRANGE ESTATE:
LOT 1:Corner site enclosed by iron railings containing 64 rods, with frontage of 200ft to Ashman’s
Road & 260 ft to Priory Road,  (sold to EJ Hindes for 100)

East Suff Gaz 16 June 
 
 
 

LOT 2: On the opposiote side [South side] of Ashman’s Road enclosure of 67 rods with iron railings
in front, having a frontage of 150 ft. (sold for 150 to EJ Hindes.)
DEATH: Miss Lucy Clabburn of Linden House.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 16 June 
East Suff Gaz 16 June 

MAJOR BARRETT fined 10s for refusing to produce his motor-car licence. Police said he had”had
given a lot of trouble previously. He kept Sergeant Norman waiting two hours last year, and he hoped
he would not give any trouble when he next called.

1914
East Suff Gaz 30 June 

SIR JOHN LEMAN SCHOOL:: The  new  School  premises now nearing  completion will  open for
Boys and Girls between the ages of 8 and 18 on or about 14th of September. The school consists of a
large,  well  ventilated  classrooms,  assembly  hall,  dining  hall,  science  laboratory,  wood  and  metal

workshops & housewifery rooms all of which have been modelled to meet the latest requirements, as
regards teaching and sanitation. Parents who may wish to send their children to the School, when it
opens should write at once for a copy of the Prospectus and Form of Application.

1914
East Suff Gaz 30 June 

NEW HOSPITAL Dr  Wood-Hill said would  cost between 5,000 to  6,000. Problems of present
hospital listed before [see 19 May]. Also only one bathroom for male & female patients, the nurses
and  servants,  but  washing  up  done  there  too.  Needed  to  have  5000  in  hand  before  they  started

construction. Seconded by Mr Dunt. Decided to go ahead with plan and have a public meetings.
NEW TOWN CLERK: Mr Forward of Lowestoft elected. Salary of 150.

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 30 June 
 

Discussion at the meeting about the irregular method of appointment. A second vote was taken by the
whole Council. Mr Forward again elected by 10 votes to 2 (for Mr Rix)

1914
East Suff Gaz 30 June 

TRAGEDY  AT  SERAJEVO:  From  all  quarters  messages  of  sympathy  have  poured  to  the  aged
Emperor  of  Austria,  who  has  been  terribly  striken  by  the  double  assassination  of  his  heir,  the

Archduke  Franz  Ferdinand  and  the  Duchess  of  Hohenberg,  by  a  High  School  student  Gavrilo
Prinzep.The  Austrian  authorities  believe  that  the  assassinations  were  the  result  of  a  plot....  It  is
understood that severe measures  agauinst Slavs  are  contemplated. Prince Arthur of Connaught will

represent King George at the funeral. His Majesty called onthe Austrian Hungarian Ambassador, to
whom he expressed his profound sorrow at the deaths.
POLICE COURT 1) COLCHESTER BREWING CO  changes to the Butchers’ Arms. A new side

1914
East Suff Gaz 30 June 
entrance & Porch. approved.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
5

 
 

 
 

2) Burton Ale Stores, Hungate: Mr Athur Barkham to take over from EG Turner.
3) Arthur Fish, maltster summoned for refusing to support his father in the Workhouse by 2s a week..

Said he would do so if his 5 brothers contributed. Told he owed 18s. If he failed to pay he would go
to gaol for 14 days, . Said he would go to gaol. Warned that he would still have to pay when he came

out.  Defendant:  “Then  I  will  go  back  again,  and  you  can  keep  me  altogether”.  ‘Goodbye  all’  he
shouted as he was removed from the Court.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 7 Jul 

Working Men’s Conservative Association open air concert. A big gathering.
CAXTON WORKS OUTING, Early train to Clacton  on  sea,  arriving  at  10.15,  bathing  or visiting
places  of  interest. At 12  dinner  at Ragg’s Restaurant,  at  2pm barded the Clacton Belle, took  5 1/2

East Suff Gaz 7 Jul 

hour journey to trip to Yarmouth, where they met wives & sweethearts. Returned to Beccles by the
last train.
Councillor Robinson held garden party at Beaumont House for the BWTA. Fine weather.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 7 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 7 Jul 

Fauconberge School: Headmaster T Clifford Smith. Prize giving. 28 boys in school, 10 boarders. He
was at the school with Tom Angell, now dead. Bishop of St edmunsbury distributed the prizes 7 gave
a speech.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 14 Jul 

LICENCE: Mr Maurice Woolner to take over the White Horse from Mr W Hall
LABOUR  UNREST:  Labourers  rebuilding  Mr  Crisp’s  Maltings  went  on  Strike  for  a  day.  They
wanted 5d an hour instead of 4d 1/2d. Mr Reade of Aldeburgh, the contractor.

East Suff Gaz 14 Jul 
1914
East Suff Gaz 14 Jul 

COUNCIL: Plans for  house  in Waveney Road for Mrs DA Shields, submitted  by Mr Buckenham,
approved
SAILING CLUB:  Yachts raced by:Lieut Gartside-Tipping (Mischief); Mr AR Meyer (Isis); F & H

1914
East Suff Gaz 14 Jul 

Clatworthy (Imp); FE Banham (Bantling); Capt Lush (Mizpah); FL Farrell (Bunty); Napier Trollope
(Cygnet) AR Scott (Phyllida); AW Darby (Sunbeam) Raed in that order.
SALE: Six Brick & Tile Cottages near Ingate Railway crossing. Small gardens in rear in occupation

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

of Mrs Bradley, Mrs Girling, Mr Crisp (weekly tenants) Andrews, Boon & Girling (quarterly tenants)
Rents 41 12s pa. Landlord paying Rates (purchased by W Brown 325)

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

SALE  in 6  Lots of properties  in Ravensmere, (Douglas  Place) Nos  3,  5,  7, 9, 11,  13.  Each House
contains Entrance Hall, Kitchen with copper, cooking stove & sink with water laid on, Living Room,

Sitting Room, Pantry & 3 bedrooms with small gardens in front & Yard at rear, now in the occuation
of A Butcher, Miss M Simmonds, Charles Borrett, Wm Dunn, Geo Cook & Wm Barber, weekly  

 
 
1914

 
 

tenants. Rents amounting to 89 14s 0d. Landlord paying Rates. Tenure Freehold.
(withdrawn 925)
TOWN BAND gave first of series of Musical evenings in the Avenue on Thursday. Will occur every

East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

Tuesday evening 7.30 to 9pm. Programme will include Dance Music.
GONGREGATIONAL CHURCH: Rev Frank Burnett resigned his ministryfrom 16 August.
CONSERVATIVE OUTING: 100 members to Henham Hall  in brakes & motor  cars. Had tea  on

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

lawns, to Lowestoft at 6pm at Leighton’s Restaurant, the to the Marina  Theatre to see “The Easiest
Way”. Set off home at 11 pm, arrived at 12.30.
Mrs Lorna Burnett, of The Manse, Frederick’s Road holding a studio exhibition of local & English

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

landscapes in water-colours & oils, 80 or 90 paintings on view.
MAIN POLITICAL NEWS: The Irish Crisis: 12th July celebrations at Drumbeg, procession led by
Sir   Edward  Carson   nearly  7  miles   long  &  20,000  Orange  Men,  &   50,000   at   an   open  air

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 

demonstration. “no Surrender”.
Mrs Lorna Burnett, of The Manse, Frederick’s Road holding a studio exhibition of local & English
landscapes in water-colours & oils, 80 or 90 paintings on view.

1914
East Suff Gaz 21 Jul 
1914
East Suff Gaz28 Jul 

LIBERAL DEMONSTRATION AT BECCLES  Sir  E. Beauchamp  and Mr. Pratt, M.P. A rally of
Liberals  was  organised  for  Saturday  25th  when  the  grounds  of  Dr.  Fox  were  thrown  open  for  a
variety of interesting events, consisting of humorous sports (including an egg and spoon race for men

and  women  and  pillow  fighting,)  and  an  excellent  al  fresco  concert  provided  by  friends  from
Lowestoft. Dr. Fox presided  in the  chair when the speeches  arrived. The  chairman was present as

well  as  Sir  Edward Beauchamp, (M.P. who was  also  very cordially received like the  chairman and
Dr.  Fox),  who  was  imbued  with  liberal  principles  who  thought  into  the  future  whereas  their

conservative  friends  lived  into  the  past.  The  liberals  however  had  a  kind  of  prophetic  vision  that
things were going to improve and progress in this country.

1914
East Suff Gaz28 Jul 

CONTINENTAL  WAR  THREATENED.  Grave  international  situation.  Martial  Law  proclaimed
throughout Austria Hungary.
SIR JOHN LEMAN SCHOOL: Mr George  Watson,  assistant master at Kettering Grammar  School

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

appointed Headmaster, School will be ready for opening on Tuesday 15th of September. The students
of the PT Centre will be transferred to the new school, which will be opened as a mixed school for
boys and girls.

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 
COUNCIL: Plans approved for 1) Engine House at the back of the Picture Palace in Saltgate.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
6

 
1914

 

2) Smoke House at the rear of the Royal Oak in Ravensmere for Mr R Balls.
SALE OF TOM ANGELL’S ANTIQUITIES: Manuscripts,  Lowestoft China, Chipendale furniture

East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

etc [prices given]
DEATH Mr JG Kenyon of Gillingham Hall. Born 1843

1914
1914
 

East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

THE WAR: EUROPE ARMED; The Menace of Germany; British Mobilization.
A state of war exists between Austria-Hungary & Servia; Russia is mobilizing; Germany is reported

 

as  having  invaded France,  and  violated the  neutrality  of  Luxemburg; the  neutrality  of Belgium is
threatened, and the British Government have notified their intention to protect the  French coasts in
the event of German aggression. 

 
 
1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

THE  CRISIS:  That  dissension  between  the  races  of  Central  Europe  should  have  ramifications
spreading confusion among the inhabitants of these islands is a proof of that interdependence of the
nations  which  we  have  long  accepted  in  theory  without  realizing  how  keenly  the  fact  would  be

brought home ton us if war came. The man in the street caress little about the trouble between Austria
and Servia, but he is not apathetic when he finds that several of our leading stockbrokers have been
hammered on the Exchange and finally that the Stock Exchange has closed; that his investments are

sinking points per day, and that the Bank rate has doubled, and that the prices of the necessaries of
life is going up alarmingly.
The question of grain supply is as acute in Canada as it is in Great Britain. The Dominion fears for

 
 

the safety of her grain ships in the event of a general war. The risks of war have sent up the rate of
insurance at a time when the greatest number of wheat ships ever known is due to reach Montreal to
bring wheat to Liverpool

 
 

While  the  issues  of  peace  and  war  are  hanging  in  the  balance,  Mr  Asquith  is  able  to  assure  the
country  that  both  Government  and  Opposition  will   stand   shoulder  to   shoulder....  This   happy
unanimity of feeling has been made possible  by the loyalty and good-will of Mr Bonar Law and his

colleagues  
ADVERTISEMENT:  Beccles  W.M.  Co-operative  Society  Ltd,  Supplies  the  Best  of  Everything:

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

Drapery,  Millinery,  Dressmaking,  Clothing,  Furnishing,  Boots  &  Shoes,  Coals  Coals,  Groceries,
Bread & Pastry. All of the Best Quality. Boot Repairs Promptly executed. Smallgate, Beccles.

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

PRAYERS  FOR  PEACE.  Prayers  for  peace  were  general  in  the  churches  of  Beccles  on  Sunday,
without distinction of denomination.

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

WIRELESS INSTALLATIONS: It is understood that all “Experimental” Wireless Installations in the
United Kingdom have been dismantled and taken possession of by the Posmaster General, including
those at Yarmouth, Lowestoft and Beccles.

1914
East Suff Gaz 4 Aug 

BECCLES ADULT  SCHOOL TELEGRAM to Sir  Edward Grey: “Beccles Adult  Schools strongly
support efforts for peace. Convinced England must maintain absolute neutrality.”
ANDREW  LEYNEEK’S  NATIONALITY:  It  seems  to  be  quite  an  understood  thing  in  Beccles,

1914
East Suff Gaz 11 Aug 

where I have resided for the last 14 years, that I am a German subject, but this is quite a mistake. I
was born near Memel in Kurland, which is one of the three counties known as Baltic Provinces. The
people are called Lettish. They speak their own language and have their own books and newspapers.

In  religion  they  are  Protestants  (like  the  Germans),  but  they  are  overruled  by  Russia,  though  the
Baltic Provinces  originally belonged to Sweden. My father and sister are still living near Riga.
[He was the principal photographer in Beccles]

 
1914

 
East Suff Gaz 11 Aug 

MOBILISING THE TERRITORIALS: The  excitement  of the war  and the movements  of the local
Territorials who were  embodied by Royal Proclamation  on  Wednesday,  gave to Beccles somewhat
the  appearance  of a  garrison town for the rest  of the week.  Indded  a  military aspect was  assumed

early  on  Tuesday  evening,  when  the  members  of  B  Company  of  the  5th  Suffolks  assembled  to
arrange about their kits in expectation of immediate mobilisation. At a late hour the same night the
town was even more lively, for the Howitzer section returned from Trawfynydd about 11.30 pm, and

there was a big crowd at the railway station to welcome them and watch the detraining of the heavy
guns etc. It was a merry joyous crowd, albeit the news that the war with Germany had already been

declared by the British Government was not generally known till Wednesday’s newspapers came to
hand. There was a prompt response to the call to arms.

 
 

The  infantry  corps  were  the  first  to  get  away.  They  left  Beccles  for  an  unknown  destination  on
Wednesday afternoon, under the  command  of Captain HH Johnson  and received  a hearty send-off

from  the  crowds  of  people  who  watched  the  departing  train  with  no  doubt  varied  emotions,  for
amongst the  crowd were mothers  and  fathers of many of “the  boys” who were  leaving home  and
friends  at  the  call  of  duty.  They  left  in  the  highest  spirits,  and  one  might  almost  say  apparently

without a thought of the serious nature of their undertaking.
D Troop  of  Suffolk Yeomanry were  next in  order of  departure. The provision  of   suitable horses
presented considerable difficulty, and Major Barne, assisted by Captain Grissel and others spent two

 
 
long  days  in  looking  after  these  matters.  A  parade  of  men  and  inspection  of  horses  on  Thursday
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
7

evening near Alexandra Road, attracted interested crowds of people; but it6 was not until Friday that
the full complement of horses came to hand. The troop -- a fine body of hardy men, looking very fit --

entrained on Friday  afternoon and evening  in two lots,  and the disposal  of the horses in trucks and
boxes  at  the  railway  station  was  watched  with  eager  interest,  and  officers  and  men  took  their

departure amid resounding cheers.
The Howitzers were  up and busy at an early hour on  Sunday morning  and left about 6.30  am for  a

 
 

station it was understood,  near  London. The entrainment of their heavy  guns  and some 70 or more
horses was  effected without mishap under the supervision of Lieut RW Brooks,  Statinmaster Clark
and other railway officials, some of the horses being difficult to handle.

 
 

Commandeering  for  horses  for  both  Yeomanry  and  Howitzers  had  to  be  resorted  to,  but  in  only
instance, so far  as  known, was  any active resistance  displayed when horses were “claimed”  by the
Territorials in the King’s name.  

 
 

Bccles shared with other places in the economic scare which the first news of the war caused among
housewives, who were anxious about the possibility of being left without supplies, and not less so the
prospect of higher prices for the necessaries  of life, with the result that quite a run was made  upon

shopkeepers on Wednesday and Thursday. Some slight abatement was apparent on Friday. There was
a general rise in prices. Flour was raised 3d to 4d a stone, sugar 2d to 3d per lb, coffee and tea 2d per
lb, cheese 1d, butter 2d to 3d, bacon 3d to 4d, biscuits 1d per lb, and all tin provisions 1d to 3d per

tin.
BECCLES  RED  CROSS  HOSPITAL:  Householders  invited  to  assist  the  Red  Cross  Society  by
undertaking to lend articles to equip a temporary hospital in Beccles at the shortest possible notice.

1914
East Suff Gaz 11 Aug 

List of  articles to  be  sent to Miss  Jones,  Saltgate House.  Sort  of things required: Beds mattresses,
pillows, sheets, tables, crockery, clothing, food, etc
As soon as the  knowledge that war had  been declared became  known  excited  crowds  assembled in

1914
East Suff Gaz 11 Aug 

various parts of the West End cheering and singing patriotic songs.
Buckingham Palace from half an hour after midnight till well on into the small hours of the morning

 
 

was the centre of attraction for a huge concourse f people, all extremely enthusiastic, many of them
clamouring  for  the  appearance  of  the  King.  Most  of  those  present  were  on  foot,  but  there  were

hundreds of taxi-cabs and carriages, and people stood  on the roofs of the  vehicles, waving  English
and French flags and singing in French and English.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 18 Aug 

The Earl of Stradbrooke has fitted Henham Hall with 150 beds.
WAR   RELIEF:   East   Suffolk   Relief   Fund:   money   to   be   used   for   local   relief,   distress   and
unemployment; The Mayor (E Johnson Hindes)  20; C Napier Trollope  10; Dr & Mrs Wood-Hill

East Suff Gaz 18 Aug 

10; JF Tracey 10s 6d; Mrs Barton 10s; Mrs & Miss Mc Arthur 5s;
The Beccles Committee: The Mayor; Mrs Barne; MF Buck; FW Chartres; GHK Clowes; JE Crisp;
WM Crowfoot; AW Darby; Alex Elliott; Rev JA Garner; FF Garrood; TD Grisell; EL Heseltine; A

 
 

McQueen; Rev FG Millar; Hon AJ Mulholland; NW Pells; FWD Robinson; Col Thompson Wilson;
Miss Allen (Ingate House)
CONGREGATIONAL MINISTER leaves. Rev Frank Burdett, Pastor in Beccles two & a half years.

1914
East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 

Joining  the  Church  of  England  as  cleric.  Born  in  Kent.  Has  brother  &  cousin  as  Nonconformist
ministers,   and  a   brother   and   cousin,  Church  of   England   clergy.  Had   business   experience   in
Manchester,  Leeds  &  Leicester  before  training  at  Metropolitan  College.Pastorates  at  Camberley,

Northampton, North London & Beccles. Mrs Burnett student of Vicat Cole & Byam Shaw School of
Art.
TO LET: Large Yard, Stables, Outbuildings including Smoke House, at 33 Blyburgate

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 
East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 

LORD KITCHENER’S ARMY. Mr AE Elvin, steward at Beccles Conservative Club despatched 37  
recruits from Beccles and District.
FAREWELL  PRESENTATION  to Mr  Noel  Robinson  after  being  connected  to  Beccles  Council

1914
East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 

School for 15 years as scholar, pupil teacher and assistant master. Going to Exeter Training College.
RECRUITS  WANTED:  Lord  Kitchener  appeals  for  100,000  recruits.  Local  recruitment  offiicers

1914
East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 

posted by the Mayor. It is not a bad plan to do the work first and then convene a committee to talk
about it. It saves time. RF Lush, Capt.

1914
East Suff Gaz 25 Aug 

CONGREGATIONAL MINISTER leaves. Rev Frank Burdett, Pastor in Beccles two & a half years.
Joining  the  Church  of  England  as  cleric.  Born  in  Kent.  Has  brother  &  cousin  as  Nonconformist

ministers,   and  a   brother   and   cousin,  Church  of   England   clergy.  Had   business   experience   in
Manchester,  Leeds  &  Leicester  before  training  at  Metropolitan  College.  Pastorates  at  Camberley,
North ampton, North London & Beccles. Mrs Burnett student of Vicat Cole & Byam Shaw School of

Art.
British casualties at Mons 5,000 top 6,000
WANTED AT ONCE:  100 Beccles Recruits. A Bounty of  1 to  each recruit will  be paid to those

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 1 Sep 
East Suff Gaz 1 Sep 
enrolling  from  1 to 15  September  by Henry  L Robins,  [corn,  seed  and  coal merchant,  52  Station
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
8

Road] late Veteran Grand Army of the Potomac, USA.
SIR JOHN LEMAN SCHOOL, BECCLES. Headmaster Mr G Watson, BA, Bsc;  Staff: Miss Edith

1914
East Suff Gaz 1 Sep 

Wright,  LLA,  late  Head  Mistress  of  County  Council’s  Pupil  Teacher  Centre  at  Beccles;  Mr  FP
Glover, BA [became Captain in Royal welsh Fuseliers, wounded. 30 Station Road]; Miss C Deeley,

BSc; Miss I Carter, southport Physical Training College; Miss GM Fowler (Domestic Subjects); Mr P
Cross (wood & Metalwork); Mr WC White (gardening instructor).

 
 

The  new  premises  consisting  of  Chemical  Laboratory,  Domestic  Economy  Kitchen  &  Laundry
Rooms,  Wood  &  Metal  Shop,  Dining  Hall  &  six  classrooms,  fully  equipped  with  all  modern
educational  &  hygenic  appliances,  boys’  and  girls’  retiring  &  dressing  rooms  will  be  opened  on

Tuesday, 15th September, for boys and girls between the ages of 8 and 18. School fee 7 per annum,
inclusive of books, etc. Over 80 pupils have already been enrolled.
SEVEN BROTHERS  in the  Services. The family of  Spall have an  enviable record. The  father, the

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Sep 

late Robert  Spall [born 1853, Printer’s Machine Minder] was a Bombadier in the Beccles RGA for
many years. Of his nine sons, seven are now in the services. One with the 2nd Norfolks at the front;
three in the third East Anglian Howitzers - Robert, [RGA Gunner] James [Sergeant, Wessex Brigade]

& William [RFA, Gunner] - who have volunteered for foreign service; Ernest, who has enlisted as a
recruit at Winchester; Reginald [4th Norfolks] who has joined the Norfolk Regiment (Territorials) at
Norwich; and Edward, a Canadian Volunteer [Sergeant, 10th Norfolks].[none of them were kiilled or

wounded]
RECRUITING. From 12 August to 12 September Mr AE Elvin & Mr LM Ingaste, recruiting agents,
enlisted  120 men for  Lord Kitchener’s Army,  an a number of  others presented themselves today at

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Sep 

the Public Hall (opened  as  a recruiting station  on Friday)  for  enlistment, 25 young  fellows  being
accepted. They had a rousing send off.
SALE of unsold portions of WORLINGHAM ESTATE: 11 farms & 1,448 acres.

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 8 Sep 
 

Castle Farm 176a 2r 20p, farmhouse & 2 Cottages, Mr Holt 3,350; Arable Field, 9a 31 p, Mr Ward
180;  Hoffman  brick  kiln,  Kiln  Farm,  2  cottages,  farmhouse,  50  acres,  Mr  TJ  Self  1,150;  The

Common Farm with house & nearly 13 acres of pasture land, Mr Soanes (the tenant) 280;
MINE  SWEEPING:  Charles  Godbold  of  18  Grove  Road  for  3  weeks  had  been  engaged  mine-

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Sep 

sweeping in a Lowestoft boat, was one of the crew  of the steam drifter Lindsell, which was blown up
just before HMS Speedy met her doom last Thursday morning.

 
 

They were engaged in towing for mines about sixty miles from Lowestoft.The Speedy had a crew of
88  men  and  six  officers;  the  stem  drifter’s  crew  numbered  eleven.  “I  was  standing  near  the
wheelhouse  when  the  explosion  occurred.  We  had  been  at  the  jof  since  about  8  o’clock  in  the

morning, without finding any mines, and had only just started our tird tow, when we ran into a mine
which seemed to explode just beneath the boiler. The funnel was blown sky high, the boilere flew out
of the  boat, the  vessel was smashed to atoms, and I was pitched  below into the open net chamber,

where I fell on some nets. The mast was smashed and part of it fell on top of me as I lay. I gathered
myself  up as well  as I  could, and in a second or two found myself in the water. I caught hold  of  a
piece of wood floating by.

 
 
 
 

I could see the  bow of the trawler standing  up on  end,  about six  feet out of the water,  as I  swam
about. I was picked up after  about ten minutes by one of the  Speedy’s boats; But no sooner had I
been  taken  out  of  the  water  into  the  boat  than  the  Speedy  herself  blown  up.  It  was  then  only  a

hundered yards  from the  boat  I was  in. Her stern was  blown  completely off, but she  kept herself
afloat for  half an hour, till every man  had  been saved except one who was killed by the explosion.
Eight drifters and their boats came very promptly to the rescue, and some got into one boat and some

into another.
The skipper and four of the crew of my boat were drowned. I was severely bruised and shaken, and
am thankful it was no worse; but it was a dreadful experience.

 
 
1914

PATRIOTIC MEETING at BECCLES: Public Hall  crowded  on  Saturday  night. Appeals to young
men  to  join  the  army.  Sir  Edward  Beauchamp,  MP,  Mr  HS  Foster,  and  the  Mayor  the  principal

East Suff Gaz 15 Sep 

speakers  and Colonel Cubitt, the recruiting officer. Also two “Tommies” who had recently been  at
the front, Private Thirtle & Private W Betts [Private in the the Royal Norfolks, who was dischargd in

1916] 
89 Men had already left Clowes on active service & 80 had left Elliott & Garrood.

They were heartily cheered by the meeting.

 
 

 
 

“Oh God our Help in Ages Past” was aung, led by the Salvation Army Band.. “In every corner of the
British Empire a responsive chord was touched, so that within a few hours of the declaration of war
the whole Empire stood to arms. .. The young men of Beccles were not going to be silent spectators

only. They were going to throw their manhood into the struggle. They saw Canada, Australia, New
Zealand, South Africa -- Boers and Britond; and they saw our great Indian Empire making our cause
their own and coming forward to help the mother country. They were fighting in a just and righteous

cause -- for freedom and liberty, and to tramlpe down for ever the militarism of Germany, which had
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
9

been the cause of this terrible war.
They were fighting  against  a would-be despot and  dictator, the military head of the German  State;

 
 

they must  go forward  at once. Beccles had done well for it had  already sent  187 recruits, but they
must put forth all their strength and energy, and then they could in all humility ask thr Father of our

God to protect us. (Cheers)
CHURCH CHOIR ON STRIKE: Thirteen  of the Choirboys  of the Parish Church, resenting  a fine

1914
East Suff Gaz 15 Sep 

imposed  for  being  late  to  practice  on  Thursday  night,  absented  themselves  from  the  service  on
Sunday morning. They were not allowed back in the evening.
A  BECCLES  MAN  AT  THE  FRONT  Private  Tony  Thirtle,  [He  was  a  Staff-Sergeant  in  2nd

1914
East Suff Gaz 15 Sep 

Norfolks, was wounded, but survived the war] Gymnasium instructor to the Fauconberge school, and
reservist 1st Norfolks, returned to Beccles on Monday night after the battle of Mons.
He arrived at  Le Havre on 16th August  and moved to Belgium. First came under fire on 23rd near

 
 

Mons.  They  dug  trenches.  The  German  infantry  advanced  in  overpowering  numbers  from  all
directions, and the British troops were obliged to fall back. The Norfolks next took up a position on
the railway, but the Germans  came  on  quickly with their  big  guns  and  rifle  fire,  inflicting heavy

losses on the regiment. It was at this stage the 9th Lancers, who were alongside the Norfolks made
their memorable charge, and in returning were mercilssly shot down by the enemy’s guns in full view
of the Norfolks. The carnage was awful. They marched about twenty miles before they came to the

next  halt  and  had  just started  digging trenches when the  enemy were  on them  again, forcing them
further  backwards.  Thirtle  was  injured  by  falling  into  a  pit,  damaging  his  ankle  and  concussing
himself. He managed to get to an ambulance waggon and was moved from one hospital to another as

the Germans advanced. He was then sent by ambulance train to Southampton.
BELGIAN REFUGEES Mrs. Garett, of the Beccles toilet sallons, begs to inform the public that she
has  in her  employ two of the Belgian  refugees from Malines;  and  hopes to  have  a  good share  of

1914
East Suff Gaz 22 Sep 

Public  Patronage.  They  are  both  excellent  workmen.  Good  accommodation.  Moderate  charges.
Razors ground and set. Wholesale and retail Tobacconist.[Advt.]

 
 

 
 

EAST SUFFOLK WAR RELIEF FUND Subscriptions received by the Mayor of Beccles
Amount previously acknowledged 465.16.3d. on 29.9.14.

 
 

 
 

451.15.3d   on 15.9.14. 
207.10.2d   on 01.9.14. 

 
 

 
 

343.01.9d   on 08.9.14.
41.05.6d.   on 25.8.14.

 
1914
1914

 

Donations by Mayor, church collections and general public.
SALE OF FURNITURE: 18 London Road. Mrs J Whitmore Searle leaving England
ADVERTISEMENT: Railway Coal Depot. Henry G Rose, successor to HL Robins. Summer prices

East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 
1914
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 

CHURCH SERVICES: Whilst the troops are stationed in Beccles, the time of morning service will
be 11 am instead of 10.45. FG Millar , Rector; AR Clatworthy & Womac Broks, Churchwardens.
BELGIAN REFUGEES: Mrs Garrett of the Beccles Toilet  Saloons [6 Hungate] has employed two

1914
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 

refugees from Malines. They are both excellent workmen. Wholesale & Retail Tobacconist.
LICENSED PREMISES:  JPs decided that local licensed premises were to close at 9.30 pm.
WAR  LECTURES:  1)  Dr  Wood-Hill  will  give  lectures  in  Ambulance  for  women  on  Saturday

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 

afternoons from 3 to 5 in the large room at Blyburgate House. 2) Study of French by Mdlle Maury.
SAILING CLUB: Last match of the Season, in following order: Bounty (FJ Farrell); Sunbeam (AW
Darby); Peggy (MM Marshall); Phyllida (AR Scott);  Cygnet (CN Trollope); Bantling (FE Banham)

1914
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 
1914
East Suff Gaz 29 Sep 

SPECIAL CONSTABLES: ex-Policemen, ex soldiers, & others accustomed to discipline: In cases of
emergency: 1) Raids or invasion, to maintain order and guard communications. 2) Consequences of
war:  internal  disorder  due  to  unemployment,  reduced  food  supplies,  etc.  3)  Industrial  disputes.

numbers  at present:  3,616.  Will be provided with appointment  card,  a badge,  a whistle  and  a staff.
Divisional Officer: JP Larkman; Sub Division: Major SL Barrett (Telport, Puddingmoor)
DETAILS of Captain John Ashley’s account of the RETREAT FROM ANTWERP are to be found in

1914
Later report from the Front

a separate file entitled Beccles, Newspapers, 1915, full text  
Dr WILLIAM ALDIS  WRIGHT, Vice Master  of Trinity, Cambridge, the  distinguished Biblical  &

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

Shakespearean scholar, secretary of the Old Testament Revision Company, who died 19 May,  left
estate of 75,000. He left 500 to Beccles Hospital.

1914

TERRITORIAL FORCE RESERVE: To be Major: Major Sidney Barrett (late 3rd Battalion Norfolk
Regiment)

East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

1914
1914
1914

LICENCE TRANSFER: White Horse from W Hall to Maurice Woolnough.
POLICE COURT: Robert Copeman, labourer, drunk in the Crown. Landlord: HE Jackson.
BECCLES SOLDIER'S LETTER German Treachery

East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
 
 

Private Robinson, of the Coldstream Guards, of Beccles, is now in hospital at Cardiff, having being
wounded in the left knee at Sopia.The Guards were advancing across the fields towards the enemy,
when about 70 Germans hoisted the white flag and surrendered. An officer said" Come on boys they

have  surrendered;" but "as soon  as we went to surround them their  artillery,  hidden in the woods
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
10

behind, opened a heavy shell fire on us, and our fellows began to drop like wheat. Six men on my left
were  killed  outright  ,and  another  on  my  right  had  his  left  arm  shattered  by  a  piece  of  shrapnel.

Another fragment struck my knee, and I could not move after that......This was not the first time we
had had tricks played upon us like this. Only three days before about 100 men, including 6 officers,

held up the white flag to surrender, and when we advanced to surround them we were shelled by their
artillery. On that occasion however, we got the better of them, charged their position, and captured 7

of their guns."
WAR RELIEF: Miss Allen of Soldiers & Sailors’ Families Association: 78 wives & 206 children &
38 dependents relieved. 178 spent.

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
1914

Mrs Leigh Heseltine entertained 30 NCOs & men of the Shropshire Royal Horse Artillery to tea at
Asman’s Hall on Sunday afternoon.
NORTH SEA DISASTER: JW Keable, 1st Class Stoker on the Aboukir, one of 3 cruisers torpedoed  

East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

in the North Sea lost his life. Formerly employed at Caxton Works.  Son of A Keable, 57 Northgate.
DEATH  of  Mr  ET  DOWSON  of  Geldeston.  Son  of  late  Edward  Utting  Dowson,  born  1846.
Educated  Fauconberge  School,  then  Brighton  &  Rugby  &  University  College,  London.  JP  for

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

Suffolk. Docesan Secretary of C of E Society for Providing Homes foe Waifs and Strays, Committee
of Beccles Hospital. Played cricket for Beccles (a good batsman)
SOLDIERS  AT  BECCLES.An   emergency  meeting  was  held   at  Ipswich  for  the   East   Suffolk

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

Education Committee on Tuesday.The report of the special meeting of the governors of the Sir John
Leman School at Beccles was presented. It was stated that Lieutenant-Colonel A.H.O.Lloyd applied
for the  use of the  whole of the school buildings,  except for the caretaker's house  and the chemical

laboratory, for the housing  of the  250 of the  Shropshire Royal Horse Artillery for Winter Quarters.
He offered the governors 80 per month of four weeks for the building, to include the fair wear and
tear, and in addition to pay for the gas and water used and for damage to the premises and furniture.  

So it was resolved that the use of the school should be granted to the approval of the Education Board
and the school should be moved to a different location (the Infants school in Peddars Lane) and the

formal opening of the school for September 30th will not be held.
SOLDIERS’ RECREATION ROOM.The public hall at Beccles was opened on Thursday evening as

1914
East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 

a   recreation   and   reading  room   for  the  soldiers   and  sailors   now   quartered   in  the  town   and
neighbourhood, and is greatly appreciated by them. We are asked to state that gifts of games, daily

and weekly papers, periodicals and books, are much needed. They should be sent to the public hall.
LIST OF SERVICEMEN of Beccles. Additions on 13 & 27 October, plus villages around.
ADVERTISEMENT:  Harold  Catling,  9  Station  Road  takes  over  business  of  late  Herbert  Hindes,

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 6 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 13 Oct 

builder & Contractor. Works, Gresham Road.
Mr Wilton Rix promoted Captain in 6th Battalion Bedfordshire Regt, Aldershot.
ISOLATION HOSPITAL to be used by military.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 13 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 13 Oct 
1914
East Suff Gaz 20 Oct 

BECCLES MAN INJURED IN NORTH SEA Edward Harwin, a former resident of Beccles, who a
short time  ago was  appointed  Experimental Chief  in mine  laying work  (His Majesty's Navy), was
seriously injured soon after the outbreak of the war while under action in the North Sea. His right side

was paralysed, but he is gradually getting back the use of his arm and says he hopes he will be able to
get back and have another slap at the "dirty Germans."                               
ROOT SHOW AT BECCLES The Committee  of the Mutford  and  Lothingland  and North  Suffolk

1914
East Suff Gaz 20 Oct 

Agricultural Association, departing from their custom of holding  a show of roots  and  grain  at their
annual exhibition, held a special show on Friday on Messrs. G. Durrant and Sons lamb sale meadow
EAST SUFFOLK WAR RELIEF FUND Subscriptions received by the Mayor of Beccles

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 20 Oct 
 

Amount previously acknowledged  561.15s.1d. on 20.10.14
East Suffolk War Relief Fund
Funds stood at 578 12 6d at 27 12 1914 with donations from Beccles and District Chrysanthemum

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 20 Oct 
 

Society and individuals.  A woollen scarf and wristlets were acknowledged for sailors and 20 sheets
and 150 pairs socks per Mr. F.W.C.  Chartres for the Territorials.     

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 27 Oct 

THE SCORE: Surveyor to inspect the closets in the condemned cottages in the Score.
A BECCLES NURSE IN PARIS. Visit to the front. Miss Peachey, a Beccles nurse, who decided to

East Suff Gaz 27 Oct 

remain in Paris when so many other people were leaving in fear of the Germans, then almost at the
gates of the city, writing home to her father on October 18th says: three soldiers were admitted to the

hospital that very  night that the  other nurses  decided to leave.  Two of them  left  on  crutches next
morning at 4 a.m.
AN OLD PUBLIC HOUSE in Bury St Edmund’s called the King Of Prussia has changed its name to

1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

the Lord Kitchener.
SPECIAL CONSTABLES: Divisional Officer: JP Larkman; Sub Divisional Officer: WE Downing;
Parish Officer: G Johnson;  Special Constables: GT Allgar, AJ Balls, G Buckenham sen, J Bugg, G

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 
 
Carr, AB Castell,  FA Clatworthy, WW Cole, CJ Cornish, GH Durrant,  E  Etteridge, FS Field, TJ
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
11

Gooderham, R Johnson, A Rackham, KA Rowsell.
RAILWAY GATES SMASHED by the outgoing train to Norwich at Northgate.

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

ACCIDENT TO Dr WOOD-HILL while driving his carnear the National Schools. He was going very
slowly, when a five-year-old boy, playing with other lads, ran out of Caxton Road in front of the car,

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

and fell in trying to make his way back. Both wheels passed overhis chest, but strange to say the boy
was uninjured.

1914

DEATH of OLD FALCONBERIAN:  Lt-Col  Walter  Loring, Royal Warwickshire Regt. Born 1868,
son of a former Rector of Gillingham. Army 1889, Major 1904, Lt Col 1912. Was with the Mounted
Infantry in the Boer War, received the Queen’s Medal and five clasps.

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

 
1914

 

Anothyer Fauconbergian Lt Francis Barnes seriously wounded - King’s Own Loyal Lancasters.
ALIENS RESTRICTION ORDER,  1914 Captain J.G.Mayne Chief Constable  of  East  Suffolk has
issued  a  notice to  householders pointing out that it is an  offence punishable by fine not exceeding

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

100 or imprisonment for not exceeding six months if any person in whose house any alien is living
fails to give notice of the above referred to applies to the whole administrative county of East Suffolk.  
The term "house"  includes hotels  and  both the  guests  and  aliens  employed therein. Refugees  also

must be understood to be included in the term "alien".
THE WAR AND THE EVENING CLASSES Three of the winter evening courses arranged for this
centre by the East Suffolk education authority have come to an early close namely the continuation

1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

class  for  young  women  at  the  Ravensmere  school  and  the  woodwork  and  cookery  classes  at  the
council school.  This cutting short of their careers so early in the season may be directly attributed to
the war-the enlisting of so large a body of young men from our town and the efforts being made to

interest all sections of those remaining at home in various objects of work for the general welfare of
our forces, having made a serious drainage upon our not overlarge population.
FOR THE TROOPS The  Sub Committee  in  charge  of the public hall make  an  earnest  appeal for

1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

notepaper and envelopes for the use of the men at the public hall.
MORE  MILITARY  About  500  of  the  Essex  infantry  took  up  temporary  quarters  in  the  town  on

1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

Saturday. Arrangements for their accommodation were made at the Men's  Social Institute ,  Lecture
Hall, bowling green , the Adult School, and other large buildings, and some of the men were cottage

billitted  in  the  town.  Others  who  came  into  the  town  on  Sunday  were  accommodated  at  the
Conservative Club and elsewhere.

1914

ENTERTAINMENT A  musical  entertainment  was  given  in  the  Baptist  schoolroom  on  Thursday
evening by a party of bellringers connected with the London Road Baptist Church at Lowestoft, who
skillfully performed  a selection  of  handbells.The  deputy Mayor (Colonel  Wilson) presided. There

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

was a good attendance, and the programme, which included vocal solos , recitations, and a humorous
sketch  was  greatly  appreciated.  The  Deputy  Mayor  proposed  a  cordial  vote  of  thanks  to  the
performers for a very pleasant evening they had all enjoyed , and it was carried by acclamation.

1914

SUFFOLKS AT CATEAU:The Battalion arrived at Le Cateau on 25 August at 7pm. & bivouacked
in a barn. Fell in at 4am next day. Battalions 3 & 4 to occupy trenches already made; No 1 had shell
right  amongst  them..  When  the  German  infantry  drew  near  our  infantry  and  maxim  guns  simply

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

mowed them down, but still they pressed on. The Battery was firing at them at about 800 yards range.
Eventually  the  order  to  retire  was  given,  but  the  old  Suffolks  had  little  ammunition  left,  and  the
casualties were enrmous. When I mustered the the Battalion there were 3 officers and 217 men.

 
 
1914

PATRIOTIC CONCERTS The Matinee and evening concerts given by Olive Sturgess at the public
hall  on Thursday served to  relieve the  grey  element which  darkened streets  and wars  alarms  have
emphasized of late, and it was good for all present to get a little fresh heartening for the days to come.

East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

Miss Sturgess was supported by talented London artistes, in very pleasing and attractive programmes,
the  appreciation was  unmistakeable. At the matinee the performers for the most part  bowed their
acknowledgments;  but  in the evening they kindly  complied with  every encore  and Miss  Sturgess  ,

who was in beautiful voice , acceded to a double encore.
THE HORRORS OF WAR Mrs.Johnson of Stratford College, Beccles has received a letter from her

1914
East Suff Gaz 3 Nov 

son Major T. Pelham Johnson dated Nov. 7th--"Constantly and hourly I am still busy . There never
seems a vacant half hour . It is most responsible work, affecting the lives , health , and fitness of our

soldiers, and involving large, very large sums of money.....The firing line is not far distant, and the
sound of cannon and rifle is incessant. It is  a desperate conflict  and long protracted. Both sides are

deeply entrenched and weak points are guarded by barbed wire entanglements. Of course the limit of
human endurance is soon reached in this awful struggle , and it has to be arranged that troops in the
firing line are relieved and get house room one night in three. Tomorrow is Sunday, and there is to be

service in front of this house.the services are well attended, and the worship is more heartfelt, I feel
sure, than in peace time.Yesterday I visited  a  large town-almost  a  city- practically  empty ,  all the
people having fled for fear of bombardment, as shells have burst in among the houses every evening;

women and children even being killed in the cellars.However I managed to get my hair cut, and as I
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
12

was walking through the streets I felt two little hands pushed into mine , and saw two smiling little
girls trotting along each side looking up at me, and then at their parents on the other side of the road.

After a while they left as suddenly as they had come. I lack for nothing , except for perhaps sleep, but
am most concerned to hear of the raid by German cruisers on Lowestoft and Yarmouth. God grant a

speedy conclusion to the war."
THE ADULT SCHOOL AND THE WAR Dr. G.R.Fox's name has been added to the school "Roll of

1914
East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 

Honour" which  includes  32 names of those who  are serving their  country. Members  of the school
were there to see  him  off. Gone to join the Anglo-Belgian Medical Mission for the succour of the
wounded. The Friends have established a fully equipped hospital with ten motor ambulances 

1914
 
1914

Subscriptions received by the Mayor of Beccles
Amount previously acknowledged  612 17 8d  on  10.11.14.
WOUNDED SOLDIER: Private F  Woodward:  Now in Hospital  in  Southend. “I  am  a  very  lucky

East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 
 
East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 

man to be in England, for I was not fifty yards from the Germans when I had the order to retire, and
as soon as I began to run back got shot in the arm and leg at the same time. I was wounded at 10 in
the morning  and  had to  lay  in the trenches till 9 pm  before I  could  move. Then I  came  across  a

farmhouse and stopped there till 5 am the next morning; some men of my Regiment helped me down
to the hospital, where they bandaged me up.
As soon as I got to France I was sent into the firing line and I have been at it three months. I think I

 
 

have had my share of it even  if I don’t  go back  again.” [He was a  Sergeant in the Worcester Regt,
was wounded three times and gassed. He was discharged in 1919. 34 St George’s Road.]
PHOTOGRAPH of Five Beccles Soldiers wounded at Mons, sitting in the Churchyard: A Devereux

1914
East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 

[Private Northumberland Fueliers, wounded, discharged May 1915, 27 Blyburgate], A Thirtle [Staff
sergeant,  2nd  Norfolks,  wounded,  4  Smallgate],  A  Betts  [7th  Norfolks],  J  Barber  [Private,  1st
Norfolks, wounded, discharged April 1916, 68 Northgate], W Youngs [probably RW Youngs of 28

Denmark  Road,  Lance  Corporal  1st  Northumberland  Fuseliers,  Died  of  Wounds,  September  29th
1918]

1914
1914

TO LET: Furnished House, 3 Reception Rooms, 8 Bedrooms, Holme Lodge, 33, Northgate
SCHOOLMASTER’S  SUICIDE. Mr William  Smith,  headmaster of Henham &  Wangford schools,

East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 10 Nov 

rumoured by village (groundlessly) to be German. Given order to move out of Suffolk. Had not slept
for two days. Cut his throat.

1914

FOR THE TROOPS The  Sub Committee  in  charge  of the public hall make  an  earnest  appeal for
notepaper and envelopes for the use of the men at the public hall.
MORE  MILITARY  About  500  of  the  Essex  infantry  took  up  temporary  quarters  in  the  town  on

East Suff Gaz 17 Nov 
1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Nov 

Saturday. Arrangements for their accommodation were made at the Men's  Social Institute ,  Lecture
Hall, bowling green , the Adult School, and other large buildings, and some of the men were cottage
billitted  in  the  town.  Others  who  came  into  the  town  on  Sunday  were  accommodated  at  the

Conservative Club and elsewhere.
ENTERTAINMENT A  musical  entertainment  was  given  in  the  Baptist  schoolroom  on  Thursday
evening by a party of bellringers connected with the London Road Baptist Church at Lowestoft, who

1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Nov 

skillfully performed  a selection  of  handbells.The  deputy Mayor (Colonel  Wilson) presided. There
was  good attendance, and the programme, which included vocal solos , recitations, and a humorous
sketch  was  greatly  appreciated.  The  Deputy  Mayor  proposed  a  cordial  vote  of  thanks  to  the

performers for a very pleasant evening they had all enjoyed , and it was carried by acclamation.
LETTER: “.. A word of caution might also be addressed to the parents of young girls who flaunt their
love for the soldiery.”

1914
East Suff Gaz 17 Nov 
1914

TROOPER  Reginald  BOLLINGBROOKE  :  “We  moved  off  from  our  base  at  6  o’clock  after
marching all night arrived about 8 am. It was a march too! It was jolly cold and rained on and off, and
I was dead tired. I even went to sleep once or twice on my horse. We got our first taste of fire under

East Suff Gaz 17 Nov 

cover of a bank.
We moved forward to a narrow ditch about 10.30 and from that time till we were relieved at night we

 
 

were under a terrible fire - shells, maxims, rifle fire - and the worst of it was that we had to lay there
all day and not fire a shot. Towards the end of the afternoon we were subjected to cross fire, and at

dusk we got the order to fix bayonets. Things seemed pretty bad, and it made one feel rather sick, I
can tell you. However we were relieved at night and fell back to the rear trenches. 

 
 

We saw what was  left of the  London  Scottish come back. They were  in  action the same day as we
were and lost very heavily - something like 500 out of 700 men, and 22 officers out of 27. A captive
balloon directed the German fire.

 
 

A few days ago when we were in the trenches our medical officer noticed the erratic behaviour of two
windmills near our batteries. We watched them for some time and noticed they moved in conjunction
with the German gunfire. They were being worked by German spies. who were signalling the effect

of the German fire. Another spy was caught near our lines with a carrier pigeon under his arm. Need I
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
13

say the windmills  are  not working  now, and the pigeon  is no more. [He became  a Corporal  in the
Queen’s Own Oxford Hussars. He died of Wounds 27 January, 1916. He lived at 64 Northgate]

1914

Red  Cross  Society  at  Ipswich:  On  the  outbreak  of  war  arrangements  made  that  Voluntary  Aid
Detachments in the County to provide Hospitals in their locality at very short notice. Loans of beds

East Suff Gaz 22 Nov 

etc made. Houses &  buildings placed  at  disposal of  detachments. Nearly  all  Emergency Hospitals
were prepared free of cost to Red Cross Society.

 
 

Central Depot in Bury  St  Edmund’s with staff of  fully trained  nurses, so that  any part of  county
supplied with nurses or medical supplies at shortest notice.
Depots established at Bury St Edmunds, Sudbury, New Market, Brandon, Beccles, Lowestoft, Orwell

 
 

Park, Stowmarket, Eye Saxmundham etc.
VOLUNTARY WINDING UP: SF Field & Son, Ltd wound up voluntarily. Liquidator appointed.
OLD  BECCLES  COLLEGE  BOY  WOUNDED  Private  Reginald  Grant  Jordan,  of  the  London

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 24 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 24 Nov 

Scottish was,  as we  understand , wounded in the  historic  engagement  of November  1st,  and is  at
present in a French stationary hospital.His parents have had a letter from their son from which they
gather that he was  injured  by a  "Jack Johnson"  and  is  doing  "  as well  as  can  be  expected."Private

Jordan is , of course , an old Beccles college boy, and it would be interesting to know how many of
the old boys are serving with the allies - probably some hundreds. [He became a Sergean and lived in
Hungate]

1914
1914

DEATH OF Mr JA WARD, mineral water manufacturer, aged 42.
Dr  FOX  IN  FRANCE  at  Dunkirk  with  the  Ambulance  Corps.  We  dress  the  wounds  of  soldiers
brought here from the fighting line, 15 to 20 miles away, We have four hours on and four hours off..

East Suff Gaz 24 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 24 Nov 

The wounded are mostly French soldiers. They are taken from the trains into two huge sheds, about
150 yards long, and are kept there from 18 to 24 hours and then taken to the hospital ships.
These poor fellows  have  not had their wounds  dressed for from three to six  days, and during their

 
 

stay we dress their wounds,  and I  can tell you they want this done  badly. A  great  number  of the
wounds are very bad, in every conceivable part of the body, and those made by shrapnel are terrible -

great rents, leaving large holes. The wounds are in a very bad condition, and the stench from them is
almost unbearable. They are very grateful poor chaps, and bear their pain and misery very bravely..

Several die in the trains,  and  a few in the sheds. I should say that 1000 to 1500 come  here daily.

Words cannot describe the picture of misery to be witnessed! Row upon row close together, each 150
yards long, lying on mattresses while these last, and then on the floor or straw - a mass of mutilated

humanity, and if seen in the hours of the night, in a dim light, presents a wierd uncanny sight, and this
going on for day after day, night after night, not here alone, but no doubt in many other places.

1914
1914

INSTALLATION OF CANONS of newly formed diocese of Suffolk, at Bury St Edmunds
MISS  STURGESS'  CONCERTS  Miss  Olive  Sturgess  has  handed  over  5  to  the  Ditchingham
Hospital  and  5 to the Mayor of Beccles for the War Relief Fund ,  out of the proceeds of the two

East Suff Gaz 24 Nov 
East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 

concerts recently given by her at Beccles and Bungay.
BECCLES  MAN  LOST  AT  SEA  Robert  Bond  ,  of  Fredericks  Rd.  Beccles,  was  one  of  the
unfortunate  skippers  fishing  from  Lowestoft  on  the  Lord  Carnarvon  ,  which  is  supposed  to  have

1914
East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 

fallen victim to mine - laying in the North sea. He leaves a widow and two children.
AIRSHIPS Much interest aroused on Thursday morning , about 11 o'clock, when two airships passed
by this town at a considerable height. The military has been informed of their probable presence as

1914
East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 

being friendly. It is said to have been a long trial flight from Grimsby, accomplished safely.
HOCKEY The Beccles Waveney Ladies Hockey Club were  visited  by the Bungay Town team  on
Wednesday last, the game resulting in a win for Beccles by 7 to nil.

1914
East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 
1914

FIRE  AT  GRANGE  MISSION  ROOM: The  main  portion  of  the  buildi9ng  was  burning  fiercely
before the  Fire Brigade  arrived  after  half  an  hour, with with the pair-horse manual  engine,  a  fire
escape and a quantity of hose. They soon got the fire under control under the direction of Engineer

East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 

Balls..
The building was of corrugated iron, matchboard inside and comfortably furnished. It was erected by

 
 

the late Alfred Woods, of Ingate Lodge, who regularly held services there for the expounding of the
Scriptures;  and  after his  decease  it was purchased for  meetings  in  connection with Parish Church

activities. The damage is estimated at about 350.
SHIRKERS AT HOME:

1914
 

East Suff Gaz 1 Dec 
 

Writing to his father (Mr. C. Bolingbroke, of Beccles) from the same adress as before, under the date
Nov. 16th , Trooper R. Bolingbroke, of the Queens Own Oxfordshire Hussars says:- I am writing this
in the trenches . It is bitterly cold and my hands are very cold.- I  can hardly hold the pencil, much

more form the letters, so you must excuse the writing- which I hope( with the aid of your glasses) you
will be able to follow. I have just finished reading the paper you sent, and I have started to write this
to pass the time. It is about 10 o'clock, but nothing exciting has happened yet.-although we are in the

front trenches. The French troops  are banging  away on  our flank and the Germans  are shelling our
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
14

batteries in the rear of our position. It was rainig all yesterday ( we had some snow too) and has been
raining this morning, so you can imagine what the trenches are like. Mud abounds everywhere! I can't

feel  my  feet  at  all,  and  I  have  to  stop  every  now  and  then  to  blow  on  my  hands  to  restore  the
circulation- it isn't nearly a picnic , I can tell you. I haven't had a wash for three days and my beard is

a  week  old.  I  should  like  you  to  see  me  now-  plastered  with  mud.  I  am  sitting  on  an  empty
ammunition  box-  the  only  nearly  dry  thing  in  sight-  and  my  writing  tesk  is  my  water  bottle-

empty,worst luck!!
Our squadron were fortunate enough to be selected as reserves and we slept in a barn last night and
relieved our men early this morning when it was still dark. I gave a French soldier four cigarettes for

 
 

the bottom of a loaf last night , but this morning we recieved an issue of bread and now I am wishing
I had my cigarettes!
Oh! its a fine life!

 
1914

 

COMMISSION  FOR  BECCLES  MAN  Corporal  Wilfred  Reeve  ,  of  the  16th  Lancers,  has  been
granted a commission as 2nd Lieut. in his regiment. Lieut Reeve is a Suffolk man, being the eldest
son  of  the  late  Police-  Inspector  Reeve  ,  of  Beccles,  and  has  been  serving  at  the  front  with  his

East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

regiment since the beginning of the war.
G.E.R With a view to affording increased  facilities for residents in the Eastern counties desiring to
spend Christmas with their London friends , arrangements this have been made to run excursions this

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

year to London on the 24th as well as on the 23rd December. Facilities are also afforded for reaching
certain stations in the Midland and Northern Counties and Scotland.
WAR    Owing  to  railways  being  under  control  of  the  war  office,  Firms  cannot  always  guarantee

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

prompt delivery of goods. May we therefore ask our friends who intend ordering and purchasing of
goods needed for Xmas to do so as early as possible. HARMER & Co. - [ADVT.]
WESLEY GUILD The Ladies of the Guild will give an evening on Wednesday next , consisting of

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

solos , duets, recitations, etc. A cordial invitation is given to our young people, friends and parents of
scholars  to  be  present.  The  proceedings  commence  at  7.45pm  .  The  financial  statement  will  be

presented by the Treasurer, after which a collection will be taken for the Guild Piano Fund.
EAST SUFFOLK WAR RELIEF FUND Amount previously acknowledged  631 1 8d  on 8.12.14

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

SIX SOLDIER SONS The attention of the King having been drawn to the case of Mrs. Kate Spall(
widow of Mr. Robert Spall, a Beccles man) , who has six sons in the army, Mrs. Spall has received

East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

the following letter; "Privy Purse Office , Buckingham Palace, Nov. 24th, 1914.Madame , I have the
honour to inform you that the King has heard with much interest that you have at the present moment
have six sons  in the  army. I  am  commanded to  express to you the Kings  congratulations, and to

assure you that His Majesty much appreciates the spirit of patriotism which prompted this example in
the family of loyalty and devotion to their Sovereign and Empire.-......."
FOOTBALL The Fauconberge  School played Bungay Grammar  School 2nd XI on Wednesday and

1914
East Suff Gaz 8 Dec 

were defeated by 5 goals to 1.
BANKRUPTCY: Charles Cracknell. tailor, 36, Blyburgate.
ROYAL  NAVAL   VOLUNTEER  RESERVE—Mr.  C.T.Helsham  has   been   entered   as   Surgeon

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 15 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 

probationer, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, for temporary service.
OFF  TO  INDIA.  It  is  stated  that  some  of  the  Beceles  section  of  the  3rd  Eas  Anglian  Howitzer
Brigade have received orders to go to India.

1914
East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 
1914

LOCAL  PATRIOTISM—PAR EXCELLENCE.—Mr. Frederick Frankland has returned from Utah
and  enlisted  in  the  5th  Suffolks.  Tho  cost  of  his  journey  home  was  about  30,  which  he  has

East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 
cheerfully borne in order to do his bit for the Old Country.

 
1914

 

[He became a Staff-Sergeant, saddler, in the RASC. He was discharged in March 1919]
VOLUNTEER TRAINING CORPS. MEETING AT BECCLES. A public meeting, convened by His
Worship  the  Mayor  (Mr.  E.  Johnson  Hindes),  was  held  at  the  Public  Hell,  Beccles,  on  Monday

East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 

evening, to consider a proposal to form a Volunteer Training Corps for the town. Tbere was a good
attendance, the proposal having aroused considerable interest.

 
 

The  Mayor  presided,  and  a  verse  of  the  National  Anthem  having  been  sung,  he  said  it  had  been
represonted to him that there were a great many men in Beccles who were not eligible for enlistment

in His Majesty’s Forces, but who were nevertheless very keen that the opportunity should be given
them to show that they were not only able, but most willing to take an effective share in the defence

of their country if only suitable arrangements were made to enable them to do so. It was to promote
those means that this  meeting was  called. They  might fairly  claim that Beecles  had  already done
wonderfully well to contribute no fewer than 580 men to the Navy, the Regular, and the Territorial

Armies of our country. (Applause.) But over and above all that he thought it was up to them and to
him to see that our town took its full share in the developme of this most remarkable and wide spread
movement in whose interests they had come together. In conclusion the Mayor called upon Mr.James

Little, the deputation from the Central Association, to
explain its aims and objects.Mr. Little said they
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
15

might congratulate themselves on having the head of the civic authority of Beccles in the chair, and
also on the presence of a staff officer and well-known member of Parliarnent, the Hon. Ormsby-Gore,

because, though they were not exactly going to be soldiers in the ordinary sense of the word, the idea
underlying this movement was that as the gallant men were leaving this country, going out it might

be to give their lives in the service of their country, the least the older men could do was to give them
every possible assistance. (Applause.) He supposed there was nobody present who did not realize that

in this tremendous conflict which was going on not so very far from our shores, the fate not only of
England,  but  of the whole British  Empire was  involved.  Everyone  of them  had had to make,  and
would have to make sacrifices. Most of those present ones, in that they had only had to make sacrifice

of money, while others had had to make the supreme sacrifice of the lives  of their sons. One thing
would enable them to bear this sacrifice with equanimity, and that was the conviction—and he said it
in no boastful spirit—the strong conviction that they were going to win. (Applause.)

 
 

The formation of the corps proposed was the embodiment of the great principle that those who shared
the privileges and the protection of the State should also bear its burdens. (Hear, hear.) It had sufficed
for most of them that they should bear this burden by the payment of money. They had paid in the

past for their Army and Navy, — and they could always think they had  got the best Army and the
best Navy in the world. (Applause.)
They had cheerfully paid, but were now confronted by an absolutely new situation, and the State now

 
 

made to every man that supreme appeal which every State must make in the last resort. He said, It is
not  enough for you to pay men to fight for you, but you have  got to defend your  country,  and you
have got to do it yourselves. (Applause.) We want every man to come forward to assist in defending

this country. Some people told them that there had not been that response in the way of recruits that
there should have been; but he thought that was wrong. England had made a splendid response to the
appeal. He noticed the Mayor said 580 men had gone from this town alone, and he thought that was

splendid testimony to the patriotism of the district. Coming down in the train he was shown a third
list of the G.E.R. containing over a thousand names. It was a grand response.

 
 

But  in  the  new  state  of  affairs  a  great  many  people  thought  they  ought  to  do  something;  and
consequently all  over the  country associations.  ~tions for  volunteer service  and  home  defence has

sprung  up. He was present to represent “the Central A Association;  affliction’ with’ which secured
the  recognition  of the  War Office. Their first and most  important  object was to  get men for  Lord

Kitchener’s Army. They did not want any one to join the Volunteer Force who could in any shape or
form join the Active Forces of the Crown. Though England had made a splendid response, more and
more men were wanted. He did not suppose any one could over-estimate the tremendous assistance

that the English had been to France and to Belgium in this war. They had performed deeds of heroism
which would live in history; but the tragedy of it was that if they had had a million of such men there
would  have been  a far  different result  in the  conflict of  nations.He thought one  of the  most tragic

things in this war was that England was now waking up I greatest and best beloved soldier, the late
Lord to the appeal which was made in vain by our Roberts. Had they listened to him in time he did
not believe this war would ever have taken place, and if it bad they would have fought it I under more

advantageous conditions.
Next to getting recruits for Lord Kitchener’s Army, they all felt that they would like to do some.thing
effectual. The underlying feeling was expressed by a man who remarked, I am not much of a soldier,

 
 

but I would like to shoot a German before I die. (Laughter and applause.) He sympathised
feeling, but pointed out that it would be inexpedient to shoot Germans unless they were adequately
equipped, as the probable result would be the Germans. would shoot them. It had been said that spies

with     the

infested the East Coast. He thought the spy business was rather overdone, but recognised there was
useful work to be done in this direction by the formation of such bodies as they proposed. There was
the  guarding of, bridges, the  looking  after  lines  of  communication; digging  of trenches  and  other

things in which they could  assist the military  authorities. The time, he thought, would not be  very
long before the Allies would be making an advance, and then every possible man would be required

at the front. They owed it to the  gallant Belgians to  give them back their territory, because if they
won this war their success would be due in the first instance to our soldiers and sailors and also to

gallant little Belgium, which stood in the way and baulked the tiger’s spring. (Applause.)
If they formed bodies of men able to some extent to bear arms under military discipline, they would

 
 

be able to send more troops abroad and at the same time feel secure and safe at home. Whether it was
right  or  not  he was  certain the menfolk  of this  country were  going to  defend their homes;  and the
object  of  these  corps  was  that  they  should  be  able  to  do  it  properly  and  adequately.  Mr.  Little

proceeded to read the rules formulated by the Central Association,  and said it was suggested that  a
uniform  of  greyish  green  colour  should  be  worn  by  the  various  corps,  with  an  arrolet.  If  the
conditions were complied with the War Office would recognise the corps.

 
 
Questions were invited, and replying to Mr S.W. Rix, Mr. Little said Red Cross men would be the
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
16

most useful kind of people they could have in the volunteer corps; to Mr. J.P. Larkman, there was no
reason why special constables should not join this force; to Mr. Smith, of course there would be strict

military discipline, but it would be tempered with mercy.
Mr. W. M. Crowfoot, rising to propose a resolution, said it was quite true they were living  in  very

 
 

unusual times,  and that none  of them had  ever known  anything  like the present  emergency. But he
could go back through his family to a similar time. Something over a century ago Beccles was in very

much the same circumstances as now. Napoleon had collected a very large army and he got further
than  the  Kaiser—he  got  to  Calais  and  Boulogne,  and  his  army  was  standing  ready  to  cross  the
Channel. Beccles raised two corps-—yeomanry and rifle; and one evening a man was despatched by

a coastguard officer at Kessingland who thought he saw the French fleet, the beacons were lighted all
along the coast, and the speaker’s uncle, a lad about 18, was sent over on horseback in hot haste to
tell the yeomanry and rifles  at Beccles.  So that they had  had their scares here in the past, and their

grandfathers knew how to meet them. He trusted thar we in Beccles at this day would do our  duty
again. (Applause.) [WM Crowfoot was born  in  1837. His father  WE Crowfoot, the  elder son  was
born in 1807. The Uncle mentione must have been the brother of his mother Ellen Miller (1807-73)]

 
 

They read in the newspapers that the Germans were requisitioning all the copper kettles and stewpans
throughout the  country for the purpose  of manufacturing the potent  ammunition  and shrapnel tbey
were using. That was a wise thing to do, and they ought in like manner to utilize all their resources.

The object of this  corps was to utilize the powers and abilities which they otherwise would not  get
hold of. There were a very large number of men in the  town who from age or perhaps some slight
physical weakness were unable to join the Army; and it was for the purpose of enabling these men to

serve their country to the best of their  ability,  and  in the most useful  and  efficient way, that these
bodies were being formed throughout the  country. Nearly  a million men  had  already joined, and  a
thousand corps had been formed. As Mr. Balfour remarked at Bristol on Saturday, they were fighting

not a superman, but a super state whose aim was nolens volens to inflict German “kultur” on the rest
of the world. If they did not wish for it, they must fight and show this super state that it could not

inflict itself as an incubus upon the whole of the rest of Europe.
Upon the ultimate result of the war he had no doubt, but they must be prepared, and one of the best

 
 

and wisest things they could do in making preparation for it here in Beccles was to form one of these
volunteer corps. It would enable a large number of them to take some part in the great work of the

defence of our country which they all had so much at heart. He proposed that a volunteer corps for
home defence be formed in Beccles forthwith; that it be designated the Beccles Volunteer Corps, and
that  it  be  affiliated to the Central Association  of  other  Volunteer Training Corps; and  further that

membership  be  constituted  by  enrolment  subject  to  the  rules  to  be  presently  framed,  and  by  the
payment of a registration fee of 1s.
In  seconding  the  resolution  Dr.  Helsham  said  they  would  be  wanting  to  send  abroad.by  next

 
 

midsummer every possible trained man that could be raised in England; and the view that appealed to
him was that  if they started training themselves now they would  be  able to set free so many more
useful trained soldiers. But, recalling to mind the Franco-German war, he suggested that every man

jack who joined the Beccles Volunteer Corps would be regarded as franc-tireurs, and, if the Germans
came, would probably be hung or shot. As long as they remained civilians they might be treated as
civilians;  though  they  could  not  count  upon  having  their  lives  spared.  The  tales  they  heard  from

abroad were probably  exaggerated; but  he was perfectly  certain that many harmless  civilians  had
been murdered  by the Germans.  Looking  at  it  from that point of  view he thought they would  be
justified in running the risk of joining this corps. Along with that they had the right, if they joined it,

to demand of the military and civic authorities that their women and children should be safeguarded
by being  conveyed  clear of the zone of  danger in the event of  a raid. That should be  an  absolute
condition  before  a  man  joined.  A  further  serious  consideration  was  how  were  they  going  to  be

provided with rifles, let alone the question of a range sufficiently near to be able to practice shooting
without  incommoding  and  hindering  the  already  strained  resources  for  providing  these  necessary

weapons and ranges for Kitchener’s Army.
The resolution was put and carried.

 
 

 
 

The Rector (Rev. F. G. Millar) proposed that the following gentlemen be appointed a Committee to
immediately commence the active  organization of the  corps and to frame rules for its  governance  :

Messrs.  W. M. Crowfoot,  F.  F. Garrood,  S. J. Owles, J. P.  Larkman,  Womack Brooks,  and  Wm.
Read, with power to add to their number: the Mayor to be ex-officio Chairman.
The Mayor said names had been sent in to him of those who wished to joined the Volunteer corps.

 
 

Further information would from time to time appear on the notice board of the Guildhall.
Mr. Little, replying to Dr Helsham, remarked that if the Germans chose to consider the principles of
international law, the members of volunteer corps would be protected under those laws. As to rifles it

 
 
was perfectly  obvious they could  not  be supplied with  up-to-date weapons; but there was  a  useful
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
17

rifle obtainable for practice, and they could also practise at miniature ranges. Replying to Mr. Dunt,
the speaker said there was no possibility of their being disarmed in case of invasion, and he added: I

will tell you what is more important, there is going to be no invasion.
It was suggested by someone in the Hall that the object of the volunteer corps should be to convoy

 
 

women and children away to places of  safety. The Army would have to fight the invader.
The Rev. J. K. Elliott suggested that the new corps should be a transport corps with a view of taking

 
 

the women and children away and helping the military in other ways.
Mr. Little said it was entirely for themselves to decide what form the corps should take. The central
authority existed simply to co-ordinate the various corps throughout the country.

 
 
 
 

Lieut. the Hon. Ormsby-Gore pointed out that the duty of the soldiers was to fight the Germans as
they landed, and hold them up to the very last minute while other forces came up. They could not be
responsible  in  any  way  for  convoying  civilians,  whether  men,  woman,  or  children,  back  into  the

interior. If they could have a corps which would march them away they would go further and safer.
As to rifles, if they once  got them as an  organized  body,  he did not know who would be  likely to
disarm them. He disagreed with a  great deal  of what Dr. Helsham said, and did not consider that  a

volunteer corps such as that proposed would be regarded as frane-tireurs. If they had a uniform, were
responsible  to  authority,  and  carried  arms  openly,  he  thought  they  would  be  treated  just  as  other
armed forces were. If there was an invasion he did not expect to be taken prisoner. He would either

be killed or would have killed a German. If they landed in this country it would be to create panic and
to do as much harm as they could; they were not going to be  bothered by prisoners; they would come
to kill, destroy, and lay waste. So that every man who could got a rifle and ammunition, and act in

conjunction with others, might be of some use. But they must be an organized body, who would be
under  discipline;  and  he  hoped  they  would  be  able  to  form  some  such  corps  at  Beccles,  for  he
believed it would be of the greatest possible assistance on the East Coast in particular. (Applause.)

 
 

Dr. Helsham  having  made  some further  explanatory remarks, the meeting  closed  by singing “God
save the King.” 

1914

BECCLES  VOLUNTEER  CORPS.  The  following  is  a  list  of  members  already  enrolled:  Charles
Bolingbroke,  Harry  Burcham,  W.W.  Cole,  Lieut-Colonel  Colman,  L.M.  Dennis,  Henry  Edwards,

East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 

Alexander  Elliott,  A  E.  Jordan,  E.  E.  Larkman,  A.  J.  Knights,  C.  A.  Martin,  A.E.  Mickleburgh,
Edward Money,  H. J. Moore, S. J. Owles, J. E. Panks, F. T. Peachey, C.C. Potter, Geo. Pulford, C.

M.  Riches,  Wilfred  Rix,  G.   Saunders,   S.  J.   Sarbutt,  C.Smith,  W.C.   Smith,  H.  C.   Stebbings,
Wm.Thain, R.H. White, T. L. Wicks, W.Woolnough, J. Wright, C. Wyatt. The Mayor will be glad to
receive additional names.

1914

PROPOSED VOLUNTEER CORPS The Provisional Committee have decided that there shall be no
entrance fee to the proposed Beccles Volunteer Corps , and that no expense shall fall upon members.
The Committee are issuing a circular to that effect, and also urging members to join. Twenty - five

East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 

names had been entered up to Saturday.
GIFTS  FOR THE FRONT A large number of workers  connected with the Congregational  Ladies'
Working Party have been very busy during the last few weeks in making garments for the wounded

1914
East Suff Gaz 22 Dec 

soldiers who are being treated by Dr. Fox and his party in Belgium. The first parcel was forwarded
last week, and comprised socks , night shirts , bed jackets, vests etc. It is expected that another parcel
will be ready early in the new year.

1914

ENTERTAINMENT   FOR   SOLDIERS   A   popular   concert   was   given   in   the   Congregational
schoolroom on Thursday evening, for the military billeted or stationed in the town. It was organised
by a Committee representing the free churches, with Mr. Albert Gardiner as secretary, and the result

East Suff Gaz 29 Dec 

was very gratifying, the room being crowded by soldiers 
FURNITURE SALE: Late Mrs Sarah Garrod, 23 London Road.
LICENCE: Railway Tavern from BG Revell to Herbert Buggs.

 

1914
1914

East Suff Gaz 29 Dec 
East Suff Gaz 29 Dec 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
18
BECCLES NEWSPAPERS, 1915
1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

GFS: The Beccles Branch is  helping to  collect a million  used postage  stamps for which 5 will  be
given, to go to the Western Canada Church Fund. Miss Robinson, The Cottage, Ringsfield Road, will

gratefully receive any.
ENTERTAINMENT FOR THE SOLDIERS

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 
 

The second of a series of popular concerts arranged by a United Free church committee for the troops
stationed  in the town was  held  on Tuesday  evening  last in the Congregational hall Hungate. There
was a large attendance. THE OLD AND NEW YEAR: The bells of St. Michael's tower rang out the

old  and  rang the New Year  in,  and there was  a  gathering  of several  hundreds of people who sang
snatches of songs and joined in the singing.  There were many soldiers present, who gave a touch of
revellery  to  the  occasion  by  forming  a  band  with  the  improvised  music  of  a  variety  of  sounding

materials such as shovels, tin ware etc.
ADULT SCHOOL: Dr. G.R. Fox who recently went to Belgium to undertake medical work has been
spending a brief leave at home during the weekend and on Sunday morning made a welcome visit to

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

the men's adult school, of which he is the popular president.  In an interesting talk with the men he
gave an outline of his experiences as a surgeon in ministering to the physical needs to the victims of
the war.  The unit to which he belongs is now attached to the French army, and is rendering valuable

assistance to our ally.
A HAPPY NEW YEAR: The bells of St Michael’s tower rang out the old and rang in the new year,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

and  there  was  a  ghathering  of  several  hundred  people  who  sang  snatches  of  songs  and  joined  in
singing “Auld lang syne”  as the  old but momentous year  ebbed  away. There were many soldiers

present, who gave atouch of revelry to the occasion, by forming a band with the improvised music of
a  variety of sounding  materials, such  as shovels, tin ware  etc. They marched through some  of the

streets, followed by a crowd, and things were very lively during the midnight hour, with the “music”

and the clashing of the bells.
SHROPSHIRES’  ANNUAL  DINNER  on  New  Year’s  Day  in  the  Public  Hall  -  all  being  present
except those on duty and leave. The Adjutant, Capt E Rich presided over the dinner. Coucillor Money

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

emphasized the very satisfacory and excellent character of all the men of the battery during the period
they had been stationed at Beccles.
Battery  Sergeant  Major  Blayney  replying  said  that  all  members  of  the  battery  were  exceedingly

 
 

gratified at the manner in which the Beccles people had reeived and treated them.
A HURICANE IN BECCLES on Monday night between midnight and 3 am, the wind being about 70
mph. It was accompanied by squalls of snow and rain. At the Tannery Barn  in Northgate, now used

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

as  a  temporary  stables  for  the  military,  the  side  path  to  the  river  was  thickly  strewn  with  slates
dislodged from the roof. At Mr Dawson’s (baker), Blyburgate, a portion of the north gable was blown
down. Part of the gable of a house near the Quay in Fen Lane, occupied by a man named Ling was

also blown down.
At Mr Bellingham’s in St George’s Road, a chimney pot fell on to the roof and smashed through in
two places into the bedrooms, but fortunately no one was sleeping that side of the house. Two large

 
 

trees  in  Ballygate,  close  to  the  Gymnasium  at  St  Mary’s,  were  uprooted  without  damaging  the
adjoinig  building,  and a tree in Colonel Wilson’s  grounds [14  London Road]  was broken off level
with the ground and fell right across the road, slightly damaging the fence opposite, while stretch of

the fencing to Mr Crisp’s grounds also sustained damage.
The upper part of a large tree in Dr Wood-Hill’s garden [44 Northgate] was broken off and thrown on

 
 

the back bedroom of the Royal Oak, occupied by Mr Mills. It  broke through and smashed a bedstead,
on which Mr Mills’  child  had  been sleeping  only  a short time begore. The  child,  alarmed by the

storm, had fortunately left the bedroom just before the accident occured. A large number of trees in
the neighbourhood were uprooted and on the railway obstructions of this kind delayed the traffic. The

stoppage of telegraphic and telephonic communications was also the cause of much inconvenience.
During the storm the weather-cock over the church steeple was broken, and was subsequently found
on roof of the tower. The River Waveney overflowed, and the marshes in the valley were inundated.

 
 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

The Rector warmly thanks all those who responded to the appeal to help in providing the necessaries
for the military hospital in Frederick's Road.  Chairs, tables, wall decorations etc. were freely given,
and the occupants now are in something like comfort.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

BAPTIST CHAPEL; At a social held in the Memorial Hall Mrs Breeze was presented with a purse of
money in recognition of 25 years’ devored service as organist  and leader of the choir. Her son, Mr
CV Breeze was one of the few still remaining who had been connected with the choir for 25 years.

There were over 90 subscribers.
SIR  EDWARD  BEAUCHAMP’S  ELDEST  SON,  2nd  Lieut  Edward  Beauchamp,  1st  Battalion
Coldstream Guards killed in  action while leading  his men. He was sent back to a  cottage where  he

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
19

died the same night. Born 1891. Commissioned in November wounded at Ypres in November
THE WORKHOUSE:  Of seven men in the workhouse, four are  over sixty and three over fifty five,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

most  are  more or  less  aflicted. They did not have Christmas fare. Menu  card, thus: Dinner, bread,
cheese and coffee. Such was the Guardians’ order.

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

CHRISTMAS AT THE FRONT: Germans and English fraternise.
Private G.W. Arnold, D Company, first  East  Lancashire regiment, writing  home to  his parents  at

 

Beccles  on Christmas Day says; It has been a proper Christmas  day, weather foggy  and everything
frozen hard, and above all peace.  The most extraordinary sight I think every happened took place just
round our lines.  Our chaps and the Germans were singing and shouting to one another last night, and

this morning firing ceased, and the next thing we saw was men from both sides leaving their trenches
and meeting half way, all unarmed, and shaking hands and exchanging cigarettes, just as if they had
been palls for years.  One very amusing incident happened.  A hare suddenly appeared and men of

both armies chased it, which caused roars of laughter from all.  But the hare laughed the hearties, for
he got away.  Truly this was a marvellous sight, and one of many I shall never forget.   
Our officers talked with theirs, and one of ours had a few snapshots with his camera.  It is hard lines

 
 
 

to think that after this we shall be doing our best to knock one another's heads in.  The meeting last
about two hours,  and then  each side returned to their trenches,  but no shots have been fired since.
There seems to be a desire to spend today as quietly as possible.  But "business as usual" will be the

order as soon as anything happens that should not.
LORD  LIEUTENANT  PROCLAMATION:  Emergency  committees.In  view  of  the  anxiety  and
uncertainty as to how civilians should act in case of invasion, the Lord Lieutenant of Suffolk (Sir T.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

Courtenay Warner) recently formed a  central  organising  committee for the whole county, which in
accordance with the Home Office instructions forthwith appointed local emergency committees and
defined the areas for which they  are responsible.  These committees have received full instructions

how to act, and make the necessary preparations for organising the civilian population in case of need
to assist the military authorities in such obviously necessary work as the destruction of anything that

might  be  of  use  to  the  enemy,  the  removal  of  motors,  carts,  carriages,  horses,  bicycles,  etc.,The
supply of entrenching tools, and the collection of men to help the military and police.  It is specially

enjoined that every man fit for military service should join the  regular or territorial  army; and that
those who  are  unfit  or  not of the  age to serve  in the  above should join  a volunteer training  corps

recognised by the war office, unless they are in some way disqualified.
Local emergency committees are asked to raise one or more companies, which would form volunteer
training  corps  as  explained  at the public meeting  lately held  at Beccles.  In the  event of  a  hostile

 
 

attack on the East Coast, orders to the companies to rendezvous at their chosen station would be sent
by the military authorities to the chairman and members of the emergency committee concerned, and
to the  chief  constable.  It  is to be  strongly  impressed on  every man that,  unless  he is  a soldier  in

training corps having his badge fixed and acting under orders, he must not under any circumstances
be in possession of fire arms or other weapons, committing any hostile act or take part in the defence
of his home.

 
 

All the circumstances are considered to justify the urgent appeal to suitable men to join the Beccles
volunteer corps now being formed.  Names should be sent into the Mayor without delay.
NO  SUNDAY  OFF:  Under  date  Dec.  20th  ,  Corporal  A.J.Mickleburgh  writes:-  This  is  Sunday

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

morning and I've just a few minutes to spare falling in a section of our for drill. We do not know it is
Sunday  as  far  as  work  goes,  for  everything  is  carried  on  as  usual  ;  the  lorries  have  to  fetch  the
supplies from the rail head and some have to go off to various regiments at the front, and of course

the troops have to be fed on Sundays as well as upon the remainder of the week. There has been some
very severe fighting round here this last few days, and the sky at night has been continually lit up by
flashes from the guns and the magnesium flares that are either dropped from aeros or fired from the

guns. The ambulance motorcars have been going past constantly day and night this last four days, and
one  driver told me he  had  had three days and nights with scarcely any sleep.We  are still up to our

knees  in mud and water  and have rain  continually. It is quite  a job to  get the lorries  going. We are
already experiencing  a bit of "Christmas cheer" ,  as you  call  it, for many of the fellows  are  getting

presents from all sorts of places: home , their late employers, and many of the funds and committees
formed in  various places; so  as soon  as  anything  appears , we have  a mini Xmas  festival  at  once.

Received  parcel  safely  but  a  bit  crushed.  There  was  no  eucalyptus,  boric  acid,  or  lozenges,  but
suppose they are with other one. A merry Christmas and a happy new year.     
REMINISCENCES  FROM  NEW  ZEALAND:  Mr  RS  Lincoln  of  Whangerei,  Aukland  (who  had

1915
East Suff Gaz, 5 Jan 

been in Aukland  58 years):  St Michael’s: I used to  go  and sit  under the window to  hear the old
evening hymn sung. Sometimes I went to the service in the afternoon and sat with Mr Hill ?, a grocer
up on the gallery built by a man with more money than artistic taste; but it, with the sounding board,

has made room for up to date church fashion. Dr Owen, dear old gentleman, preached from the text
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
20

“And Isaac went out to meditate with his God in the field.” and it was a very interesting discourse.
And how beautiful to hear Mr Farr, a brewer and corpulent gentleman, singing “I will arise”.

 
 

Well do I remember the at the time popular Dr Crowfoot. The shops closed for the funeral, and I ran
all the way to the churchyard without my hat. He died of blood poisoning operating on some patient

near Henstead.
LECTURE TO VAD'S On Tuesday  evening  ,5th institute., Col. Hamilton, R.A.M.C.,  gave  a most

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12an 

interesting and instructive address to the members of the VADS, Nos.37,70 and 72, which was very
well  attended. After  explaining the system of transporting the wounded from the  firing line to the
Base hospital by the regular  army, he pointed out that in the territorial army scheme, there was no

organisation for removing the wounded from the Clearing Hospital to the Base Hospital. To fill this
gap VAD'S sprang up all over the country , whose duty it is primarily to take over the wounded from
the RAMC at the clearing hospital and arrange for their removal to the Base Hospital.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

BECCLES ACADEMY 1842: Performers  in Recitations: Dashwood, T Girling, Chaplin,  Lincoln,
Jex, T Dashwood, Martin, C Cowles, Carman, S Johnson, Goff, J Girling, G Larkman,E Piper, Wigg,
Durrant, Wells, Garson, Bringloe,  W Newman, Brundell, Barber, Upton, Crickmore, Wright, Pike,

Davis, R Cowles, Seago and Draper.
WEDDING  of  Trooper  William  H  Copeman  of  the   Suffolk  Yeomanry  (son  of  Councillor  H
Copeman) with Miss Lilian May King at the Primitive Methodist Chapel.. He is Vice President of the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

Young Men’s Bible Class and a member of thr Caxton Football team.
DEATH OF WESLYAN MINISTER, Rev Samuel Kirk in his house in Frederick’s Road. He was 35
years in the ministry, his second year in Beccles.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

RECRUITS URGENTLY WANTED The following is the text of a letter received by the Mayor of
Beccles, on the urgent need for more recruits:-
Dear  Sir-  I  wish  to  bring  to  your  notice  the  urgent  need  for  recruits,  not  only  to  fill  the  Service

 
 

Battalions of the New Army, but to bring the Reserve Battalion up to strength. This Battalion has to
furnish drafts for the 2nd Battalion Suffolk Rgt. at the front. Two drafts will be required this month ,

and recruits must be obtained to take the places of these drafts . Next month it is expected that the 1st.
Suffolk Regt. will proceed to the front , and I trust special events will be made to obtain recruits, 500

recruits being now urgently needed. V.GRAHAM,Col. Commanding XII R.Area
PROMOTION FOR A BECCLES MAN We heartily congratulate  our young townsman , Mr. John

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

Ashley, on his promotion to a sub -Lieutenancy in the R.N.R.  Born in Beccles , where his father is an
old employee of Messrs. Elliott and Garrood's, he was one of a family of nine children and was early
sent to the then Board School, under the headmaster , Mr. J.S.Palmer.

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

BECCLES COLLEGE BOYS WITH THE COLOURS To the editor of the East Suffolk Gazette
Sir, - I was agreeably surprised yesterday by the visit of another London Scottish who had been in the
heroic  charge, N. Hotson, of London.  He knew Jordan, the old Beccles College  boy, well.  I have

 

now nearly 100 names of old boys serving their king and country, but I am certain there are still more
to come.  I trust this appeal will bear fruit.       C C HALL
CHRISTMAS  IN  FRANCE  by  Corporal  Mickleburgh  in  the  RASC  “somewhere  in  France”  We

1915
East Suff Gaz, 12 Jan 

paraded this morning at 5 am and everyone was presented with a card from their Majesties. I found a
large ruined  farmhouse  and  about 50  of  us turned in  and made things  comfortable.  Someone  had
obtained  some  fowls  and  a  joint  of  meat.  I  found  an  oven,  like  those  old  fashioned    ones  in  the

country round  St Andrews,  I heated it  and hired some crockery from the village  cafe, bought beer,
table cloth etc. The dinner was in the open, with snow on the ground - a typical Christmas Dinner at
the front.

 
 

I have had the great pleasure of sleeping in a bed in an old lady’s cottage for this last two days - there
are three of  us here -  and I  can tell you we appreciate  it very much,  especially  as we have had the
chance of a bath and general clean up. I had Christmas pudding heated up in the cottage I’m sleeping

in -- invited a few chums in, and ebjoyed it very much.
RAILWAY MEN'S DINNER FUND Owing to the many calls  upon the  generosity of the public  at

1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 

the present time, and so many comrades being with the colours, the staff at Beccles railway station
consider  it  would  be  out  of  place  to  hold  the  annual  dinners  this  year,  and  wish  to  convey  their

decision to those who have so generously contributed to the railway dinner fund in the past.  There
will therefore, be no subscription list this year, as far as this journal is concerned.   

1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 

WAR TROPHIES A fine  collection of war trophies,  including  a  Prussian  guard  helmet, Bavarian
helmet, Uhlan officers cap, German bayonets etc. have been recently brought home from the front by
Corporal  H  G  Browne  of  Norwich,  second  Signal  company  first  army  corps  is  being  shown  by

Messrs. Harmer and Co. stationers.
BECCLES MEN FIGHTING THE TURKS Mr. W G Money of Beccles, has received a letter from
several of the men of Beccles who form part of the Indian expeditionary force, with an enclosure in

1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 
which they say:- having  heard in  various ways that you would  like to  receive  letters from men  of
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
21

Beccles  who  are  in  the  army,  we  the  undersigned  are  sending  this  letter  thinking  that  our  towns
people would like to know where all Beccles men on active service are fighting.  There are ten of us

serving with the above expeditionary force, and in the same regiment operating somewhere in Asia

Minor against the Turks.  Having seen in the back numbers of your by as much esteemed paper that
several of our old school chums have been wounded and in one case killed in Europe, we would like
to offer our sympathies to them and their relations.

1915

THE ANTWERP EXPEDITION, A BECCLES OFFICER’S DIARY, ROYAL NAVAL  BRIGADE
AT

East Suff Gaz, some time
ANTWERP
 
 

The  following  very  interesting  description  of  the  work  of  the  Anson  Battalion,  2nd  Royal  Naval
Brigade, in the siege and fall of Antwerp is recorded in a diary by (Captain) John Ashley, a native of
Beccles. For his work whilst engaged at Antwerp he was told before the Battalion that he had been

highly recommended for the C.G. medal, and he was mentioned in despatches four times.
Saturday,  Oct.  3rd,  1914.—On  Saturday  evening,  I  walked  to  Ash,  a  large  village  6  miles  from
Botteshanger, where we were in training. It was a lovely evening, and as I walked I had no idea that

 
 

on the morrow I should he marching  away on Active  Service and equipped sufficiently to meet an
attack at any time. At 6.25 I returned, and after mustering my men and reporting them, I turn in. 
Sunday, Oct. 4th,—At 3.3 a.m. news is received at Headquarters that all the Brigade is to proceed on

 
 

Active  Service  at once. Reveille sounds  in order to  rouse the  men  out as quickly  as possible. The
Band, in charge of the Bandmaster, is got out, and with barely any clothes on, they  go round to every
tent to rouse the sleepy occupants. Immediately men turn  out,  and  clad  only in shirts,  etc., follow

round the Band,  singing and shouting to waken the remainder. All  are  got out  and parade in  full
strength.  Lieut.  Anderson  tells  us  the  Anson  Battalion  is  proceeding  on  Active  Service  at  once.
Ammunition would  be served out before we left. At 6 a.m.  breakfast,  and  after packing  our kit we

take them to a specified place ready for transit, 
served out as far as it will go. There is not enough for every man to receive the complement, so each

 At  8.30  am.  all  hands  fall  in.  Ammunition

man gets 50 rounds, and we are told there is plenty on board the transport. After receiving a sandwich
apiece, which consists of half a loaf of bread and half a lb. of corned beef  (bully beef), we march off

to the tune of .”The Minstrel Boy,” while Lord Northbourne exclaims, “Come back my boys and see
me.”  Lady  Northbourne  is  with  him,  and  weeping.  For  eight  miles  we  march  through  peaceful

villages with people in some instances just coming out of Church, and wondering where these dusty
joyous and happy looking crews of sailors, armed to the teeth, are going.
At noon we reach Dover, and amidst shouts and cheering from the inhabitants, we march through to

 
 

the Naval Dockyard, where, after being given a pint of Ginger Beer and a piece of cake, also a good
rest, we embark on the transport “Oxonian,” Leyland S.S. Co.
At 11 p.m. we  get under weigh,  in company with the transport “Mount Temple,” C.P.R  Liner, and

 
 

escorted by the “Foresight,”  a  destroyer, and submarine, we  arrive  off Dunkirk  at  4  a.m. Monday
morning. After lying outside the docks, we proceed there—also amidst cheers, whilst our Band plays
the Marseillaise, which is dear to the heart of the French as the National Anthem is to the British. We

berthed    alongside   a  Government  Shed  and  commenced  to  disembark  our  troops,  stores  and
conveyances, also 2,000,000 rounds of ammunition. When all the gear is off the ship we fell in, and
each man receives a greatcoat, also those who have no jersey get an extra flannel to wear over the one

he is wearing then, as the weather is pretty cold. When all are “kitted” up, we commence to serve out
biscuits and rations,  also  ammunition to last  at least two days. We  are told we are proceeding to  a
place where it might be impossible to get these things perhaps for days. All this time, although we are

in a country infested with the enemy, we have no idea as to our destination, nor how soon we shall be
in the firing line.
At 7 p.m. our Commandant—a very able men addressed the Anson Battalion informing us we were to

 
 

proceed to Antwerp  at  once.  Should the line  be  clear we should ride  all the way,  but  in  case the
enemy had cut it, we should be obliged to cut our way through at any cost. He requested our Motto to

be  “Sobriety, Courtesy, and Devotion to Duty.” To this we loudly cheered our answer
11p.m., after waiting hour or two for the train, we fell in again and marched off to the carriages. The

 
 

train was the longest one I have ever seen, with no less than four engines. The reason for such a long
train was  it had to accommodate the whole of our Battalion, which we  know -would  be needed  in

case the enemy made his attack. — As they were known to be in considerable force it would require
all our numbers to drive them off. Before leaving Dunkirk we were told to charge our magazines, not  
go to sleep, but to wait for the order to fire and to get beneath the carriages to fire from. This would

afford  ample head  cover. Night passes  away,  nothing occurs,  beyond that the train stops  at  every
station to learn, if possible, if the line is clear. During  all these stops the poor Belgian peasants are
bringing out to us hot coffee, bread, beer, cigarettes, etc., which are welcomed with delight by us, for

it is very cold and exceedingly uncomfortable being so cramped up.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
22
 
 

At noon we arrive in Antwerp Central Station. We leave the train, and as we pass out of the station to
the street we each receive a small tin of sardines, which, I must admit, came in very useful when we

arrived in the trenches, for the empty tins came in as drinking utensils, we having no cups.
Upon marching through the streets  en route to the Gate leading to Fort Wallham, we were  greeted

 
 

everywhere by the delighted population with presents of hot coffee, bread, butter, chocolates, sweets,
beer, milk, cigars, cigarettes, tobacco,  and fruit,  in  fact  everything. It was  quite amusing to see the

men trying to accomplish the acrobatic feat of drinking their cup of coffee or glass of beer whilst on
the  march,  also  to  have  the  Belgian  womenfolk  craving  a  kiss  from  the  brave”  Anglaise.”  After
marching through the town to the Quarters very near the gates on the road to Luin, we call a halt, and

to our surprise  are told  off to billets. We, the marching  gun section,  also the Band,  are told off to
billet in a Dancing hall. We detail off sentries, the remainder are told to lie in the straw to get what
sleep they can. - We had had none for more than 48 hours. The orders were that we should get what

sleep  we  can  and  then  march  off  to  the  trenches  to  relieve  the  Marines.  I,  with  P.O.  Learmouth,
machine-gun section, a  jolly  good fellow,  endeavour to  get  a  shave  and haircut, as we thought  it
might be quite some time ere we should ho able to obtain another chance. We got the much needed

shave and haircut and bought some nice cigars and cigarettes to smoke in the trenches. On our arrival
in the street in which our Battalion is quartered, we were surprised to see all our own men lined up in
marching order. Our officer in charge (Mr Duncan, a splendid fellow), told us to get our gear at once,

as  the  Battalion  were  marching  off  to  the  trenches  to  relieve  the  Marines,  who  were  being  hard
pressed.  We  hurriedly did so,  and  joined them. As before, people—paying  us  various  attentions—
followed  us  nearly  within  a  mile  of  the  trenches  until  the  noise  of  the  enemy’s  “Jack  Johnsons”

frightened them away. As we were marching out we saw thousands of poor Belgians peasants. Their
homes, I suppose, had been burnt down by the ruthless hand of war. This, I think, hit us far harder
than anything else could possibly have done, and I am quite certain that such a scene must convince

any man that this state  of things should never exist  in  England, except over  our  dead bodies.  We
halted a few moments to recharge our magazines and prepared to extend in order to make attack. We

marched  off  (no  band  now)  as  the  instruments  had  been  left  behind  in  Antwerp,  and  the  men
themselves were utilised as a Red Cross Band, and arrived at a small town, Luin -I believe it was --

where just outside on both sides of the river the battle was going on.
As we were marching through there was a continuous line of automobiles, nearly all flying the Red

 
 

Cross Flag, and with nurses standing upon their footboard urging the drivers forward for all they were
worth so as to save, if possible, their stricken occupants. Poor chaps, one could not help feeling sorry
for them. They were like many of our- own men received a few hours later, stricken down with these

terrible injuries whilst doing their duty and bravely fighting for their country. We halted in this town,
which was entirely deserted by its usual inhabitants, and no wonder, the shells were falling thick and
fast, and the concussion had caused most of the windows to fall out. It was here I got my first glimpse

of the passage of  “Jack Johnson.” It was like a rainbow of beetling black smoke as it came from their
long range howitzers. There were aeroplanes in plenty— The British, French, Belgian and German—
also  a  couple  of  airships,  a  Zeppelin,  and  a  semi-rigid  Belgian  vessel.  These  two  vessels  were

anchored and taking observations. One could see a plucky British, Belgian, and French aeroplane go
flying over the German lines, sending off the range by letting off their puffs of black or white smoke
(this is the means of sending the range by aircraft, except airships and theirs is sent off by Hertzian

rays or wireless telegraphy). One  could  see them being  chased by German “Taubes,” but  in  both
daring and manoeuvring the Germans are thoroughly outclassed.
When we  halted we were  at once served  out with Belgian  entrenching tools, each man receiving  a

 
 

short spade,  and very  useful they were too. To our  disappointment an order  came that we were to
bivouac in the street until the early hours of the morning, when an attempt would he made to reach
the trench under cover of darkness. Anyhow, tired as all were, there was precious little sleep for us, as

the noise of the three forts on our right and the bursting shells was deafening. I lay down on the wet
earth with “the  lads “ at about 7 o’clock to try and get some sleep. The only covering we had was our

great-coats, which all through that enjoyable week were the utmost service to us, as we had no other
covering. For my pillow I had a large tin of bully beef, and, somehow, amid the noise I dozed off and

enjoyed as comfy a sleep as could be got under the circumstances, when I was wakened by our Chief
Petty Officer, stating that the Adjutant needed my services  at once. I  saw there was some  sport  at

hand, otherwise, he would hardly have sent for me, so picking up my rifle - my ammunition was upon
me - I went to see what he wanted, lie explained he wanted  a man who would read a map or  chart
drawn  to  scale  of  the  town  wherein  we  were  situated.  Upon  assuring  him  that  my  knowledge  of

Chartwork was what he required, he then told me to pick a couple of men I could depend on, gave me
a chart of the town, and told me to find the house in which were stationed our Headquarters or Staff
Officers.  I  returned  to  where  the  gun  section  were  quartered  and  picked  out  two  men,  smart,

intelligent youngsters, and unmarried. After about an hour and a half of dodging, and turning to avoid
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
23

being seen and fired upon by the enemy’s pickets, we arrived at the house required, and 1 reported
myself to headquarters. The Officer commanding the 2nd Brigade instructed sue to station my men in

the passage and get a sleep myself.
I did this, but had no sooner dozed off when I was awakened by one of my own men who informed

 
 

me that 1 was wanted immediately. Upon seeing the “Head” again, I was told I had to get back to the
Battalion  at  all  costs  and  inform  them  to  retire  at  once  on  the  second  line  of  trenches.  On  the

homeward  journey  I  had  to  go  all  over  the  first  performance,  but  succeeded  in  reaching  the
Commandant’s Office to deliver my message  at 3.15 am. Wednesday. At once “Reveille “sounded,
and  at  3.45  am,  we  marched  to  these  trenches,  where  upon  arriving  we  occupied  at  once,  “B”

Company first. It was a cold foggy morning, with just a touch of frost in the air and it was about 5.40
a.m. The trench “B” Company occupied was on the extreme left, very near one of the roads leading
from Fort Wallham. We  at once prepared  a place of concealment for our  maxims. One  gun’s  crew

were employed at this whilst the others were employed filling sandbags for head cover for the guns’
operators. The troops, meanwhile, were improving the trenches by placing  about 10  inches of head
cover  across the  loopholes. At about  8  a.m. we  managed to  get  a sardine-tin  full  of coffee,  some

biscuits and bully beef. The coffee was brought us by the Belgian soldiers.
At noon the guns came up, also 6000 rounds ammunition. Just as we had placed them in position to
give the Germans  a warm reception, the Adjutant  came along  and  inquired where we  had placed

 
 

them. 1 pointed out their place of concealment, which he said was very good -indeed, but added he
was very sorry we should have to remove them and entrench them in a place he would show me. He
took me past B.’s trenches, and nearly to the end of A’s. There were no trenches to the right of this,

but  a fort  instead. All the time we were  entrenching   in the  new position the German  guns were
growing more distinct, while one could hear quite plainly the whistles and screams of the projectiles
as they were fired into the town of Antwerp over our heads.

 
 

At 12.30 a German Taube flew over us and shot out his white puffs of smoke. She was fired on by
British and Belgians, hut I think in she got safely away, for when they opened fire with their artillery

they dropped shrapnel about 20 yards in rear of our trenches. After working hard at entrenching the
guns we  finished  about 2.30. We then  got  our  dinner,  and  had  just  finished planting  a  very  good

kitchen garden  such as turnips, Brussels sprouts, cabbages, etc., when the order or request came for
volunteers for a reconnoitring patrol. Of course I could not be left out of this promising bit of sport,

so after gaining the adjutant’s consent to go I picked up my rifle and 50 rounds of ammunition and
we set off. Before starting I had to appoint some one to take my place in case of “accidents.” After
going  about three-quarters of a mile from camp we spotted  a patrol of “Uhians” (German  advance

scouts). I  blew my whistle  and made the sign to  get to  earth. I was  only about 10 paces from our
adjutant, and we lay watching them for about twenty  minutes, when they rode away in the direction
of their own lines. I was then told to blow my whistle and get our patrol of eight men together, which

I  did.  We  then  found  to  our  surprise  that  two  were  missing.  We  sent  the  remainder  back  to  the
trenches and we set out in pursuit of the lost ones. We got about a mile further on and were just about
to go back to our own lines, when some Belgian refugees informed us they had seen some Germans

doing something to the telegraph wires about a quarter of  a mile further up. Round the bend of the
road we came to a bridge which crossed the river. We proceeded in the direction given us, and were
just turning the corner when we saw a big “Uhian” standing in the middle of the road leaning on his

lance and looking in the direction of his own lines, about half a mile  further along on the south side
of the river. He was standing only about 200 yards away. The road itself was flanked by hedges about
four  feet high. We jumped through a gap and on turning a corner we found a ditch running parallel to

the road and just beneath the hedge. We ran along the ditch and got abreast of him, and or looking
through the hedge we saw to our surprise a party of men gathered beneath a telegraph  pole. Looking
up  we  saw  two  others  busily  engaged  in  doing  something  aloft.  The  top  man  had  an  instrument

fastened to the wires  and was evidently tapping them,  and the  bottom  man was  cutting the  lower
wires with a bright pair of pliers; both wore white insulating gloves. Evidently the message coming

through  was  very  interesting,  for  both  the  officer  in  charge  of  the  party  and  also  his  men  were
gesticulating and making a lot of noise. It was jolly lucky our adjutant understood German, for one

could hear everything they said and were only 30 yards away. Accordingly we learnt their plans and
strength, when they  expected  reinforcements, where they were  coming  from,  and how many. Also

how strong they supposed we were, and when  and how they meant to attack us. That is the reason
why, when we were attacked that night, we held our fire and allowed them to approach as near as 400
yards of us, when we gave them  —  and drove them off.

 
 

We waited until they had  gone back to their own lines and then proceeded in the direction of ours,
which we reached about 9 p.m., about five hours after the specified time. The Adjutant went to head
quarters toreport, and I went on to my own trench and saw the “boys,” who all thought we  had been

shot or taken prisoners. They were jolly  glad  it was not the  case, and I think I was too. I had been
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
24

back about ten minutes when the Germans opened fire with their shrapnel, also rifles. It was my first
experience with shrapnel, and I must admit it was pretty hot. One would think — had been let loose.

This  went on for about half an hour, when the shrapnel  ceased  abruptly, as it had begun,  and then
they opened fire with rifles again. It simply rained bullets for about fifteen minutes, but they did us

scarcely any harm; they were much too high. The only damage done was killing cattle and smashing
tiles of the houses  about twenty yards in our rear. During the remainder of that night they attacked us

two or three times, but we were successful each time in driving them off with but little loss of life on  
our side.
Soon after daylight on the morning of Friday, October 7th, we are told to dig a trench communicating

 
 

with the bomb-proof shelter, so as to enable the wounded to pass along with comparative safety. We
are working this in watches, one gun’s crew being engaged in digging at the time. It is my watch off,
and I am writing a letter to a friend in Liverpool on an ammunition box. I got about half-way through

this letter,
600 or 700 yards away and advancing through the woods. I station my men at the guns and finish my
letter  by scrawling something across the  unwritten page.  I address a  dirty envelope, and  an  officer

when a whistle is blown and we are told to man the guns again. The Germans are about

posts it on his way to headquarters. We again retain our fire, and when they approached near enough
we gave it them again, and again they clear off.
All day shells have been falling pretty thickly in the town, and great walls of smoke are all around the

 
 

houses in our rear, also one of the forts on our left has been put out of action by the enemy’s artillery.
About 5 p.m. the main or German army has drawn decidedly nearer, due no doubt, to the silencing of
the forts on our left. Everything points to the fact that we are in for a very warm time, as the enemy

have now opened fire at such close proximity as to set fire to the farmhouses in our rear, also at both
flanks. The light caused by the numerous fires lit up the surrounding country, causing anything or any
one passing along in the rear of the trenches to be silhouetted up against the horizon of fire. Shrapnel

is bursting all around us; it seemed that — had again been let loose. The scenery wade by the Kaiser’s
fireworks was grand, and in spite of the fact that we

were
 
 

a~ a place— well, it was afterwards made clear to us we were very lucky to escape from it alive—yet
one could not help admiring the scene.

 
 

At 5.30 p.m. a request came along for volunteers for getting up more ammunition for both A and B
Companies,  also for our maxims. I apply for the  job,  and  am  fortunate  enough to  be accepted.  We

requisition wheelbarrows, for it was obvious we would only be able to accomplish one journey, even
if one proved successful, and set off on our attempt. We have about three-quarters of a mile to go, as
the ammunition is stored in D Company’s bomb-proof shelter.

 
 

On  getting  abreast  C  Company’s  trenches  we  were  obliged  to  get  in  rear  of  them,  for  had  we
proceeded in front along the road we should, undoubtedly, have been shot by our own men. In getting
on the field  in  rear  of trenches we were  obliged to  abandon  our wheelbarrows  and trust to  human

strength to  get the  heavy  boxes  back to  camp. The place itself was  all this time being  at swept by
shell fire. It was glorious! It was just impossible to take those barrows across fields as they were lined
with cabbages  and furrows. Anyway we arrived  at our destination  and  applied for the  ammunition.

Belgians from out the disabled forts were lined up at the “loopholes” in company with our own men;
they are firing rapidly at the Germans in the woods. It was some time ere we got what we wanted, but
I obtained  a box  containing  1000 rounds. This, I thought, would  be very handy for our  maxims. It

was devilish  heavy,  but in the  circumstances that did not matter. The remainder  of  our party, five
other men, got some as well, and then we commenced our journey back again.
In coming back I somehow lost the others—they must have gone in rear of a farmhouse; at least that

 
 

is my version, for I have never seen or heard of the poor beggars any more; but, anyhow, I found I
was quite alone when I gained the road  leading in front of the farmhouse. The only things that looked
lively were bursting shells over and around me in grand style. This road ran in front of trenches, and I

knew  that  by  keeping  along  it  I  should  gain  my  object  much  quicker  than  if  I  went  by  rear  of
trenches. At the same time the fires  on my right,  and the  forts’ searchlight shining  upon me from

right ahead, made of me a splendid, target for the infantry who were in the woods on my left or in
front of trenches. But either I bore a charmed life, or the Germans couldn’t shoot straight, for nothing

happened  until  I  arrived  at  about  a quarter  of  a mile from my  destination. Then suddenly  a  shell
struck the road about twenty yards from my right. At once something seemed to pull the box I was

carrying on my left shoulder to the ground. It partially stunned me for the time. After I came round I
looked  behind  me  to  see  if  I  could  see  the  person  who  had  so  violently  twisted  the  box  off  my
shoulder. To my surprise no one was there. I bent over the box again and tried to pick it up, and to my

further surprise found when  I turned  it over a piece of shrapnel had penetrated the lid  immediately
over the handle. It had pierced the  lid  obliquely and came out near the handle,  carrying  it  away.  I
made two or three  attempts to swing  it  on to  my right  shoulder,  and found that  my left  arm was

bruised to numbness.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
25
 
 

I was just  about to  leave it, when some  one shouted  from  behind me, “Is that  an  Englishman?”  I
answered in the affirmative and asked him to help me to get the box on my shoulder again. “Never

mind that,” he said, “I am going to tell the Anson to retire, as the Belgians have evacuated the forts.”
Anyway, just as we managed to swing it up again I spotted hundreds of men in the road above us. I at

first thought the Germans had succeeded in cutting their way through, but on reaching the gap where
they were streaming through found they were Belgians leaving the last fort. I plugged along back to

our trench, and on arriving there threw down my box of ammunition. Just then the Adjutant came up
and told me that, as yet, only one man had arrived back with a box of rounds. I showed him the hole
made by the shell. He exclaimed, “God, Ashley, you’ve had a jolly narrow shave, and damn it, it’s all

for nothing too, as we have to retire, but, anyway, fill your pockets with food and ammunition and do
what you can to make that gun of yours useless.” I went along and stripped it of all vital parts, putting
the lock in my haversack, also the tangent sight and fuse spring. The last-named two I threw into the

river Scheldt, but I brought the lock to England as a memento, and I still have it.
Before moving off I picked up a tin of bully beef and put it in my haversack. This came in very handy
indeed  when  we  had  I  entrained.  Just  then  the  order  came  to  evacuate  the  trenches.  A  Company

 
 

moved out and commenced to retire along the road in the direction of Antwerp. A request was made
by the Adjutant for volunteers to form the rearguard, and, of course, one could not refuse this, as it
must promise some more sport. Every one of my gun crew (or what was left of them) volunteered,

and we fixed bayonets,  also charged  our magazines  full. At the same time the Adjutant and I kept
behind to  keep  an  eye  open for German cavalry, which we  expected  every moment to come  in our
direction.  We  retired  ourselves  very  slowly  in  order  to  allow  the  Battalion  to  advance  as  far  as

possible in the direction of the bridge over the river Scheldt. The country was lit up by the burning of
Anglo-American petrol tanks which had been set on  fire by shells,  and  it reminded me of  a sea  in
flames. We  had to pass very close to this conflagration in order to  cross the bridge.  When passing

this, we came upon many a thousand of refugees. Poor people, it brought a lump to many a throat to
see all these poor souls all tramping in one direction and with but one object in view, viz, to get away

as far as possible from the oncoming Germans. It occurred to me that could some  of our people in
England see all this suffering they would cry out, “Coward! “ to every able-bodied young man who

was not serving his country.
The heat caused by the flames was terrific, and I must admit I thought there was a great possibility of

 
 

exploding the  great  number  of  cartridges I was  carrying  in my  greatcoat  right pocket. Also when
passing we had to unfix bayonets to prevent the flames shining on the blades, and so giving away our
position. All this time the Huns kept up  a searching shell  fire,  and while passing  a street  corner  a

shrapnel  shell  burst,  causing  a  house  to  collapse,  which  killed  seven  and  severely  wounded  two
others, who happened to  be passing. Upon  arriving at the  bridge, a  contrivance built  of  long rafts,
with wood laid crosswise, and supported by barges and guyed by wires—it was a magnificent piece

of engineering, as all the bridges crossing the Scheldt had all been blown up, and had it not been for
this bridge none of us would ever have escaped— we crossed, and gaining the other side we halted
for a breather before moving off again. Whilst we halted the marines crossed, and as the last man got

over, this bridge was immediately blown up. I took a poor little kiddie from a weeping mother who
was  doing her best to  keep up with  us. The poor  little beggar  evidently seemed  frightened  of my
black face, for I was compelled to return it to its poor mother, it cried so after carrying it about a mile.

 
 

Soon after leaving the river we came to a street in which was stationed barrels of biscuits and pails of
water,  and we  contrived to fill  as fast  as possible  our water  bottles. After  leaving this small town
behind we proceeded  along the railway track for  about three miles,  and  one could  not  help falling

continually over the sleepers. Then we came out upon a small town where we called a halt. The place
was thronged with British  and Belgians.  Interned  in  a  house  standing  in the  market square was  a
German spy. He seemed to have two or three bullet marks or stabs, spoke good English and told me

he had been working in America for some years. He also knew what his fate was, and was taken out
and shot soon after.

 
 

As the halt was called the same thing happened in that place, as in the case of every halt, all through
that terrible retreat; the men dropped down in the muddy roads and immediately fell fast asleep. This

time my haversack came in very handy as a pillow.
After halting  here for about twenty minutes we fell  in  again and marched  off, where to we  did not

 
 

know, but at 12.30 that night another halt was called, and we dropped down all along the roadside. It
was pretty evident that something was seriously wrong, and about fifteen  minutes  after we heard  a
shot. It was afterwards explained that our guide had been shot behind a haystack. Upon his body was

found a map of the country we were in, with certain places marked off in the roads, ahead of where
we were marching then. It was only just discovered in time; had we proceeded to march about a mile
further on we should undoubtedly have walked into an ambush of cavalry and machine guns which

the
“ Huns” had waiting for us. The result would certainly have been disastrous, for all of us were in a
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
26

terrible state, having had no sleep practically, and very little to eat for a week. At 1 a.m. we marched
off  again back  along the  road we  had  come,  and  continued until  about  9  a.m., when we who  had

pushed on managed to get entrained between St. Nicholas and St. Giles Stations.
By this time the different Battalions had got mixed up owing to men constantly falling down asleep

 
 

from sheer exhaustion by the roadside.  It seemed  at  every yard there were British  or Belgians  all
sleeping where they fell. I was invited by a very kind Belgian woman to have a cup of coffee and a

piece of toast; it was very welcome indeed. The motor omnibuses were flying past at every chance to
pick up men too exhausted to walk. I reached the siding where the train was waiting at 9.l5 a.m., and
was fortunate enough to secure a seat on the second train; it was on top of the last carriage, as there

was undoubtedly no room inside. We moved off so slowly that a man was running behind until we
stopped  at  St. Giles, where  he managed to  get  a  seat  astride the  rear buffer of the  luggage    van.
Another man—a marine—was stretched full length along the footboard. Every station we arrived at

the Belgians brought us out baskets of food, apples, and buckets of home-brewed beer. They treated
us splendidly. I would be having forty winks when a shower of apples, etc., would come flying down
upon me, and a hard apple on one’s head usually made a rude awakening.

 
 

About  4  p.m.  we  rode  into  Bruges—l0  or  12    miles  from  Ostend.  We  disentrained  and  marched
through the town where we dropped down on the stones of the market place and a halt was called. We
looked pitiable objects, for the majority of us had had no wash for a week nor a shave either. I had

left my cap behind in the trenches for the Germans to fire at, so was bareheaded. A Belgian soldier
took  compassion  on  me  and  gave  me  one  of  his  caps,  which  fitted  me  as  a  pillbox  would  fit  an
elephant. Anyway it served its purpose; the only drawback was, the Belgians girls took me for one of

their own countrymen, and commenced the kissing and embracing sport—of course, “that did it.” All
this time  my  arm was paining me;  it was well nigh useless, so when we marched  off   again to  a
schoolroom, I could only carry my rifle on my right shoulder. There was a devilish weight hanging to

my shoulders,  caused  by  bandoliers  and  haversack,  also  ammunition  in the pockets.  I  carried my
sword-bayonet in my leggings, as we had no ‘frog’ to carry it by. Upon reaching the schoolroom we

were at once waited on by Belgian refugees. A splendid bowl of soup and piece of bread was given
us. The men were so sleepy their heads were practically dropping over the basin as they were eating

it.
When leaving we were given a small tin of sardines for next morning’s breakfast. That night we slept

 
 

in a R. C. School. and at 7.30 reveille sounds on the morning of the 9th, [October] Saturday. After
breakfast we clean and oil our rifles, and I counted my cartridges and found that I had carried from
the trenches 482 rounds of ammunition including 10 rounds in my magazine. Afterwards I joined up

with the a Doctor’s Gang, and remained with them the rest of the time. We waited on Bruges Station
all  Saturday  until  6  p.m.,  when  we  entrained  for  Ostend  Hospital.  During  the  day  there  were
thousands of English troops, RGA.’s, also guns which passed through the station in the direction of

Ghent.
On arriving at Ostend we had the pleasant experience of accompanying wounded men on stretchers
through the town at 3 a.m. Sunday morning. A Red Cross nurse carried my rifle for me. Arriving at

 
 

the Hospital we were put to bed. I felt rather ashamed to turn into such a clean bed in the state I was
in, but then it could not be helped, so I turned in and slept the sleep of the just until 6.30, when I was
called up to  get my arm dressed, also to wash, which we were  all very much in need of. At 10.30

word came through that all English that could be moved must be got down to the S.S. St. David, lying
down  at the Ostend Docks. Of  course I had to  go with the wounded down to the ship, where we
arrived at about 12 noon. We left the harbour at 4.30 p.m. en route for Dover, which we reached the

following afternoon. There was a special train waiting for us at Dover Pier, and at 7.20 we arrived at
Sandwich Station, from whence we marched to Betteshanger Camp, arriving 11.30 p.m. Immediately
on  arriving hot food was served,  and  after we  had  finished  dinner, blankets  and waterproof sheets

were given us, which after spreading on the ground, and pulling the blankets about us, we were not
very  long  ere  we  fell  asleep,  and  I  forgot  that  I  had  just  succeeded  in  passing  through  the  most

enjoyable week of my life.
NOTE—For my work whilst  engaged  at Antwerp I was told  before the Battalion that  I had  been

 
 

highly recommended for C.G. medal, also mentioned in despatches four times.
BECCLES TOWN COUNCIL The second quarterly meeting  of Beccles Town Council was held  at

1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 

the Town Hall on Monday evening, the Mayor (Councillor E J Hindes) in the chair.  Nine others were
present.  The Agenda consisted  of Committees  of:   Land,  Sanitary, Public  Lighting,  Fire Brigade,
General  Purposes   and   Finance.    Miscellaneous  ideas   and  the  Quarter's  Tradesmen  were   also

discussed.
EAST SUFFOLK WAR RELIEF FUND Subscriptions  received  by the Mayor of Beccles: Amount
previously acknowledged 665 17s. 2d. on 19.01.15

1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 19 Jan 
RED CROSS COURSE: First Aid classes for men to begin on Thursday at 8pm in Dr Wood-Hill’s
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
27

garage. Entries to SW Rix (commandant), DC Smith (quartermaster), or section leaders: EW Crotch,
14 Northgate, W Larter 22, Gosford Road or A Harboard, Ravensmere East. The fee is one shilling.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

THE  GERMAN  AIRSHIP  RAID  German  airships  raided  the  East  coast  on  Tuesday  night.    It  is
interesting to note that quite a number of people at Beccles heard the report of the bombs dropped at

Yarmouth and connected them with enemy aircraft but no-one in the town would appear to have seen
anything of the airships though flash lights were observed.  Mr. Thomas W Holmes of 57 Denmark

Road,  believes he  heard an  airship  coming  over the town possibly on its way back after its tour in
Norfolk.
PUBLIC WORSHIP There was no pubic worship at any of the churches on Sunday evening with the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

exception of the  Salvation Army Barracks.  The usual  evening services were held  in the afternoon
instead, and this arrangement will be continued as long as the war conditions may make it necessary.
DANCE The  annual  dance  in  connection with Miss G R Hayes' dancing  classes were held in the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

Public Hall on Wednesday last, when over 100 accepted the invitation to be present.  
A GLARING ABSURDITY To the editor of the East Suffolk Gazette Sir, -  The glaring absurdity of
Saturday night's extinguishment of all public lamps, while allowing shop windows to be ablaze with

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

light, must have been apparent to everybody, and I only refer to it in order that the authorities may
take the necessary steps to prevent any repetition of the absurdity.  If it is necessary or desirable that
the street lamps should go unlighted, so as to minimize the danger of the town becoming a target for

the enemy, it is equally essential that the illumination of the shops fronts should be forbidden, and I
would  go  further  and  point  to  the  need  for  some  common  action  on  the  part  of  householders  to
remove the danger presented  by windows  of rooms  occupied by  night  and  only shielded by  night

blinds or curtains, through which the light shines for all the world to see.
RECRUITS  STILL NEEDED Men  are still  needed  for reserve  units  of local territorial  corps.  No
doubt in time the recruits needed will be obtained, for in this district men have responded freely to the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

appeals to join the territorial force.  But some are a long time before they make up their minds to join,
and we want men now and not later on practically when all needs for their services has disappeared.  

It must be remembered that new men have to be trained, and it takes a considerable time to make a
man an efficient soldier.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

SUICIDE OF  SCHOOLMASTER'S WIDOW  Excessive worry The tragic  circumstances  attending
the death of Alma Delina Theophilia Smith, school mistress aged 50 years, widow of the late W W

Smith,  a schoolmaster of Henham,  Wangford, were inquired  into on Monday afternoon  at the Old
Swan, Wangford, by the Suffolk coroner (Mr. A H Vulliamy).
It appeared that since the  death  of  her  husband, Mrs.  Smith  had been staying with  her friends  in

 
 

Devonshire, and returned to Henham  on Friday, accompanied by her son.  They slept at the school
house on Friday night and the next morning deceased's son went to Blythburgh to fetch the luggage.  
On his return he found all the doors locked, and upon forcing his way into the house found his mother

hanging.
DEATH of Dr Oscar W Owles aged 44, late of Leman House on 18 January. From Bungay; lived in
Beccles 7 years. For  about 5 years, assistant to the firm of Messrs Crowfoot, Fox and Wood-Hill on

1915
East Suff Gaz, 26 Jan 

the  death  of  William Crowfoot.  When the National Act was passed he  became  a panel  doctor  and
practised on his own account. He was on the medical staff of Beccles Hospital gratuitously.
MOTOR  CARS  FOR  SALE:  12.14  Singer,  5  seater,  Hood  Screen:  Lamps;  good  running  order;

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

bargain 75. Also 6 hp De Dion, 2 Seater 35.
EARLY CLOSING In  consequence  of the  new lighting  order, most  of the tradesmen  of the town
have arranged for the early closing of their shops -on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday evenings at six

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

o'clock, on Fridays at eight, and Saturdays at nine o'clock.
COMFORTS  FOR  THE  TROOPS  Major  Pelham  Johnson  would  be  very  glad  indeed  of  warm
garments and mufflers, mitts, socks, belts, helmets, etc, for his men, between five and six hundred,,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

15th Divisional training, Lord Kitcheners army.
SOLDIERS' READING AND RECREATION ROOM The public hall still continues to  be  greatly

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

appreciated by the various units of his majesty’s forces stationed in and about Beccles.  As a writing
room  it  is  a  great  boon,  for  on some  evenings  upwards  of 100  letters have  been written,  and  any

further  supplies  of  paper  and  envelopes  will  be  thankfully  received  by  the  Committee.  A  new
bagatelle board ( kindly loaned by Mrs. L. Heseltine , of Ashmans Hall) provides a great source of

enjoyment. The Committee have arranged a Whist drive to take place on Thursday , Feb 4th.; also an
invitation dance to be held on Feb. 11th.
LECTURE by Mr Priestly, proceeds to go to Hospital in Frederick’s Road shortly to be opened.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

WOUNDED AT THE FRONT Private George W.Arnold , of the East Lancashire regiment , son of
Mr. Alfred Arnold, of Beccles, is unofficially reported to have been wounded and to be missing. His
whereabouts at present cannot be traced. [No mention of him in Roll of Honour.

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 
1915
THE NORTH SEA BATTLE  Chief Stoker Samuel Wace, a Beccles man, was one of the crew of the
East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
28

Indomitable,  which  was  engaged  in  the  recent  action  off  the  Dogger  Bank,  and  which  Sir  David
Beatty's  report  appears  to  suggest  was  mainly  responsible  for  the  sinking  of  the  German  cruiser

Blucher.
Admiral Beatty highly praises the engine-room staffs of his battleships, who accomplished wonders

 
 

in the way of pushing their vessels through the water at greater rates than their legend speeds.
{Not mentioned in list of those in Great War]

 
1915

 

LETTER FROM A PRISONER OF WAR  Private Herbert Loseby , of 1st Leicester regiment, now a
prisoner of war at Gottingen, Hanover, writing to his brother at Beccles says:- We do not live too well
and  could  do with plenty more. I have written to dad  and asked him to send me some  eatables and

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

some money; but I could do with some change of washing, so if you have any shirts and socks you
don't want just send them along. we are about walking. I have lost my hat so you can see how I am
fixed. I should not put any war news in your letter, as we might not receive it, and we are not allowed

to receive fags; but some are allowed it for chewing. If you can send me some shag, send me some
papers  as  well.  Private  Loseby  details  jam,  cheese,  butter,  cake,  golden  syrup,  sugar,  cocoa,  and
bacon as amongst the necessaries he would be glad to receive to make prison life tolerable.

 
1915

 

[Not mentioned in Beccles War list, perhaps of 17 Fair Close]
BECCLES  VOLUNTEER CORPS The Mayor presided  over an  enthusiastic meeting,  on Monday
evening, at the Orderly-room  in the Old Market, for the purpose of recruiting  and  establishing the

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

proposed Beccles  Volunteer Corps in working form. It will be  remembered that  at  a recent public
meeting a Provisional Committee was appointed to give effect to the resolution then adopted to form
a Corps. Monday's meeting was the outcome, and in the result a total of 90 members were secured,

and the Corps is ready to commence in earnest.
 
 
A hearty vote of thanks was  accorded to the  Provisional Committee for their  services. Mr. W.C

Smith,  of  6,  Kilbrack-road,  was  elected  secretary;  and  a  Committee  was  appointed  comprising
Messrs.  G.  Burgess,  A.  Elliott,  F.  F.  Garrood,  H.  Tilney,  E.  E.  Larkman,  S.  J.  Owles,  and  E.  A.
Tyrrell.  It  was  resolved  to  ask  Mr.  F.  W.  D.  Robinson,  of  Roos  Hall,  to  accept  the  position  of

Commandant. A Drill Instructor has been secured from the troops quartered in the town. The Mayor
stated that Mr. W. Bryan Forward (the Town Clerk) had kindly offered the use of the miniature rifle

range in his grounds in Blyburgate. The funds in hand amount to 20, of which the Mayor has given
10,  and  Mr.  J.  P.  Larkman  and  Mr.  E.  E.  Lerkman  5  each.  No  doubt  more  will  be  willingly

subscribed  whenever  it  may  be  necessary  to  make  the  appeal.  The  first  drill  will  take  place  this
(Monday) evening at the Lecture Hall (by kind permission of Col Hamilton, R.A.M.C.), at 8 o clock,
the  regular  Drill   night   being  Mondays  and  Thursdays,  while  route  marches   are  proposed  for

Wednesday and Saturday afternoons later. It is up to the men of Beccles over 38 years of age to prove
by joining the Corps that they are not less keen to fit themselves to protect their homes than younger
men who have so nobly responded to their country’s call to service.

1915

CORPORAL CF MEADOWS. On Christmas Eve, we were relieved from the trenches and marched
about five  miles to our billet  at dark.  Early Christmas morning we were paraded  and marched  off
without breakfast, to a place some miles away, where we were employed for an hour trench digging,

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

for draining purposes. We returned to our billet about 2.30 pm and partook of breakfast and dinner
combined,  which  consisted  of  tea,  tinned  meat,  and  biscuits.  We  had  plum  puddings  also,  which
however, were issued to us cold. We received Princess Mary’s gift on Boxing Day, and I can assure

you it was fully appreciated by us.
I notice that the men who write to the papers about the good time they had at Christmas are, for the
most part  employed  on the ASC [Army  Service Corps] Transport, and  are therefore miles from the

 
 

firing line.
Our regiment gets no opportunity of living in hotels and sleeping in beds. We have received a fairly
good supply of tobacco, cigarettes and mufflers, etc, for which we are thankful.

 
 
1915

Recruiting for the Reserve Battalion of the 6th Suffolk (Cyclists) Regiment between the age of 18 and
38. New cycles provided free. Pay 1s 2d per day. Men can either sign up for foreign service or home

East Suff Gaz, 2 Feb 

defence.
ADVERTISEMENT: A McQueen having sold the lease of 10 New Market to the London Provincial

1915
East Suff Gaz, 9 Feb 

Bank has opened temporary premises at 4 New Market.
WOUNDED: Son [Henry] of Samuel Gardiner of 17 Waveney Valley Cottages [Lady’s Meadow] of

1915
East Suff Gaz, 9 Feb 

[Royal Rifle Brigade] severely wounded and in Hospital in France [He was discharged from Army in
1915]
BATTLE OF MONS: Private C Keable, 1st Nofolks [of 76 Northgate] : On 24 August my Brigade

1915
East Suff Gaz, 9 Feb 

was taken to  a railway line. Our  guns had taken  up their position , but no sooner  had they done so
than the Germans let us have some of their pills, which I did not find very nourishing because they
dropped rather too close for my liking. My Regiment was against a bridge, some on one side, some

on the other, while several horses were under the bridge. The first shell which came to us went into a
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
29

mine opposite the road, besides several others which began to play havoc, but after a time they began
shelling the railway line and were getting the range properly on to our guns, which did some splendid

work returning the fire. It was fine to see our men going about their work whilst shells were bursting
over them, but I am sorry to say that very few got away alive. It was a miracle any of us getting out of

it alive. I  have often thanked God that they did  not drop their shells on to the bridge  -- not for my
sake only, but for thousands of my comrades. Had they done so I doubt very much whether any of us

would  be alive today. It was the worst day in my life,  and  I hope  I shall never be  in another tight
corner like it, for it was too warm for me. I was thankful our Colonel gave us the order to retire.
The trenches are in a very bad state, up to your knees in water and mud. We are continually taking

 
 

straw and faggot down to them, so that we can walk into them comfortably, to relieve our comrades;
but it is practically useless
SALE: Executors of Henry Hopson:

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 16 Feb 
 

LOT  1:  Substantially  Built  brick  &  Tile  Family  Residence  “Shaftsbury  Lodge  in  New  Market
containing: Entrance & Inner Halls, 3 Reception Rooms, Sunk Cellar, Kitchens & Offices, Front and
back Staircases, Landings, 8 good Bedrooms, Bath Room, fitted hot and cold, WC, etc. At the rear is

a pleasant garden,  affording  fine views of the Waveney Valley, now in the occupation of Miss RG
Hayes, whose tenancy expires on 6 April.
LOT 2  Two Substantial Brick & Tiled Cottages in Tillett’s Alley, with entrance from Blyburgate &

 
 

Hungate, in the occupation of Mrs Saunders & Mrs Bird, quarterly tenants at rents of 8 in total.
SALE of Small Residences by will of late Thomas Garrod
LOT 1: No 23 London Road, semi detached with Flower & large Kitchen Gardens in the occupation

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 16 Feb 
 

of late Mrs Garrod.
LOT 2: No 21 London Road, semi detached similar accommodation and Gardens in the occupation of
Miss Pearce.

 
 
 
 

LOT 3: Three small Residences  adjoining  and abutting upon  Peddar’s  Lane, with Flower Gardens:
Nos 15, 17 & 19 London Road. In the occupation of Miss Aldred, Miss Cockburn & Miss Felton.

 
1915

 

All Lots Freehold, Rental 77.
MERRIE  ENGLAND by Edward German: Beccles Musical  Society.  conductor  W Warder Harvey,

East Suff Gaz, 16 Feb 

FRCO. in Public Hall. Miss Ruby Swift, Miss Lily Gowen, Messrs RE Cen, Ivan Kettle; Leader of
Orchestra: WH Delf; Organ:CV Breeze, Piano: Miss L Boyce, LRAM. Concert at 8; Carriages at 10.

on Tues 16 Feb.
LIGHTING ORDER: Henry Aldred of the Lord Nelson, Northgate not blacked out. “All lights, other
than those not visible from outside of any house, are to be kept extinguished from 5 pm to 7.30 am”

1915
East Suff Gaz, 16 Feb 

Defendant had lights blazing at 9pm.. He was detained in Police Station all night. As it was the first
case he would be fined 1 and 2s costs.
BLYBURGATE The  gable  end of the shop occupied by Mr Hipperson. The  debris fell through the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 16 Feb 

roof of Mr Branford’s house, and broke through into the bedroom below, filling the baby’s cradle and
bed with bricks and mortar, but fortunately without anybody being hurt.
SEVEN SONS in the ARMY; Mr William Felmingham, 5 Dacre Place, a compositor at the Caxton

1915
East Suff Gaz, 23 Feb 

Press. One with 2nd Norfolks in Egypt fighting the Turks, one with MATSC at the Front in France,
two with West Yorks Regt & three with Territorials. Congratulated by the King.
SPECIAL CALL TO SPECIAL CONSTABLES. About 9 pm on Thursday evening the church bells,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Mar 

as previously arranged, were rung to call the special constables together as would be required in the
event of a raid by aircraft.. The result was very satisfactory so far as the constables were concerned,
nearly all of them putting in an appearance at the police station. Unfortunately the ringing or clashing

of the bells had an opposite effect to that intended in respect of the general public, for instead of the
people seeking the shelter of their homes they turned out into the streets in large numbers in curiosity
to know what it was all about. Members of the Fire Brigade seem to have mistaken it for an alarm of

fire and hurried to the fire station; but it should be noted that there is an essential difference between
the two calls - two bells only being  used for a fire  call; and three for  calling the special  constables

together.  In  view  of  the  attitude  of  the  public  it  is  a  question  whether  some  other  method  of
summoning the special constables in emergency should not be adopted.

1915

DEATH OF A TERRITORIAL: Corporal AW Judge  at  Louth,  Lincolnshire. He had  an  attack  of
quinsy, followed by septic pneumonia, and death resulted in about three days. He joined the Beccles

East Suff Gaz, 2 Mar 

Howitzers about four years ago, but on removing from Beccles left the corps, and at the outbreak of
war he joined the 6th Suffolk Cyclists.
THE  FRONT:  Reginald  Bolingbroke,  of  Queen’s  Own  Oxfordshire  Hussars:  We  have  been  back

1915
East Suff Gaz, 2 Mar 

from the trenches two days now, and  are  now standing  in reserve for five  days not so far from the
firing line. We had a very quiet five days in the trenches -- our worst enemy was he weather. It was
raining  on  and off most  of the time, and  in those short periods  during which we  had  no rain we

experienced very cold weather. The trenches were not in such a bad condition as might be imagined.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
30

Of course they were damp, but we gad served out knee gun boots, which served to both keep our feet
dry and warm. We did five days straight off in the front line, which is the longest period, up to the

present, we have done at one stretch. We were marvellously lucky again because the whole regiment
came back without  a stretch, though  a few of the men had bad feet, which of  course was not to be

wondered at.
The part of the trench my troop was in was not further away than 40 yards from the German lines;

 
 

Attack was almost impossible owing to the nature of the ground, and wire entanglements and such-
like. Also we were much too  near their own  lines for the Germans to shell us, although the French
shelled the German trenches over our heads.

 
 

We are now billeted in a town which was once one of the show towns of Belgium. now it is shelled to
destruction. Nothing can describe the havoc done by the German guns
[He died of wounds on 27 January 1916]

 
 1915

 

WORK OF THE ASC. Corporal Hey of the 67th Co ASC taking exception to a remark by Corporal
Meadows: “If it had not been for the ASC [Army Service Corps] Corporal Meadows would not have
obtained his luxuries . As a regular soldier, having been in France six months, I dont think there are

East Suff Gaz, 2 Mar 

many in my company who have struck lucky enough to get a bed or sleep in a hotel. The Division to
which I belong came out of the trenches on 23rd December after a big attack, and we retired for a few
weeks rest. But not for the ASC, as the Division still wanted feeding, which we have to do whether

the Division is resting or fighting, and it is no picnic, as we have to very often dig our way along the
roads to  get the transport to the troops to supply them with their food. We had to  be  content with
sleeping anywhere, but myself and a few comrades were lucky enough to get a shakedown in an old

cowshed which was our hotel on Christmas Day, and no feather beds.
DEATH of John Mallett, born Worlingham, aged 85. Editor of the Suffolk Chronicle 1856-99.
RED CROSS: Any would-be members who wish to see practical work will be gladly shown over the

1915
1915  East Suff Gaz 9 Mar 

East Suff Gaz, 9 Mar 

Red Cross Hospital any afternoon 2.30 to 4pm
RED CROSS:  Suffolk Branch Red Cross  Society:  List of  numbers  of patients of sick  & wounded

1915
East Suff Gaz 16 Mar 

soldiers treated in Suffolk between 5 August 1914 and 6 February 1915: 3,005.
“Since February 6th patients have also been received at the Red Cross Hospital, Beccles.”

 
1915

 

A  SPLENDID  RECORD:  Mr  William  Clarke  of  4  Albert  Place,  Kemp’s  Lane  has  two  sons,  10
grandsons & 3 grandsons-in-law serving with the Colours

East Suff Gaz, 16 Mar 
1915

DEATH  IN  ACTION  of  Lieut  Richard   Weigall,  1st  Battalion   Sherwood  Foresters.,   aged   23.
Educated at Fauconberge School & Bedford School, passed second into Sandhurst.
CORPORAL CLATWORTHY (2 Hungate) injured in fall from his bicycle near Woodbridge.

East Suff Gaz, 23 Mar 

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 23 Mar 

WOUNDED SOLDIER: Private HJ Gardiner of Kings Royal Rifles, Son of Mr S Gardiner, postman
DEATH of WA BLAKE, Assistant Superintendent of Prudential Insurance in Beccles aged 33. Lived
in Beccles since April 1913.

East Suff Gaz, 30 Mar 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 30 Mar 
1915

DEATH of COLONEL WILSON, JP,VD, aged  71, He died of  a heart  attack. Had been in Beccles
nearly 40 years as Manager of Caxton Printing Works. Took great pleasure and pride in growth and
expansion of the Works and  finding employment for increasing number of employees.

East Suff Gaz, 30 Mar 
 
 

Early  in his  career  at Beccles  he  joined the Artillery  Volunteers. Commissioned  as  Lieutenant,  he
succeed to the Captaincy of TM Read. The Battery consisted almost entirely of men employed in the
Caxton Works, where it was formed  at an  earlier date. Gained the prize for the  best Battery in the

Brigade. He became Colonel of the Brigade, as second in command to Colonel, Lord Stradbrooke.
He was  elected to the Town Council in May 1886 and three years later was  elected Mayor, which
office he filled six times; 189, 1890, 1900, 1901, 1910 (at the Coronation of George V) 

 
 
In
1892

he was elected Alderman. He was Mayor more often than anyone else. During his term of office the
pathway from Northgate to Ravensmere was  opened,  and  on the  coping stone  at the  entrance  his
name is [was?] written,

 
 

He became a JP in 1908. Member of Hospital Management Committee, Governor of Sir John Leman
School, sidesman of St Michael’s, Committee of Public Library, Director of Waterworks.

 
 

Son  of  Robert  Wilson  of  Torrieburn,  Fifeshire,  born  Glasgow.  Married  Grace  Rankin,  who  died
before he came to Beccles. His daughter, Grace, married Richard Warner, son of Canon Warner, of

Lincoln Cathedral. She died in 1906, leaving a son, Oliver.
Colonel Wilson was a Conservative and President of the Conservative Association

 
 

 
 

For his funeral described the following week: The Works were  closed that afternoon  and 80 of the
girls in the bindery and machinery departments and 150 or more men joined the procession
The sidesmen of the Parish Church were pall bearers: Messrs WC Smith, GA Stanford, A Pells,, FT

 
 

Peachey, WWWT Youngman, JS Palmer, RC Dunt, CA Martin, CE Watson, SL Skevens, CC Hall &
G Johnson.
[He lived at The Larches, 14, London Road]

 
1915

 
VOLUNTEER  CORPS.  Five  mile  Route  March  of  87  members  on  Sunday  morning,  out  of  total
East Suff Gaz, 30 Mar 
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
31

membership of 104.
DEATH of Albert  W Darby JP, partner  in the firm of Daby Bros, timber merchants, aged 64. His

1915
East Suff Gaz, 6 Apr 

chief recreation was yachting. He assisted in the revival of the Regatta, which fell into abeyance on
the  death  of his  father,  Samuel Darby  [who died 31 years  before]. He was secretary for 20 years.

Sailed “Sunbeam” and won the Challenge Cup last season.
He was a Liberal. Leaves a widow, one daughter & six sons, two of whom are in Canada, one in West

 
 

Africa, two in London and the youngest is a Lieutenant in the 3rd East Anglian Howitzers.
[in 1904 & 1913 he lived at North House, Ravensmere. His Sons: ARM Darby, Frank, Lieut Colin]
BECCLES CONCERT PARTY in Worlingham camp of Denbigh Hussars in commodious hut.

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz, 6 Apr 
1915

MILLIONS OF SANDBAGS WANTED - the only thing to stop bullets. The wives and mothers of
our Soldiers and Sailors have undertaken to make bags at the Club held in the Public Hall on Tuesday
afternoons.  Material  is  being  procured  locally  and  contributions  in  money,  small  or  large  sums,

East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

towards the cost will be most gratefully received and acknowledged by Miss NF Pells, the Hollies.
VOLUNTEER  CORPS.  there   are     already   45   in   Suffolk.  Colonel  Bence-Lambert  is  County
Commandant. There are six Battalions: No 3 Lowestoft is made up of Lowestoft, Beccles, Bungay,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

Halesworth & Southwold and 12 villages.
COUNTY COURT: Alice Crisp sued Arthur Leggett, fish dealer of Beccles for damages after she ran
into defendant’s cart travelling on the corner on the wrong side of the road in Alexandra Road on her

1915
East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

bicycle. Claim for 30 shillings upheld.
DEATH of  SIR FREDERICK  SHAFTO ADAIR 4th Bart  of Flixton Hall; Born 1860,  educated  at
Harrow, Christ Church, Cambridge and Sandhurst. Conservative, JP, amateur actor and water-colour

1915
East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

painter; bachelor..
Next Week: Burial at Flixton, but memorial service at Ballymina, Co Antrim for the tenantry of his
Irish tenantry.

 
 
1915

VESTRY  MEETING:  election  of  Churchwardens:  The  Rector,  Rev  FG  Millar,  said  he  had  great
pleasure in nominating Mr Clatworthy as his warden for the ensuing year. He did not think any one  

East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

had anyone had any idea of the amount of time he had spent in getting their accounts into working
order.  Sometimes  he fancied  he would be heard in his sleep to mutter figures; he was  quite certain

that in his waking moments figures had got possession to a large extent of his mind. It was fortunate
for them it was so, because it was so easy get accounts into a muddle and very difficult to keep them

straight. It was a great relief to him to know it was unnecessary for him to think about the accounts
because they always worked out correctly under Mr Clatworthy’s management.
PROMOTION  OF MAJOR  PELHAM  JOHNSON  CO  of  4th  Divisional  Train,  Lord  Kitchener’s

1915
East Suff Gaz, 20 Apr 

Army to Lieut-Colonel
DEATH OF Mr S COOK. aged 83. He  had a remarkable  career. In his  boyhood  apprenticed  as  a
compositor in London, inherited a fortune, went to Oxford University took MA. At first a journalist,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 20 Apr 

but became  deaf. A  good linguist and keen philologist.  Employed for  10 years  as reader  at Caxton
press. Died at Diss.
FORTY RECRUITS left the town to join the 5th Suffolks Reserve Battalion. Some also from Bungay

1915
East Suff Gaz, 20 Apr 

and Harleston.
STRAIGHT TO  THE  TRENCHES  Private  Cecil  E  Buck  went  out  to  the  front  with  his  College
(Culham College) Company of the 4th Oxon & Bucks Light Infantry.. Trenches only 100 yards from

1915
East Suff Gaz, 13 Apr 

the Germans. Our battalion has been supplying one company each day, and our turn came last night.
It is now six o’clock and at seven I go on sentry duty in the same trench with the aid of a periscope.
So far there has been no shelling in this vicinity during the night. Yesterday the Germans  dropped

shell after shell only 70 or 80 yards from where we are billeted (an old chateau in ruins) as they were
trying to destroy one of our batteries close by.
During the night both sides send up rockets every few seconds to illuminate each others trenches. At

 
 

the same time  each seize the  opportunity  of “potting “ any party working  at  night  in front  of the
trench. The Germans seem to specialise in sniping. Five seconds  is the outside time  limit in which

you can raise your head above the level of the trench. Mud is plentiful, but we are well fed and so far
we have  been fortunate enough to be billeted near  a farmhouse, where we  can  get such  luxuries as

eggs and cafe au lait.
SPECIAL CONSTABLES called out on duty on Thursday & Friday in consequence of the German

1915
East Suff Gaz, 20 Apr 

air raids. Times of duty were 7pm to 5 am.
WOMAC BROOKS &  SON are showing  a portions  of the canvas  cover  of  a Zeppelin which was
brought down in Belgium. Inspection invited.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 20 Apr 
1915

PRISONER  OF  WAR James Dowe  of 1st  Suffolks was  missing, now stated to be  a prisoner  in
Germany.
ADVERTISEMENT: Great  Show  of Boys’  &  Youths  Sp[ring &  Summer Clothing. Note the  new

East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 
address: 14 New Market.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
32
1915

MUSICAL  SUCCESS:  Peter  McQueen  gained  Diploma  of  Associate  of  Royal  College  of  Music
(ARCM)

East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 

1915
1915

PROMOTION: Capt JR Kenyon promoted Major in 3rd East Anglian Howitzer Battalion
5th  SUFFOLKS  at THETFORD.  Mobilised  last August. They  have  been training  and wish to  go

East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 
East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 

straight to the Front next.
DEATH  OF  TERRITORIAL:  John  Alwyne  Jeffery,  eldest  son  of  Mr  &  Mrs  Jeffery  of  8  New

1915
East Suff Gaz, 27 Apr 

Market,  died of wounds  in Northern France. A Chaplain writing said he was “wounded  in seven
places, and in spite of all the best medical attention he passed peacefully away.” He had a promising
career in  front  of  him. He  held  an  appointment under  Surrey County Council,  and  had obtained  a

scholarship to Goldsmith’s College. Shortly after the outbreak of war he joined the 23rd London Rifle
Brigade.
SALE of property late of Dr Aldis Wright. Sale 1 June.

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 11 May 
 

LOT 1 PAIR OF PLEASANTLY  SITUATE brick & slated Villa Residences Nos 7 & 9  St Mary’s
Road in the occupation of Miss LM Parker & Mr D Jude
[Mr JW Read 650]

 
 

 
 

LOT 2 Three Brick  & Tile Cottages Nos 1,  3 &  5  St Mary’s Road  in the  occupation  of Mr AM
Clarke, Mrs Balls & Mr CM Mobbs with large gardens, suitable for building.
[Mr WT Weeks 300]

 
 

 
 

LOT 3 Lock-up Shop in centre of New Market in the occupation of Mr A Salter
LOT 4 Two brick, Stud & plaster and tiled Cottages, Nos 49 & 51 Blyburgate with outbuildings and
large yard, now in the occupation of Mr W Andrews and his sub-tenant

 
 

 
 

 
 

[Mr wH Poll 90]
LOT 5 Four  neat  cement-faced Houses & two  Shops Nos  53,  55, 57  &  59 Blyburgate with  large
garden, having frontage  on Grove Road and  affording space for  building. In  occupation  of Mr FG

Bryant, Mrs Thrower, Mr J Green & Miss H Copeman.
[Mr CC Betts 460]

 
 

 
 

LOT 6 Very valuable Small Holding on Rigborn Hill, with brick & tiled Dwelling, ample premises,
Orchard, garden & two enclosures of arable land. 11 acres 1r 4p in occupation of Mr TJ Self

 
 

 
 

[withdrawn 620]
LOT 7 House, Premises & Market Garden on Swines Green occupied by Mr GA Fenn

 
 

 
 

[Mr GT Fenn 325]
LOT 8 Market Garden containing 7a 2r 3p with brick & tiled House & outbuildings in occupation of
Mr J Gibbens.

 
 

 
 

[Mr J Gibbens 600]
LOT 9 Accommodation Meadow fronting London Road containing 5a 0r 12p in occupation of Mr F
Bedwell

[Mr J Crisp $405]
 
 

LOT 10 Small Accommodation Meadow fronting London Road 1a 2r 10p in the occupation of Mr F
Bedwell.
PROMOTION Corporal TE Judge of 1st Battery, 3rd East Anglian Howitzer Brigade to be QMS

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 11 May 

WOUNDED Private Ernest A Youngs of Northumberland Fuseliers wounded in arm .
ENLISTED James Robinson, son of late James Robinson of 50 Alexandra Road in 3rd Suffolks came
all the way over from California to do so, paying his own expenses.

East Suff Gaz, 11 May 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 11 May 

1915
1915
1915

COUNCIL: Plans for house on corner of Grove Road & Kilbrack Road by Mr GM Riches, approved.
WOUNDED Sergeant SE Devereux of 2nd South Lancs of Upper Grange Road [later CQMS]
SALE of TA Woodroffe’s Land at Swines Green 1a 1r 18p, having a frontage of 235ft upon the high

East Suff Gaz, 11 May 
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

road abutting in the rear on the GE Railway, and the Corton Glebe Land. Well adapted for building or
as a Market Garden. In the occupation of John Barber on a yearly tenancy.
[J Gibbens 104]

 
1915
 

 
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

SALE by executors of late Charles Cowles:
LOT 1. A brick & tiled block of Three Cottages each having 4 rooms: Nos 54, 56 & 58 Northgate,

 

adjoining the GE Railway and tenanted by Mrs Smith, AG Rouse & W Taylor.
[bought Mr Browne 200]

 
 

 
 

LOT 2. A well-built brick & slated block of Four Dwelling Houses, adjoining the last lot, Nos 46 to
52  Northgate.  The  first  having  7  rooms  &  the  others  4,  each  with  good  range  of  brick  &  tiled

Buildings  and  small  Gardens  in  the  occupation  of  Jas  Stone,  H  Drewell,  Cpl  Bullimore  &  Sergt
Harmer.
[withdrawn at 640]

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

ADVERTISEMENT:  Come  to  G  Sampson,  The  Walk,  when  you  require  New  or  Second  Hand
Furniture, Bedsteads, Mattresses, etc He will give you the best value for your money. Your couches,
chairs etc repaired or recovered.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 
ADVERTISEMENT:  Spring  &  Summer  Clothing:  A  McQueen.  Note  the  new  address:  14,  New  
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
33

Market.
ADVERTISEMENT. Beccles Co-Operative Society have given away 900 in Dividends. Did you get

1915
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

a share? If not, Join now.
REMOVAL: Mr Horne, dentist has moved from Exchange Square to 13 Station Road.

1915
1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 18 May 
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

POOR RATE: 3s 4d in the for the half year.
REGATTA: No Regatta this year.

East Suff Gaz, 18 May 
1915
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

SERVING  IN  ARMY:  Mr  & Mrs  Hembling,  Riverside,  Crisp’s  Wharf,,  Gillingham  have  7  sons
serving: William (1st  Suffolks),  Edwin (Northumberland Fuseliers),  Fred (2nd Norfolks, Jack  (2nd
Border  Regiment),  Harry  (2nd  Norfolks),  Herbert  (9th  Suffolks),  Clifford  (5th  Suffolks).  Jack  &

Harry have both been wounded. Four are at present in the front line.
LUSITANIA: JG Kent, son of Mrs Kent of Swine’s Green one of victims of torpedoed Lusitania. He
was a first-class Steward and was last seen putting women & children into boats. He served on the

1915
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

Mauritania, but when she stopped running he was transferred to the Lusitania. He leaves a wife & one
child.
DESERTER.  George  Goffin,  a  Beccles  lad,  brought  before  the  Bench  as  a  deserter  from  the  7th

1915
East Suff Gaz, 18 May 

Suffolks. To await military escort.
SALE:  Late Aldis Wright
LOT 1. ) Nos 7 & 9 St Mary’s Road: Pair of pleasantly situate brick  and slated Villa Residences with

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 25 May 
 

good gardens, now in occ of Miss LM Parker and Mr D Jude.
(Bought JW Read 650)
LOT 2 .) Nos 1, 3, 5 St Mary's Road 3 brick and tiled Cottages in occ of ....with large garden suitable

 
 

 
 

for building purposes., in occupation of Mrs AM Clarke, Mrs Balls & CM Mobbs
(Bought WJ Weeks 300)
LOT 3.) New Market, Late Aldis Wright,  Lock-Up Shop in occupation of A Salter

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

(Bought WH Poll 90)
LOT 4.) BLYBURGATE: Late Aldis Wright Two brick, stud and plaster Cottages  Nos 49 & 51 with

outbuildings & large Yard. In the occupation of W Andrews & his sub-tenant.
(Bought HA King 210)

 
 

 
 

LOT 5.) Blyburgate: Four neat cement-faced Houses  and two  Shops   Nos 53  55 57 59 with  large
Garden,  having  frontage  on  Ingate  Road  [Grove  Road]  and  affording  space  for  building.  In  the

occupation of FG Bryant, Mrs Thrower, J Green & Miss H Copeman.
(Bought CC Betts 460)
LOT 6.) Very Valuable Small Holding on RIGBORNE HILL  Late Aldis Wright, with brick and tiled

 
 

 
 

Dwelling House, ample & convenient premises, Orchard, Garden & two enclosures of Arable Land.
The whole: 11a 1r 4p in occupation of TJJ Self
LOT 7) House, Premises & Market Garden on  SWINE'S GREEN  Late Aldis Wright, occupied By

 
 

GA Fenn
(Bought GJ Fenn 325)
LOT  8.  )  Market  Garden  containing  7a  2r  3p,  with  brick  and  tiled  Dwelling  House  &  capital

 
 

 
 

Outbuildings in occupation of J Gibbens
(bought J Gibbens 600
LOT 9. ) Accommodation Meadow fronting the London Road 5a 0r 12p, now in the occupation of  F

 
 

 
 

Bedwell
LOT 10.) Small Accommodation Meadow also fronting London Road 1a 2r 10p also in occupation of
F Bedwell

 
 

 
1915
1915

 

(LOTS 9 & 10 bought by JE Crisp for 450.)
LORD KITCHENER calls for 300,000 more men recruits.
CASUALTIES: John Christie of City of London Rifles, only son of Robert Christie, formerly of St

East Suff Gaz, 25 May 
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

George’s  Road,  wounded  by  bullet  in  his  arm.  Sergt  WJ  Powley  (Suffolk  Regt)  &  Pte  Youngs
(Northumberland Fuseliers) wounded in neighbourhood of Ypres. Sgt Powley was buried in a trench

by an explosion, had a painful experience of the poisonous gas used by the Germans, which caused
the death of a large number of his brave comrades in the base hospital to which he was conveyed.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

WHITSUN HOLIDAY. Sunshine and cool north-easterly wind. To Lowestoft 578; Yarmouth 166.
COUNCIL  SCHOOL.  Empire Day  celebrated,  commenced  by “saluting the Flag.” On opening the

East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

School, the National Anthem was sung;  and  during the morning  lessons were  given on the  growth
and  extent of the British Empire. All three Departments were  decorated with flags, festoons daisies
etc, which gave the rooms a festive appearance. The Mayor & Mayoress attended in the afternoon.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

LETTER FROM THE FRONT: L/Cpl PC Rye: [20  Smallgate City of  London’s]] “Our boys came
out of the trenches last night after practically twelve days in the trenches,  and I can tell you  it was
time too. This battle they say has been worse than even Mons or Ypres. In the charges our Battalion

got into the front German trench. We have about 200 casualties, but a great any small wounds. We
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
34

are about three miles back from the firing line now, but they are shelling this place occasionally; one
shell has just dropped and killed two horses about 30 yards from where I am billeted.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

LETTER FROM THE TRENCHES:: Private Cecil Buck of Culham College Company Territorials of
4th Ox & Bucks  Light Infantry:[21  St George’s Road] “ We  are  in the trenches now with mud  all

over us. We have been hard at it for over three weeks now, and what sleep we have had, we have had
with our equipment on. At most we get two and a half hours a night 

 
.
 
 

How’s this for a programme? In reserve the other day I went on a route march, dug trenches from 7
till 12 at night, turned out  again at 6, dug trenches in pouring rain from 7 till 12.30 in the morning
(got wet to the skin) spent the rest of the daylight in  drying  clothes - went on a fatigue  in carrying

food to the trenches from 7.45 to 10.30 - got wet to the skin again - slept in same clothes till 2 am, did
sentry duty till 4 am, breakfast at 6. But I’m still pretty fit - merely tired
BECCLES GAS COMPANY: AGM: JP Walton  in the Chair. Decrease in revenue  and  increase of

1915
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

expenditure consequent upon the war. Dividend 5% less Income Tax.
DEATH OF BECCLES SOLDIER: Sergt-Major Clarke, of Gosford Road, now of Cork, notified of
the death of his son Albert Clarke, formerly employed by Elliott & Garood. Enlisted in 3rd Suffolks,

1915
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

twice wounded, first at Neuvelle Chapelle, and then fatally at the capture and holding of Hill 60.
LETTER: Single Men: “I often wonder what our kith and kin who travel thousands of miles from our
Colonies to uphold “The Flag” think of the “single slackers” at home? Personally I know of a single

1915
East Suff Gaz, 25 May 

slacker who began to feel a bit embarrassed at remaining passive, so he joined the” Specials”, just to
say he was doing something. Later he had forebodings that conscription was looming so he joined the
Red Cross. There’s patriotism for you! G”

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

SALE: late John Cooper
LOT 1.) A capital Dwelling House in Northgate with Garden & large General Shop, with extensive
Warehouses at the Junction of Northgate & Bridge Street, in the occupation of AE Jordan. Rent 20

 

pa.
[bought AE Jordan, the tenant, for 330]

 
 

 
 

LOT 2.) A Well situated Lock-up Shop with show rooms and Warehouses in [No 14] New Market in
the occupation of Alexander McQueen, Outfitter. Rent 16 pa

 
 

 
 

[bought Mr A McQueen, tenant, 345]
LOT 3. ) An extremely well situated Lock-up Corn Chandler’s Shop in [28a] New Market with store-

chamber over, in the occupation of RJ Read. Rent 16 pa.
[bought RJ Read, tenant, 175]
LOT 4.) No 18 London Road: attractive small Residence,  with tastefully laid out Pleasure Grounds

 
 

 
 

& Lawn & large Kitchen Garden, in the occupation of Mrs Waterfield. Rent 30 pa.
[withdrawn at 590]
LOCAL SUCCESS: Guy S Lawrence, [of 35 Station Road]  educated at Beccles College & now at

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

Clark’s, Chancery Lane, passed exam for Port of London Authority.
PROMOTION: Capt Wilton John Rix of 6th Service Battalion Bedfordshire Regt, who enlisted as a
Private in August, 2nd in Command of 37th Divisional Cyclists Company.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH: Rev WE Davies accepted post as Pastor of Church.
TOWN COUNCIL  ELECTION: FF Garrood   nominated  by  WM Crowfoot &  SL  Skevens. Only
nomination, elected. “It is stated that Mr Garrood, having expressed a wish not to serve, was desirous

East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

of withdrawing as soon as he heard of it; but there being only one nomination, he was precluded from
so doing.”
STRANGE NEWS FROM THE FRONT: Bomb H Payne, 13th Brigade RFA.: No doubt your readers

1915
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

would like to hear  about something  very strange that  has happened these last twelve days.  Every
morning at 4 o’clock, a group of men can be seen at a certain spot (somewhere in France) to her the
call of the cuckoo, although only 2000 yards from the trenches.

1915
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

BECCLES   SAILOR   AT  THE   DARDANELLES::   CS   Ward,   mechanic   on   HM   Ship   at   the
Dardanelles writing to his sister at the White Swan: “We have seen some exciting times out here. We

have  had  about 15 killed  and 30 wounded,  and the slaughter  in this ship  alone  on shore has  been
awful. It was our job to get the Army landed. The Turks were entrenched right up to the beach, and

our boats, when taking the soldiers ashore  came  under  a murderous hail  of shell  and rifle fire. But
British pluck prevailed, and although some of the boats’ crews got entirely wiped out, we succeed in

landing them. Before any troops landed at all the whole fleet rained shot and shell at daybreak, and it
was a sight never to be forgotten. Of course we suffered heavily from snipers, as they were all over
the place. We have about 200 wounded soldiers on board here, and our job now is taking munitions

of war on show and covering the advance of the troops.
POLICE  COURT:  Albert  Roe,  bricklayer  of  7  Shaw’s  Yard  charged  with  assaulting  Mary  Ann
Plummer  of  9  Shaw’s  Yard.  The  row  began  at  dinner  time  and  arose  out  of  the  behaviour  of

1915
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 
defendant’s boy. When her husband, Robert, complained, defendant struck him and knocked three of
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
35

his teeth  out.  She was then  hit  by defendant,  almost  knocking  her  over. He shot off a  gun  and she
feared her daughter, Mrs Wright, had been shot. A soldier, Richard Beauchamp, of the Shropshires,

interfered and got him away. A row had been going on all the afternoon in the Yard. Found guilty,
fined 10s..

1915
East Suff Gaz, 1 Jun 

LETTER FROM PERSIAN GULF: Lance Corp Harry Hembling [see 18 May] of 2nd Norfolk Regt
with  Indian  Expeditionary  Force  on  Persian  Gulf:  “I  expect  you  have  heard  that  I  have  been

wounded. It is not very bad. The Turks  had been bombarding our camp for two days, and we beat
them off with  heavy losses to them. On the next  day we went out after them. It was very hot (you
have no idea what a hot day is on the desert) and our men were falling out like sheep, and our thirst

was terrible for the sand was getting down our throats. When we got within about 1200 yards of the
enemy we opened out for action,  and were met with a terrible fire. I was  advancing  along  all right
with no cover whatever (the land is like a table) until we got within 300 yards of the Turks, when two

fellows on my right got hit. I went and bound them up under heavy fire. The Sergeant was hit in the
top part of his leg. He was bleeding terribly, and I came back to bind him up. I found I could not do it
alone,  so  Fred  came  up  to  help  me.  We  found  we  could  not  manage  it,  so  I  turned  to  shout  for

someone  else, when  I  got one through the muscle of the right  forearm.  Young Woolnough  had  a
bullet go through his wrist and it came out of his elbow. We were the only Beccles chaps hit.”
SALE: Lot I. “NIGHTINGALE PLACE,” late MR. ISAAC VERTIGEN, comprising:

1915
 

East Suff Gaz 8 June 
 

LOT 1. )  Substantial Brick  and Tiled DOUBLE COTTAGE, numbers 64 and 66, Blyburgate,  each
Tenement in occupations of Mr. F S  Oxborough and Mrs. Linder, 
The adjoining large  DWELLING-HOUSE, in Two Tenements, numbers 68 and 70, Blyburgate;  in

 
 
 
 

the occupation of  Mrs.Bowes, and Mr RL Davey, and Brick and Tiled COTTAGE, 72, Blyburgate,  
in  the  occupation  of  Mr.  AG  Barnes,  as  a  Quarterly  Tenant,    the  whole  producing  an  aggregate  
Annual Rent of 46 10s.

 
 

 
 

[bought W Brown 425]
SALE:  LOT 2:)  Three Brick and Tiled Cottages, Numbers 1, 3 and

5, Newgate,  in the occupations

of Mr. RW Parnell, Mrs. Baldry and Mr G Bradnum, aggregate Annual Rental of 18 12s 8d.
[W Brown 145]

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

DEATH of Mr Kitton Gayford,  aged 69, for many years partner of Read,  Stanford  and Gayford,
auctioneers. He was a man of great practical experience in agriculture.

1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

EXHIBITION of Water Colours by WH Livock, 50 Frederick’s Road in Mr Chase’s Shop windows.
The pictures illustrate the river and other attractive local scenes. They are remarkably well executed,
and have elicited very favourable comment.

1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

WELCOME HOME: Dr GR Fox returned to Beccles following seven moths strenuous work with the
Friends’ Ambulance unit in Belgium. A welcome was arranged in the Adult School of which Dr Fox
is President. FT Peachey  & JS Palmer spoke. Dr Fox spoke of the pressure of work on all doctors

who had to do much of their work within range of the enemy guns.
LETTER FROM THE FRONT: Private J Self, 2nd Suffolks [of Ellough Road Farm. He was killed
on 27 September, 1917]: “ It is just over 4 months that I joined the regiment in Flanders, and I admit

1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

our battalion has been fortunate, for we have been in the same position and the same trenches since
the latter part of January, when we relieved the French troops. We held a very strong position and our
trenches were  never attacked,  all their efforts  being  expended  just on our  left.I haven’t seen Ypres

yet,  but  I  don’t  think  there  is  much  to  see  as  the  town  was  burning  about  a  fortnight  back.  The
Belgian civilians are still living within 800 yards of our trenches, that is the cottages that are still left
standing. The ground is well farmed, and the crops (mostly rye) look splendid. It is marvellous that

people are  not hit more often,  as children  are  allowed to roam at will. There are  only three or four
Beccles  boys  in our Battalion, who have been  here nearly since the beginning  of the war,  and they
won’t be at all sorry when this is over.”

1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

A GREAT BATTLE: Private E Lawson Payne, of 2nd Norfolks, writing from the Persian Gulf. [of 1
Hungate Lane. He died of wounds a few months later on 28 November 1915] “We have been into it

again. We fought a battle on the 17th which is the worst I have been in yet - it was proper murder, but
we won the day. The Turks started attacking on Sunday morning, and kept it up till Tuesday, but we

repulsed them all right, and on Wednesday we went and made an attack on them, and my word we
got them groggy. The old Norfolks made a bayonet charge which won the day, as it was taken up all

along the line. We completely routed them. It was a great victory, but won at great cost. Out of our
regiment alone we lost 40 killed and about 170 wounded. I am glad to say I came through without a
scratch, but I busted my rifle up.”

1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

LETTER FROM PERSIA: L/Cpl J Bates, 2nd Norfolks: “This place is hotter than India. The worst of
all are the sandstorms. We have to cover our heads up in a coat or something like that, as the wind
cuts into your eyes, and that is not very pleasant, for when you get an eye full of sand, it burns just

like a cinder out of a fire.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
36
1915
East Suff Gaz 8 June 

SANDBAGS NEEDED In a letter a young soldier from this town, now at the Front said that he and
others saved their lives by sheltering behind sandbags. We have now sent off 1000 sandbags, but we

need more funds. All subscriptions will  be  received  and  acknowledged by Miss Pells, The Hollies,
London Road.

 
1915

 

Annie M Robinson, Roos Hall.
LETTER FROM WARSHIP: Arthur Mayes [of 62 Ingate]. We first had nine weeks with the Grand

East Suff Gaz 8 June 

Fleet and were then sent out to the Falkland Islands to assist in smashing up the German fleet there. I
got wounded in the head. We covered 8,000 miles and achieved our object in a month. The we went
round the Cape Horn, and returning to the Falklands to coal 2800 tons of coal. Then we went further

on and came to take part in the fighting for the Dardanelles, where we have played a good part so far.
It has been just like a mass of gunfire.”
SALE: by mortgagees:

1915
 

East Suff Gaz 15 June 
 

LOT 1.) Market Place:,  Lock-up  corner shop,  known  as the Red Boot  Stores,  brick  & tile built in
excellent state of repair, having frontage of 23ft by 11ft to New Market, in the occupation of Mr MW
Sparling at annual rent of 15.

 
 

 
 

[bought LT Clarkson 127 10s]
LOT 2.) New Market, well situated  Lock-up  Shop, timber  and tiled built,  known  as the “Wooden
Hut” having a frontage of 11ft 6ins to New Market, in the occupation of WJ Orme, newsagent and

tobacconist, at annual rent of 12.
[withdrawn 90]
LOT 3. )  Market Row & Dolphin Lane. A very valuable Block of Property: A frontage of about 75ft

 
 

 
 

to Market Row &  73ft to Dolphin  Lane,  comprising  a  commodious Dwelling House,  containing  2
Kitchens,  Scullery, 3  Sitting Rooms,  Storeroom,, pantry, sunk cellar, two staircases & 8 bedrooms,
and a cold storage.

 
 

ALSO two capital brick and tiled Cottages at end of same, let to weekly tenants. Rents amounting to
20 16s pa.

 
1915

 

[withdrawn 260]
SALE:  SAILING  BOATS:  belonging  to  late  AW  Darby.  The  “Vera”  very  fast  rater,  built  by

East Suff Gaz 15 June 

Burgoyne, cutter rig, half deck, length 29ft, beam 6ft 6ins.
“Sunbeam” comfortable family boat, half deck, cutter rig, 2v suits of sails, cushions etc. length 16ft

 
 

6ins, beam 6ft, draft 3ft. Can be seen Wright’s Yard. Apply North House.
DEATH  OF  SOLDIER:  Mrs  F  Hembling  of  Riverside  House,  Gillingham,  who  has  seven  sons
serving with the colours, received notification of the death of her son, Arthur William of 1st Suffolks

1915
East Suff Gaz 15 June 

died of lung trouble and shrapnel wound in Dortmund, Germany, where he was a prisoner of war. He
leaves a widow and three children. He was 35 and employed by Messrs J Crisp.
BECCLES VOLUNTEER CORPS: Inspection: FWD Robinson  in  command &  FF Garrood &  EE

1915
East Suff Gaz 15 June 

Larkman platoon commands. 100 strong.
KEEPING A BROTHEL: Ethel Ada Balls charged with unlawfully keeping a brothel. Police called at
10.30pm at defendant’s house and after knocking, they heard someone shuffling. The front door was

1915
East Suff Gaz 15 June 

fastened and the back door barricaded. They forced the bolt and found the defendant, another woman
and three soldiers. Defendant said she did not know the people were in the house until she got back,
they refused to  go  and bolted the  door. The police had  had the  house  under  observation for  some

time. Her husband, [William Balls  of  17 Newgate] was  in the  army,  and she was  carrying on  very
loosely. She was sentenced to six weeks hard labour.
PROHIBITED HOURS:  Elizabeth  Evans  of the Crown  & Anchor  charged with  licensed premises

1915
East Suff Gaz 15 June 

open after hours. Pub closed at 9.30pm on Saturday. At 10.30 three soldiers tapped on the window &
Mrs Evans let them in. the police then tapped at the window and the door was opened by Mrs Evans,
who  denied that there were soldiers in the  house. On searching the house the three soldiers were

found  on the staircase. They were members of the Welsh Border Mountain Battery.  Found Guilty
and fined 1.

1915
East Suff Gaz 15 June 

GRUESOME  SCENES:  Private  TJ  Self  from  France:  Every  night  we  have  either  been  digging
trenches  next to the firing  line  or burying the  dead. It is awful  to see the poor  chaps lying  about,

overcome by  gas,  etc,  and we  have to  bury them  as we  find them. The stench is  awful  - I  cannot
describe the  horror  of  it. I  have heard  a  good  deal about the  ruins  of a beautiful city - but  never

realised  it was so  bad. There  are  a  few of  us picked  out  every  night to  bury the  civilians  -  men,
women and children - who were killed in the bombardment. Scores of them are still under the debris,
and  fires  are  continually breaking  out,  as the result of shells which the Germans regularly drop in

during the night time. Magnificent buildings are in ruins, even graveyards are ripped open and coffins
lay about on top of the ground. 
MINING GERMAN TRENCHES:  from  Private Cecil Buck, son of MF Buck, JP,  21  St George’s

 
1915
East Suff Gaz 22 June 
Road) with the Oxfords: “For some time we had been mining the German first line trench opposite
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
37

us, only thirty-five yards distant, and incidentally they had been mining us.. Both parties were making
the finishing touches  with feverish haste. It was probably a question of minutes - and we won. It all

happened on a Sunday morning.. The line opposite us was exceptionally quiet; the sun was blazing
down from a cloudless sky as we awaited events, and it seemed incredible that such a thing should

occur on such a day. At one moment everything was peaceful - the next and there was  a  gradually
increasing roar, the light was blotted out, the whole earth swayed, and a huge black wall rose slowly

just before us. The air was filled with flying fragments, and huge humps of earth as large as our dug
outs themselves. I describe it as a massive wall of earth, eighty feet high, interspersed with patches of
light. The thing we most felt was the shock, which swayed the dug-outs to and fro hundreds of yards

away, and lifted ours - the nearest - bodily three feet from its normal position, with a curious rocking
motion.  Into  the  mass  before  us  we  opened  rapid  fire,  and  simultaneously  our  batteries  began
operations with high explosives.

 
 

When eventually we had time to examine the line before us, we found that for a length of thirty-five
yards there was not a sandbag to be seen, and in place of the German trench a massive long pile of
earth, in places over twenty feet high, and dead Germans.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 29 June 

FURNITURE SALE: 4 Ingate: Mrs D Dowe leaving the town.
ENTERTAINMENT: Mrs Barrett, of Telport, arranged an entertainment at the Red Cross Hospital.
The sick and wounded soldiers were very demonstrative  in their appreciation.

East Suff Gaz 29 June 
1915
East Suff Gaz 29 June 

DEATH of MISS  ELLEN CROWFOOT: Aged  71.  She took  a  lifelong interest  in parochial work.
She was a Sunday School teacher for many years
DEATH OF BECCLES SOLDIER:  Private Frank A Laws, son of Mr F Laws, 2, St George’s Road,

1915
East Suff Gaz 29 June 

of the  11th Battalion Australian Contingent. His sixth  son  aged 19. He  emigrated to Australia  18
months ago. He enlisted in September, went first to Egypt and was killed in the Dardanelles
PRISONER OF WAR: Private Fred  West,  son  of Mrs R  West, Pleasant Place, prisoner of war  in

1915
East Suff Gaz 29 June 

Germany. Appeals for food to be sent to him.
NATIONAL REGISTRATION: Every male & female between 15 & 65 must Register, except men

1915
East Suff Gaz 6 Jul 

serving in the Navy or Army. Information: name, place of residence, age, marital status, dependants,
wife, children etc. occupation, address of employer, and nature of employer’s business. Is work done

for Government Department? Is he skilled?
CAFE CHANTANT in the grounds of NW Pells, the Hollies. Many songs, some by soldiers, and a

1915
East Suff Gaz 6 Jul 

Bowls match. Proceeds to the Sandbag fund
[23 was collected. Since April , over 1750 bags have been sent].
Dr FOX’S WAR EXPERIENCES (see also 24 Nov 1914) “Going to Ypres the horrors of war were to

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 6 Jul 

be seen more  vividly,  for there were the women  and  children suffered severely. In  a  cellar that  he
visited  no less than one hundred people were huddled together and had been there for over a month.
A child born in that place had not seen daylight. It was very heartrending to see civilians in such a

plight, more so as so many of them were suffering from wounds caused by shell fire. It was here that
typhoid broke  out  amongst the  French. it was part  of  his task to  inoculate people and he probably
inoculated 20,000 people. It was  at Ypres where one of the severest struggles  of the war  had taken

place. Its fine buildings were now a heap of ruins. For the first time gas was used by the enemy. He
saw a troop of 2,100 cavalrymen going into action, amongst whom there were 1,500 casualties.
WHIST DRIVE in Kilbrack for sandbag fund..

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 13 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 13 Jul 

TO LET: 9, London Road; apply Hindes & Co.
TO LET: Two small cottages in Ravensmere; apply Mickleburgh, printer, 18, Northgate
TO LET: 51 Caxton Road, good House with Dairy, Stables & Neat House. Cart Lodge, suitable for

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 13 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 13 Jul 

Motor Garage (six cars). Apply W Woolnough, 43 Caxton Road
SALE  of  YACHTS:  Northgate:  Wright’s  Yard,  late  Mr  AW  Darby:  2  Motor  Boats,  House  Boat,
Yacht & Sailing Boat

1915
East Suff Gaz 20 Jul 

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 20 Jul 

SALE OF TAILOR’S STOCK :No 6 Saltgate by Trustees of Mrs AW Freeman.
DEATH OF Mrs SARAH ANN ELLIOTT, of White House, Ashman’s Road, died 7 July 1915.

East Suff Gaz 20 Jul 

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 20 Jul 

TO LET: 20 BALLYGATE, Apply W Poll.
PRIMITIVE  METHODIST  MINISTER:  Rev  GW  Elliott  preached  his  first  sermon  as  resident

East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 

Minister.
BECCLES WORKING MEN’S CONSERVATIVE CLUB: 4th Annual General Meeting. Chairman:

1915
East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 

FWD Robinson.
2/6th SUFFOLKS AT BECCLES: Recruiting drive, two days’ stay. They had a good band as well as
a bugle band. The Company marched through the streets headed by the Bands. 25 recruits joined. The

1915
East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 

Mayor said Beccles had 740 men serving. But men, more men, many more men were needed. [Only 3
men finally enlisted, the others were medically unfit or too young]
FURNITURE SALE: White House, Ashman’s Road, late Mrs Elliott.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 
East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 
NATIONAL REGISTER: Council responsible. The 40 Special Constables to do the enumerating job,
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
38

giving a form to all those concerned and collecting them completed.
CONGREGATIONAL MINISTER: Rev WE Davies from Kelvedon.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 
East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 

ENTERTAINMENT: at Gable House in the Garden, [28/30] Puddingmoor. The Sleeping Beauty in
aid of the Red Cross and Sandbag Fund. organised by Miss Bloomfield & Mrs Stebbings

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz c 20 Jul 

VOLUNTEER CORPS inspected by General Smith-Dorrien.
DECLARATION  DAY  AT  BUNGAY:   Sir  Henry  Haggard  said   he  was  there  to   appeal  for

East Suff Gaz 10 Aug 

Volunteers, but he was a National Service man. (applause).
Not only did he think National Service would safeguard our country and convince our allies of our
infinite sincerity, but there was another reason that had  nothing to do with the war, but rather with

 
 

what would happen in the future. There were some who thought this war was to end war, that it was a
final earthquake and that it would usher in the millennium. Personally he did not share that view.
He  was  sure  we  were  going  to  win:  but  what  would  happen  afterwards.  We  could  not  kill  great

 
 

nations... It would be obvious to all that in a score of years we should again be face to face with an
enormous people burning with a most terrible hate to this country.
It must not be thought that when we had conquered the Germans we should have done with them ....

 
 

He wanted to know that our country in the future would be ready and able to meet any new danger
that might arise.
Five years ago when  he spoke upon the subject of National  Service, it was  delicately suggested to

 
 

him that he was  a pessimist,  an  alarmist, with an  ineradicable tendency towards fiction. (laughter).
His remarks five years ago had been more or less borne out, he regretted to say.
GERMAN ATTACK: Private Self:  “It was the next evening  when the Germans started to counter

1915
East Suff Gaz 10 Aug 
attack,  their  artillery  firing  hundreds  of  shells  of  all  sizes,  including  trench  mortars  and  ariel
torpedoes.  Our   artillery  soon   replied   and  fairly  caught  the   reinforcements   and   cut  them  to

pieces.Then came the most remarkable fight we have taken part in. The Germans tried to bomb us out
of the trench. We had an enormous supply of grenades, bombs etc, well over 10,000, and we threw
practically every one. The slaughter was awful, and the front of our trenches full of German dead -

men who tried to rush the trenches.
We came away last night, and marched about eight miles in the pouring rain. I was absolutely done,

 
 

soaking wet through, but thankful I was alive.
ECONOMY BY LOCAL AUTHORITIES: Government pointed out need for organisation of labour

1915
East Suff Gaz 10 Aug 

& restriction on borrowing, postponement of desirable works. reduce local rates, looking at expenses
of parks, recreation grounds, libraries, street lighting & watering streets.
OLD BECCLES COLLEGE BOY : Gunner Russell Sutton of the RFA was in Norwich on Foundry

1915
East Suff Gaz 10 Aug 

Bridge when a man tried to commit suicide by drowning. Sutton dived in fully clothed and brought
him in. Commended for his action by the magistrates. He had learned life-saving at Beccles College.
PARISH  SUNDAY  SCHOOLS TREAT:  Went to the  Sir John  Leman High  School field at 2pm.

1915
East Suff Gaz c 10 Aug 

Nearly 500 concerned. An ideal day for the occasion.
SALE: No 6 SALTGATE: Brick & Tile Residence, with small garden now in the occupation of Mrs
AW Freeman. Containing large entrance Hall, 3 Reception Rooms, Kitchen & offices, 6 Bedrooms,

1915
East Suff Gaz 24 Aug 

small walled-in Garden,  2  Stall  Stable & Coach House, the whole having  an important frontage  of
nearly 63ft to the Street.
Withdrawn at Sale .

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 24 Aug 

OPEN AIR CONCERTS: at the Hollies, Frederick’s Road, one at 3pm the other at 6pm. 1s entrance
for Sandbag  Fund
DEATH of OLD INHABITANT: Mr Clement Dennington, aged 93. He leaves 3 sons & 3 daughters

1915
East Suff Gaz 24 Aug 

out of family of 9, 52 grandchildren, 46 great grandchildren. Lifelong connection with Corporation.
No one  had  better knowledge  of the marshes or the sewage  arrangements. He took  active part  in
improved  drainage  of  marshes.  He  planted  the  trees  on  the  Avenue.  He  was  nominally  Borough

Surveyor. On retirement the Corporation paid his wages until his death.
DARDANELLES:  Lieut Ashley,  an old  boy  of the Council  School, writing to  his Headmaster JS

1915
East Suff Gaz 24 Aug 

Palmer, from Hospital: “We were in a trench in front of the famous ”Haricot” redoubt about 80 yards
away.  In the bayonet charge  of 418 men and 17 officers  only  he  and 63 men returned,  all the  rest

were killed.
RETIREMENT OF WOMACK BROOKS, draper,  St Andrew’s House, New Market. Arthur Dare

1915
East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 

acquired business.
SALE:  LOT 1. The  LARCHES,  LONDON ROAD. late Col Thomson  Wilson.  Family Residence
with  large   dining   and   drawing   rooms,  library,  kitchen,  scullery,  pantries,  larder,   cellar  and   6

1915
East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 

bedrooms.  ornamental  and  kitchen  gardens,  with  conservatory,  vinery,  Summer  and  tool  Houses.
Extensive Gardens and excellent Stabling for 2 horses also accommodation suitable for a garage.
[Withdrawn 775]

 
 

 
 

LOT 2  Gosford Road, a brick & slated dwelling house No 26 containing sitting and living room and
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
39

3 bedrooms. Let at rental of 10, a quarterly tenant.
[purchased JS Reynolds 200]

 
 

 
 

LOT 3: Fair Close Road, four brick & slated Dwelling Houses, Nos 30, 32, 34, 36, each with sitting
and living rooms and 3 bedrooms. Let to quarterly tenant, rents amounting to 43.

 
 

 
 

[Purchased Mr Weeks 540]
LOT 4 Caxton Road, a brick & slated house & corner Shop Nos 5 & 7 with living room, scullery, and

3 bedrooms. In the occupation of a quarterly tenant 13 a year
[Purchased  J Reynolds 175]
LOT 5 Queen’s Road, two brick & slated Dwelling Houses Nos 1 & 1a, each with two living rooms,

 
 

 
 

Kitchen & 3 bedrooms. Rents 20 pa.
[Purchased Mr Herbert Wellham 275]
LOT 7? Fair Close Road, Nos 50  &  52, white brick  fronts, for Mrs  EM Eastbrook.  Each  contain  

 
 

 
 

Entrance Hall, Sitting Room, Scullery & 3 bedrooms and has a small garden.
[Purchased HA King 350]
LOT 8? Grove Road building site, with 105ft front to the road & depth of 128ft by Miss Copeman

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

[purchased HA King 150]
LOT 9? Swines Green: Market Garden with brick & tiled Dwelling House & block of brick & tiled
buildings. 3 acres 27 perches

 
1915

 

[Purchased JP Larkman for W Prime 500]
DEATH of former Wesleyan Minister, Rev John Burnett, died in Natal. In Beccles 1872-75, vigorous
preacher. First resident Minister of Wesleyans in Beccles.

East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 
1915
East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 

DEATH  of  Soldier  Sergeant  George  A  Cleveland,  killed  in  Dardanelles,  aged  20.  Had  moved  to
Gorleston. Joined Territorials in 1912.
SOLDIER  SAVES BOY. Cpl   W  Shiplee of 2/3 Howitzer Brigade  stationed at  Woolwich jumped

1915
East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 

into the Thames fully clothed on seeing a three year old boy fall in the river. Despite a three quarter
flood and fast current at the time he rescued the boy and got him to the pier where he was pulled out

of the water.
RIX COLLECTION had been re-covered.-

1915
1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 31 Aug 
East Suff Gaz 7 Sep 

FURNITURE SALE: The Larches, London Road. Two days.
Dr Helsham offered his services to Army Medical Department, which is asking for assistance of all

East Suff Gaz 7 Sep 

doctors who can be spared from civil life.
Dr Wood-Hill left several weeks ago to engage in Army medical work
Our  only medical  men remaining  are Dr Fox, who  has  already served  at the  Front, & Dr Cobb  a

 
 

 
 

locum.
DEATH of SOLDIER: Private ER Day, of 5th Suffolks, son of ERC Day of 1a Queen’s Road killed
in  the  Dardanelles.  He  had  sent  a  letter  about  his  journey  to  his  parents  shortly  before:  “We  left

1915
East Suff Gaz 7 Sep 

Watford at 5 o’clock, and were surprised to see so many people turn out to see us off. We arrived at
Liverpool at about 2.30 pm, and marched straight to the Docks and boarded the Aquitaine. We had a
rough time in passing the Bay of Biscay, and several chaps were bad for days. It is very hot out here,

and you sleep anywhere you can keep cool, even on deck. We have passed Gibraltar and Malta.” He
was formerly employed in the machine department at the Caxton Press. (photograph printed in paper)
Col Sykes, second-in-command  officer in the garrison, charged with light to shine from his house,

1915
East Suff Gaz 7 Sep 

South Lodge, Grove Road at night. Fined 1
EDWARD BARNES, photographer, 49, Station Road, pleaded guilty to having uncovered lights in a
dormer window & had been seen on numerous occasions, and people in the neighbourhood were very

1915
East Suff Gaz 7 Sep 

much  alarmed.  They  thought  there  was  signalling.  People  got  round  the  gate  and  there  was  a
disturbance.  {In  a  letter  to  the  paper  Barnes  states  that  he  is  not  German  &  has  no  German
sympathies. Two of his brothers were fighting with the forces.] Fined 2.

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

DEATH  of  Col  WILSON:  Colonel  Thomson  Wilson,  VD,  of  the  Larches,  for  nearly  40  years
manager  of Messrs Clowes,  a  director  of Beccles  Water Co,  an Alderman,  and 6 times Mayor  of

Beccles, JP for the County, died aged 71. Left estate valued at 15,789
POLICE COURT: Ethel M Balls charged with indecency under the  Vagrancy Act. There had been

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

numerous complaints respecting defendant’s conduct. A month’s hard labour.
A  NIGHT  AT THE  FRONT:  Beccles  Territorial,  un-named::  “We  are  now  5  or  6  miles  back,

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

enjoying a rest. Our last period in the trenches was five days, two in the firing trench, and it was hot
stuff. We were in fresh trenches, a bit to the right of the previous ones. Their main characteristic was
mud.  We  absolutely  wallowed  in  it.  The  first  night  it  rained  throughout.  Imagine  two  wet  (and

muddy) figures perched on the firing platform gazing in an interested manner into the darkness ahead,
searching for signs of movement. At  intervals a flare hovers beneath the clouds, illuminating a line
of  sandbags  thirty  yards  away,  a  few  broken  trees,  and  a  vast  plain.  Frequent  flashes  from  the

sandbags, bullets plonking into the parapet, or whizzing past your ear (or otherwise), and a few shells
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
40

unexpectedly sent over, prevent  one from dozing  as one stands. Behind, plosh, slosh, slosh! In the
pale light of a rainy morning  a series  of washed out figures crawl into the  earth to sleep, emerging

some  hours later  in search  of more mud. At one point we were  fifteen yards from the  enemy. Our
trench was a German one, and our bivvies of German make. Plenty of dead outside.

 
 

We thin out gradually. They go one by one, almost imperceptibly. We have certainly been amazingly
lucky.

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

Leading  seaman  Peter  R  Youngs,  of  HMS  Ghurka,  recently  had  the  honour  of  receiving  the
Distinguished  Service  Medal  from  the  hands  of  His  Majesty  the  King,  as  a  reward  for  sinking  a
German  submarine  on  March  4th.  We  heartily  congratulate  the  young  sailor  on  gaining  such

conspicuous  distinction,  as well  as  on the  ready  resource which resulted in the  destruction of the
pirate  vessel.  Youngs was Beccles  born. He was  a son  of the  late Mr Peter Youngs,  of the King’s
Head Hotel, and after the death of Mrs Harrison, who adopted him, he joined the Navy. It is nice to

know he is doing so well.
ACCIDENT:  Mr  R  Johnson,  bricklayer,  fell  from  a  ladder  while  tarring  the  gable  of  a  house  in
Caxton Road and fractured his wrist.

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 
1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

The Rector, Rev FG Miller has volunteered for service with His Majesty’s Forces, and he has been
appointed to a Chaplaincy.
BOROUGH ACCOUNTANT MISSING:  L/Cpl  Snell of 5th  Suffolks went to the Dardanelles with

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

his Regt on July 30th, and has been missing since August 21st. He was the youngest son of the late
Robert Snell, and succeeded him as Borough Accountant & Secretary of Beccles Hospital. He was a
young man of exceptional business capacity.

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

SAD DEATH of OLD INHABITANT: George Kerridge, retired confectioner, aged 79. He was living
with his daughter, Miss Emily Kerridge, 11 Station Road, said he was going to see his other daughter
Rosie Ingate in the Walk. he did not arrive, but was found drowned in the river  at the Quay. He had

been very depressed lately owing to the war.
SOLDIER  DROWNED:  Trooper  Hugh  Rowlands  of  the  Denbighs,  stationed  in  the  town,  was

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Sep 

watering  his horse  by the Bridge slipped and fell into the river, and there was  a strong tide  and  he
could not swim. A Corporal, who could swim a little, went in after him, but without success.

1915
East Suff Gaz 21 Sep 

GALLIPOLI:  Soldier  in  5th  Suffolks  writing  home  fro  Gallipoli:  “I  was  very  fortunate  coming
through all right. My rifle was smashed in my hand, a spade knocked out of the other, and the top of

my helmet was blown away; so I consider myself lucky.
The heat nearly melts your buttons during the day, but it is cold at night. There are snakes here, and
grasshoppers four inches long.”

 
 
1915
East Suff Gaz 21 Sep 

LETTER FROM FRANCE  from Private HE Barnard: “As you remarked  in your  letter,  I  did not
expect to be having my holiday on the Continent this year. It would be a holiday even  if it were not
for  the people who live over the way. They evidently still think we are short of ammunition, so they

give us some of theirs (in pieces) to be going on with; and put up fireworks every evening at 8 pm -
star shells mostly. Seriously though, it is surprising to see the French people working in the fields two
miles from the firing line, and well within range of the German artillery.

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 21 Sep 

DEATH of Councillor GEORGE JOHNSON, builder, aged 53.
COUNCIL  SCHOOLS:  Examiners:  Rector  of  Ellough  &  Congregational  Minister,  Lowestoft:  I)
Syllabus conscientiously taught; 2) Instruction given in reverend manner 3) Lessons had been made

East Suff Gaz 21 Sep 

to illustrate their practical bearing on the life and character of the scholars.
DARDANELLES:  Letter from FA Clarke  5th  Suffolks to  his Parents: “ Their snipers  are  doing  a
good bit of damage amongst our men, and one needs to be very careful. They have women snipers as

1915
East Suff Gaz 21 Sep 

well as men, and they paint themselves to look like bushes. I heard the other day of a girl of 19 being
discovered in our lines sniping. She had round her neck over 30 identification discs of our men whom
she had shot; also over 50 in English money, which she had taken from the dead bodies of men who

fell by her hand.”
BUDGET: 40% added to Income Tax & reduce exemption limit; Raise taxes on sugar, tea, tobacco,

1915
East Suff Gaz 28 Sep 

coffee &  dried  fruits. Abolish 1/2d postage, increase Parcel Post & Telegraph Rates. Tax  imported
motor cars, cycles, cinema films, clocks, watches, musical instruments, plate glass & hats.

1915
East Suff Gaz 28 Sep 

SOLDIER KILLED: Private AJ Winter, of 2 Ravensmere, of 1/th Suffolk Regt. Letter to his widow.
Killed by shell burst which above him in the trenches.  He was 24 & employed before the war by Mr

RJ Read as a carter.
LETTER from DARDANELLES: Private FC Turrell of the RAMC: “We had hardly entered Malta
Harbour, before the ship was crowded with small trade boats, about 50 in all, and divers for money

1915
East Suff Gaz 28 Sep 

yelling “We  dive  for money!’ And truly they  could dive,  hardly  ever  losing a  coin, bringing  it up
between their teeth on almost every occasion. They did a very good business, for plenty of silver was
thrown from the 1st class deck.”

 
 
The collecting  of wounded at night is no easy job, the roads and footpaths - if you can really give
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
41

them the name - being in an awful state. Nearly all the collecting of the wounded is done by night,
and we have to go right up to the trenches and carry the patients the whole way back to the casualty

clearing station - a distance of about 4 miles.
Before we went into action the Holy Communion was administered, and there were very few who did

 
 

not attend the service.
Well I had not been out long before I was down with dysentery, and after 5 days treatment in camp I

 
 

was removed to the casualty clearing station. I was on the hospital ship a week, and have been in bed
three weeks, but am much better.
DEATH  of  OFFICERS:  Mrs  Allen  of  Ingate  House,  London  Road,  notified  of  the  death  of  her

1915
East Suff Gaz 5 Oct 

youngest son, Capt Herbert Allen, of 9th Seaforth Highlanders, killed at the head  of his Company in
the glorious British advance reported by General French from headquarters in France.[more details 12
Oct]  He was told to take a number of men to cut a communication trench between our own lines and

the German lines, and in spite of a very heavy fire, he led his party out in the most gallant way, but
way, but was shot through the chest and died almost immediately.
Lieut- Com HT Gartside Tipping, RN, aged 67, who has been killed in action, was believed to be the

 
 

oldest officer actively engaged in the navy. He offered his services on the outbreak of war and was
very keen in the work. He resided for several years at Dunburgh, Geldeston, and took an active part
in religious work in the neighbourhood. At Beccles Adult School he was always a welcome visitor,

and he will long be remembered as a kind and good Christian gentleman. Peter Kearns, of Avondale,
Beccles, one  of the  crew  of the  vessel commanded by Gartside Tipping was wounded at the same
time that his chief was killed.

1915
East Suff Gaz 5 Oct 

PROMOTION:  Sergeant  AE  Pye,  of  the  6th  Suffolk  Cyclists  has  been  promoted  Quartermaster-
Sergeant in his Company.
CONGREGATIONALIST MINISTER Changes to C  of  E: Rev  Frank Burnett, formerly Pastor  of

1915
East Suff Gaz 5 Oct 

Congregational Church  ordained to Church of  England {He was Minister  in Beccles in  1913  and
resigned in August 1914]

1915
East Suff Gaz 5 Oct 

ACCIDENT: Mr & Mrs Taylor of the Blackboy Inn, Blyburgate, met with an accident while driving
home from Lowestoft. At the bend near Worlingham Lodge their trap collided with a vehicle coming

from Beccles and Mr & Mrs Taylor were thrown out, and badly bruised and injured, and Mrs Taylor
fractured a small bone in her arm. Both were rendered unconscious. Mrs Taylor was removed to a hut

at the Denbigh camp.
WOUNDED SOLDIER: Private W Borrett of 6th Border Regt. Joined the Army in 1901, completed
his  service  in  1908,  rejoined  on  the  outbreak  of  war  &  was  with  the  Lincolnshire’s  and  Naval

1915
East Suff Gaz 5 Oct 

Division, who were the first to land at Sulva Bay. They were in the big battle at Chocolate Hill and at
Achi Baba. They made the landing all right, but lost a lot of men. About 600 & only 3 officers were
left  out  of  a total  of  1000  in  a  3  day battle. He was wounded on  21 August  in  a  general  advance

during which they were under very heavy shell fire at Salt Lake. He was helping a wounded lad when
he was shot in the leg, just above the ankle by a sniper.
WILL of Miss ELLEN CROWFOOT: died 21 June 1914. left 10,178. Probate granted to her sister,

1915
East Suff Gaz 12 Oct 

Miss Mary Susannah Crowfoot.
TRENCHES IN FRANCE:   L/Cpl C George  of 1st Norfolks[of  2 Pleasant  Place]. He  has  been  in
France now 14 months, having gone with his regiment with several other Beccles men, but is sorry to

1915
East Suff Gaz 19 Oct 

say that he is the only one left of those local men that went out with him.. “ I was present from the
retirement from Mons and also took part in the gaining of Hill 60, and Ypres. We lost Hill 60 through
the Germans gassing us. I managed to get a taste of it and had to go into hospital, but was only there

10 days, after which I was sent back to my regiment. It was dreadful to see the suffering of our poor
fellows fighting hard to get their breath. But thank God I am still alive and in good health.
[He was killed on 23 April, 1917.]

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 19 Oct 

CAPTAIN JOHN ASHLEY, RN, on the outbreak of war was called up in the Naval Reserve & was
present with the Anson machine-gun section  at the  defence  of Antwerp. With his brigade  he was

transferred to the Dardanelles. Out of 34 officers in his Section, 32 were killed and one is demented,
leaving him as the only officer on the active list.

1915
East Suff Gaz 19 Oct 

11th  WEST YORKSHIRE Regt: Mrs  Lush, wife  of  2nd  in Command,  asked for Mufflers  for the
Regiment

1915
1915

East Suff Gaz 26 Oct 

SALE OF STOCK-IN-TRADE of late George Johnson, builder, in Queen’s Road.
COUNCIL:  Mr  Womack  Brooks  elected  by  Councillors  to  serve  vacancy  in  Council.  [no  public  
elections to be held in wartime]

East Suff Gaz 26 Oct 
1915
East Suff Gaz 2 Nov 

POLICE  COURT:  Frederick  &  Harriet  Mann,  of  5  Titshall  Alley,  Ravensmere,  found  guilty  of
neglect of their children.: Rosie, 4; who was fairly clean, but poorly clad.  Frederick, 2, seemed to be
in a dying condition, very stiff and emaciated. He should have weighed 24 lbs, but weighed 11 & 1/2

lbs.  He was unable to stand.  Mary Ann 3 & 1/2 months, was in a shocking condition and filthy. The
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
42

trouble due to the  drinking habits of the father. He was  a labourer earning 14s per week.  Spent the
money on drink. Children suffered from lack of food. They were being ejected from their house. The

room was in a terrible state of filth and the smell very bad indeed. Both sentenced to 3 months hard
labour. The children to stay at the Workhouse..

1915
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

SALE:  [8]  INGATE:  Instructed  to  sell  by  JN  Ruffle:  Freehold  property;  Brick  &  tiled  Dwelling
House, Butcher’s  Shop, spacious Yards & extensive set of Outbuildings, principally newly erected:

Stabling, with  5  Loose Boxes,  Lofts, Gig House, well-fitted  Slaughter-house, Pound & large Cart
Shed. All in occupation of Proprietor.
[Withdrawn 375]

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

TRENCH MINES IN FRANCE: Our platoon was in our trench, when the Germans blew one of their
mines up. The trench was blown in,  as the mine was  not more than  15  or  20 yards  away from us.
Another fellow  and I were  buried up to  our  necks with  earth  and sandbags.  Willie Balls was  just

lucky to escape, so he soon began to help us out. There were some other fellows underneath, but they
were got out quite safe. I rushed to one of our mines, which was practically blown in except the part
in which we went down from the trench. There were 9 or 10 men & an officer in there and two more

fellows and myself got six of them out. The mine was full of gas, so the men were nearly suffocated.
After a bit I was getting done up myself, and the officer called me away. I didn’t like leaving, as there
were 4 more down there. When we got them up, three were alive and one was dead. I could hardly

walk, as I had a nice dose of gas., but I managed to get to the dug-out where I fell asleep. After a day
or two’s rest I felt better. My head was on the swim - the gas makes one feel very sick.
WEDDING:   PELLS   &   Pearson.   at   Trinity   Church,   Paddington.   Second   Lieut   Claude   Pells,

1915
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

Rookwood, son of Mr & Mrs Arthur Pells & Miss Dora Emily Pearson, second daughter of Mrs SA
Pearson of Bayswater.
PROMOTION: Cpl  Colin Roff to be 2nd Lieut in 1st Battalion Queens Regt. Joined the Hussars 4

1915
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

years  ago,  and  after leaving the depot was  drafted to India, where he spent 2 years before  going to
France  in  October  1914.  He  is  grandson  of  late  Sergt  JE  Roff,  for  so  many  years  the  popular

instructor of the Beccles Rifle Corps, and of the late Mr Peter Youngs, of the King’s Head Hotel,.
RECRUITING COMMITTEE:  Men needed between ages of 18 and 41. In Beccles there were 546

1915
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

men “uninstarred”. (in the County 65,000)
KILLED ON SERVICE: Private Hubert Henry Gill, RASC, enlisted in Ipswich at outbreak of war &

1915
East Suff Gaz 9 Nov 

went out with the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force. He was a butcher by trade & landlord of the
old Red Cow pub in Ingate
VISIT OF BISHOP: Meeting to discuss Diocesan Finance. [There appeared to be no mention of the

1915
East Suff Gaz 23 Nov 

war.]
LETTER FROM GALLIPOLI:  from  1/5th  Suffolks: “The weather is not so  bad  - sometimes  cold,
others  raining  all  day  -  then  it  is  colder;  often  summer-like.  We  are  in  our  winter  quarters;  got

1915
East Suff Gaz 23 Nov 

splendid dug-outs. We dig  into the sides of the hills, fill up sandbags, put these  all round, stretch  a
tearproof sheet over the to, another on the bottom which we lay on. A fire-place is made of biscuit
and the chimney of jam tins. Of course we must have a fire.  Blankets two each lay close together -

often take our tunics off it is so warm. Lime juice and rum is served out to us, the latter is a medicine
which we take at night to prevent chill.” He then describes the food. We are getting five days in the
trenches and five out, sometimes extended to ten. A lot of Beccles boys are now here.

1915
East Suff Gaz 23 Nov 

GALLIPOLI DIARY: by Capt John Ashby, RNVR: is a Beccles man, and has worked his way up to
commissioned rank entirely through personal merit, without the advantage of any social influences to
help him. He has been mentioned several times in despatches.

 
 

30 April 1915: “ A lovely day as we prepare to land on the beaches. Turks  hold their fire until the
boats ground, then they mow our men down in hundreds with machine guns.. Our losses on beach,
about 100 killed.

 
 

30 April: At 9.30 Turks attack in three solid lines. Not a shot fired until 300 yards, then rifles fired in
controlled volleys - splendidly done.  Some approach to within 10 yards of gun. (a Maxim)

 
 

2 May: Morning  quiet. Go out with Colonel to see what  damage we have done. Good God!  awful
sight - about 90 lay in front of my gun alone, many hundreds along line, nearly all dead. we bring in

wounded. In afternoon  spot sniper about 40 yards in front, lying among dead. Go out and shoot him
with my pistol; he is brought in wounded in arm.

 
 

3 May: Turks  again attack, but are  again driven off with  heavy losses. Am again compelled to kill
about 150, while along the line rifles and machine guns execute heavy slaughter. Our own casualties
very slight. Have  now been more than  a week with  very slight. Have  now  been more than  a week

with very little to eat, and no sleep. At  about 10 am we have a sniper hunt; capture, kill and wound
62 - bring in wounded. 
The dead are awful, numerous and beginning to smell. In afternoon we throw numerous bodies down

 
 
cliff into sea. Plenty of Turkish & German officers among them. At 6 pm French relieve us. We go in
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
43

support and get heavily shelled, losing about 30 killed and 20 wounded.
4 May  That night we received the worst shelling we  have  ever had upon the Peninsula. One shell

 
 

came so close as to bury and another of my own men. We are with difficulty dug out.
5 May  At 3.330 Turks make the most determined attacks, and succeed  in getting through the French

 
 

lines.  Davidson  (scout  officer)  and  other  officers  rally  the  French,  and  they  with  our  own  men
succeed  in  driving the Turks  out  of the French trenches. “Lord Nelson”  and  other ships  did  some

splendid work, as also the French gunners. We drag our maxim up to Tott’s battery and opened fire at
450 yards over the heads of our own men, committing awful slaughter among the Turks. Yet on they
came, line upon line, like a black line in the dawning light. By then we had got all 4 guns mounted on

the top wall of the battery, with the  loss  of two more  men. Then we  gave them  combined sights,
putting up our sights as the infantry advanced. At 1500 yards the French begged us to cease fire, as
their men did not understand our indirect fire. We gave them, on average, about 750 rounds per gun,

and the slaughter was indeed awful. There were quiet 4,000 dead lying on our front, and in front of
my guns. I had at least 1,400 dead and dying. The thoughts that had caused all this slaughter made us
sick, and it is with a great revulsion of feeling that I look upon it.

 
 

Towards the close of the attack a shell burst in front of my gun, knocking the top of the gun off, and
also killed and wounded  11 men of B Company. The 4th cartridge in the belt box finally stopped a
piece of shell from knocking part of my head off.

 
 

May 6th At 9 am we  get our  breakfast (bully beef & biscuits)   and  get  everything ready for  a big
advance. 11 am we take up our guns to “Observation Hill” and are given a position (a veritable death
trap). We cannot dig  in owing to rocky nature of  ground, but have to  lie there with  gorse, two feet

high for cover against bullet and shell fire. My senior officer was hit as were also two other officers. I
ran over to him to bandage him and sent him away with his servant, but on the way down he was hit
again, this time mortally.

 
 

May 10th I receive my first letters from dear old England, also papers - how welcome they were too.
Too busy to write back.

 
 

18 May Battalion  leaves for rest  camp  amidst numerous shells.  It is my  24th day without wash or
shave - have not even had my boots off. Am too tired to wash, so sleep until 9 am May 19th.

1915
East Suff Gaz 30 Nov 

APPEAL for old or new, games, or other means of recreation, such as dominoes, draughts, packs of
cards, boxing gloves, mouth organs or footballs for the men of this unit.

 
 

I  am  in  charge  of  three  detachments,  living  in  dug-outs,  barns,  and  stables  a  few  hundred  yards
behind the firing  line. The mud,  and the  cold,  and the wet,  and the  advent of  stray shells,  or  rifle
bullets,  are less difficult for the men to  endure than the  heartbreaking monotony under which their

very arduous work is carried on. The long, dark nights are particularly trying
Captain Wilton Rix, 37th Divisional Cyclist Co, BEF
POLICE  COURT:  Ambrose  Sutton,  carter,  of  Bungay,  was  summoned    for  moving  a  pig  from

 
1915

 
East Suff Gaz 30 Nov 

Bungay to Beccles without a licence. [licences required since 1913]
SALE’ property late George Johnson.
LOT 1 -  5: Nos  2,4, 6, &  8 QUEEN’S ROAD & 9 CAXTON ROAD Well  built, brick  & slatted

1915
 

East Suff Gaz 7 Dec 
 

houses. In the occupation of Mrs Taylor, F Beckett, T Knights, Miss Stammers & FW Smith.
LOT 1: QUEEN’S ROAD  not offered
LOT 2: QUEEN’S ROAD  not offered

 
 

 
 

 
 
 

 
 
 

LOT 3: No 6 QUEEN’S ROAD  [Withdrawn 170]
LOT 4: No 8 QUEEN’S ROAD  [Purchased Mr Pells 215]
LOT 5: No 9 CAXTON ROAD: [purchased Noah Etheridge 200]

 
 

LOT  6:  Well  built  Brick  &  Slated  Residence  No  24  Queen’s  Road,  with  Builder’s  Workshops,
Office, Storehouses, Yard, Stables, Coach House, etc, recently occupied by George Johnson.
[purchased Mr Taylor, builder, 500]

 
 

 
 

LOT  7:  No  27  FREDERICK’S  ROAD  A  recently  erected  small  Residence,  substantially  built  of
brick with rough-cast front and slate roof, with small garden in the occupation of Mrs Harris.

 
1915

 

[purchased Mr G Grimson 225]
EMERGENCY COURSES FOR WOMEN: Interviews for women over 17 for courses preparatory to

East Suff Gaz 7 Dec 

entering Clerical employment.
DEATH OF Mrs AM MONEY Had carried on the baker’s business in Hungate  She was 77, with her

1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Dec 

son since her husband died 43 years ago:  
LETTER FROM GALLIPOLI: l/Cpl WT Gbbons, of 5th Suffolks,  writes to thank the Choir boys of
Beccles Church for parcel of cigarettes and tobacco & matches.. I am sitting on a blanket in a hole in

.1915
East Suff Gaz 14 Dec 

the side of a hill. I have made a little house here. The walls are made of small bags full of sand. I have
made  a  little window,  by knocking two  ends  out of  a wooden  box, and putting them between the
bags. On the top of my “house” I have a waterproof sheet to keep out the rain, as it rains very heavily

here at times. We  are here with the Australians, New Zealanders  and Indians. The Gurkas  are  very
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
44

fine soldiers.
CHRISTMAS 1915: Notwithstanding the fact that  our Country is involved in the mightiest  war in

1915
East Suff Gaz 21 Dec 

the world’s  history,  there  is  complete  evidence  in surveying the  business houses  of this town  of
abundance of Christmas delights and of seasonable gifts, in endless variety and of good quality,  

thanks to the marvellous protection of the British Fleet in keeping open the roads of the High Seas.
SALE:  RAVENSMERE:  Executors  of  late  Mrs  Eliza  Cook:  12  well-built  modern  Cottages  with

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

convenient offices & small Gardens, known as 3 to 14 Mill Stile, Ravensmere, producing total rental
of 108 pa.
LOT 1: Nos 3 & 4:- six-roomed houses, withdrawn at 195

 
 

 
 

LOT 2 Nos 5 to 8 inclusive 450 purchased by Mr J Aldous (the only bidder)
LOT 3: Nos 9 to 14 inclusive 600 sold to Mr TJ Elridge
WANTED: Respectable Man, with  good reference  and fair  education to  drive Mineral Water  Van.

 
1916

 
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

Must be able to drive a pair of horses, early riser, ineligible for the army. Good opening for suitable
man. Apply HG Lawrance & Son.
EDITORIAL: We have bidden goodbye to 1915 without regret. It was a year of hope deferred and of

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

bitter disappointments. Enterprises upon which we had  built great expectations came to naught. The
manhood  of  England  and  her  Allies  made  tremendous  sacrifices  without  enjoying  the  bliss  of
successful achievement. The path to some of us seemed to grow steeper and more difficult than we

had thought possible when the year opened.
The future of the British Empire and of the cause of liberty is at stake.
Not upon us lies the terrible responsibility for the slaughter and the misery of the war. Our hands are

 
 

 
 

clean from that.
CHRISTMAS AT THE FRONT: from Private  William  Speare, MG Section, Queen’s Royal  West
Surrey Regt [of 30 Gosford Road. He was killed 21 Nov, 1916]

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 
 
 

Can you picture me here writing you in a long dug-out just wide enough to lay full length, room for
six of us, and high enough to stand upright, with five partitions like cattle stalls supports which makes

it very strong, a corrugated roof with plenty of sandbags, quite protected from shrapnel. We have to
go through water up to our knees to our gun emplacement from our dug-out.

 
 

Just had tea: some nice toasted bread with butter and cheese. We get plenty of jam, cocoa and coffee,
and served out with tinned dinners; the only thing we are short of this trip is milk. I suppose it was

left behind, water we get from a stream before it is daylight.
Relief just come, half a mile through mud and water, then on to a road, then a machine gun opened
fire, then down we went on hands and knees, the Huns are generally high with their traversing, thank

 
 

goodness. After that we reach a point clear of machine gun fire, then we limbered and got rid of our
tackle. The two miles to our billets, the got rid of our water boots etc, then a five mile march. Sure
one of the boys had a mouth organ and we started singing

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

LIFE AT GALLIPOLI:  a Beccles  soldier:  We  are out of the trenches,  and I  am very  glad we  are
tonight, as outside one of the worst storms I have ever heard is raging; we can hardly hear each other
speak. Lightning is incessant, and the thunder deafening, with wind, rain and hail added to it. During

lulls in the storm bullets are singing over us, but far too high to hurt. Weather now is terrible. Sorry to
say some of our men on duty have frozen feet and hands, others frozen to death. Owing to such bad
weather we have had no supplies of bread or meat, and no mail landed lately

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

CONFIRMATION AT GALLIPOLI: Last Sunday Bishop Price of Beccles held a Confirmation, and
a strange service it was. It was dusk,  and  a box with two lanterns served  as the altar. Bullets were
whizzing overhead, our naval guns were sending ‘iron rations” to the hills beyond, the lightning was

playing vividly out at sea, and occasionally the ‘Bishop’s voice could be heard by those at a distance.
There were about 200 candidates from our division.
LETTER from DC Smith, the  Staithe, writing  about the Beccles Cadet Corps. There are about 100

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Jan 

have soon been spotted  and obtained promotion. WJ Powley of 5  Fair Close enlisted in  September
1914, promoted  Sergeant  in the machine-gun section.  Went out to France in February and in April

had part of  a trench blown  in  and bury him. He was sent home suffering from shock  and spent the
first week  in  Stockport Hospital. From there he was transferred to the Beccles Red Cross Hospital,

where he was treated for several weeks. He rejoined his battery in early December & was  gazetted
lieutenant, stationed at Preston, at the earl age of 20.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 11 Jan 

EVACUATION of GALLIPOLI:: The complete evacuation has now been carried out.
LETTER:   I  ask permission to be  allowed to draw your  attention to the  necessity of producing  as
much food  as possible  from  allotments  and  garden  grounds  during the  coming  season. The  nation

East Suff Gaz 18 Jan 

needs  every pound  of food which it  can produce within  its  own  borders. Board  of Agriculture  &
Fisheries.
FIRE at JN Ruffles, Ingate. Soon after the Fire Brigade arrived the gas pipe melted, and a stream of

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jan 
fire  belched  forth  from  the  window  of  the  shop,  formerly  a  butcher’s  shop.  It  was  stored  with
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
45

furniture tools etc., which with the interior of the shop was destroyed.
LETTER: I am writing to say  how  much we  appreciate the  kindness  of our friends  in  Suffolk  in

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jan 

sending  us such  a  valuable  gift of  10  binoculars,  4 trenchscopes  & 2 telescopes and will  be of the
greatest use to us. The Germans always seem to be well off for these things.

 
1916

 

 C Parry-Crooke, Lieut-Col Commanding 7th Service Battalions, Suffolk Regt.
MEN’S SOCIAL INSTITUTE: Mr Lindley Watson, Hon Sec. fall in membership owing to war.

East Suff Gaz 25 Jan 
1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Feb 

DEATH of Cpl Reginald O Bolingbroke of wounds in France, third son of Mr & Mrs C Bolingbroke.
He was formerly in the office of Mr JP Larkman, Registrar of Beccles & Bungay County  Courts, and
then he moved to a solicitor’s office in Oxford and joined the Queen’s Own Oxfordshire Hussars.

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Feb 

ZEPPELIN RAID: over six counties. 300 bombs were dropped and 59 people killed & 101 injured.
Six or seven airships are thought to have taken part.. No military targets were hit.
LICENCE: CROWN & ANCHOR: a licence would not be given to the present tenant.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 8 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 15 Feb 

CONSCRIPTION: 11 classes under Military Service Act. All reservists (men  born  in 1886 to  1896
inclusive) to report on or after 3 March..
SNOW FALL: At 4am on Tuesday snow started to fall, covered with 3 or 4 inches of snow. Melted

1916
East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 

on Wednesday.
PRISONER OF WAR: Sergt TN Palmer of Royal Flying Corps a prisoner in the hands of the Turks.
LOCAL   TRIBUNAL:   composed   of   the   Town   Council.   1).   appeal:   young   man   running   a

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 

greengrocer’s shop. Said it would close if he went into army. Disallowed. 2) a photographer said his
mother & sister were dependant on him. 3) Employees at the Motor Works. Would have to close if 3
employees left.  Some had  already  gone. Much of his work for the military. To be considered in 60

days.
POLICE COURT: Boy of 8 charged with ringing door bell in Ballygate & The Walk.. At the Roman
Catholic School. SW Rix, solicitor said his bell was rung violently, he chased two boys into the New

1916
East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 

Market. Caught one, who gave a wrong address - he really lived in Ravensmere. A great nuisance to
people.  Clerk  directed  by  the  Mayor  to  ask  the  school  authorities  to  give  the  boy  a  suitable

punishment so that he would not likely to forget it in a hurry.
KATE WOODROW, widow fined for not sending her two daughters aged 10 & 11  to school.

1916
1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 
East Suff Gaz 22 Feb 

WILLIAM FILBY opening baker’s shop in Ballygate lately occupied by W Crane.
BATTLE OF VERDUN: leading  article. ..  ever increasing  intensity ... reckless disregard of human

East Suff Gaz 29 Feb 

life.
DEATH OF MR HENRY LARKE, third son of Mr Robert  Larke, who  carried  on business  in the
town  as  a  carpenter  and  builder  for  nearly  half  a  century,  taking  over  from  his  father..  He  was

1916
East Suff Gaz 29 Feb 

Bandmaster of the old 14th Suffolk Rifle Corps. He succeeded when M. Pringee was appointed to the
Artillery Corps as Bandmaster.
WEATHER: on Thursday morning 6 to 8 inches of snow fell

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 29 Feb 

DEATH OF SOLDIER: Private Arnold Penman of Denmark Road of the 9th Suffolks. He worked at
Elliott & Garrood until he enlisted.
DEATH  OF  A  SOLDIER  :  Mr  &  Mrs  D  Honeywood  of  19  Ravensmere  received  a  letter  from

East Suff Gaz 7 Mar 
1916
East Suff Gaz 7 Mar 

colleagues in the army of Private L Honeywood. Out of  six soldier sons one killed & one discharged
wounded after serving in France. 
FARMERS RED CROSS SALE. held by Read, Stanford & Owles. Many who went to the sale had

 
1916
East Suff Gaz 7 Mar 

no intention  of buying ran up the bidding to a considerable amount. A saddle of mutton realised no
less than 35. Again and again the joint was purchased and reoffered. The auctioneers were Mr Read
& Mr Stanford.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 14 Mar 

FURNITURE SALE: Executors of Mrs Gillett, London Road
LOCAL  TRIBUNAL:  22  ?  applicants  for  exemption.  Some  were  given  total  exemption,  others
temporary, many no exemption.

East Suff Gaz 14 Mar 
 
 

[Charles  Durrant]  applied  for  exemption  for  his  son,  [Humphrey],  an  auctioneer  and  land  agent
stating they had a very large business and both of them had frequently to be engaged in selling at the

same time,  and  at others one might be  valuing while the  other was selling. He  had  only his son  at
Beccles and a managing clerk at Harleston. His only other son was a lieutenant in the RGA. He must

have someone left with him who knew his clients and could conduct the business. If he was ill at any
time he did not know what would happen to the business.. Given exemption for six months.  

 
1916

 

[He was listed as   in the army in 1917]
DEATH OF SOLDIER: Corporal  ER  Stimpson:  (photograph in paper) He  enlisted in Kitchener’s
army soon after the outbreak of war. He was mortally wounded on February 29, 1916 and lies buried

East Suff Gaz 21 Mar 

in Bethune cemetery. He was employed at the Caxton Works before enlistment and was a prominent
member of the football team.
LETTER FROM EGYPT: The Notts Royal Horse Artillery: Things have been pretty quiet out here,

1916
East Suff Gaz 28 Mar 
just lately, but the battery had a treck out to a place 100 miles away. They had several days’ severe
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
46

fighting and a night attack was made on them. The cavalry made a splendid charge and the infantry
charged three  hills in twenty minutes. Of course we had a heavy loss, but nothing to compare with

theirs. The infantry drove them off the hills, and got them nicely on the run. Then the cavalry chased
them for miles and split them up. Thirty armoured  cars went ripping through them at  60 miles  an

hour.
We killed one of their best generals and captured a Pasha, brother to the great Turkish general.

 
 

 
 

The best sport of  all was when the fighting was  over. At a small well.. An infantryman had found
this, but there was neither bucket nor rope.  We tied our putties together and our bottles at the end.
The bottles kept going down, but none came up. The putties came up all right, but no bottles. About

twenty bottles  were lost. This got too bad, so rifles were fired down. Out came two of their snipers,
who had got down out of the road. Talk about laughing!
DEATH of MR HE HARMER: for years was  an  enthusiastic chorister  and  Sunday  School teacher,

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Apr 

and a sidesman.
CLOCK  CHIMES  &  CHURCH  BELLS:  prohibited  during  certain  hours.  Only  to  be  used  in  the
event of an attack by the enemy? [unclear].

1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Apr 
1916
East Suff Gaz 4 Apr 

GIRL KILLED AT RAILWAY CROSSING  in  blizzard  conditions  in Ingate.  19 year  old   Lilian
Harper,  daughter  of  Mr  Herbert  Harper,  general  ironmonger,  Blyburgate.  The  small  gate  of  the
crossing had  not been fastened properly  because  of the  snowy conditions  and the  girl  crossed the

track when the engine was passing.
STOCK IN TRADE SALE: PEDDAR’S LANE: executors of late John Martin, all the Coacsmith’s
stock in trade.

1916
East Suff Gaz 11 Apr 
1916
East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 

SLEEPING  ROUGH:  John  Cattermole  brought  up  in  custody  charged  with  having  been  found
sleeping in a shed near the Avenue. Sentenced to 14 days labour.
WAR WORK ON THE LAND FOR WOMEN meeting arranged.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 
East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 

SUFFOLK RED CROSS: During the period the MANSE, Frederick’s Road  has been  opened as  a
hospital up to 31 March, there have been 595 admissions.

1916
East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 

SUICIDE: Death of William Harmer, retired coach trimmer, aged 75 of 47 Northgate, found hanged
in a boat shed. He was a pleasure boat owner.. Had complained of pains in his chest, was low spirited

and rheumatic..[I have photograph of house & railway gates.]
ROOKWOOD,  LONDON ROAD:  Princess  Sudhira  Mander,  tenant  of  Rookwood,  London  Road

1916
East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 

summoned for breach of lighting order. Her husband,  Lieut Mander stated that the Princess was in
London.. Lieut Mander said when they took the house from Mr A Pells he stated that the blinds had
been seen to, and then took it that everything was in order. Sergt Clark said that when Mr Pells was in

occupation there was no cause for concern. The  blinds were all right  if the servants would take the
trouble to adjust them properly..
SUFFOLK RED CROSS: During the period the MANSE, Frederick’s Road  has been  opened as  a

1916
East Suff Gaz 18 Apr 

hospital up to 31 March, there have been 595 admissions.
ACCIDENT: a Sergeant-Major of the Veterinary Section was sent to Beccles to obtain a horse from
the troops in the town. After he had mounted, the horse got out of hand and bolted up Blyburgate.  On

1916
East Suff Gaz 2 May 

reaching Exchange Square it collided with a hand cart and  the Sergeant Major was thrown. He was
sufficiently recovered  to return home the same night.
LINKS  WITH  THE  PAST:  Mr  William  Collett  Read  (Rede)  died  at  Melton,  after  giving  up

1916
East Suff Gaz 2 May 

agriculture  in  Grundisburgh,  where  his  ancestors  owned  and  cultivated  land  for  several  hundred
years. The family owned property in Beccles and Weston in 1500. Connected by marriage with the
Jernigans,  Ludlow,  Spencer  &  Palgrave  families.  Sir  Peter  Rede  was  Lord  Mayor  of  Norwich  in

1560.
WEDDING in the Parish Church  between Miss  Elsie M Aldous, daughter  of Mr & Mrs G Aldous,
May Cottage, Peddar’s  Lane & Private Herbert Hipperson, second son  of Mr & Mrs G Hipperson,

1916
East Suff Gaz 2 May 

Grove Road, the bridegroom being home on leave after upwards of 18 months service in France with
the ASC (Motor Transport Section)

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 2 May 

LOWESTOFT SHELLED Three killed in one house.
SALE: PEDDAR’S LANE: Executors of John Martin: Detached brick & slate Dwelling House in 2

East Suff Gaz 9 May 

tenements  with  spacious  brick  &  corrugated  iron  Workshop,  sheds,  stables,  piggeries  &  Garden,
planted with young fruit trees. Occupied by Mr H Martin & Mr F Clarke

 
1916

 

[Purchased 30 May, Mr O Peacock for 355]
VESTRY MEETING: the Rector was away acting as chaplain to the War Hospital in Lincoln. Chair
taken  by curate-in-charge, Rev  WS Andrew. The  other  curate Rev  P Higham; Churchwarden: AR

East Suff Gaz 9 May 

Clatworthy  &  Womac  Brooks.  Mr  WJ  Money  proposed  reappointment  of  Womac  Brooks  as
Churchwarden, seconded by Mr Peachey.
MAN ARRESTED; Bought some clothes from Mr Walter  Campling valued at 7 13s, said he was a

1916
East Suff Gaz 16 May 
Sergeant Major in the Army Veterinary Corps. Sent to him with a bill.  Telephoned for a mackintosh
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
47

to be sent to Lowestoft Railway Station, but police arrested him. It was found he had deserted from
the Veterinary Corps  after  only a few days.  Since  arriving  in Beccles  he  had  adopted the rank  of

Major, had become engaged to be married in Beccles. There were 3 charges against him in Norwich.
To be tried by Court Martial. Had many former convictions and many aliases.

1916
East Suff Gaz 16 May 

SINGING LICENCE FOR CINEMA: Reported that songs “not such as should be, had been sung.”
Police reported it was overcrowded. Undertakings were made by the management (Mr Walter Joseph

of Norwich)
GALE’S HOTEL: Wallace Gale  of Gale’s Hotel  fined  for  lighting  offences. Bright  lights from  3
unshaded  windows.  A  blind  in  the  bathroom  down,  but  light  came  through  the  sides.  Had  been

1916
East Suff Gaz 16 May 

cautioned several times.
GARDEN  FETE  &  MILITARY  GYMKHANA  in  aid  of  Beccles  Hospital;  in  the  grounds  of
Homefield by permission of JE Crisp, JP; entrance by London Road Lodge. Open air Concert, Pipe

1916
East Suff Gaz 30 May 

Band, Fun Fair. Admission 6d; after 5pm, 3d.
DEATH: Douglas Parry-Crooke DL, JP, of Darsham House, died in February left 28,221.
EMPIRE DAY: May 24th: Flags on Church Tower & public buildings. At the schools: lessons on the

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 30 May 
East Suff Gaz 30 May 

Empire. At the National School at 10.30 scholars drawn up in lines for visit by Mayor & Mayoress.
Mr RC Dunt, the Headteacher, the only male teacher. Mr Crowfoot bade the children look at the map
of Europe. They would see that England was only a small part of the map, not nearly so big as France

or Germany, and not a fourth part of Russia. But tuning upon the map of Europe to the map of the
world they would see one fifth part of it was coloured red as belonging to England.
DCM  FOR  BECCLES  SOLDIER:  Corporal  Frank  Harvey,  5th  Battalion  Suffolks,  son  of  Robert

1916
East Suff Gaz 6 June 

Harvey. He was employed as compositor at Caxton Works before the war. Won in Gallipoli, when a
section of the trenches had been bombed and captured by the Turks, he ran up & bombed the enemy,
driving them away and saving the trench.

1916

LORD  KITCHENER  LOST  AT  SEA.  Flags  were  flying  at  half  mast  on  Wednesday  morning  in
sympathy with the national mourning.

East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 
1916
East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 

BIRTHDAY  HONOUR:  Nurse  M  Paddle  of  Military  &  War  Hospitals,  daughter  of  late  Henry
Paddle, Smallgate, given decoration of Royal Red Cross, 2nd class.

1916
East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 

ENGLISH CHURCH UNION: Rev A Coates  of Barsham  elected one of  Vice-Presidents. The Rev
WR Supple opened a discussion on “The Restoration of the Holy Eucharist to its place in the worship

of the Church of England.” The clergy must have courage, he said, in putting forward their principles,
and ought to make the Mass the great service on Sunday and have it at a reasonable time. The only
thing that was definite in the keeping of Sunday, the only thing they could expect to be blessed, and

that would have results God meant it to have, was the Holy Eucharist. That being missed, the Sunday
was lost.
GOLDEN WEDDING: Mr & Mrs Henry Woolner of Gosford Road. Married at St Michael’s by Rev

1916
East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 

JT Johnson  in  June 1866. Mr Woolner was  foreman printer  at the  office  of this  journal. Rendered
nearly 56 years service to Caxton Press, Mrs Woolner, only daughter of  the late Robert Martin, who
carried on a business as a millwright & engineer in the town for nearly 40 years, for most of the time

in extensive trade premises that now forms the site of the military buildings in Peddar’s Lane.
Mr Woolner was a prominent Friendly Society worker, and secretary to one of the local Forresters’
Courts for 26 years during which  its membership increased from 140 to  350. For  9 years  he was  a

 
 

member of the Town Council.. he had a family of 12 children, 6 sons & 1 daughter are living.. They
have 16 grandchildren,
DEATH OF PRISONER OF WAR: Sergt TN Palmer, died in Asia Minor while in captivity. He was

1916
East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 

attached to the Royal Flying Corps and had seen 16 months active service. He was taken prisoner 1
December, 1915 between Kut, Azizie, and Bahlie. He died of pneumonia at Mossoul. He was twice
mentioned in despatches by General Nixon & General Lake.

1916
East Suff Gaz 13 Jun 

SOLDIER  WITH THREE  WIVES:: Patrick O’Brien charged with bigamously marrying two wives
while  his wife Alice was still  alive. He  married the most recent in  Yarmouth  in November 1915.

When the question arose of his separation allowance , he had wrote to them and made a clean breast
of it.

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 

MUFFLED PEAL OF BELLS for Lord Kitchener: 3rd H Reynolds; 4th c Parnell; 5th S Clarke; 6th J
Spalding

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 

FIRE IN PUBLIC HALL  averted by police  after smoke seen  coming  from basement window. Put
out by police. Due to defective gas pipe.
PRESENTATION at meeting of members of Elsie-Ethel-Winifred-Lodge (Oddfellows female group)

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 

to  Sister  EM  Hipperson  (nee  Aldous)  as  wedding  present  of  silver  plated  fruit  stand.  She  was
Secretary of branch since its foundation in 1909. Mr Hipperson was back with the army.
A DESERTER: George Brand, farmer of Shadingfield failed to present himself to recruiting officer at

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 
Lowestoft. He took the  farm several weeks  after  he  had received  notice  of  call  up. Many notices
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
48

given him. Fined 40s and handed over to military escort.
THE VOLUNTEERS: Has been in existence over a year. Now to be enrolled and attested to serves as

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 

part  of  the  army  in  case  of  invasion.  Depots  at  Lowestoft,  Beccles,  Southwold,  Bungay  and
Kessingland.

1916
East Suff Gaz 20 Jun 

RATEPAYER’S  COMPLAINT:  Two  Corporation  workmen  arrived  at  6am  at  appointed  place  &
reached  Gosford  Road  at  6.20,  stood  their  tools,  shovels  etc  up  against  the  palings,  hold  a  short

confabulation, fill their pipes,  and  leisurely walk  away. At 7.18 steam roller appears  on the scene,
also these two workmen  - then  another  consultation, which  is  interrupted by the  arrival  of  a  hired
conveyance  containing  road  material,  the  man  in  charge  showing  more  anxiety  to  unload  than

anybody else. Steam roller commenced operating at 7.50, watch out, and shortly after this little effort
work ceases for breakfast.
LICENCE:  Crown  &  Anchor  Inn:  Charles  Freestone  applied.  He  was  of  military  age,  but  had

1916
East Suff Gaz 27 Jun 

certificate of unfitness for army. Approved. He had previously held the licence of the White Swan.
TERRITORIAL WRITES: Where we are now is miles away from any town - we are absolutely in the
desert,  and  from  our  camp, which  comprises  about  a dozen tents  and  one or two dug-outs, we see

1916
East Suff Gaz 27 Jun 

very little  life,  as no matter which way we  look everywhere is  sand  and very large  hills.  We have
been up here about two months and a half. All our water and provisions have to be sent up to us on
camels, and there are thousands of them. It is terribly hot. We had two very hot days, the temperature

being 120 F in the shade and 135 F in the sun. The nights are very cold and damp.
LOCAL TRIBUNAL: Managing Director of Clowes applied for absolute exemption for manager of
Beccles branch (aged 39) [Mr AE Thompson] and conditional exemption for nine of employees, all

1916
East Suff Gaz 27 Jun 

married men. Of three acting  Directors of the firm two were abroad with the Forces, and the loss of
these  controlling  heads,  and the  depletion  of  staff, had  made  heavy  strain  on management.  It was
essential for the continuance of the branch business that they should retain the local manager. Much

misery  would  result  if  they  had  to  close  down.  The  Tribunal  granted  conditional  exemption,  and
made  it  a  condition  that  the  manager  should  join  the  Volunteers.  Some  printers  only  given  short

exemptions.
BECCLES HOSPITAL: AGM: The Mayor presided,, Rev WS Andrews, Mr & Mrs Crowfoot, Mrs

1916
East Suff Gaz 27 Jun 

Crisp, Mr & Miss  Pells,  Mr JP  Larkman, Mr WB  Easter, Mr RC Dunt, Mr MF Buck,  Rev WE
Davies, Dr Fox, & Mr A Bunn (Assistant Secretary). Miss Macdonald, a former Matron had recently

been  appointed  to  the  great  new  War  Hospital  at  Cambridge  containing  200  beds.  The  Mayor
remembered that as a choir boy he took part in laying the foundation stone of the Hospital. Mr Pells
reminded the meeting that Mr Bunn would  be leaving to join the Colours next week. He hoped  he

would be back soon.
LORD  KITCHENER  said  to  have  been  an  East-Anglian.  The  family  came  from  Rookery  Farm,
Lakenheath  in  Suffolk.  In  the  churchyard  there  are  no  less  than  graves  of  the  Kitchener  family.

1916
East Suff Gaz 27 Jun 

Thomas Kitchener was at one time churchwarden. His mother was the daughter of Rev Chevalier, of
Hugenot   extraction.   Kitchener   inherited   the   East-Anglian   characteristics:   stolid   independence,
taciturnity  especially  to  strangers,  the  desire  to  do  rather  than  talk,  devotion  to  duty,  unflagging

perseverance, a stubborn will which insists on going its own way and refuses to be hustled.
SALE OF SHOP FITTINGS by Trustees of Mr A Gardiner, Draper, New Market
OFFICER KILLED: Second Lieut Charles Saunders of West Yorks Regt killed on 1st July. He was a

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 11 Jul 
East Suff Gaz 11 Jul 

clerk in Barclays Bank before the war. He enlisted in the  Scots Greys  and subsequently received  a
commission, when he was transferred to the West Yorks & went out to France. He was  an  active
member Of Caxton Athletic Club.. He took  an  active role in football  and  also  a fine long  distance

runner. He leaves a widow & infant child.
FATAL ACCIDENT TO SOLDIER: Gunner Richard Jones  of  Shropshire RHA,  aged  21, was  in
charge of a horse and cart when leaving Worlingham Park the cart struck a gatepost. The hose then

1916
East Suff Gaz 11 Jul 

began to gallop down the road. A gunner with him helped pull the reins, but were unable to stop the
horse.  It was brought to  a halt  in Blyburgate. Gunner Jones fell  out  of the  cart  and was  killed. A

witness  from  the  Fife  &  Forfar  Yeomanry  was  standing  in  the  camp  meadow    when  he  saw  the
accident.

1916
East Suff Gaz 11 Jul 

NEW  MAGISTRATES  for  the  County  of  Suffolk,  including:  Major  GCK  Clowes,  Meadowcroft,
Beccles & Mr EJ Hindes, Mayor of Beccles.

1916
East Suff Gaz 11 Jul 

ENTERTAINMENT for Beccles Volunteers at the Grove at invitation of Mr FF Garrood. The Fife &
Forfar Concert Party and some of the  London Cyclists  gave open-air  concerts. The Bowling Green
was occupied  all the time.

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

SALE OF STOCK IN TRADE: 45, Blyburgate: Read, Stanford & Owles are instructed by Mr John  
Reeve, who is giving up the business to sell by Auction, on Saturday Next, 29th July, 1916, the whole
of  his   useful  Blacksmith’s  and  Wheelwright’s   Stock-in-Trade;  also  a  few   Lots   of  Household

Furniture. The Sale will commence at 2.30 pm. Catalogues may be obtained of the Auctioneer
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
49
1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

TO  LET:  51  Grove  Road:   Semi-Detached   Villa,  pleasantly  situated,   2  Reception  Rooms,   3
Bedrooms, Bathroom, Geyser, Garden. Apply Mrs G King, Castle Farm.

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

DEATH of Mr W Ayrton, FRMS  of the Cliff, Ballygate  died  on  Saturday at Belfast. He was  best
known  locally  as  a  landscape painter who made  a  special  study of Broadland. He was  a  native  of

Chester, the son of Wm Francis Ayrton and Pauline Fleischman. He married Ellen Graham Brown on
1 August 1898. Educated at Chester, he also studied in Munich. He added to his recreations of golf

and   shooting   the   study   of   microscopy   and   published   “The   Discovery   and   Life   History   of
Zoothamium Geniculatum.”
MILITARY OBLIGATIONS: The full effect of the obligations imposed upon married men has now

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

come  into  force.  The  Act  fixed  24th  June  as  the  day  upon  which  unattested  men  would  become
soldiers by being deemed to be attested; but gave a month’s grace to married men before being called
up. From today any man will be liable to arrest as an absentee if he has not reported himself to the

recruiting officer.
THE FRONT: Private M Brown, son of Mr Martin Brown of the 8th Suffolks wrote from the Front
[He had been killed by the time his letter was printed in the newspaper -He was killed on 20 July] He

1916
East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

had been a printer at the Caxton Works.: I have been up in the trenches for a week and came out for a
rest on Friday night (July 7th). Life in the trenches is, as you would expect, very rough indeed, and I
am afraid I went in at the very worst possible time. It was the night before the big battle. We had to

advance through a deadly concentration fire from Fritz guns. I thought none of us would ever reach
the enemy trenches, as shells were bursting all around us. I had two shrapnel bullets on my helmet,
which made a bit of a dent in it, as well as making a little noise, for the noise seems to run through

one’s head when shrapnel strikes it. It seems a miracle to me that we were not cut up; but I am very
pleased to say we had very few casualties indeed. If you could have seen the German trenches  after
the  advance I  am sure you would say they are beaten,  for they were  almost ploughed  level by our

artillery, and several dug-outs were blown in.  “Mercy comrade!” This is what the Germans say when
you get within bayonet point of them, and after holding up their hands a few minutes they show you

photos of their wives and children.
POSTPONEMENT OF THE AUGUST HOLIDAY due to undiminished output of munitions.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 25 Jul 

KING  GEORGE  V  INSPECTED  TROOPS  of  the  Northern  Army  encamped  at  Worlingham  &
Gillingham  on 26 July. It was  a lovely  day &  crowds thronged the  streets  as His Majesty passed

Manuscript LROBec Col 

through the town to Worlingham. Intentionally not recorded in the press
GARDEN PARTY AT THE HOLLIES by kind permission of NW Pells for the Suffolk Prisoners of
War fund, devoted to sending out food and comforts to those in captivity. The garden was seen in its

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Aug 

summer beauty. The Fife & Forars farewell concert performance. The Lovat Scouts also played.
FUNERAL OF Sergt EC BETTS, 4th son of CC Betts. He enlisted in September 1914 , joining 10th
Suffolks. He was stationed at Felixstowe, promoted Lance Corporal, the to Bury St Edmunds & later

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Aug 

Colchester.  The   regiment  went  to  France   in  August  1915.   Spent  Christmas  with   his   father.
Transferred  to  the  8th  Suffolks  and  remained  at  Colchester,  promoted  Sergeant.  Married  Miss  E
Welton  in February  1916.  Engaged  in  battle from  1st to 20th of July, when  he was shot in the  left

thigh, while crawling to shelter he was wounded by shrapnel and gassed. He died at Southampton on
2 August, aged  23.. Military Honours  paid by West  Somersetshire Yeomanry & the RAMC of the
Highland Mounted Brigade. Four members  of the  Shropshire RHA who had  been  billeted with Mr

CC Betts were also present.
AMY  PURLAND,  DROWNED  aged  6.  She  was  playing  in  the  dock  near  Mr  Hipperson’s  in
Puddingmoor when she fell in the water.. Her mother had left the children playing at 2 Hungate Lane

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Aug 

and went to Mr Watson’s the chemist. A juryman asked if there was sufficient protection against this
sort of thing happening again. The Coroner was asked to write to the corporation.
WAR ANNIVERSARY AT BECCLES. The 2nd  anniversary was marked  by a Church  Service  at

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Aug 

8pm. The Mayor spoke in New Market afterwards: The  grim  realities  of war  had  been,  and would
doubtless  continue  to  be  brought  home  to  scores  of  thousands  of  households  during  the  coming

months.  While we were filled with pride by the record of the deeds of valour our men had achieved
on  land and sea, we had at the same time a  deep feeling  of sorrow  at the thought of so many lives

broken, so many lives sacrificed, and they of the nation’s best; and they thought too of those at home
who grieved for their lost ones. Mr WM Crowfoot also spoke.

1916
East Suff Gaz 8 Aug 

SHROPSHIRE RHA It was with the greatest regret that we marched out of Beccles, and we take this
early   opportunity   of   endeavouring   to   express   our   gratitude   to   the   Mayor,   Corporation   and
townspeople for the excellent way they have treated us during our long stay amongst them... since we

came to Beccles in September 1914.
DEATH  OF  SOLDIER  Mr  W  Knights  of  Puddingmoor  received  news  that  his  son  William  was
killed  in  action in France on 19 July. He was formerly employed in the machine department at the

1916
East Suff Gaz 22 Aug 
Caxton  Printing  Works.  Early  in  the  war  he  enlisted  in  the  6th  Suffolk  Cyclists,  and  was  quite
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
50

recently transferred to the Oxford & Bucks Light Infantry.
DEATH of Mr Thomas A POLL, a well known tradesman aged 65. He lived in Hungate, and was a

1916
East Suff Gaz 22 Aug 

painter, sign writer, glazier and plumber. He had lived in Beccles 43 years.
GRAND  GARDEN  FETE  for  the  Volunteer  Aid  Detachment  Hospital  -  deals  exclusively  with

1916
East Suff Gaz 22 Aug 

soldiers..  Limited  to  20  beds.  It  has  been  located  at  the  Manse,  and  plans  to  build  a  temporary
building in  close proximity, providing  6 more  beds.. Opened  in February  1915, since which  1000

troops  treated..  The  Commandant,  Mrs  Wood-Hill,  her  assistant  Mrs  Robinson  of  Barsham.  Miss
Tracy is the Quartermaster. Fete took place in Homefield Grounds.
DEATH OF Mrs MICKLEBURGH. She had been paralysed  and speechless since she fell on ice  9

1916
East Suff Gaz 29 Aug 

years ago.-
CASUALTY  LIST:  Heavy  losses  this  week  in  Suffolk  Regiment.  43  killed,  400  wounded  163
missing

1916
East Suff Gaz 29 Aug 

1916
 

East Suff Gaz, 12 Sep 

  A GALLIPOLI ADVENTURE., “OUR BECCLES BOYS.”
It  is  just  a  year  ago  since  “our  Beccles  boys”  of  the  Suffolk  Territorial  Infantry  landed  on  the
Gallipoli peninsula, after months of hard, strenuous training in various parts of East Anglia; and it is

 

well, “lest we forgot,” that some slight  account  of their year’s work should  be placed  on  record.
Stories of peril, heroism and adventure could doubtless be revealed in the letters of those who have
bravely served their country; but many noble  deeds will probably  never  find a place  in the  official

history  of the war.  Leaving  an  English port  early in July, 1915, on board  one  of the finest palaces
afloat, “our boys” with other Territorials had a safe and interesting voyage across the sea. Arrived at a
Mediterranean port they were detained for “orders,” and unfortunately the loss of the “Royal Edward

“altered their  course  and they were sent direct to Turkey instead of  Egypt. Transferred to  smaller
vessels they were conveyed to Suvla Bay, where an exciting landing was safely accomplished. With
only  their  water-bottles  filled,  “our  boys”  were  soon  to  have  their  baptism,  for  under  shrapnel,

machine-gun, and rifle fire they made tracks for the great Salt Lake Plain between Suvia and Anzae.
A long night’s march brought them within sight of the enemy, and an eye-witness has thus described

the  adventure. “We were none too well  fed on our journey outwards, big  as  our ship was; then we
slept rough on smaller boats two nights. She was loaded with six battalions and for us little room was

left to roam about. This coming after our long marches at home, we got stiff. We landed safely with a
quart of water in our bottles, and were told we should get no more probably for forty-eight hours. The

thermometer,  I might say, at the time registered 113 in the shade. We  at once moved  up a strange
country infested with snipers, and at daybreak we dug ourselves in with orders to lay low. Our object
was,  if  possible,  to  cut  off  a  large  army  of  Turks,  estimated  at  70,000,  who  were  marching  to

reinforce  the  troops  opposing  the  Australians,  who  had  captured  and  were  holding  Sari  Bair,  the
highest  point  on  the  end  of  the    peninsular  of  great  importance.  This  position  unfortunately  they  
eventually lost, owing to our line not being far enough advanced on the left and centre. Opposite the

Salt Lake, next day, our orders were to advance and dig in. By this time our food and water had been
finished; some, however, were lucky enough to  get about half  a pint each into their bottles from  a
hole which gave a small supply of water. This was surrounded with dead Turks, and the smell was

sickening.
During  the  night  a  further  supply  of  water  was  landed  from  a  ship,  but  this  only  gave  a  limited
supply. Our front, as far as I am able to say, was from the left of the Anafarta Hills to the village of

 
 

Biyutt Anafarta, roughly some five miles. This we had to clear  of snipers who were  located  in the
trees and brushwood. Some we bayoneted, others were shot. We were in lines of platoons to the left,
but owing to the shells  coming so fast and near we dropped to  half platoons. We were now in too

close a formation, and shook ourselves into lines of snakes, four snakes to a platoon. But their shell
fire knocked whole snakes out as one man. As we pushed forward about another half mile we came
under rifle fire, and as we were getting it hot we extended. The enemy were carefully concealed;. we

could see no one. We then advanced by section rushes, building up a line where the Turks seemed to
be entrenched some  150 yards  away. It was here we made our first charge. All one  could see were

some dark  objects doubled up  and running  away from us. Of course we fired on them, then rushed
forward  and  fired again,  and so on  and  on for  a mile and  a half. It was  getting  dark  and we were

losing a lot of men. Some poor fellows seemed to be mad, and wandering about they got shot down;
others became exhausted from want of water and food and could not proceed. Most of us, however,

struggled on another half mile in hot pursuit. We had now pushed the Turks well back and were at the
foot of the hills, the top of which commanded a view of the road to Sari Bair, Achi Baha, and of the
Narrows. It was here that we were all completely exhausted, and fellows were risking their lives to

get to  a small water hole full of tortoises and covered enemy snipers. The  Staff was nowhere to be
seen. Our Adjutant, now Major — , took charge, and sent for reinforcements, who came up to about
100 yards of us, and then opened fire from behind. That fairly did us up! Faint for want of water, tired

out  by the  fatigue  duties,  our strength was  gone.  We  had done  all we  could in  gaining two miles
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
51

under such tremendous odds. Reinforcements were needed to hold the line we had won. We were not
strong enough to retain what had been gained at such a great cost, or to advance any further. If our

reserves, instead of firing on us, had only rushed up and taken the line when we finished. the whole of
the Turkish  reinforcements would probably have been cut off. Instead  of which we only accounted

for roughly estimated 20,000 killed and wounded and left to our rear on the Anafarta Hills. The other
50,000  proceeded  on  unmolested  and  eventually  drove  the  Australians—a  fine  fighting  body  of

men—from  Sari  Bair.  Another  unfortunate  thing  for  us  was  we  had  no  officers  up  with  us.  Our
Colonel, whom we all looked up to, for he was a thorough gentleman and a good officer, soon had
command,  although wounded in three places. The Turks seeing our position made a  counter  attack

and we had all we could do to keep them off. Colonel Armes was again wounded just as he gave the
order to retire,  and this wound proved fatal. It was  in this  retirement that we lost Corp. B.  Snell,
borough  accountant, and it  can easily be  understood  how in such  a trying  ordeal  he had to  be  left

behind. When we again got together he did not answer the muster roll.
Our  Adjutant  then  took  command  and  went  to  find  the  Staff  officers  with  some  of  our  men  as
runners. They found them  a long way behind the firing  line. The Adjutant, poor fellow,  collapsed,

 
 

and we had to carry him back. It was he who consolidated our position, ordered the bugles to blow
“cease fire,” stopping the reinforcements from firing upon us. We then improved our trench or rather
dyke, and held on. It was not till Saturday, the 14th, that the first of our men were relieved. I was in a

party of twenty with Lieutenant — relieved on Sunday, the 15th, but could not get away till the early
morning of the 16th. During the whole of the time we were in action we received no food or water.
We were told when we got back to the base that some mules had been sent up by Indians with skins

of water, but most of them were shot, some ran away, others were lost in the desert. After this we had
ten days’ fatigue on the beach at Sari Bair.
Our next move was to the trenches of Hill 60. This position was rotten — we at the foot of the hill,

 
 

the Turks half-way up, where they could throw bombs and fire down on us as they liked. Now this
attack,  I  understand,  is  generally  admitted  to  have  been  a  failure.  Evidently  those  in  command

believed in the maxim that one British soldier is  equal to ten others. But is it so in the present-day
scientific warfare? If troops had been there to take up the position we had captured, and through lack

of water and provisions had to abandon, it would have been an unqualified success. We who safely
got through this trying ordeal could only look on and see many of our chums wounded, tired out, left

to die, being  helpless to render them any assistance. The whole  affair was terribly costly.  In  every
case our position was untenable. Every landing stage except one was exposed to enemy shell fire, and
our  supplies  could  only  be  landed  at  night  under  cover  of  the  darkness  at  this  one  pier.  This

consequently   contributed   to   cause   the   shortage   of   rations.   Nevertheless   under   such   trying
circumstances the Australian  and  Indian troops did marvellous work. “Ne’er shall their  glory  die,”
But it is a depressing  sight to see the  graveyards with their wooden  crosses showing the price they

paid. The Lone Pine were shelled by the Turks at a loss of 500 a day. We had to hold on to a living
hell. You will see from a good map Hill 60, where we were, how easy it was for the Turks to enfilade
our line, which they did from the right and left. The way we live in dug-outs, trenches, etc., will form

an interesting story to be told when “the boys come marching home,” and now for the present at least
we have had to evacuate and leave it all behind. The story of how we left the Peninsula has been well
described in the  English papers,  and  only a few exciting  incidents  could be added to  leave  nothing

else to add.
We have now been in Egypt eight months and seen most of what One never expected to see or know
about other than from books. We have traversed its hot sands in the deserts, been subject to air and

 
 

other raids, including all sorts of venomous pests; but through it all so far “our Beccles boys” have
come remarkably well our casualties and sickness returns have been light, and we look forward to a
victorious finish. This  is not the time to tell the whole story in detail of work done  by the Beccles

boys or the battalion to which they belong; but it is most gratifying to know that the General Officer
Commanding after three months’ work sent a message of congratulation and thanks for the steadiness

and steady spirit shown by all ranks of the division to which the brigade belongs. If one could realise,
as only they who were at Suvla in those early days can, the abnormal difficulties under which “our

boys”— in fact, all the brigade, and all other troops too—fought and worked, praise and appreciation
could not be too lavish. Want of suitable food and fresh water, excusable ignorance of the country on

the part of those in high command for want of good maps, the fact that the men were unacclimatized,
were forces that called forth more than the best in men, and the most wonderful thing is that they so
well  responded.  Added  to  these  difficulties  was  the  scourge  of  sickness  from  which  even  the

Australians, acclimatized as they were, by no means escaped. The great heat day by day, the intense
cold by night, with the millions of flies attracted by the great number of dead who could not be and
never were buried, took their toll. Not only have our boys of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force nobly

responded for King and country, but all others at home, in France, and on the seas, have proved that
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
52

no country in all the world can produce better. They have upheld the fair name of the British Empire,
and we should  be proud  of  our sons. The  remains  of  many  comrades lie on the plains  and hills of

Gallipoli,  in  France,  and Belgium, unknown by  name to the world  at  large. Their souls  are  in the
keeping of Him  Who  gave them. In  many  homes there  are signs  of mourning; but  let us rejoice,

keeping  in memory the  living and dead who have proved themselves worthy sons  of the  Empire,  a
credit to their town  and the county that gave them birth. When next the muster roll is  called  in our

Old Market square, familiar faces will be missing of those who sleep their last sleep on foreign soil,
not unmourned, but remembered with undying love and tender solicitude.
CASUALTY  LIST: Mr Taylor of the Black Boy notified  of the  death of his son, Driver A Taylor,

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Sep 

ASC who died at the Persian Gulf aged 21.
DEATH OF CAPTAIN ROWSELL, 2nd son of late Canon Rowsell & Mrs Rowsell of Portsmouth,
killed  in  France. Born 1888  educated  Fauconberge  School & Jesus College, Cambridge. Graduated

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Sep 

1910. He read Theology  for  a year  at  Farnham, then  joined the Archbishop’s Mission to  Western
Canada.  At  the  outbreak  of  war  he  joined  the  Universities  &  Public  Schools  Brigade,  obtained  a
commission in the Hampshire Regiment in October 1914. Promoted Captain in April 1915 and went

to  the  Front  with  his  Regiment  in  March  1916.  He  represented  Cambridge  University  on  several
occasions at hockey & tennis, but failed to be selected against Oxford. He was a popular member of
the Caxton Athletic Club.

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Sep 

RAILWAY GATES SMASHED: in Ingate in the early hours of the morning by a special goods train,
of which no previous information had been given
ZEPPELIN BROUGHT DOWN: Letter to Beccles resident: “From a spectacular point of view it was

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Sep 

magnificent, we were the masters once the thing was in range of the searchlights. It was harassed by
our guns and hit several times. Meanwhile aeroplanes went up, and at a given signal the guns stopped
firing and the little aeroplane swooped into the rays of the searchlight and by a circling movement got

right  above the  centre. One moment  of silence, then  an  incendiary  bomb was  dropped.  In  another
second the  huge monster was  ablaze  and fell slowly to  earth. We saw the whole  of  it,  and  as luck

would have it, it fell into an open field. No explosion was heard, but from Blackheath we could hear
the cheering ten miles away. Needless to say we did our share!”

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 19 Sep 

SALE OF STOCK: 20 Hungate: Executors of TA Poll: Painter’s, Decorator’s, Plumber’s stock.  
SALE OF FURNITURE: Cameron House, 23 Ballygate: Executors of Mrs LJ Keith.

East Suff Gaz 19 Sep 
1916
East Suff Gaz 19 Sep 

ACCIDENT: Mr Womac Brooks & family. His son, Lieut RW Brooks arrived home from the Front
in the morning. In the low road at Shipmeadow a horse tumbril suddenly appeared, the horse bolted
& their motor car overturned on the bank. They were all thrown out.

1916
East Suff Gaz 19 Sep 

WALKING  INTO RIVER: A  man in the  darkness walked  into the river  near the  Ship  instead  of
going over the bridge. He narrowly escaped drowning.
SUFFOLK 37 V(olunteer) A(id) D(etachments). Detachment called to assemble at RAMC Camp at  

1916
East Suff Gaz 19 Sep 

5.30 pm; Two ambulances & stretcher bearers. A rapid moonlight journey to Ingham station to meet a
convoy from the Front of 96 stretcher cases & others. Conveyed from ambulance train to a Red Cross
Hospital. The Beccles Detachment arrived back at midnight. More Volunteers wanted.

1916
 

East Suff Gaz, 19 Sep 

BECCLES SOLDIER IN THE “GREAT PUSH.” A VIVID NARRATIVE
Now that British troops  are firmly  established well north  of  Posieres there can  be  no  objection to
publishing a description of the early efforts of a portion of our very gallant troops in the “great push.”

 
 
 

The record is given in a letter from a Beccles soldier who took part in the “drive.” He says: — When
I went up the line with the draft we went straight into the trenches at —, our old spot now familiar to
all  England. Things were decidedly lively, and  also  extremely muddy. Here the enemy had massed

their  artillery,  and didn’t they let us  know it! On the 28th  of  June we were withdrawn  and put in
reserve to the great move of July 1st, the attack being made by troops fresh from rest. The next day
we moved to Mailly-Mailly, close on the right, under orders to take a certain trench. In the dead of

night we were withdrawn, however, as the trench was already taken! We then went back to hold the
old  line,  for  as you  know Gommecourt was taken from  us  after  a  few  days of “strafe.” Then we

moved back for a brief respite. By the way, all this time we were carrying out raids on their trenches,
and we had  one  or two warm times  digging  dummy trenches  in  front of the first  line: they turned

machine  guns  on us and shelled us when  digging  and wiring  in No-Man’s  Land,  and made things
warm  generally. All the same,  I think they  had  it warmer  on the whole. Then, one fine day, we  a

found  ourselves  on the road towards Albert and the neighbourhood, where the  ‘great push’ was  in
progress, and where attacks were made every  morning before breakfast. We knew then that this was
the biggest thing we had been up against.

 
 

Did you read Beach Thomas’s articles on the district—his description of Ovillers and La Boisselle?
You  can stand in the centre of these villages and not know of their existence,  and,  as he says, ‘the
reek  of  pestilence  is  in  the  air.’  The  ‘taste’  of  corpses  finds  its  way  to  your  bread  and  jam,  for

wherever you go you find them. I had three staring at me in my little ‘funk hole,’ but there was too
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
53

much on hand to think  about them. Three times we were in the thick of it on the left of Possieres.
Then  came the night when our Platoon should form, with others, the first wave at the charge. This

was the Saturday midnight that the Australians took it up on our right and stormed Posieres, and the
French took it up beyond, and so on.

 
 

We were attacking on an immense front, and our lot had its portion to take. To reach the enemy’s line
we had to traverse five hundred yards! To ensure getting the correct portion we lined up at a certain

point in No-Man’s Land and went forward with the aid of a compass. As we lay there we came under
some rather awkward shell fire, of course, but as our thoughts were of other thing we didn’t trouble
much about it. At a certain time the artillery were to commence an intense bombardment and we were

to creep up, or, rather, walk up in line while it was on. It would last just long enough for us to get to
the Boche trench,  and then we would take it.  Well, we waited. The  guns suddenly woke up from  a
casual fire to a roar. Instantly star lights a went up in scores from the trench in front, and suddenly a

huge light came out, which flared on the ground just before us, and shot up other flares of the usual
kind—a  new German type.  From the  light of these we saw  our own shell-fire working down the
German  line —  a pretty sight. Then we  fixed bayonets  and went forward  in  line.  We hadn’t  gone

three yards before three machine  guns were trained on  us,  and the shells  came  over.  We kept  on,
though I could see the fellows falling, and glancing  round, saw the next wave twenty yards behind.
The machine guns kept up an incessant rattle, and one blighter was flashing away exactly in front of

me. We  had  orders to take  a  communication trench, then  make  a  left wheel  and  come  behind the
enemy’s first line, the second wave collaring them in front. That wheel however was never made. We
found the trenches packed with Germans, who flung bombs at us at close range, still making use of

their machine guns. I looked along the line —it was like hell, and there  was no line left. The second
line  came up  and we lay down within  a few yards of the trench “and made use  of  our bombs, the
artillery reopening fire slowly, as if they didn’t know what had happened. After what seemed hours of

this  pleasant  game  we  saw  Mr.  Boche  beating  a  retreat,  and,  going  forward,  we  took  part  of  the
trench. Later we saw the enemy from the other part coming up behind us, loaded with bombs. It was

getting  light then, and there was  a  bit of  bayoneting  done,  and  other things I won’t  describe.  We
finished by taking the whole of the objective, and after being bounced about by enemy shells all day

— I had three smotherings with earth but not a scratch — we were relieved at  night, and the next
morning departed from the neighbourhood for a rest. I shan’t forget going back. Has so-and-so come

in yet? was a very frequent question. We marched towards Albert with many fellows we never saw
again. Strange to say, I have never felt more keenly awake or less excited than on that night, in spite
of all its horrors.

1916
East Suff Gaz 26 Sep 

RED CROSS DEPOT: C/o Miss Crowfoot, 1 The Walk. Comfort-bags 10 inches by 12 with double
tape drawstrings and linen labels sewn on the side are still required.
GIFTS OF MAGAZINES WANTED for the Troops Recreation Committee

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 26 Sep 
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 

PRESENTATION TO CINEMA MANAGER: Mr CJW Morrison leaving after three years.
EARLY CLOSING OF SHOPS: Monday to Saturday closing at 6 pm except Wednesday closing at 1
pm. Tobacconists & those serving refreshments, closing some days at 7 pm.

1916
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 
1916
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 

COUNCIL SCHOOL HERO: Private Fred Thurlow, son of Mr & Mrs John Thurlow of St Andrew’s
awarded the Military Medal for gallant conduct during the battle of the Somme. He was formerly a
pupil at Beccles Council School.

1916
 
 

East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 

CASUALTY LIST: Private Thomas RS Adams, elder son of RE Adams, killed in France 15 July.
Had distinguished career at Beccles College. He was 19. He enlisted in November 1915.
Private RE Self, son of RE Self of Rigbone Hill,  of Adelaide, S Australia, killed in action in France.

 
 

He was in the Australian Expeditionary Force. He left England March 19, 1912. Member of Beccles
Adult  School & Baptist. He  married Beatrice, 3rd Daughter  of Mr & Mrs Laws  of 2  St George’s
Road in 1914. The widow is left with 2 small children.

 
 

Private Ralph Thurling, son of Mr Thurling of 2 near New Market, Norfolk Regiment, missing. He
took part in a night attack on September 3/4th.

 
 

L. Cpl F Rush, son of AR Rush, Parish Church verger, of Norfolk Regt killed during an attack. He
enlisted in September, took part in a battle for the first time at Loos & killed in September. He had

been an under gardener at Raveningham Hall.
LIGHTING OFFENCES:  Ethel Owles, widow, of  Leman House.  Very  bright  light  showing  at the

1916
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 

back  of the  house. Constable went  down to  Puddingmoor  and  saw two  badly screened downstairs
windows. The  curtains  did not fit properly. Could  be seen  a considerable distance  away across the
marshes. Fined 2 10s

1916
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 

LIGHTING OFFENCES: Alexander Elliott of Grove Road, “was nasty about the summons & would
not take it at first.” Fined 5
Arthur Aldous, manager of the International Stores. Fined 5

 
1916

 
East Suff Gaz 3 Oct 
RETIREMENT  OF  SUPERINTENDENT  BARDWELL::  He   began   at  Yoxford  in  1865,  then
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
54

Lowestoft, Holbrook,  at Kirtling  in  1872, Trimley, Bures & Boxford   in  1876. Chief Constable’s
office in  Ipswich  in 1877,  at Beccles  1879-87. At Clare  for  29 years from  1887. He  had  left the

various stations where he had been with the respect of everyone with whom he came in contact. He
had discharged his duties in a faithful, unbiased, fearless and able manner. He was never a hard man,

and he did not believe he ever made an enemy.
LETTER  FROM  THE  FRONT:  from  Cpl  CG  Wiggett.  “The  first  night  his  regiment  went  to  the

1916
East Suff Gaz 17 Oct 

trenches they laid out  in No Man’s  Land”  for  7  hours while  a working party were  digging  a  new
trench. The next night they did the same and on the following morning, after breakfast at 6 am, they
were told they would be going “over the top” during the morning. Every man was cheerful and eager

to get at the enemy. At 12.35 every gun opened up on Fritz’s front line, and over went the boys. I had
three tries to get over and fell back each time; then I threw  my rifle over the top and got out the best
way I could, to  find the boys a good way ahead. I was not long in catching them up. The first batch

of Germans I saw, about six in number, were making a fight for it, and away went three of us and just
threw a  bomb  amongst them. That soon stopped their  little  game,  and we then  got into the trench,
where we found a large dug-out with two entrances. Two men went to each door and threw bombs

down,  and  out  came  about 60 Germans. They were a sight too!  old men  & boys.  We then took  a
village which was thought impregnable. It was that day I first saw what they call “The Tanks”, but
the boys were too quick for them and left them behind.

1916
East Suff Gaz 17 Oct 

LOCAL CASUALTIES: Private Oscar Balls, son of Arthur Balls, Ingate, .Suffolk Regiment, killed
in action on 25 Sept. Mr Balls has now lost 3 sons in action.
Lance-Cpl  Charles  Bates,  son  of  Mrs  Austin  Bates,  missing  since  13  October  1915,  must  be

 
 

presumed dead.
S and SFA CLUB Lecture on war savings. Nelly Pells, Hon Sec, The Hollies, Frederick’s Road.-
PRISONERS OF WAR: Ex Sergeant- Major Jackson, RGA of the Crown Inn, Blyburgate has been

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 17 Oct 
East Suff Gaz 24 Oct 

collecting  money to send parcels to  Prisoners of War. Thanks  received  from Private H Gilding,  in
Ruhleben, Germany.

1916
East Suff Gaz 24 Oct 

CASUALTY LIST:  Private  John Christie, son of Mr R Christie, of Saltgate [later of 8 Frederick’s
Road] was wounded {later he was listed as killed on 15 September]     

1916
East Suff Gaz 24 Oct 

VOLUNTEERS  INSPECTED:  by  Field  Marshal  Lord  French,  C-in-C  Home  Forces,  at  Gippesyk
Park.  The  Regimental  Commander  was  Colonel,  the  Earl  of  Cadogan.  The  parade  was  under  the

control  of  Brigadier-General  Coxhead,  Commandant   of  the   5th   (Sudbury)  Battalion.  The  3rd
Battalion,  of which Beccles & Bungay form part mustered  19 Officers,  77 NCOs & 777 men. The
total  strength  was  5074..  On  arrival  of  Lord  French  by  train  at  the  special  platform  at  12.47

received the General  Salute  by the Brigade, the Band of 3rd  Suffolks playing  ceremonial  music.
Lord French then took the train to Norwich to do more inspections. Beccles men arrived back at 5.25.
CASUALTIES:  Private  Leslie  Larke,  Suffolk  Regiment,  youngest  son  of  Mrs  William  Larke,  7,

1916
East Suff Gaz 7 Nov 

Puddingmoor, was killed in action 12 October
Private  WF  Ellis,  2/6  Suffolk  Regiment,  of  12  Puddingmoor,  son  of  W  Ellis,  12  Puddingmoor
wounded by shot in his left arm, in hospital in Rouen.

 
 
 
 

Cpl Archie Honeywood, of the Wilts Regiment, son of Mrs Honeywood, 19 Ravensmere, wounded
has arrived at the Middlesex Hospital.
Sergeant-Major Tom Reeder,  aged  28, son of Mrs Reeder  of 64 Denmark Road,  killed  in France.

 
 

Before the war he was a police constable at Sudbury, where he leaves a widow and two children.
KILLED IN ACTION: Private EL Field of the King’s Liverpool Regiment, 2nd son of Mr EC Field,
sometime cycle agent at Beccles & grandson of Mr CT Field, formerly of the genuine Boot Stores,

1916
East Suff Gaz 14 Nov 

Exchange Square. He joined  the Regiment soon after the declaration of war and had been in France
10 months. He was taking despatches to the front when he was picked off by a sniper.
MAYOR RE-ELECTED, Councillor E Johnson Hindes re-elected Mayor.

1916
 
1916

East Suff Gaz 21 Nov 
 

Mr Herbert Welham resigns from Council. Mr Samuel White, jeweller, elected in his place.
SHORTAGE OF GAS The gas supply was very weak or short in supply, so result had to be made to

East Suff Gaz 21 Nov 

candles. Labour troubles the cause.
THE HEALTH OF BECCLES.

1915
 

East Suff Gaz, 21 Nov 
 

Dr. GR Fox, Medical Officer of Health for the borough of Beccles, has just issued his annual report,
which deals with the health and sanitary circumstances of the district during the year 1915. The births

registered numbered 151, and consisted of 79 males and 72 females, four of these being illegitimate.
This with a population of 6730 gives a birth rate of 22.4 per 1000 population. The deaths registered
numbered 110, giving a gross death rate for the year  of 16.3 per 1000. population. There were also

six  deaths  of  non-residents,  five  of  whom  died  in  the  Hospital,  having  been  conveyed  there  for
treatment.  There  were  also  eight  deaths  of  residents,  who  though  belonging  to  the  borough  were
registered outside the, borough- and have therefore to be included. Deaths were more numerous than

they have been for several years. No less than 47 out of the 112 net deaths were at ages over 65 years.
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
55

This excess over previous years is largely attributable to the heavy mortality among  children under
one year,  and also from  a considerable number of deaths from bronchitis and pneumonia in elderly

people. The higher death rate is attributed, to two chief causes. The first of these was the abnormal
mortality of twenty-two persons during the month of December, four being from measles which was

very  prevalent;  and  the  second  was  the  changed  constitution  of  the  population  in  regard  to  age
distribution. It is obvious, the Medical Officer of Health remarks, that the absence on various forms

of service connected with the war of a considerable proportion of the strongest and most healthy of
our young adults leaves a greatly diminished population, included in which are the infants, the aged,
and the weaklings, amongst whom the death rate is likely to he high. This has been the experience of

many districts in England and Wales in the past year.
The deaths of infants under one year of age were 17 in number, giving a rate per 1000 nett births of
115.6, the highest that has occurred for several years. Of these seven were of infants under one week

 
 

of  age,  five  of  which  were  due  to  premature  birth  and  congenital  malformations;  bronchitis  was
responsible for the deaths of four.
The question of establishing a maternity and child centre has been considered, but it was felt that no

 
 

steps  should  be  taken  for  the  present,  owing  to  the  difficulty  of  obtaining  the  services  of  an
experienced  nurse to be  in  attendance.  Steps were being taken, just before the  outbreak of war, to
establish  a Voluntary  School for Mothers,  at  a  central place  in the town, where  advice to mothers

about the feeding, &c., of their infants was to have been given. The Medical Officer of Health hopes
this Voluntary School will be started as soon as circumstances permit.
Under the Infectious Diseases Act, twenty-six cases of infectious diseases were notified scarlet fever

 
 

23,   erysipelas  1,   ophthalmia  neonatorum  2.  Most   of  the   cases  of  scarlet   fever   occurred   in
Ravensmere, and undoubtedly originated from a man home on leave. All were of mild character.
Under  the  Public  Health  (Tuberculosis)  Regulations,  1912,  notifications  were  received  of  nine

 
 

primary cases of pulmonary tuberculosis, two of tuberculosis of cervical glands, and one of tubercular
meningitis. Three cases were visited, inquiries were made into the cases, rooms were disinfected after

the removal or death of patients, and bedding and other articles were either disinfected or destroyed.
In the table  of  causes  of  death  it is shown that  four were due to measles, influenza 3, phthisis 7,

 
 

tuberculosis meningitis 2, other tuberculous diseases 3, cancer 14, organic heart disease 10, bronchitis
12, pneumonia 7, diarrhoea and enteritis 1, nephritis and Bright’s disease 6, pregnancy and parturition

1, congenital debility and malformation, including premature birth 7, violent death 1, suicides 4, other
defined diseases 19, senile decay 11.
A considerable outbreak of measles occurred in November and December, necessitating the closure

 
 

of the Ravensmere  Schools  and the Beccles Council Infants’  School.  Earlier  in the year there were
several  cases  of whooping-cough  and mumps. In the  month  of December  four deaths were  due to
measles. Dairies,  cowsheds  and  milkshops were visited by the Medical Officer  of Health  and the

Sanitary  Inspector  from  time  to  time,  and  found  in  a  satisfactory  condition.  The  one  common
lodging-house   in  the  borough  was   inspected.  The  water  supplied  by  the  Beccles  Waterworks
Company is satisfactory. No complaints during the year were received.

 
 

Slaughter-houses and bake houses were visited in company with the Sanitary Inspector, and were all
found in a sanitary condition. The factories and workshops were also visited: the sanitary conditions
were satisfactory.

 
 

Owing to absence abroad during  a portion of the year,  and through pressure of work  owing to the
war, systematic inspections under the Housing and Town Planning Act are in abeyance. All premises
concerning  which  complaints  were  received,  were  visited,  and  notices  served  where  required.  A

supplementary report by the Sanitary Inspector is appended, in which he states that several eases of
defective  drains passing  under houses  have been  dealt with  by  new  drains  being   laid outside the
houses.  After  all  cases  of  infectious  disease,  on  receiving  an  order  from  the  Medical  Officer  of

Health, the rooms have been disinfected.
NEW POSTMASTER: Mr CFN Clark, overseer at Ware Post Office succeeds Mr AJ Till, who has

1916
East Suff Gaz 28 Nov 

moved to Stowmarket
POLICE COURT: Ida Batley,  domestic servant, worked  for Mrs Maria Keable  at Majuba House,

1916
East Suff Gaz 28 Nov 

Swine’s Green.  Left  employment on  Saturday, stole  handbag, money, rings etc. Police telephoned
Norwich police who arrested her at the station with stolen goods. Sentenced to 3 months hard labour.

1916
1916

East Suff Gaz 5 Dec 

SALE OF FURNITURE: Executors of late Mr B Reynolds 61 Denmark Road
EXAM  SUCCESS:  Miss  Winifred  Gobbett,  grand  daughter  of  ex  Supt  J  Gobbett  at  one  time  of
Beccles police. Next term she will teach Botany at Wickham Abbey

East Suff Gaz 5 Dec 
1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Dec 

KILLED IN ACTION: Private  E  Leon was  killed  in France  in  action on 13 November. He was  an
employee at the Co-operative Stores and was called up less than 3 months ago.
CHRISTMAS HOLIDAYS: The Mayor chaired a  meeting  of shopkeepers & timings were  decided

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Dec 
for closing shops: Wednesday, 20 Dec at 6 pm; Thursday  21 December at 6pm; Friday 22 December
Beccles, Newspapers from 1914 
David Lindley, January 2002 
 
56

at  7 pm; Saturday 23 December at 8 pm; and to remain closed until the following Thursday morning.
CHILD’S FATAL ACCIDENT: Edward Newton, aged 10, of 3 Rook’s Lane, son of Samuel Newton,  

1916
East Suff Gaz 12 Dec 

killed  in Hungate.  With Bertie White,  aged  13, of  1 Puddingmoor, jumped on the  coupling  of the
back truck being pulled by Mr Rose’s traction engine as it was passing through Exchange Square.  As

he jumped or fell off the coupling his coat caught in the wheel and he was dragged underneath and
the wheel passed over him, killing him.

 
 

William Poll, carman of 1 Newgate, said he was on the traction engine loaded with corn and cake on
the way to Raydon. He noticed  a number of children running  beside the trucks &  called out to the
children to  keep  away. Arthur Gorham,  of   Swine’s Green, was  driving the  engine. The Coroner

stated that the  driver was not to blame. A juror said that the schoolmasters cautioned their  children
yesterday.
BIRTHDAY OF Mrs STANFORD, of Ravensmere House, who  is 98.  She is still in perfect health,

1916
East Suff Gaz 19 Dec 

knitting for the soldiers.
SPECIAL MENTION by Commandant British Salonica Army: Quartermaster & Hon Lieutenant EC
Boulter, ASC, son of Mrs Boulter, 1 Kilbrack.

1916
East Suff Gaz 19 Dec  
1916
East Suff Gaz 26 Dec 

NEW BUSINESS: W  Sharman, having taken the premises lately occupied  by Mr Moyse,  at 2 Fen
Lane is starting business as a general carter.
RECRUITS FROM BECCLES:  1,058 Beccles men have  been  in  Service  in the War: 46  killed  or

1916
East Suff Gaz 26 Dec 

missing; 45 discharged;, men in hospital 30, prisoners of war 10.
LICENCE: The White Swan from William Ward, who is in the Forces to his wife Harriet Ward.

1916
East Suff Gaz 26 Dec